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Or GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.

For APRIL,

1751.
To be Continued. (Price Six-Pence each month.)
Containing, (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, iban any Monthly Book of tbe jame Price.)
I, A History of the Princes and Minorities XIII. Oi trading Companies.
in England fince the Conquest.

XIV. Peevithnels dif, layed and censured.
II. The Life of the celebrated Shakespear. XV. Account of the whole Ceremonial at
III. Diverting and instructive Story of Cleora the Funeral of his late Royal Highness
IV, Second Letter on the remarkable Bull the Prince of Wales.

of Pope Clement VI. with a copy of the XVI. Affairs of the South - Sea Company.
said Bull.

XVII. Mr. Heathcote, to the Livery of
V. Humble Remonftrance and Petition of London.
the SPIRITS.

XVIII. Character of Chrysalus and Eriphile. VI. Of the Swedish Succession, and Declara. XIX. POETRY: Britain's ljle, by the tion of the new King.

Author of Arno's Vale, a new Song ler lo
VII. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Mufick ; Extract from Tbe Bromin ;

Political CLUB, &c. continued : Contain. Psalm 1. paraphrafed ; on the Deach of
ing the SPEECHES of C. Popilius Lænas, the Prince; on Woman ; on Happiness ;
Julius Florus, and M. Ogulnius, on the Epistle to a Friend ; Songs ; Rebus solved;
Question concerning Staff Officers : And Hobbinol, a new Song set to Muhick,
the SPEECH of C. Claudius Nero, on the &c. &c.
British White Herting Fishery Bill.

XX. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER : VIII. A Marriage negotiated by Bill of Ex- Seffions at the Old Bailey ; Proceedings change.

against Gaming Houses ; Malefa&tors ex. IX, Humorous Lettet on Chanting.

ecuted, &c. &c. &c.
X. On the Death of the Prince of Wales, XXI. Promotions ; Marriages and Births ;
with his Character.

Deaths ; Bankrupis.
XI. Arithmetical and Mathematical Ques- XXII, Prices of Stocks for each Day.
tions,

XXIII. Monthly Bill of Mortality.
XII. Type and Calculation of the Lunar XXIV. FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

Eclipse, which will happen on May 29. XXV. A Catalogue of Books.
With a Representation of SHAKESPEAR's Monument in Westminster-Abbey, and
the Effigies of the surprizing British GIANT; both neatly engraved on Copper.

MULTUM IN PARV 0. LONDON: Printed for R. Baldwin, jun. at the Rofe in Pater-Nofter-Req. or whom may be had, compleat Sets from the Beginning to this Time, neatly Bound, or Suchd,

or any single Month to compleat Sets.

15 Е

153-161

154

158

159

-150

An account of the life of the celebrated

Shakespear

150

His surprizing genius

Britain's Ille, a new song, wric the day

after the demise of the prince of Wales,

by the author of Arno's Vale; and set

to mulick

152

The JOURNAL of a learned and political

' CLUB, &c. continued

Speech of C. Popilius Lænas in favour

of the motion relating to the staff officers

in the army

153

SPLECH of Julius Florus against the mo.

tion

SPEECH of M. Ogulnius in favour of the

·motion

116

SPEECH of C. Claudius Nero upon the

British white herring fishery bill

National advantages of such a flhery ibid.

C.

Obje&tions against carrying on a trade by a

company with a joint stock

Case of the African company

ibid.

Of the East India, South-Sca and Turkey

companies

ibid. A

Conduct and fate of our trading companies,

compared with those of other nations

160

Arguments against carrying on the fishery
by a company

160, 161

Pleasant story of a marriage negotiated by

bill of exchange

162

Second letter on the remarkable bull of

pope Clement VI.

163

A curious account of some vows 164

The bull proved to be genuine 165

Difference between vows and oaths

Practice of the ecclesiasticks with regard to

oaths

167

The bull shewn in its true colours

A true copy of it

169

The humble remonstrance and petition of

the spirits, or gin not the role cause of

the disorders that are amongst us 170

Story of Cleora, Mhewing the folly of per-

fons priding themselves upon their

noble descent, without means to support

it

171

Humorous letter on chanting

173

On the death and character of the prince of

Wales

174

Of the succession to the crown of Sweden

175

Declaration of the new king

176

Arithmetical and mathematical questions

ibid, D, G

Type and calculation of eclipse of the moon

that will be on May 29

177

Peevilhness display'd and censur'd 178

Story of Chrysalus and Eriphile ibid.

Poetry. Hobbinol, a new song set to

mufick

179

A country dance

180

Extract from a poem, intitled, The Bramin

ibid.
The first psalm paraphrased

ibid.
An epiftle to a friend

18+

On a very pretty young gentleman, who

appeared at a late masquerade in a le-

male dress

- ibid.

