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FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 1751: 239 HE diet of the empire have at last Embden, has caused a declaration to be T

agreed to the following resolution, published, importing, “ That if hereafter with respect to the guaranty of the treaty at any time a war mould break out in of Dresden, viz. “ His highness prince A, Europe, those who Mall have depofited lexander Ferdinand de la Tour Taxis, their money in the funds of that company, principal commissary to the emperor at the shall be in no danger of having it leized dier, &c. declares, in the name of the or confiscated; but that their properties electors, princes, and states of the empire, shall be perfe&tly secure, even tho they that in consequence of his imperial ma. should be the subjects of the powers at jesty's commifforial decree, laid before the war with his majesty." di&ature the 23d of January last, concern. A member of the academy of Berlin ing the guaranty of the treaty concluded at has lately publilhed a dissertation, wherein Dresden, Dec. 25, 1745, between the em- he endeavours to prove, that the earth press.queen of Hungary and the king of and all the planets have been gradually Pruffia, it has been agreed and concluded, approaching the sun ever Gnce the creation. after mature deliberation, that the em- The consequences of this new fyftem, if pire should guaranty the said treaty in its established, would be considerable : The utmost extent, in favour of the two con. general conflagration would be philosophie trading parties, as is particularly exprefled cally ascertained, and its time by observa. in the gth article (without prejudice how. tion nearly determined : The heat upon ever to the rights of the empire) and this globe must have gradually increased ; should support it to the utmost of their and the length of the year must have grapower, in case the circumstances of affairs dually decreased, in proportion as the orThould at any time render it necessary : bit of this globe's rotation round the fun That in conformity thereto, a solemn de. diminished. But as experience seems to claration should be made of it to the em. contradi& this system, we must wait for peror, as is done by this advice; and that farther proofs ; for should it be demonhumble thanks should be given to his im- frated, we must once in every certain perial majesty, for the paternal care which number of years have such a new law, as he thewed upon this occasion for the pre- has been passed this session for regulating servation of the publick peace. Concluded the time of the year. (See p. 121.) at Ratisbon, May 14, 1751."

The three young Ruffian ladies mention. But upon this resolution's being agreed ed in our latt, were the daughters of count to, the ministers of the princes of the house Douglass, a general officer in that service, of Saxony entered a solemn protest, for who had obtained his dismission, and the preserving the rights of their respective person they accused was their own father ; courts to the duchies of Juliers, Bergue, but it is now whispered, that their accuraa and Cleves ; the ministers of the houses of tion is entirely groundless, and proceeded Anhalt entered another, for preserving from his resolving to interrupt them in some their right to the duchy of Saxe Lauwen amorous intrigues, or to carry them along bourg ; and the minister of Hanover en. with him out of that empire. tered a third, for preserving the right of On the zoth ult, died at Riga veidt marhis court to the principality of East-Fries- Thal count Lacey, an Irishman, in the 85th land. And tho' this resolution must give year of his age. He was general and comgreat satisfa&tion to the kiog of Prullia. mander in chief of her Ruflian majesty's we do not hear, that he has as yet receded troops in the conquered provinces, and from his opposition to the election of a governor of Riga. king of the Romans.

Some of the young wits at Lisbon Frankfort, May 16, N. S. Private let. having lately diverted themselves in the ters aďure us, that Edward Stuart, of night-time, by fixing horns at the gates or whom we have heard nothing for some doors of those who were suspected of have time, has lately taken a journey into a ing unfaithful wives, it created such a gepart of the continent, where he is known neral uneasiness among the inhabitants, not to want well-wishers; and that after and raised fuch misunderstandings in fami

a stay of a fortnight, notwithstanding all lies, that the government was forced to , artifices to escape notice, his being there be. interpose, by issuing a levere edict against

came publick, upon which he disappeare this sort of diversion ; and one gentleman ed. It is probable, that part of the last has already been taken up and committed 18 months rambles of this adventurer have upon this account : However, the diver. been in Poland and some adjacent countries. tion continues, and even spreads to other

The king of Pruffia, in order to pro- parts of that kingdom, mote the Afiatick company established at


240 Of the New Year and Calendar Bill.

pid method, i. e. 11 days fooner, than the Some Account of tbe ACT for regulating the fame are now kept. Commencement of tbe Year, and correcting

