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Charges Made Against the War Office of the

Confederacy

(From "The Life and Times of Yancey "')

J. W. DuBose

A

TRUE policy of war, from the suit after a great victory-would inev-
Confederacy side, being reduced itably have captured the invading army

to the saving of armies which em- and the gunboats supporting it, when braced well-nigh all its material for he was instantly superseded by order of war, it so happened that with the the war office, the pursuit checked and opening of the first campaign, after

the imminent military success, which these changes in the personnel of the

must have restored New Orleans and War Office had taken effect, that great the entire lower valley of the Missisdisasters in the field began, traceable to the intereference of the War Office with

sippi and the western rivers to the Congreat commander in the field; and in

federacy, was changed into useless sacsomething over a twelve-month of the rifice, and the retirement of the entire duration of this interference, three trans-Mississippi forces from active great Confederate armies were practi

service for the remainder of the war. cally removed from service, leaving the

(3) In July, 1864, Johnston was refield to the enemy. (1) Johnston, at

moved from command, against earnest tempting in the summer of 1863, to save protests of his army, rank and file, and his army of forty thousand superb the people, with absolute unanimitytroops in Mississippi, as Washington at a time when discontent throughout had saved his army after its defeat on

the Northwest seemed only waiting on Long Island, was countermanded from Sherman's fate to ripen into revolt the War Office, and, as General Lincoln against the Government at Washington had lost his army at Charleston, Gen- --the result being the speedy annihilaeral Pemberton was empowered to lose

tion of his army, under command of the garrisons of Vicksburg and Port another, following the interference of Hudson and tens of thousands of brave the civil government. lives in useless battle, by the interfer- Against each of these three citations ence of the civil authorities. (2) In of destructiveness, issuing from the civMay, 1864, General Richard Taylor il authorities, stand the generalship having, by skillful retreat, drawn Ger- and valor of Confederate armies upon eral Banks and a fleet of gunboats into the page of history; the one marking favorable position, attacked Banks at the source of the catastrophe in which Mansfield, drove him from the field in the Confederate cause finally dissolved ; full retreat, and continuing the pursuit the other indicating the reasonableness --the only example of Confederate pur- of its inception.

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R. TAFT is paid a larger salary and cursed the fate that postponed their than any President of the Uni- case until the campaign of 1912 was al.

ted States ever received. He is ready on. the most expensive tenant we have ever had in the White House. Neverthe- While the evidence taken by the Conless, he spends more time on his person- gressional Committee made it clear that al pleasures and personal interests than the Department of Agriculture had any other President has ever done. He done all in its power to nullify the is almost never hard at work; he is Pure Food Law, this fact was not more almost always playing golf, cruising on clearly proven than was Ballinger's one of our naval vessels, or traveling guilty connections with the Cunningabout the country on a luxuriously ap- ham claims. While it was shown, bepointed special train. After several yond all question, that Secretary Wilmonths of vacation and pastime in New son and Solicitor McCabe furnished England, Mr. "Taft is now (Sept. 18th) Government witnesses at the Governentering upon several weeks of cam- ment's expense, to testify in behalf of paigning for a renomination. When

When the manufacturers who use injurious voting the President $25,000 a year for substances in the preparation of canned traveling expenses, Congress certainly food, this fact was not more surprising had no intention of taking money out or scanaalous than the proof which of the people's treasury to defray the showed how Ballinger dismissed the excost of a candidate's electioneering tour. perienced, capable lawyer wha had

charge of the Government's sid of the What would Mr. Taft have done to Cunningham case, giving it to a mere Dr. Wiley, the Pure Food Expert, had boy (Sheridan) who never had tried a the case come up at the time Ballin- single lawsuit — and who promptly ger's did? Would the Doctor have met butchered the Government's case, as the swift dismissal of Glavis and Pin- Ballinger meant he should. chot? Would some Lawler have been While it is likewise true that Solicideputized to write out the Presidential tor McCabe was shown to have garbled opinion? When our crooked Secretary a decision of the courts, condemning of Agriculture, and his crooked under the use of certain chemicals, and to have ling, Solicitor McCabe, perused Mr. entered that decision in such a way as Taft's exoneration of Dr. Wiley, who, to leave the manufacturers free to conaccording to Attorney-General Wick- tinue to use benzoate of soda, that fact ersham, deserved "condign punish- was not more amazing, than was the ment," they must have sighed heavily discovery that the President himself

