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constructions are usually put upon some men's actings; and
(were it fit to be committed to paper) would 'be' if I should
say That this business, by the blessing of God, might be so
managed as might abate much superfluity. I desire you not
to discourse of the allowance but to some choice friends. Next
I could desire, if you have any acquaintance with Mr. Graves
the Lawyer, you would move him to the acceptance of a place
here, which should be honourable, and not to his outward dis-
advantage. And any other godly and able man you know of.
Let me have your mind so soon as conveniently you may; and
whether you have tried any as is desired, and whom, and what
return they make.
Desiring your prayers, I rest,
Your affectionate friend and servant,

No. 17.

(Vol. ii. p. 252.] COLONEL PHAYR is in Cork, "with near Five-hundred foot," since November last; Broghil, Fenton, and their relation to him, were also indicated in the Text.*

For Colonel Phayr, Governor of Cork: These. Haste, haste.

Fethard, 9th February 1649. It hath pleased God to be very gracious to us hitherto, in the possessing of Cashel, Fethard and Roghill Castle, without any blood. Callan cost us at least four or five men; but we are possessed of it also, and of divers other places of good importance. We are in the very bowels of Tipperary; and hope, will lie advantageously (by the blessing of God) for further attempts.

& General Dictionary (by Birch, Bernard &c., London, 1739), vol. ix. 19-20, & Sadler (materials furnisheá by “Thos. Sadler, Deputy Clerk of the Pells," a descendant of this Sadler's).

Sadler did not go; John Cooke, Advocate famed in the King's trial, went. Of Graves. I know nothing. Sadler has left some Books; indicating a strange corner of dreamy imaginativeness, in his otherwise solid, lucid and pious mind. A man much esteemed by Hartlib. Milton's friend, and by the world legal and other. He continued one of the Masters in Oliver's new Chancery, when the number was reduced to six. : , !

* Letters CXIV. CXV. vol. ii. pp. 202, 203.

Many places take up our men: wherefore I must needs be earnest with you to spare us what you can. If you can send Two Companies more of your Regiment to Mallow,* do it. If not, One at the least; that so my Lord Broghil may spare us Two or Three of Colonel Ewers's, to meet him with the rest of his ** Regiment at Fermoy.

Give Colonel Ewers what assistance you can in the Business I have sent to him about. Salute all my Friends with you. My service to Sir William Fenton. Pray for us. I rest,

Your very loving friend,

OLIVER CROMWELL. "P.S.' Sir, if you think that we draw you too low in men whilst we are inactive, – I presume you are in no danger; however, I desire you would make this use of it, To rid the Town of Cork of suspicious and ill-affected persons as fast as you can. And herein deal with effect. &

No. 18.

[Vol. ii. p. 346.) HERE, by the kindness of R. Ormston, Esq., Newcastle-onTyne, are now (for our Third and all other Editions) the Letters themselves. This Gentleman, Grandson of the “Steward of the Haselrigs” mentioned at p. 345, vol. ii., possesses all the Four Cromwell Letters alluded to by Brand; and has now (May 1847) beneficently furnished an exact copy of them, privately printed. Letter CXXXIX. alone is autograph; the other Three are in a Clerk's hand. Letter CXXXIX., Letter CXLI., these and the Two which follow here, it appears, Mr. O.'s Grandfather“ begged “from the fire, on a day when much destruction of old Letters "and waste Papers was going on at Nosely Hall,” — Letter CXXXIX. and all England are somewhat obliged to him! Here are the other Two: * "Mayallo" in orig.

** i. e. Colonel Ewers's. , Ef Gentleman's Magazine for March 1843, p. 266. Endorsed, by Phayr, “The Lo. Leu't Letter to mee the ninth of Febi 1649; About sending men." By another hand there is also written on the outside. "Mallo posest," meaning, probably for Phayr's information, Mallow possessed (got, laid hold of).

1. For the Honourable Sir Arthur Haselrig , Governor of Newcastle : These SIR,

Dunbar, 5th September 1650. After much deliberation, we can find no way how to dispose of these Prisoners that will be consisting with these two ends (to wit, the not losing them and the not starving them, neither of which would we willingly incur) but by sending them into England; where the Council of State may exercise their wisdom and better judgment in so dispersing and disposing of them, as that they may not suddenly return to your prejudice.

