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BURE AU OF EDUCATION

OF INFORMATION NO. 1,
CIRCULAR

CONTRIBUTIONS TO AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL HIST

EDITED BY HERBERT B. ADAMS

No. 10

HIGHER EDUCATION IN INI

BY

JAMES ALBERT WOODBURN, PA. D.
Professor of American History in the Indiana University, Sometim.

in History, Johns Hopkins University
6608

Nyos?
. 922
V. 11.10

1891

WASHINGTON
GOVERNVEXT PRINTIN

[graphic]

The people who expect to be ignorant and free in a state of civilization expect what'never was and never can be.”—THOMAS JEFFERSON.

Popular government without popular education is but a prologue to a farce or to a tragedy, or to both.-JAMES MADISON.

In our country and in our time no man is worthy the honored name of statesman who does not include the highest practicable education of the people in all his plans of administration. He may have eloquence, he may have knowledge of all history, diplomacy, jurisprudence; and by these he might claim in other countries the elevated rank of a statesman; but unless he speaks, plans, labors at all times and in all places for the culture and edif. cation of the whole people, he is not, he can not be an American statesman."-HORACE MANN.

If 16 work upon marble, it roill perish; if we work upon brass, time will efface it ; if we rear temples, they will crumble to the dust; but if we work upon immortal minds ; if we imbue them with high principles, with just fear of God and love of their fellow men, we ongraus on those tablets something which no time can efface, but which will brighten and brighten to all eternity.”-ANON.

The Statethat is every man in the Stateis helped by everything that makes the majority wiser, better, or more enlightened. The State stands pledged, through its common furools, its high schools, and its State universities, to give to each one of its boys-and in the West its girls also- the best education that he is willing to receive.”Prosident DAVID STARR JORDAN, Indiana University..

Education is an universal right, a prime necessity of man, and it is the duty of the State to provido it."-Dr. J. L. M. CURRY.

The Mississippi Valley, whero a few years ago 'the danger of barbarism' was pointed out by a gifted orator, has already becomo a most important factor in the intellectual progress of the country. The center of population, as we know, has already crossed the Alleghany Mountains, and is not far from that central region of political influence from which 80 many of the highest officers of the Gorernment have come.

The wilderness has been explored, the water power measured, the railroads built, the schools and the churches have been planted. We are beginning a new epoch of peace, thrift and enterprise, roiser and more sober as a nation than ever before. We shall attempt better and greater things than hitherto ; we shall aspire to do our national part for the advancement of knoroledge, in the confidence that thus humanity will be benefited, civilization extended, iniquity lorsened, and barbarism subdued. We have a continent to teach."-President D. C. GILMAN, Johns Hopkins University.

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