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SCENE IV.–The Palace at Greenwich.
Flourish. Enter King, and Train.
Cran. And to your royal grace, and the good Enter Trumpets, sounding; then two Aldermen,
[Kneeling. Lord Mayor, Garter, CRANMER, Duke of Nor
My noble partners, and myself, thus pray :FOLK, with his Marshal's staff, Duke of SUFFOLK,
All comfort, joy, in this most gracious lady, two Noblemen bearing great standing bowls for Heaven ever laid up to make parents happy, the christening gifts : then, four Noblemen bear
May hourly fall upon ye! ing a canopy, under which the Duchess of Nor
K. Hen. Thank you, good lord archbishop; FOLK, godmother, bearing the Child richly habited
What is her name? in a mantle, 9c. Train borne by a Lady: then
Elizabeth. follows the Marchioness of DORSET, the other god
Stand up, lord. mother, and Ladies. The troop pass once about the stage, and Garter speaks.
[The King kisses the Child.
With this kiss take my blessing : God protect Gart. Heaven, from thy endless goodness, send
thee ! prosperous life, long, and ever happy, to the high Into whose hand I give thy life. and mighty princess of England, Elizabeth!
K. Hen. My noble gossips, ye have been too Than this pure soul shall be: all princely graces, prodigal.
That mould up such a mighty piece as this is, I thank ye heartily: so shall this lady,
With all the virtues that attend the good, When she has so much English.
Shall still be doubled on her : truth shall nurse her; Cran.
Let me speak, sir, Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her: For Heaven now bids me; and the words I utter She shall be lov'd, and fear'd: her own shall bless Let none think flattery, for they'll find them truth.
her : This royal infant,-heaven still move about her!– Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn, Though in her cradle, yet now promises
And hang their heads with sorrow: good grows Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings,
with her. Which time shall bring to ripeness. She shall be In her days, every man shall eat in safety (But few now living can behold that goodness,) Under his own vine what he plants; and sing A pattern to all princes living with her,
The merry songs of peace to all his neighbours. And all that shall succeed : Saba was never God shall be truly known; and those about her More covetous of wisdom, and fair virtue,
From her shall read the perfect ways of honour,
And by those claim their greatness, not by blood. Cran. She shall be, to the happiness of England,
Would I had known no more! but she must die,
(She must, the saints must have her,) yet a virgio, So shall she leave her blessedness to one,
A most unspotted lily shall she pass (When heaven shall call her from this cloud of To the ground, and all the world shall mourn her. darkness)
K. Hen. O, lord archbishop!
Thou hast made me now a man: never, before
That when I am in heaven I shall desire
I have received much honour by your presence, Shall be, and make new nations : he shall flourish, And ye shall find me thankful.—Lead the way, And, like a mountain cedar, reach his branches
lords :To all the plains about him. Our children's chil Ye must all see the queen, and she must thank ye; dren
She will sick else. This day, no man think Shall see this, and bless heaven.
He has business at his house, for all shall stay : K. Hen.
Thou speakest wonders. This little one shall make it holiday. [Ereunt. 50
'Tis ten to one, this play can never please
ACT 1.—SCENE I. “– a long MOTLEY coat, GUARDED with yellow”—The " Those suns of glory”—Pope has borrowed this variegated dress of a professed fool of old was called phrase, in his " Imitation of Horace's Epistle to Augus“ motley." “ Guarded” means faced, or ornamented. tus," (verse xxii.:)
Those suns of glory please not till they set. “ To rank our chosen truth with such a show,
As fool and fight is, besides forfeiting," etc. “ – as they grew together"-i. e. As if they grew “This is not the only passage in which Shakespeare
together. We have the same image in our author's
VENUS AND ADONIS :has discovered his conviction of the impropriety of
— a sweet embrace ; battles represented on the stage. He knew that five or
Incorporate then they seem; face grows to face. six men with swords, gave a very unsatisfactory idea of an army; and therefore, without much care to excuse
Each following day his former practice, he allows that a theatrical fight
Became the next day's master," etc. would destroy all opinion of truth, and leave him never “ Dies diem docet. Every day learned something an understanding friend. Magnis ingeniis et multa ni. from the preceding, till the concluding day collected all hilominus habituris simplex convenit erroris confessio. the splendour of all the former shows."-Johnsos. Yet I know not whether the coronation shown in this play may not be liable to all that can be objected endon uses the word in the same application, in his ac
“ AU CLINQUANT”-i. e. All glittering, shining. Claragainst a battle.”—Johnson.