For keçping the days of the year in the ibe Calendar.

fame regular course as near as may be (to T'

HE act takes notice in the preamble, the true motion of the (un) the years of

that the legal supputation of the our Lord 1800, 1900, 2100, 2200, 7300, year in England, by which it begins on or any hundredth years in time to come March 25, not only differs from the usage (which, according to the present method of other nations, but also from the method would be Leap Year, as every 4th year is) of computing in that part of Great Britain

except only every 4th hundredth, whereof called Scotland, and from the common the year 2000 to be the first, are not to be usage of the whole kingdom, whereby deemed Leap Years, but common years, many inconveniencies and disputes arise of 365 days. And the years 2000, 2400, about the dates of deeds, &c. And allo, 2800, and every other 4th hundredth year, that the Julian calendar, now in use, has to be Leap Years, of 366 days. been found to be erroneous, so that the · New rules are fixed, and a calendar an. vernal equinox (when the days and nights nexed, for keeping Easter according to the are cqual) which at the time of the Nicene full Moons ty which it is regulated, and council, in the year 325, happened on or the other Moveable Feasts depending on about March 21, now falls on March 9 or Easter ; and the new calendar, cables, and Jo ; and that the error is still increasing, rules, are ordered to be prefixed to the and, if not remedied, must continue lo to book of Common-Prayer, instead of the do. Therefore by this act, in the first old ones ; and the fixed Feasts and Faits to place, the old computation of the year, by be kept on the same nominal days as now. which it begins on March 25, is not to be All the Moveable Feasts, the Moveable made use of, throughout all the British do- Terms of Easter and Trinity, and Moveminions, after Dec. 31, 1751, but Jan. 1. able Fairs, Marts, &c. to be governed by next following is to be reckoned the first Easter and the other Moveable Feafts, as day of the year 1752, and every year for usual, but according to the new calendar, the future to begin on Jan. 1. instead of and to be held on their respective days acMarch 25. In the second place, the seve- cordingly. ral days of each month, after Jan. 1, 1752, Fixed Fairs or Marts, after the said are to go on in the same order as usual, Sept. 2. not to be held on the same nomitill Sept. 2. in the said year, inclusive, but nal day, but the same natural day, as be-, the natural day next immediately following fore, that is in days later than the nomithe said Sept. 2, 1752, inftead of the ;d. nal day by the new computation. is to be called the 14th of September, Opening and inclofing of commons of omitting only for that time the u inter- pasture not to be accelerated by the adt, mediate nominal days of the present ca- but to commence on the same natural day tendar. And the several natural days that they would have happened if the act had thall follow the raid 14th of Sept. are to be not been made, viz. 11 days later than it reckoned forward in numerical order as would have happened by the new compuvfual, and so on continually. This method tation, to begin on the new 14th of Sepis established, not only as it will for the temler, abovementioned. future cause the equinoxes and solstices to The payment of rents, annuities, or fall nearly on the same nominal days, as money payable by virtue of any contract they did at the time of the council of already made, or which shall be made beNice, but also as it will be of great con- fore the said 14th of Sept. 1752, or other. venience to merchants, &c. corresponding wife; the time of the delivery of goods with other nations, who have generally or merchandize, &c. the commencement or rtceived this correction of the calendar, expiration of leases ; the attaining the age (commonly called New Stile) and tend to of 21 years, &c. by any person now born, , prevent disputes about the dates of letters, or who shall be boro before the said Sept. accounts, &c.

14 ; or the expiration of any apprentice. All acts, deeds, notes, &c. after Jan. 1, Thip or other service ; none of these, &c. 1752, to be dated according to the new to be accelerated or anticipated by the act, method of beginning the year on Jan, 1. but to be on the same natural days, as they And the fixed terms, Hilary and Michael. Mou'd have been if this a&t had not been mas, and all courts, &c. that are to be made: And the sum to be paid for the in. beld on any certain day of a month, to be terest of money shall be according to the kept on the same nominal day, after Sept. true number of natural days, and fall 2, 1752, when the 11 days are dropt, not at all be affected by this act. that they were kepe on according to the

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Catalogue of Books in our next.)
In N? 7 of our lafi celu ogue, for pr, 205, read pr. 16,

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Or GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.

For J UN E, 1751.

