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119, et al.

3, 356, et al.; gir, 4, 278, et al.; a a diviner; fig., a leader, author, pablast; ether, spirit, 6, 747; splendor, tron, guide, director, 3, 20. brightness, 6, 204; favor, applause, auspicium, iī, n. (auspex), an auspice; 6,816; pl., air, 1, 59, 387; ad auras, omen, token, sign, 3, 499; power,

to or into the air, on high, upward. authority, 4, 103; will, 4, 341; conaurātus, a, um, adj. (aurum), gilded, duct, leadership, 11, 347.

golden, of gold, 12, 163; embroidered Auster, trī, m., the southerly or south with gold, 5, 250.

wind, opposite to Aquilo; wind in aureus, a, um, adj. (aurum), of gold, general, 3, 70; meton., the south.

golden, armed with gold, 11, 490; ausum, ī, see audeo. gilded, 6, 13; fig., beautiful, fair, ausus, a, um, p. of audeo. 10, 16; perfectly pure and happy, aut, conj., indicating an actual and golden, 6, 792.

positive alternative, and not, like auricomus, a, um, adj. (aurum and vel, leaving the choice to the mind;

coma), golden-haired; fig., golden- or, 1, 70, et al.; but sometimes used

leaved, or with golden sprays, 6, 141. indifferently with vel, ve, sive, 1, 379; aurīga, ae, m., a charioteer, 5, 146; a repeated : aut - aut, either-or, 1, groom, 12, 85.

396, et al. auris, is, f. (rel. to audio), the ear, 2, autem, conj. (rel. to aut), but, yet,

however, truly, indeed, now, moreaurora, ae, f., the dawn, morning, 3, over, denoting contrast, difference,

521; personified, Aurora, the goddess addition, or transition, freq. of the dawn, who precedes the horses Automedõn, ontis, m., the charioteer of the sun-god, 4, 585; the east, 8, of Achilles, and, after the death of 686; the sun, 6, 535.

Achilles, armor-bearer of Pyrrhus, aurum, i, n., gold, I, 349, et al.; me- 2, 477

ton., a golden goblet, 7, 245; golden autumnus, i, m. (cf. augeo), the seabit, 7, 279.

son of increase; autumn, 6, 309, Auruncus, a, um, adj. (Aurunca), et al.

Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient auxilium, iī, n. (augeo), that which town of Campania, 12, 94.

promotes; assistance, help, relief, Ausonia, ae, f., an ancient name of succor, 1, 571; pl. auxilia, õrum,

middle and lower Italy; Italy, in help, assistance, 2, 163. general, 3, 496.

avārus, a, um, adj. (aveo, desire), deAusonidēs, ae, pl. Ausonidae, ārum sirous of gain; greedy; covetous,

and ūm, m. (Auson, the eponymous avaricious, 1, 363; rapacious, defather of the Ausonēs), the Auso- vouring, fig., of the land ruled over nians or primitive people of lower by an avaricious prince, 3, 44. Italy; Italians, 10, 564.

āvectus, a, um, p. of āveho. Ausonius, a, um, adj. (Auson), Auso- āveho, vexī, vectus, 3, a., to carry

nian, Italian, 4, 349; subst., away, 2, 179; pass., āvectus esse, Ausoniī, õrum, m., the Ausonians, to have sailed away, departed, 2, 43. Italians, il, 253.

āvello, velli or vulsī, vulsus, 3, a., auspex, icis, c. (avis and specio, look), pluck, or tear off, or away from,

one who divines by watching birds; with acc, and abl., take away, steal,


2, 165; to force away, 11, 201; p., avitus, a, um, adj. (avus), of a grandavulsus, a, um, torn from, 2, 608; father; ancestral, ancient, 10, 752. torn, rent, 3, 575.

āvius, a, um, adj. (ā and via), pathavēna, ae, f., oats; oat-, a straw, an less, 2, 736; devious, unapproach

oaten pipe; a Pan-pipe or syrinx. able, 12, 480; that cannot be tracked, 1. Aventinus, ī, m., a Latin chief, 7, inaccessible, eluding pursuitII, 657

810; subst., āvium, i7, n., a devious, 2. Aventīnus, i, m., the Aventine inaccessible place, or way, 9, 58. mount in Rome, 7, 659.

āvolo, āvī, ātus, i, n., to fly away, il, 1. Avernus, i, m.. . (&opvos, birdless), 712.

