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waited for their dead, and the fluctuat. boy. They brought him up gently, ing crowd of the curious. Larrabee and one of them spread a handkerchief lingered, shivering, scowling. Tomor- over the face with the mortal struggle row he would hear from the boy. frozen on it to blast the strong man's

memory. It was late the next day before they Larrabee saw them coming. All day found him, far down where he had he had watched the swarming workers, pitched into the basement of the Ber- and this time they were bringing somewick. When they reached him life had thing to him. He moistened his lips been gone but a little while, and the nervously, and his twitching fingers rigidity of death was not yet on him. nursed the gray unshaven stubble on They might only conjecture how long his chin. At the jerk of his head they he had kept the horror of consciousness, laid the stretcher before him and turned but the imprint of it lay plainly writ- away. Larrabee raised the handkerten in the twisted agony of his face. chief slowly, and looked into the face Death had come harshly to Larrabee's of his boy.

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Col. G. N. Saussy


CHAPTER XV. HE opening of the campaign of Battle of Gettysburg. Since then, he the fourth year of the great trag- had failed to measure up to the expec

edy was about to begin. The tation of both the people and the govFederal Government had tested six of ernment. He failed to reap the benefits that army's corp commanders as gen- of Lee's repulse at Gettysburg, possibly erals commanding, and had imported through excess of caution. He allowed one other from the west, and under all Lee to flank him out of his position bethese, Failure had been blazoned upon fore the Rapidan in October, then bluff the banners of the Potomac army. him into a retreat before Mine Run. McDowell, McClellan, Pope, McClel- Yet Lieutenant-General Grant perlan (again), Burnside, Hooker and mitted him to remain ostensibly in comMeade had each in turn essayed the mand of the Potomac army. solution of that problem, On to The new head of the Federal armies Richmond !" Back and forth across in the field, after being called to Washthe scarred and torn bosom of the ington, devoted some time to the study grand old Mother of States, both ar- of campaigns. He analyzed those of mies had strained in the tug of war. McDowell, McClellan, Pope, Burnside, Yet that thin grey line tipped with Hooker and Meade. General Dick Taybright steel, gaunt and veteran, de- lor states he was reliably informed by fiantly stood in the path.

officers in Washington, after a carfeul "Dilenda est Cartago" had been

had been survey of all these former efforts to transformed to Richmond est dilenda. reach Richmond, the new Lieutenant. New combinations must now be created General approved the plan of McCleland one more mighty effort to crush lan—The Peninsular Route because the rebellion (?).

the York and James rivers would beFor the consummation of this plan, come flanking positions and means of a new head was needed for the chief transportation combined. Gunboats in and most powerful Federal arm. In either river would secure his flanks seeking for such a one, the Washington and at the same time protect his transgovernment summoned Major General ports bearing troops and supplies. Ulysses S. Grant from his successes in Along the “Misty Rappahannock” and the West and promoted him to the rank murky Rapidan lay that veteran gray of Lieutenant-General and placed him line of famous “foot cavalry,” trained in command of all the Federal armies by Stonewall and bequathed to "Marse in the field. Of course he could not be Robert.” For three years they had been ubiquitous. To be personally with each a menace and dread to tthe Washingarmy, scattered from Texas to Mary- ton authorities; and when General land, was manifestly a physical impos- Grant suggested the transfer of the sibility. The power to name and be Potomac army from its position facing responsible for the commanding officers Lee's lines, a forcible protest was enof the several armies, were lodged with tered by Mr. Lincoln and his War Sechim. He elected for his personal oper- retary. Said they: “You don't know ations the ariny of the Potomac.

those men under Lee. Move this army General George G. Meade had re- to the Peninsula! In three days those tained command of that army since the racers will be in Washington!”

The refusal to accept Grant's plan ritt, and roughly handled the Federal then called forth from that commander, cavalry. dictatorial power and unlimited means. When, after the third day of battle, He was

was informed that the blood, Grant found his sledge-hammer blows brawn and brain as well as the treas- had failed to dent Lee's armor, or to ury of the country was at his feet.

beat down his guard, he shipped TorWith that assurance, he began to out- bett's troopers of Warren's Fifth Corps line a most stupenduous campaign. The by his left flank to surprise and envelop Potomac army was raised to a stand- the Confederate right and interpose ard in numbers and equipment never

between Lee and Richmond. before attained; Mr. Stanton reported But the inspiration that guided the to the first session of the thirty-ninth great Virginian all through that reCongress, that army had enrolled under markable campaign prompted him to its banners 149,160 enlistments, 318 anticipate Grant's strategy. Fitz Lee's modern field guns and a wagon train division of cavalry and Johnson's batof supplies stated by General Grant in tery of horse artillery were on guard at his "Memoirs" as sixty-five miles long. the endangered key-point. Tenaciously

Swinton, the Potomac army's graphic they clung to this all-important posihistorian, gives Lee of all arms, 52,626!tion, while Longstreet's veterans under and Fitz Lee adds, 224 cannon.