To be Continued. - (Price Six-Pénce each Monch.)
Containing; (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, ibon any Monthly Book of the fame Price.)
1. A Remonstrance, against the pernicious XV. A Caution against vain Fears..
Pr:ctice of Duelling.

XVI. The fantastical Wife humorously re-
II. Conclufion of Dr. Garcin's Letter, on proved,
the general Usefulness of Infe&is.

XVII. Extracts from the two laft Bocks of
III. Extracts from a Pamphlet on the late War. the Scribleriad.
IV. A Proposal in favour of the unfortunate XVIII. Changes in the Minifry.
Women of the Town.

XIX. A Shower of Fire at Sea.
V. Substance of the new Spirituous Liquors XX. Of the Frequency of Rainbows in

fume Places
VI. Mount's Bay described and vindicated. . XXI. POETRY: On the two celebrated
Vit. The Jou

OURNAL of a Learned and Miss G-s; to Chloe; a Song, sung by Political ČLUB, &c. continued : Contain- Miss Stevenson in Vaux-Hall Gardens ; ing the SPEECHES of Proculus Virzinius, Winchester College.; a Riddle.; on a Ne C. Cæcilius, and Cielo Fabius, in the famous cessary. House ; the Amaryllis of Bu.

DEBATE on the important Regency Bill. chanan imitated ; on the Deach of the viti. Original of the Titles of Prince of Prince of Wales ; Arabel, á new song,

Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl of set to Musick, &c.

IX, A Project for the Safety of Navigation. Masqueraders apprehended ; Murders and
X. A Description of the County of BERKS. Robberies ; Election of Shenffs ; Male.
XI. Mathematical Question folved, and faclors executed, &c. &c.
others proposed.

XXIII. Promotions ; Marriages and Birchs ;
XII. The Remembrancer's Farewel the

Deaths ; Bankrupts.

XXIV, Pricis of stocks for each Day.
XIII. AAs passed at the Close of the effion. XXV. Monthly Bill of Mortality.
XIV. Description and Dimensions of Weft. XXVI. FOREIGN AFFAIRS..
min Aer Bridge.

XXVII. A Catalogue of Books.
With a new and accurate Marof BERKSHIRE, and the Effizies of her Royal
Highness the Princess Dowager of WALES, beautifully engraved on Copper.

LONDON : Printed for R. BALDWIN, jun. at the Rose in Parer. Noiler-Row.
Of whom may be had, compleat Sers from the Beginning to this Time, neadly Bound, or Stitch'd,

or any single Month to compleat Sets.

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: 273


Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S: Remonftrance against the pernicious A mathematical question answered practice of duelling

143 The Remembrancer laid down, and Mr. The antient custom of tilts, tournaments Cadwallader's farewel to the publick and combating, very different from that

270, 271 of duelling

ibid. Two mathematical questions proposed 272 Who were the first authors of duelling ibid. The arguments of the two last books of

E. the Scribleriad, with extracts from ibid. The measures taken by the French to fup- The fantastical wife humorously reproved, press is


from a new paper How it prevailed among the Englin ibid. Mount's-bay described and vindicated 274 Sir Francis Bacon's opinion of it ibid. B 245 A caution against vain fears, from the A description of Berkshire 246 Rambler

275 Windsor, and Windíor castle described ibid. Poetry. Arabel, a new song, set to E. mufick

276 Reading, Wallingford and Abingdon 247 On reading tbe friend to liberty, an ode ibid. The other market-towns

A country dance

277 The JOURNAL of a learned and political A song, sung by Miss Stevenson, in VauxClub, &c. continued 249-259 hall gardens

ibid. DEIATE on the regulations in the regency The Amaryllis of Buchanan, imitated, to bill ibid. a lady at Paris

ibid, SPEECH of Proculus Virginius against a Winchester college

278 council of regency 249 On the two celebrated Miss G

279 The nature of our constitution ibid. A, 257 On a necefTary-house

ibid. Dangers to be apprehended from a council A riddle, written in the reign of King of regency

Charles II.

