## Elements of geometry and mensuration |

### From inside the book

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Page 36

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**drawn**on the opposite side of the line by a similar construction , what figure will the two together make ? ( 2 ) Have we yet laid down any mode of measuring an angle ? If not , how are we able to prove that one angle is equal to , less ... Page 37

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**drawn**from the middle point of the base of an isosceles triangle to the vertex of the opposite angle is at right angles to the base , and bisects the opposite angle . ( 14 ) Shew that each angle of an equilateral triangle is two ... Page 38

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**drawn**from the vertex of the right angle in a right - angled triangle to the middle point of the hypothenuse is ...**draw**a rectangle equal to a given triangle . ( 34 ) Each of the sides of a rectangle is double of the corresponding ... Page 39

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**drawn**to the two extremities of the arc . B Thus , in the annexed fig . the curved line from A to B is an arc , the straight line AB is a chord , the area en- closed between the arc and the chord AB is a segment , and the 4 area ... Page 40

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**drawn**from the centre of a circle to a chord will bisect the chord . 50. PROP . II . To find the centre of a given ...**draw**CD at right angles to AB . Then the centre of the circle is some- where in the line CD ( 49 ) . Again take ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

ABCDEF acres base bisect breadth centre chain chord circular circum circumference circumscribing circle compasses construction contained continued fraction curved decimal Diagonal Scale diagram diameter distance divided draw drawn edge equilateral triangle find the area find the length fraction frustum given angle given circle given line given point given straight line given triangle half height Hence hexagon inscribed instrument intersecting join Let ABCD lineal unit magnitude meet multiplied number of equal number of sides number of units opposite angle parallelogram perimeter perpendicular plane surface plot points of division PROB produced PROP proportional Protractor radii radius ratio rectangle rectangular regular polygon represent right angles shew shewn similar similar triangles square feet square foot square inches straight edge subtends suppose trapezium triangle ABC vernier vertex whole yards

### Popular passages

Page 32 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the square of the whole line is equal to the squares of the two parts, together with twice the rectangle contained by the parts.

Page 19 - To draw a straight line at right angles to a given straight line, from a given point in the same.

Page 27 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz.

Page 32 - If the square described upon one of the sides of a triangle, be equal to the squares described upon the other two sides of it; the angle contained by these two sides is a right angle.

Page 43 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle ; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle ; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Page 17 - If two triangles have the three sides of the one equal to the three sides of the other, each to each, the triangles are congruent.

Page 22 - Theorem. The greater side of every triangle is opposite to the greater angle. Let ABC be a triangle of which the side AC is greater than the side AB ; the angle ABC is also greater than the angle BCA. Because AC is greater than AB, make...

Page 192 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts called degrees, and each degree into 60 equal parts called minutes, and each minute into 60 equal parts called seconds, and these into thirds, fourths, &c.

Page 126 - Upon a given straight line to describe a segment of a circle, which shall contain an angle equal to a given rectilineal angle.

Page 20 - To draw a straight line perpendicular to a given straight line of an unlimited length, from a given point without it.