Avernus, a lake near Naples, be avulsus, a, um, p. of avello. tween Baiae and Cumae, in Cam- avunculus, i, m. (avus), an uncle on pania, now Lago d'Averno. Near the mother's side; uncle, 3, 343. it was one of the entrances to avus, i, m., a grandfather, grandsire, Hades; hence, the lower world, Aver- 2, 457; sire, father, ancestor, 6, 840. nus, 6, 126; portus Avernī, the axis, is, m., an axle; synedoche, car, harbor of Cumae, near Avernus, chariot, 5, 820; the axis of the 5, 813.

heavens, the sky, the heavens, 4, 482; 2. Avernus, a, um, adj. (1. Avernus), the pole; the north pole, the north.

of Avernus, Avernian, 4, 512; 6, 118; subst. pl., Averna, õrum, n.,

B Avernus, 3, 442. āversus, a, um, p. of averto.

bāca, ae, f., a berry, 3, 649. āvertő, vertī, versus, 3, a., to turn any- bācātus, a, um, adj. (bāca), set or

thing away from, followed by an studded with pearls; or made of abl. with or without a prep., 1, 38, beads, pearls, etc., 1, 655. et al.; turn or drive away, 1, 472, bacchor, ātus sum, i, dep. n. and a. et al.; transfer with acc. of place, 4, (Bacchus), to perform the orgies of 106; drive away, end, 4, 547; neut. Bacchus; rage, rave, 6, 78; rush or by omission of se, to turn away, I, run madly or wildly, 4, 301; fly 402; pass., averti, as middle or dep., wildly, 4, 666; p., bacchātus, a, with acc., to be averse to; to shun, um, resounding with the revels of loathe ; p., āversus, a, um, turned Bacchus, 3, 125; filling with fury, away, 1, 482; with averted faces, 6, spreading fury, 10, 41. 224; askance, 4, 362; remote, 1, Bacchus, i, m., Bacchus, the son of 568; fig., indignant, 7, 618; dis- Jupiter and Semele, and god of pleased, 2, 170.

wine, 1, 734; wine, 1, 215. avidus, a, um, adj. (aveo, desire), long- Bactra, õrum, n. pl., Bactra, the chief

ing, eager, 1, 514; eagerly, quickly, city of Bactria, 8, 688. 6, 210; with longing, 3, 132; eager Bāiae, ārum, f., Baiae, a town on the for destruction, devouring, destruc- Bay of Naples, west of Puteoli, 9, tive, baneful; with infin., 12, 290; 710. with gen., eagerly, desirous of, eager Bālantēs, ium (um), see bālo. for, 9, 661.

bālātus, ūs, m. (bālo), a bleating, 9, avis, is, f., a bird, 6, 193, et al.


4, 632.

bālo, āvī, ātus, i, n., to bleat; subst., flict; war, freq.; a battle, 8, 629; . bālāns, antis (sc. ovis), f.; pl., bā- personified, Bellum, war, the delantēs, ium or um, sheep.

mon of war, 1, 294. balteus, i (gen. dissyl., 10, 496), a bēlua, ae, f., a beast, large, monstrous, belt, 5, 313

or hideous, 6, 287. barathrum, i, n., an abyss, chasm, Bēlus, i, m. 1. Belus, king of Tyre gulf, 3, 421.

and Sidon, and father of Dido, 1, barba, ae, f., the beard, 3, 593.

621. 2. I he founder of the line of barbaricus, a, um, adj., foreign, bar- kings from whom Dido was debaric, 2, 504.

scended, 1, 729. barbarus, a, um, adj., barbarian, sav- Bēnācus, i, m., a lake in Cisalpine

age, 1, 539; foreign, barbaric, it, Gaul, through which flows the Min777; subst., barbarus, i, m., a bar.

cius, 10, 205. barian, mercenary stranger, or sol- bene, adv. (bonus), well, freq.; pleasdier.

antly, sweetly; wisely, safely; comBarcaei, orum, m., the Barcaeans; par., melius, better, more, 1, 452.

people of Barce or Ptolemais, a town benignus, a, um, adj., of a kindly in Cyrenaica, 4, 43.

spirit; benevolent, friendly, favorBarcē, ēs, f., the nurse of Sychaeus, able, hospitable, 1, 304.

beo, āvī, ātus, i, a., to bless, make Batulum, i, n., a Samnite town in

happy; p., beātus, a, um, blessed, Campania, 7, 739.

happy, 1, 94. beātus, a, um, see beo.