280 Examples from several regencies

252 Part of a copy of verses in the Cambridge SPEECH of C. Cæcilius in favour of a coun. colle&ion, on the death of the prince cil of regency

of Wales

ibid. Of the several minorities before mentioned To Chloe. Hor. lib. 1. ode 23. imitated 254

ibid. Of the chief restraints the regent is to be The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER 281 under

255 Description and dimensions of Westminster Argument from the danger of establishing bridge

ibid. a precedent ibid. Masqueraders apprehended

ibid SPEECH of Caso Fabius by way of reply Murders and robberies

ibid. 256

Earl of Sandwich and lord Trentham re. The argument from precedents answered ib. lign their places.

282 Former councils of regency no argument Clause in the bill for regulating the land for one now 257, 258 carriage

ibid. Couclusion of Dr. Garcin's letter to M. Notice for redeeming and paying off an. Reaumus, upon the general usefulness of puities

ibid. insects

Malefactors executed

ibid. Their prodigious number and variety 260 Second mourning for the prince of Wales More observations upon them 261, 262

ibid. Extracts from a pamphlet, intitled, A brief A dismal crack and shower of fire at sea narrative of the late campaigns in Germany

ibid. and Flanders

263 Election of Theriffs for London and MiddleMarthal W-e censured 263, 264 rex

ibid. A proposal for a charitable institution, in A&ts passed, and parliament prorogued 283 favour of the unfortunate women of the Mr. Murray discharg'd out of Newgate ibid. 264 F Observation on rainbows

ibid. Proje& for the fafety of navigation, by dir. Marriages and births

ibid. covering unknown currents in the sea, Deaths

284 and what is their direction and rapidity Ecclefiaftical Preferments

ibid. 265 F, 266 Promotions civil and military ibid. An authentick account of the original of Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, weather the titles of prince of Wales, duke of

285 Cornwall, and earl of Chener 267 Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. Substance of the new bill for preventing FOREIGN AFFAIRS

286 the excessive drinking of spirituous liquors Catalogue of books for May and June 287,

269 The Latin poetical extrot mot suiting our design, are left wirb our publisher, obere they may be bad, if called for.omWe bave received the letter figned Aftafiotes, and a colle&ion of episapbs, wbicb ball be corsidered. - Tbe lover's gift, tbe verses on Mr. Romaine, and those we bave been favoured with on Mr. Gurney, pall boix our sexto

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JUNE, 1751.

ported blind.

From the Westminster Journal, June 22.

arms by dexterity and skill, joining

art to virtue ; not for the use of priA Remonftrance against the perni, vate contentions, but for the maincious Pradlice of DUELLING. tenance and augmentation of the

HOOTING at butts, Roman glory and magnanimity. The tilts, tournaments, and

Romans had also their pugna per S

barriers, were the true A provocationem ; when any particular images of martial com- person, by the consent of his gene. bats, and the noble

ral, challenged one of the enemies exercises of our an- to a trial of valour, before the front cestors, where the publick honour of of both armies, in the open field. a nation, a family, or a cause, was Another sort of combat was intro. openly vindicated, and valiantly de. duced by the Goths and other na. fended. But this honourable pro · B tions, as a judicial trial of right by fession of military prowess is now the sword; where the combatant degenerated more into an appearance obtained the permission of his sove. of cowardice, than a manifestation reign for this military decision of of courage ; duelling, respecting justice, in which the may well be reonly a private end, is repugnant 10 the laws of justice, prompts men But for the custom of duelling, only to their mutual deitruction, and c it was never practised either by the is every way productive of the most Grecians or Romans ; who were not mischievous effects. When the three only the most valiant and generous Horatii combated the three Curiatii; nations of the world, but were also when the 300 Argians opposed the free estates, under no monarchical like number of Lacedemonians; and subjection ; whereby particular perwhen the duke of Orleans challenged fons might be the more readily inHenry of England to fight with 100 duced to take the liberty of avenga against 100 ; such conflicts were ing their personal quarrels ; and yet founded upon truly laudable motives; they never had the least appearance glory, and the love of their country, of duels : Tho', surely, if such a being their predominant, their only custom contributed any way either to incentives : But how great is the dif- virtue, or honour, these wise, these ference in the indirect practice of gallant, these noble people, would duelling? Is it not rather an action have put it into execution. of fear, than of bravery ; of pre- The volatile French, and the incaution, than of courage ; of de. temperate Italians, gave the first fence, than of enterprize?

fanction to the destructive practice of Publius Consus, was the first who duelling ; tho' they had it but in to. instituted the soldier to manage his leration, never authorized by the June, 1751.

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