The spring, a new song

ibid.

Op woman

182

Epitaph on Mr. Alexander Ross, with an

English translation

ibid.

On the death of the prince

ibid.

A rebus solved

ibid.

On the Supreme Being

ibid.

On seeing in manuscript The Morning Walk,

or Benefit of Exercise

ibid.

Advice to a friend

183

A song

ibid.

An essay on happiness

ibid.

Nelly

184

The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER

185

An important question in the South-Sea

company determined by ballot ibid.

Malefactors executed

ibid.

Solemnity of removing the corpse of the

late nce of Wales from Leicester-house

ibid.

Procession and ceremonial at his funeral

186

Sir John Bosworth surrenders the Chamber.

lainship

187

Princess of Wales's answers to the medages

of condolence from the two houses ibid.

Proceedings against gaming houses ibid.

Prince George created prince of Wales and

earl of Chester

ibid.

Sessions at the Old Bailey

ibid.

Mr. Heathcote's advertisement to the

citizens and liverymen of London 188

Marriages and births

ibid.

Deaths

ibid.

Funeral of capt. Coram

ibid.

Ecclefiaftical Preferments

189

Promotions civil and military ibid.

Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather

190

Monthly bill of mortality,

ibid.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

191

King of Pruffia's letter to the elector of

Mentz

ibid.

Catalogue of books

192

168

* The description of a firflorate man of war, and several other curious pieces, in prose and
terje, while our correspondenis bave favoured w wib, o be deferred to our nexi.

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Asbe late unfortunale Death of ibe Prince of after the concluding of which treaty his son

WALES bas turned tbe Conquersation Eultace died without issue ; but as the sucupon tbe Princes and minorities in England cellion was then cut off from William, he since the Conquest, we foall give a fourt could never properly be called prince of History of them as follows :

England.
ILLIAM the Conque- In little more than a year after this

ror had four sons, Ro- treaty Stephen died, and in pursuance there.

bert, Richard, William of was succeeded by Henry, called Henry W and Henry ; of whom A II. in the person of whom the blood of

Richard died in the life. the ancient Saxon kings was restored, as time of his father, or, he was descended from Margaret Gister to

as lome say, was kill- Edgar Atheling, who died abroad without ed by a itag in the New Forest. Robert issue ; but if that alone had been to be refucceeded his father in his dukedom of garded, the king of Scotland had a better Normandy, and William in his kingdom right than Henry, as he was descended of England; who dying without issue was from the son of Margaret, whereas Henry's fucceeded by his brother Henry.

B

descent was from a daughter. Henry married Matilda, daughter of Henry had four sons, Henry, Richard, Malcolm king of Scotland and Margaret Geoffrey, and John. Henry the eldest was filter to Edgar Alheling, by whom he had not only prince of England, but his faa lon named William, and a daughter ther made him be crowned and gave hm named Matilda, married first to the em- the title of king, even in his life-time, tho' peror of Germany, and afterwards to he gave him none of the power ; but he Geoffrey Plantagenet earl of Anjou, by died before his father without ifTue, and whom she had a son, named Henry. consequently Henry II. was succeeded by his

William was filed prince of England, C second ron Richard, who dying likewise being the title then given to the king's without iffue, John the youngest got him. eldent lon; but at the age of 16, he was self choren king, to the prejudice of Arthur, drowned in his passage from Normandy, son of Geoffrey his elder brother, which with a great many other young noblemen ; Arthur was upon his father's death become and upon his death, Henry did all he could duke of Bretagne in right of his mother. to have secured to his daughter, the empress John, soon after his accession, had the Matilda, both his kingdom of England, and good luck to take both Arthur and his filter the dukedom of Normandy, which he had D Eleanora prisoners in a battle, the former taken from hais eldest brother Robert ; but of whom he caused to be murdered in the upon his death his sister's son, and a fa- castle of Roan, and the latter he confined in burite of his own, Stephen earl of Bo. the castle of Bristol, where she lived many lome, got himself chosen king of England, years and died a prisoner, by which the andby that means got allo poffeffion of progeny of Geoffrey became extin&t. Nornandy, which he presently religned to

After a most unfortunate reign, John Eustaa his eldest son.,

died, leaving his two sons Henry prince of Stephan had, besides Eunace, another England, and Ricbard earl of Cornwalling fon name William, whom he created ear] E both infants, the eldeft not ten years old of Surrey , but being involved in continual and in a very unhappy firuation ; for most wars with le empress Matilda and her son of the barons had rebelled against him, Henry, he was at last obliged to come to and chosen the dauphin of France for their a treaty with Henry, by which he was to king, who with a French army was in pol. hold the crown of England during his life, fefion of London, and the greatest part of and to be succeerd by Henry i presently the kingdom, However, young Henryyby the April, 1754.