Berecyntius, a, um, adj., pertaining to Bēbrycius, a, um, adj., Bebrycian, or Berecyntus, a mountain of Phrygia,

Bithynian ; of Bebrycia, a country sacred to Cybele, 6, 784. in Asia Minor on the coast of Bithy- Beroē, ēs, f., Beroë, the wife of Dorynia, 5, 373.

clus, an Epirote follower of Aeneas, Bēlīdēs, ae, m., a son or male descendant of Belus, 2, 82.

bi-, see bis. bellātor, oris, m. (bello), a warrior, bibo, bibī, 3, a., to drink, 1, 473, et

11, 553; adj., warlike, 12, 614. al.; fig., take in, drink in, 1, 749; bellātrix, icis, f. (bello), a female war- of weapons, II, 804.

rior; adj., warring, a warlike hero- bibulus, a, um, adj. (bibo), drinking ine, 1, 493.

readily; absorbing quickly; dry, 6, bellipotēns, entis, adj. (bellum and 227.

potēns), powerful in war; subst. bicolor, oris, adj. (bis and color), of m., the god of war, 11, 8.

two colors, 8, 276; mottled, dappled, bello, āvī, ātus, i, n., and bellor, dep.

1, n. (bellum), to wage war; fight, bicornis, e, adj. (bis and cornū), twoI, 466; dep., II, 660; subst., horned; of rivers, with reference to bellāns, antis, c. pl., bellantēs, ium their divided mouths, 8, 727.

or um, combatants, warriors, 1, 466. bidēns, entis, adj. (bis and dēns), havBellona, ae, f. (bellum), the goddess of ing two teeth or two complete rows of

war, sister of Mars, Bellona, 7, 319. teeth ; subst., f. (sc. victima), an bellum, i, n. (duellum, cf. duo), con- animal suitable for the altar; a

5, 620.

5, 566.

9, 618.

6, 25.

sheep with two conspicuous teeth banks of oars; a galley or ship, 1, supplanting two of the milk-teeth ; a 182. sheep, 4, 57

bis, adv. (in composition bi-), twice, biforis, e, adj., having two doors or 1,381.

openings; twofold, double; of a Bitiās, ae, m. 1. Bitias, a Cartha. double pipe with one mouth-piece, ginian nobleman, I, 738. 2. A

Trojan, 9, 672. biformis, is, adj. (bis and forma), of bivius, a, um, adj. (bis and via), leadtwofold shape or form, two-formed, ing two ways, 11, 516; subst., biv.

ium, i7, n., the meeting of two roads ; bifrons, frontis, adj., two-faced, double- a crossway, 9, 238. faced, 7, 180.

blandus, a, um, adj., fondling ; fawnbīgae, ārum, f. pl. (bis and iugum), a ing; coaxing; persuasive, alluring,

team of two horses ; a car or chariot enticing, 1, 670; grateful, calm, 5, drawn by two horses ; a car, 2, 272; 827. bīgīs in albīs, in a chariot drawn Bõla, ae, f., a town, of the Aequi in by two white horses, 12, 164.

Latium, 6, 775. biiugus, a, um, adj. (bis and iugum), bonus, a, um, adj., good, in every sense,

of a two-horse team or chariot ; freq.; friendly, kind, 1, 195; fit, coupled, yoked, 10, 253; chariot-, 5, valuable, proper, 5, 483; skillful, 144; subst. biiugi, õrum, m., a expert, able, nimble, 5, 430; auspidouble team or two-horse chariot, 10, cious, propitious, I, 734; subst., 575.

bonum, i, n., a good thing; good; bilinguis, e, adj. (bis and lingua), blessing, happiness; comp., melior,

double-tongued, fig., deceitful, treach- ius, better, freq.; superior, 5, 68; erous, 1, 661.

greater, 9, 156; subst., melius, bilix, icis, adj. (bis and cf. licium, āris, n., a better thing; melius est,

thread), two-threaded, double-plaited, it is better; in melius, for the 12, 375.

better ; to a better state, II, 426; bimembris, is, adj. (bis and mem- meliora, um, better things, 12, 153;

brum), having two kinds of mem- superl., optimus, a, um, best, freq. bers; subst., bimembrēs, ium, m., For the adv. melius, see bene. Centaurs, 8, 293.

