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ÆNEID OF VIRGIL,
CHARLES ANTHON, LL.D.,
PROFESSOR OF GREEK AND LATIN IN COLUMBIA COLLEGE, AND
RECTOR OF THE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL, NEW YORK,
J. R. MAJOR, D.D.,
PREFACE TO THE REPRINT.
Having been favoured, by the kindness of Professor Anthon, with a copy of his edition of Virgil, soon after its appearance in America, I considered, upon examination of it, that I should be rendering an acceptable service by placing it in the hands of the English reader. All the works of that accurate and indefatigable scholar have acquired a deservedly high reputation in this as well as in their own country. By diligent research and judicious condensation, he has brought within reach of the classical student many sources of information and of interest which would otherwise have been inaccessible to him. He has thus shown that the study of the ancient authors need not be confined, even in beginners, to the narrow track of mere verbal analysis; but may be extended over the wide field of history and geography, antiquities, philology, criticism, and many kindred subjects.
This has been acknowledged to be the case in Professor Anthon's edition of Horace, and will be found equally so in that of Virgil, which contains the substance of many commentators, and particularly of the most elaborate, Heyne and Wayner. While, however, all that could tend to explain or illustrate the text has been retained, I have
thought it advisable to omit the translations of passages in which no difficulty was involved; under the conviction that such assistances are not equally calculated to be of benefit to the learner. . In Professor Anthon's edition the notes are accompanied by illustrations taken from the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. For supplying the deficiency of these the reader is referred to the original source, from consulting which he cannot fail to derive both pleasure and profit. A Metrical Clavis and Index, of Proper Names have also been omitted; partly in order not to increase the bulk of the volume; but principally because the matter contained in them may be derived from any system of Prosody, and the pages of a Classical Dictionary.
With these preliminary observations, this reprint is put forth, in the hope that it may prove conducive to the promotion of sound learning in the study of one of the noblest relics of antiquity.
J. R. M.
King's College, March 12, 1845.
PREFACE BY PROFESSOR ANTHON.
The present volume contains merely the Æneid of Virgil, the Eclogues and Georgics having been reserved for a separate work. This arrangement will, it is presumed, be found an acceptable one to the student, since the Georgics are seldom read in our preparatory schools, but most commonly form part of a college course.
The text of the edition which is here offered to the public is based upon that of Heyne; but in numerous instances changes of punctuation and new readings have been introduced from the latest and best authorities. The recent and excellent edition of Heyne by Wagner has been particularly followed; and the Editor gladly avails himself of the opportunity of making this noble work better known to the American student.
The notes accompanying the text have been made purposely copious, since Virgil is an author in the perusal of whom the young scholar stands in need of very frequent assistance. These notes will be found to contain all that is valuable in the commentaries of the latest European editors, such as Nöhden, Heinrich, Hohler, Thiel, Forbiger, Valpy, but more especially Heyne and Wagner.
C. A. Columbia College, October 5, 1843.