Ta

name

.

name of Henry III. was proclaimed king that time the eldest sons of our kings have
by those barons who had remained attached always been called, and generally created
to the father ; and they having chosen princes of Wales, cho' they fill retained the
the wise earl of Pembroke regent of the title of princes of England, and since the
kingdom, and guardian of the infant king, union that of princes of Great-Britain,
he in a short time recovered the affec- which is the most honourable title, and
tions of the people, drove the French which they have without creation,
out of the kingdom, and established his A. Upon Edward's death he was succeeded
infant fovereign upon the throne. But by his son Edward, called Edward II. who
be died in less than three years after he was had but one son named Edward, whom he
appointed regent ; and in his room the created prince of Wales ; but he governed
bilhop of Winchester was appointed regent, so ill that a rebellion was raised against him,
and Hubert de Burgh chief justiciary of headed by his own queen, who had got
England, during the king's minority, who along with her his only son ; and he had
did not govern near lo prudently.

*fo entirely last the affe&ions of the people,
However, Henry continued in peaceable that he could make no resistance ; but was
poffeffion till by his own mismanagement, B taken as he was endeavouring to make his
after he was declared of age by the parlias efcape to Ireland, depoled, imprisoned, and
meni, tho'not then 19, he raised the barons then murdered.
in rebellion against him, who headed by In his room, his son Edward was de.
the earl of Leicester, defeated and took clared king by the name of Edward III.
him prisoner at the battle of Lewes ; but and as he was but 13 years old, the parlia -
in about a year after, he was released by ment appointed a regency, who were all
his eldest son Edward, after having de. probably of the queen mother's nominacion;
feated the earl of Leicester's army at the C for the kept the government entirely in her
battle of Eyesham, where the earl himself own hands, and administered it chiefly by
was killed.

her favourite Roger Mortimer, whom the Henry added the title of prince of Wales got created earl of March. But Edward to that of prince of England, in the per- growing fenfible of his mother's misconduct, fon of his eldest son Edward, and his when he was but 16, he by Atratagem other ron Edmund he created earl of surprised her and her favourite in the castle Lancaster ; but Edward could never in of Nottingham, and made them prisoners; his father's life-time make good his title to after which he called a new parliament, and the principahty of Wales; and when his D by that parliament he was declared of age, fatlier died, he was upon an expedition to and the carl of March was' impeached, the Holy Land ; but as he had acquired a condemned and executed. great character hy his conduct and bravery Edward had five fons, Edward, comin battle, and especially by the mercy he monly called the Black Prince, Lionel duke Thewed even to his rebel enemies, 'after he of Clarence, John duke of Lancaster, Ed. had conquered them, notwithstanding his mund duke of York, and Thomas duke of absence, he was upon his father's death Gloucester. The prince Edward was, as proclaimed king without the leaft difficulty, e usual, created prince of Wales and earl of and the archbishop of York, the earl of Chester ; and as the tile and estate of Cornwall, "his coulin, and the earl of Cornwall had reverted to the crown by Gloucester, were appointed by the council, failure of the heirs of Richard, brother có and food after confirmed by the parliament, Henry III. the king erected it into a as regents of the kingdom till his return. Dutchy, had both title and estate annexed

Edward had fix fons, John, Henry, Al.. to the crown, and so settled upon his son phonsus, Edward, Thomas, and Edmund. Edward, that for the future they should John died while he was upon his expedi- always belong to the eldest son of the king; tion to the Holy Land, and Henry and F fince which time the eldest son of the king Alphonsus foon after his return. Edward has at his birth, or father's accession, luc. sueceeded him, Thomas was created earl ceeded hereditarily to the ritle and estate of 6f Norfolk, and Edmund earl of Kent. duke of Cornwall, and they have generally

As Edward, a few years after his return, been created princes of Wales and earls of made an intire conquest of Wales, he not Chester, only gave the titles of prince of Wales and But this brave prince Edward died before earl of Chester to Edward his then eldest son, his father, leaving one only son, named but put him in portemon of all the estates G Richard, who was soon after by his grand. belonging to the crown in both; and to father created prince of Wales, duke of secure the affection of the Welch, he car- Cornwall, and earl of Chester; for as he was ried his queen then with child to Caernar. not son of the king he had not hereditarily yon, where she brought forth Edward, by the said a&t a righe coche title or estate that the Welch might ray, they had till of Cornwall, prince of theiş own country ; and since

This

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