Boreās, ae, m., the north wind, 3, 687; bīnī, ae, a, adj. num. distrib. (bis), the god of the north wind, Boreas,

two by two ; two to each, 5, 61; poet. son of the river-god Strymon (others, as cardinal, two, I, 313, et al.

the north), 10, 350. bipatēns, entis, adj. (bis and pateo), būs, bovis, C., an ox, 2, 306; bull, 5,

with twofold opening; with twofold 405; cow, 7, 663; heifer, 7, 790; or double doors, 2, 330.

pl., cattle, 3, 220. bipennis, e, adj. (bis and penna), two- bracchium, iī, n., strictly, the forearm

winged ; two-edged, 11, 135; subst., from the hand to the elbow; in f., a two-edged ax, 2, 627; a battle- general, the arm, 2, 792, et al.; ax, 2, 479.

fig., limb, branch, of a tree, 6, birēmis, is, f. (bis and rēmus), a 282; sail-yard, 5, 829; of walls, 3,

boat with two oars, or ship with two 535.

bractea, ae, f., a thin plate of metal; | buxus, i, f., the box tree; meton., a gold-foil, -leaf, 6, 209.

fute or pipe, 9, 619. brevis, e, adj., short, of space, 3, 507; Byrsa, ae, f., the citadel of Carthage,

shallow, 5, 221; of time, brief, 10, 1, 367. 467; subst. pl., brevia, ium, n.,

shoals, I, III. breviter, adv. (brevis), briefly; in few cacūmen, inis, n., a point, peak; sumwords, 1, 561.

mit, 3, 274. Briareus (trisyll.), ei, m., Briareus, Cācus, i, m., Cacus, the giant of the

or Aegaeon, one of the three Uranids, Aventine, slain by Hercules, 8, 194. or sons of Uranus, giant monsters cadāver, eris, n. (cado), a dead body, with a hundred (i.e. very many) carcass, corpse, 8, 264. hands, 6, 287.

cado, cecidi, cāsus, 3, n., to fall, sink Brontēs, ae, m., one of the Cyclops, in down, freq.; set, of the sun and the forge of Vulcan, 8, 425.

stars, 2, 9; fall in battle, 2, 368; in brūma, ae, f., the winter solstice ; sacrifice, 1, 334 ; of the wind, subwinter, 2, 472.

side, cease; of the sea, subside, be brūmālis, e, adj. (brūma), of the win hushed, 1, 54; sink in death, die, 10, · ter; wintry, 6, 205.

390; to fall out, happen, 2, 709. Brūtus, i, m., a surname of the Ju- cadūcus, a, um, adj. (cado), liable to

nian gens, derived from Lucius fall; destined, doomed to fall, or die, Junius Brutus, the patrician leader 10, 622; slain, 6, 481. who delivered Rome from the Tar. cadus, i, m., a jar; wine-jar, 1, 195; quins, 6, 818,

an urn, 6, 228. būbā, õnis, m.; f. only once in Virgil, Caeculus, i, m., son of Vulcan, and 4, 462, an owl.

mythical founder of Praeneste, 7, būcina, ae, f. a trumpet, 7, 519.

681. būcolicus, a, um, adj., pertaining to caecus, a, um, adj., blind, freq.;

herdsmen and shepherds, pastoral ; | blinded mentally, reckless, 1, 349; subst., būcolica, õrum, or on, n., 11, 781; with fury, mad, 2, 357; pastoral poems, bucolics.

of things which baffle or obstruct bulla, ae, f., something resembling a the sight or the mind, dark, 3, 200; bubble ; a boss, a stud, 9, 359.

hidden, covered, 1, 536; secret, pri. būstum, i, n. (cf. combūrā), the mound vate, 2, 453; from behind, 10, 733;

where the dead have been burned; uncertain or dim, 9, 518; uncertain, funeral pile, 11, 201; tomb, 12, 6, 30; aimless, 4, 209; blinding, 12, 863.

444; of uncertain origin, 12, 617; Būtēs, ae, m. 1. A descendant of of sound, indistinct, subdued, 10,

Amycus, king of Bebrycia, 5, 372. 98; obscure, 12, 591. 2. A Trojan, attendant of Ascanius, caedēs, is, f. (caedo), a cutting off or

9, 647. 3. A Trojan, 11, 690. down; bloodshed, havoc, slaughter, Būthrötum, i, n., a town of Epirus, 1, 471, et al.; deadly blow, 2, 526; opposite Corcyra, 3, 293.

bloody attack, assault, 3, 256; blood, buxum, i, n. (buxus), boxwood; me. 9, 818; pl., caedēs, ium or um, ton., a top, 7, 382.

slaughter, bloodshed, 11, 648, et al.

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