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had made a deliberate mis-statement as were surrendered to the Federal to the documents that were before him Government. The right to regulate when he wrote the letter exonerating commerce inside the State, was never Ballinger.

surrendered. Consequently, each state Therefore, one instinctively inquires, has the completest sovereign right to Why the radical difference in the Taft- regulate commerce within her borders. ian attitude toward the two cases? When an inferior Federal Judge virThere is but one answer:

tually says to a State: The campaign of 1912 is open and

“I command you to quit being a sorTaft wants a second term.

ereign; within your own borders, you If Wickersham had any self-respect, shall not enforce your own laws; I forhe'd resign. After such a public snub, bid you the exercise of your police administered to him by the President, powers, and your right to fix tolls on Wickersham's ontinued stay in the your own public highways"- —— cabinet can mean nothing else than that the Governor should simply refuse the Sugar Trust has more dirty work to recognize the jurisdiction of the Fedfor him to do.

eral judge. And if Secretary Wilson and Solicitor McCabe do not voluntarily get out, The Eleventh Amendment to the Taft should kick them out.

Constitution was made for just such

cases as that of the railroad companies IN the recent convention of Governors, against Nebraska. a committee was appointed to go be

A man named Chisholm, living in fore the Supreme Court of the United

Alabama,entered suit in the lower FedStates, and protest against the en.

eral Court, against the State of Georgia. croachments of the lower Federal courts

To the universal indignation of the upon the reserved rights of the States. States, the U. S. Supreme Court held How silly! The Committee might as

that a state could be sued by a private well protest against a politician's hun- citizen. This decision caused the states ger for office. These life-term Federal to adopt the Eleventh Amendment to judges have the power to extend their the Federal Constitution. And not until jurisdiction; and they wouldn't be after the Civil War, did any corporahuman, if they did not abuse the power.

tion dare to attempt to drag a sovereign What we really need is one Governor State into the Federal Courts. Not with back-bone enough to defy the

until the bench had been packed with Yl8ur pers. Had the Governor of Minne- corporation lawyers, did the Federal sota gone right ahead enforcing these judiciary venture to nullify the Elevintra-state rates which the Legislature enth Amendment. had lawfully passed, what could Federal Judge Sanborn have done? Noth

The Judiciary Act of 1789 was that ing.

which framed the Federal Courts. One Even now, the Governor of Minneso- of the sections of the Act prescribes the ta could safely put these freight rates manner in which the Constitutionality into operation. It is not lawful for any of State laws may be tested. The court whatsoever to enjoin a State

case must be brought in the State courts, from being a State.

carried to the Supreme Court of the

State, thence to the Supreme Court, of A State of this Union is a sovereign. the United States. Thus, the dignity of ty in full possession of every sovereign the State was respected, and uniformity power, excepting such portions thereof of decisions assured.

That section of the Judiciary Act of he was cutting his own throat, is hard 1789 is still the law of the land; but the to comprehend. lawyers who represent the States in Better by far would his record be, these cases do not appear to be aware had he allowed his resignation of last of it.

year to stand. Apparently, he was not

his own master; apparently, the StandIf we had one Governor with the ard Oil and its affiliated interests had nerve to call out the State troops, if power to work Bailey to the very last necessary, to resist the officers of the day of the extra session. Federal Court, when attempting to arrest the State officials for contempt of court-in not obeying the haughty WHEN you lose confidence in your

employee, how much longer do mandate of the judge--we would never

you keep him? When you discover have any further trouble with these that the book-keeper, or the salesman, usurpatory judges. If I were Governor

or the hired man, is dishonest, or inof Minnesota, I would put that new rate capable—when do you discharge him? law into operation; and if Judge San

At once, of course. born sent marshals and deputy-mar- Why, then should we not retire from shals to arrest me, I would fling them office a public servant who betrays his into jail as fast as they came.

trust? Why should we not do this as The Federal Government, (dearly as soon as we can prove the betrayal ? it loves the corporations) would never

In Switzerland, the people do that risk a war with a State, in behalf of very thing. When an official goes the detested Federal judiciary, and the

wrong, he is “recalled.” Those who votdetested railroad corporations.

ed him in, vote him out.