count of a Spanish Fête; and the Poet's contemporary, “ — the opinion that we bring"—“Opinion” in the the moralist Owen Feltham, exhorts against those sense of reputation, as in HENRY IV.:—"Thou hast re- clinquant sparklings that dance and dangle in the rays deemed thy lost opinion.” Malone, who thus explains and jubilations of human life.” the sense, adds, with less reason, “ This sentiment could never have fallen from the modest Shakespeare." He
“ – wag his tongue in censure"—Modern use of therefore pronounces, that he has no doubt that the
words would give this line a different sense from that
which it bore in the author's time; “censure" being whole prologue was written by Ben Jonson, when the piece was revived, in 1613.
used for opinion, judgment, whether favourable or ad
The meaning is this:-"No critical observer “ — HAPPIEST hearers of the town"—"Happy" is would venture to pronounce his judgment in favour of here used in one of its ancient Roman significations, for
either king." propitious, favourable; as in Virgil, Eclogue V.—“Sis - Bevis was believ’d"— The story of the old romance bonus, O, felix que tuis.” This Stevens pronounces to of “ Bevis of Southampton.” Bevis (or Bearois) was a have been a sense of the word “unknown to Shake
Saxon, who was for his prowess created, by William the speare, and familiar to Jonson," and therefore conclu
Conqueror, Earl of Southampton. sive to show “that old Ben was the author of the pro. logue.” Frequent occasion has been taken, in this edi. “ As I belong to worship"—i. e. As I am of the more tion, to point out the numerous and original Latinisms worthy and honoured class, and in that honour love and used by Shakespeare, which prove conclusively that he seek honesty, so I assure you that the course of these had at least that acquaintance with the Latin language | triumphs, however well related, must lose in the deand poetry, that was acquired in the ordinary grammar- scription part of that spirit and energy which were exschools of his day—"small Latin," as Ben Jonson calls pressed in the real action. The commission for regu. it, but still a little. (See at end of notes on MIDSUMMER- lating them was well executed, and gave exactly to Night's DREAM.)
every particular person and action the proper place."
“Order gave each thing view; the office did
verb, examples of redundant prepositions are most comDistinctly his full function. Who did guide ?" mon in SHAKESPEARE; for example, in CORIOLANUS: Knight alone, of the modern editors, preserves the
In what commodity is Marcius poor in ? old distribution of the dialogue, which is adhered to in The feeble expletive too, with its unmetrical pause, apthe present edition. All other editors, from Theobald pears to us a corruption, though unnoticed altogether by to Collier, give to Norfolk the sentence beginning “ All the editors."-KNIGHT. was royal,” and then make Buckingham ask the ques. tion, "Who did guide ?" etc. Theobald made the
" – and his own letter, change, and Warburton says it was improperly given to
( The honourable board of council out,) Buckingham, “ for he wanted information, having kept
Must fetch him in he papers." his chamber during the solemnity.” But (remarks “ The construction of this passage is difficult; the Knight) what information does he communicate? After meaning is in Hollingshed :—The peers of the realm, the eloquent description by Norfolk of the various shows receiving letters to prepare themselves to attend the of the pageant, he makes a general observation that king in this journey, and no apparent necessary cause "order" must have presided over these complicated expressed, why or wherefore, seemed to grudge that arrangements—“ gave each thing view." He then asks, such a costly journey should be taken in hand, without **Who did guide ?”—who made the body and the limbs consent of the whole board of the council.' In Wolsey's work together? Norfolk then answers “ As you guess,"
letter the board of council' was 'out,' (omitted ;) the (which words have been transferred to Buckingham by
letter alone “must fetch him in (whom] he papers,'the revisers of the text,)-according to your guess, one
whom he sets down in the paper. Ben Jonson, in his did guide :-"one, certes,” etc.
• English Grammar,' gives examples of a similar • want
of the relative,' adding, .in Greek and Latin this want "— that promises NO ELEMENT"-" Elements" are the
were barbarous.' Among other instances he has the first principles of things, or rudiments of knowledge; and passage of the 118th Psalm- the stone the builders reWolsey did not give reason to think that he had
fused :'-a parallel case with the sentence before us." ent or skill, of the most imperfect sort, for such business. Knight.