Dick Anderson were pressing along the These figures as a preface to the new road. campaign opened at "The Wilderness," Stuart told his men to fix their teeth at midnight, May 3, 1864; the mighty with a bull-dog's grip on that piece of struggle of that year's campaign start landscape, and driving the spur into ed, when Grant began crossing the the flanks of his horse, raced up the Rapidan at Ely's Ford.

road to urge Anderson forward, and But detail of the great Battle of brought them into a line behinii a crest the Wilderness is not the province of just as Warren's infantry was lifting this paper—that action is laconically Fitz's troops from the position. stated by President Davis as "a battle Breathed directed Johnson to retire of mind against matter." That is a the left section of the guns, while he mighty sarcasm, yet a potent truth. would continue with the right section, This paper deals only with that part in but finally agreed to retire gun by gun the bloody drama performed by Jeb when absolutely necessary, and as the Stuart and his troops.

third gun was limbered up Johnson These troops were on picket at the caught a bullet in and through the various fords when the great blue col- shoulder. Before any of the guns had umn approached. In accordance with been retired Warren's men were almost orders, they simply remained in obser- upon them and from

all sides came vation and reported from time to time “Surrender! Surrender!!” Major the progress and movements of Grant's Breathed stood by the fourth and last army.

piece. Before the gun could be moved, Stuart personally conducted A. P. the drivers and horses of the lead and Hill's column on the morning of the swing teams were killed or wounded 5th until it became engaged with the and the driver of the wheel team had blue infantry. Then he betook himself his arm shattered by a bullet. and his troopers to the right flank of Major Breathed swung himself from the Confederate line. That same day his horse, mounted the wheel horse and Rosser was in collision with Torbett's with the enemy almost upon the gun, division, commanded by Wesley Mer- brought the piece sa fely to the rear.

A Federal soldier, a Massachusetts way to the objective point of his foray; man, told the writer that he witnessed before Stuart was aware he had swung that act of daring heroism. He said loose from Grant's main army. their hands were almost on the gun, as Stuart quickly divined the true inBreathed applied the spur and with

tent of the expedition—a sudden swoop cool effrontery, in answer to their de- upon the outer defenses of Richmond mand for surrender, placed his thumb and by a sudden

and by a sudden coup de main, the capto his nose and wiggled his fingers at ture of the Confederate capital. them. By this time Dick Anderson's two hours after Sheridan's march had men were in position and had caught been discovered, Wickham's brigade their second breath after quite a tramp was after him and caught up with his at "double-quick!” and as Warren's rear guard at Massaponax churcch. At men came on the crest, they delivered a Jarrald's Mill, Wickham drove the volley at close range, mowing down the Sixth Ohio—Sheridan's rear guard—in blue line.

upon the main body. At Mitchell's Stuart remained with the left wing Shop the First New Jersey cavalry stif. of Anderson's corps and so often ex- fened their Ohio comrades, and made posed himself, the infantry line of of- so determined a stand, two of Wickficers chided him for it on the skirmish ham's regiments recoiled from the line. Major McClellan says: “Not even charge. Wickham then called for a courier was with him. I was the only Mathews' squadron of the Third Virmember of his military family with ginia, saying, "I know he will go him. He kept me busy carrying mes- through." sages to General Anderson, and some of Mathews led his squadron in columns these seemed so unimportant, at last the of fours and did go through, but not to thought occurred to me that he was turn. The enemy closed in upon them, endeavoring to shield me from the dan- killing five and wounding three others. gers he seemed to invoke. I said to

I said to Captain Mathews' horse was shot from him: ‘General, my horse is weary; you under him, and while defending himare exposing yourself, and you are . self with his sabre, dismounted, was alone. Please let me remain with you.' himself mortally wounded. He smiled and bade me go with anoth- At this point, Stuart, with Fitz Lee, er message to General Anderson." joined Wickham with Lomox's and