But President Taft says, with great MR. HEARST, who claims credit for vehemence, that the system would not

pretty much everything, boasts work in America. Especially, does he “I killed cock-robin," in the case of object to the recall of judges. No Joe Bailey, of Texas. As usual, Mr. wonder. Mr. Taft is not a peoples' Hearst claims too much. Bailey's President; he is the President of, for votes in the Senate were the cause of and by the corporations. He knows his downfall. He had weathered the what the people will do, and ought to storm of the Hearst exposures. Had he do, to the judges—the Federal judges lined up with the Progressives, cham- particularly. Hence, the Taftian fear pioned the cause of the tariff-cursed of the recall. millions, fought the insatiable trusts with all the power that was in him, In his address to the farmers at SryTexas would have forgotten the scan- acuse, N. Y., on Sept. 16th, Mr. Taft dalous facts which were brought out said: by the Texas committee of investiga- “I have given much attention to the tion.

matter of economy and efficiency in But, when Bailey began to vote government." against free raw materials, free lumber, When! Where? free coal; when he passionately es- Was it in the Philippines, where poused the cause of Lorimer; when he blood and treasure were so lavishly voted against the Farmers' Free-List squandered? Was it when he was paybill and the Underwood-La Follette wool ing the friars such enormous price for bill—it was all over with the infatuated the land out of which the natives had man. How he could fail to realize that been defrauded? The highest valuation placed on these lands, by sworn wit- EMBOLDENED by the failure of the nesses before the Taft Commission, was Government to prosecute the big $5,000,000; but Taft paid $7,000,000. men, the Sugar Trust has advanced Why?

prices, from day to day, until sugar is Or was it in having his automobile higher than it has been in twenty-two hauled across the continent at public years. Of course, the Trust has put expense, in case he might need it on his forth the usual lying statements. Like way to San Francisco?

the Beef Trust, the Ice Trust, &c., the Was it when he committed the Gov. Sugar Trust claims that the advance is ernment to the building and furnishing due to the diminished supply. As usof religious edifices in Panama? Was it mal, the contention is at variance with when he ordered, without Congressional

the facts. authority, the widening of the canal

There is as much raw sugar in sight itself?

as there was at this time last year. Or was it when he strenuously con

There are 225,000 tons afloat now, comtended that fabulous sums be spent in ing from Hawaii and Java, due here fortifying the canal, which would have Sept. 27th. Why then the doubling of been a harbinger of inexpensive peace,

the price? A corner on the available had our Government merely neutral-supply--the vulgar, unlawful, inevita

ble device of the blood-suckers-is the ized it, as the Suez canal is neutralized ? Was he studying economy, when he explanation. In other words, the Trust

got a monopoly on raw sugar; and, de. put the repudiated politicians, of both

fiant of law and Congressional commitparties, on the pay-roll of the Govern

tees, demanded all that the traffic would ment, to be stall-fed at the expense of

bear. the people?

Was he studying "economy and efficiency," when he put the Steel Trust

In June, the Brooklyn refinery of the millionaire Leischman, in the place of Arbuckles was destroyed by fire. Durthe accomplished Dr. Hill, as our Am- ing June, July and August, none of bassador, at Berlin?

their immense store of raw sugar could Was it economy he was studying,

be refined. All of the dealers who had when he sent our army to the Mexican depended on the Arbuckles for sugar

turned to the American company, border, at a cost of $2,000,000 ?

whose business was hugely increased.

Consequently, its supply of raw sugar How long has it been since Mr. Taft was rapidly diminished. Thus, the dewas clamoring for an increase of the struction of their Brooklyn refinery, salaries of the Federal judges? How which caught them with an enormous long since he worked for and secured quantity of cheap raw sugar on hand, more money for himself? How long turned out to the advantage of the Arsince he had the White House com- buckles. By accident, they had the onpletely refurbished at an expense of ly great store of raw sugar, immediatly $50,000? How long since he took three available; and by combination with the vessels from our naval equipment, and American and Federal companies, they converted them into pleasure yachts for sent prices skyward. the personal use of himself, his family, Unfortunately, certain politicians and the cabinet “set?”

and newspapers of the Democratic parMr. Taft would be well advised if he ty were gulled (or pretended to be) by ceased to make professions which his the specious statements of the criminal actions belie.

conspirators; and these Democrats have

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