“ — such a KEECH can, with his very bulk”—“Stevens “ What did this vanity”-i. e. “What effect had this thinks this term has a peculiar application to Wolsey, as pompous show, but the production of a wretched conthe son of a butcher;—as a butcher's wife is called in clusion.”—Johnson. HENRY IV., (Part II.,) Goody Keech.' But Falstaff, in the First Part, is called by Prince Henry “a greasy
“ – the hideous storm that follow'd"—“Monday the
xviii of June was such an hideous storme of winde and tallow keech.' A keech' is a lump of fat; and it appears to us that Buckingham here denounces Wolsey,
weather, that many conjectured it did prognosticate not as a butcher's son, but as an overgrown, bloated
trouble and hatred shortly after to follow between favourite, that,
princes.”—HollingSHED. - can, with his very bulk,
“ — both full of disdain"—This is the old explanaTake up the rays o' the beneficial sun."
tory stage-direction. KNIGHT.
“ This butcher's cur"- The common rumour ran that “Out of his self-drawing web,-0! GIVE us note!
Wolsey was the son of a butcher; but his faithful biogThe force of his own merit makes his way,” etc.
rapher, Cavendish, says nothing of his father being in " This passage is ordinarily printed thus :
that trade: he tells us that he was an “ honest poor man's - spider-like,
A beggar's book
Out-worths a noble's blood." O! give us note!' the original reading, is one of Shakespeare's happy parentheses to break a long sentence,
That is, “The literary qualifications of a bookish beg. and meaning only, mark what I say. The whole speech
gar are more prized than the high descent of hereditary is intended to render the ironical close emphatic. Wol.
greatness. This is a contemptuous exclamation very sey is without ancestry, without the credit of great ser
naturally put into the mouth of one of the ancient, unvice, without eminent assistants; but, spider-like, de
lettered, martial nobility.”—Johnson. riving everything from himself, the force of his own Although the Duke is afterwards called by the King self-sustained merit makes his way–his course—his
"a learned gentleman," and is known from contempogood fortune-a gift from heaven, which buys, etc. If
rary authority to have had a taste for letters, yet it is we were to receive the passage in the sense of the re
not out of character that he should here use the insolent visers of the text, we ought to read his own merit
and narrow tone of his order in those times. makes its way.' To make way,' in SHAKESPEARE, is
“ He BORES me wilh some trick”—The ancient collogo away, as in the TAMING OF THE SHREW:
quial figurative meaning of bore" was very different While I make way from hence to save my life.
from its modern use. It signified, to defraud by some To make way, in the colloquial sense of to get on in the trick. Thus, in the “Life and Death of Lord Cromwell," world, is, we think, a forced and unauthorized meaning 1602—(a play attributed, without any show of reason or of the words before us. That Wolsey should give nole authority, to Shakespeare,)—we find, ** One that hath that he made way only by his own merit would have gulled you, that hath bored you, sir." been utterly at variance with the stately pomp and haughtiness of his ambition."-Knight.
" — SUGGESTS the king”-i. e. Tempts or incites the Collier adopts the alteration " He gives us note," and king; as Shakespeare often uses suggest.' supposes that, in the original manuscript, it had been
“ Something mistaken in't"—i. e. Misapprchended; written “ A gives us nole,” 'a being a familiar abbrevia
“ mistaken" by you. tion of he, in old dialogue. Still this does not make out any appropriate sense, equally clear with that of the device and PRACTICE”-i. e. Artifice. So in older reading
OTHELLO, (act v.):
Fallen in the practice of a cursed slave. "To whom as great a charge as little honour," etc. “ This is ordinarily read
“I am the shadow of poor Buckingham, for the most part such,
Whose figure even this instant cloud puts out, Too, whom as great a charge as little honour, etc.
By darkening my clear sun." "To,' the preposition of the original, appeared to The original reads thus : “this instant cloud puts on." the editors a redundancy, because we have •lay upon.' This is retained by Collier, who thus attempts to show But if lay upon has not here the force of a compound its meaning :-“The meaning seems to be merely this,