We have despatched away near 5,000 poor wretches of them; very many of which, it's probable, will die of their wounds, or be rendered unserviceable for time to come by reason thereof. I have written to the Council of State, desiring them to direct how they shall be disposed of: and I make no question but you will hasten the Prisoners up Southwards, and second my desires with your own to the Council. I know you. are a man of business. This, not being every-day's work, will willingly be performed by you; especially considering you have the commands of your Superior.

Sir, I judge it exceeding necessary you send us up what Horse and Foot you can, with all possible.expedition; especially considering that indeed our men fall very sick; and if the Lord shall please to enable us effectually to prosecute this Business, to the which He hath opened so gracious a way, no man knows but that it may produce a Peace to England, and much security and comfort to God's People. Wherefore, I pray you, continue to give what furtherance you can to this Work, by speeding such supplies to us as you can possibly spare. — Not having more at present, I rest,.. Your affectionate friend and servant,


2. For the Honourable Sir Arthur Haselrig, Governor of Newcastle: These:

Haste, hasie.

Edinburgh, 9th September 1650. : . I cannot but hasten you in sending-up what Forces pos

' & Original in the possession of R. Ormston, Esq., Newcastle-on-Tyne.

sibly you can. This enclosed was intended to you on Saturday, but could not come. · We are not able to carry on our business as we would, until we have wherewith to keep Edinburgh and Leith, until we attempt, and are acting, forwards. We have not, in these parts, at such a season of the year,' above two months to keep the field. Therefore expedite what you can! And I desire you to send us free Masons; - you know not the importance of Leith.

I hope your Northern Guests are come to you, by this time. I pray you let humanity be exercised towards them; I am persuaded it will be comely. Let the Officers, be kept at Newcastle, some sent to Lynn, some to Chester.--I have no more; but rest,

Your affectionate servant,

, OLIVER CROMWELL. I desire, as forces come up, I may hear from time to time what they are, how their marches are laid, and when I may expect them.

My service to the dear Lady.



[Vol. iil. p. 29.) * For the Honourubie William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker of the Parliament

of England: These.
Right HONOURABLE, Edinburgh, 28th December 1650.

It having pleased God to take away by death Colonel John Maleverer, a very useful member of this Army, I thought it requisite to move you on the behalf of his sad Widow and seven small Children.

I need not say much. His faithfulness in your service, and his cheerfulness to be spent in the same, is very well known. And truly, he had a spirit very much beyond his natural strength of body, having undergone many fits of

& Original in the possession of R. Ormston, Esq., Newcastle-on-Tyne. Besides the Signature, "My service to the dear Lady" is also autograph.

sickness during this hard service in your field, where he was constant and diligent in his charge; and, notwithstanding the weakness of his body, thought himself bound in conscience to continue to the utmost, preferring the Public service before his private relations. And (as I have been credibly informed) his losses by the Royal and Malignant Party have been very great; being occasioned by his appearing with the first in his Country for the Parliament.

I have therefore made bold to represent these things before you, that you may timely consider of those that he hath left behind him, and bestow some mark of favour and respect upon them towards their comfortable subsistence. I rest,

Your most humble servant,



[Vol. iii, p. 63.] OLIVER is now in Scotland, busy enough with great matters; must not neglect the small either. “This Enclosed” * is from an Ex-Royalist Gentleman, Mr. John Arundel of Trerice in Cornwall; and relates to what is now an old story, the Surrender of Pendennis Castle to Fairfax's people (August 1646); in which Mr. John, by the arbitrary conduct of a certain Parliamentary Official, suffers huge damage at this time, - a fine of no less than £10,000, “quite ruinous to my poor estate," and clear against bargain at the rendition of Pendennis, being now laid upon him by the arbitrary Parliamentary Official in those parts. As not only human justice, but the honour of the Army is concerned, Mr. John has written to the Lord General, the Trerice Arundels, he alleges furthermore, having once "had the “honour to stand in some friendship, or even kinship, with your “noble family.” Oliver writes in consequence: To the Right Honourable William Lenthall, Esquire, Speaker of the

Parliament of England: These.'
SIR,. .3

. Glasgow, 25th April 1651. * Receiving this Enclosed, and finding the contents'of it to expostulate for justice and faith-keeping, and the direction

& Tanner Mss. (in Cary, ii. 243.) : ii • Ibid. ii. 258.

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