And we are now nearing the last act Gordon's brigades—the three brigades a in the bloody drama of "Campaigning little exceeding four thousand troopers. with Jeb Stuart.On the 8th the Fed - Following Sheridan, Stuart again overal cavalry retired from their front ertook him at Beaver Dam Station. and concentrated in rear of their battle Stuart's wife and children were visiting line and moved for Fredericksburg. On Colonel Edmond Fontaine in this imthe 9th General Sheridan started with mediate neighborhood and Stuart took twelve thousand cavalry and a large a brief spell off to ascertainn their force of horse artillery. This impos- welfare--fearing they might have been ing force, when marching in columns molested by the raiders. Finding them of fours, covered twelve miles of the all right he hastened after his column. road upon which it was moving. Mass- At Nigger Foot, Stuart again divided ing behind the infantry, then moving his column, sending Gordon on Sherito Fredericksburg, it placed Sheridan dan's trail, while with Fitz Lee and the beyond the ken of Stuart's keen-eyed two other brigades he marched for Hanpickets. Thence striking out for Ham- over Junction to intercept the head of ilton's crossing and across to the Tel- the raiders. Reaching that point he egraph Road, Sheridan got well on the found Fitz Lee's men and horses so worn down he was compelled to halt low Tavern. Here it is well to give Mafor the night or until one o'clock next jor McClellan's recollection of the fight morning. Reaching Ashland, Stuart as- in the afternoon. certained a part of the Second Virginia had encountered some of Sheridan's “About four o'clock the enemy sudtroops here and had driven them out denly threw a brigade of mounted cavwith considerable loss. Thence Stuart alry upon our left, attacking our whole cut across to head the raiders at Yellow line at the same time. As he always did, Tavern—the intersection of Telegraph the General hastened to the point where and Old Mountain roads—reaching that the greatest danger threatened—the point about 10 a. m. Stuart found he point against which the enemy directed had headed Sheridan's column here and the mounted charge. My horse was so had time to arrange to meet the raiders. much exhausted by my severe ride of General Bragg, as military advisor to the morning that I could not keep pace President Davis, was also in command with him, but Captain G. W. Dorsey, of Richmond and its immediate envi- of Company “K” First Virginia cavalronments. In the hurry of the march to ry, gave me the particulars that follow. anticipate Sheridan, Stuart had not had “The enemy's charge captured our time to post himself of General Bragg's battery on our left, and drove in almost resources for the defense of Richmond, the entire left-where Captain Dorsey and was uncertain whether to take po- was stationed – immediately on the sition in front of the advancing raiders, Telegraph Road—about eighty men had or upon their flank. He elected the collected and among these General latter alternative. He sent Major Mc- Stuart threw himself, and by his perClellan to General Bragg's headquar- sonal example steadied them while the ters to ascertain the force he could col- enemy charged entirely past their posilect to defend the city. General Bragg tion. With these men he fired into their estimated the irregular troops in Rich. flank and rear as they passed him, in mond, including the details in the ar- advancing and retreating, for they were senals and other Government depots at, met by a mounted charge of the First about 4,000. He also stated three small Virginia cavalry and driven back some brigades had been ordered from the distance. As they retired, a man who Petersburg defenses and were hourly had been dismounted in the charge and expected. With these, he felt he could

was running out on foot, turned as he maintain the defenses against Sheri- passed the General and discharged his dan's attack.

pistol, inflicting the fatal wound. On Major McClellan's return, about “When Captain Dorsey discovered he 2 p. m., Stuart informed him there had was wounded, he came at once to his asbeen severe fighting earlier in the day, sistance and endeavored to lead him to the enemy assuming the offensive, the rear; but the General's horse became attempting to drive him from the Tel- so restive and unmanageable that he inegraph road, but that he had succeeded sisted upon being taken down and alin repulsing them after a desperate lowed to rest against a tree. When this hand-to-hand conflict. In their engage. was done, Captain Dorsey sent for anment there had been heavy losses, in- other horse. While waiting, the Genercluding Colonel H. C. Pate of the gal- al requested him to leave him and relant Fifth Virginia cavalry. Stuart turn to his men and drive the enemy spoke enthusiastically of Colonel Pate's back. He said he feared he was mortally personal gallantry in the combat. Wick- hit and could be of no more service. ham held the right and Lomax the left “Captain Dorsey told him that he of the line Stuart had assumed at Yel- could not obey his order to leave him;

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