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Tappan, Oa, 1, 1780. proceedings against him were not SIR,

guided by paflion or resentment. BUOYED above the terror of The practice and usage of war death, by the consciousness of a wer

were ayainst his request, and made

the indulgence he solicited, cirlife devoted to honourable pursuits, and stained with no action that

hay cumstanced as he was, inadmissible: can give me remorse, I trust that Published by order of Congress, the request I make to your Excel

CHARLES THOMSON. lency at this serious period, and which is to soften my last moments, will not be rejected.

General Arnold's Address to the In. Sympathy towards a soldier will

habitants of America, after having surely induce your Excellency and

abandoned the Service of the Cona military tribunal to adapt the mode of my death to the feelings, of a man of honour. Let me hope, Sir, that if aught

New York,' O&t. 7, 1785. in my character impreffes you with

I SHOULD forfeit, even in my esteem towards me, if aught in my

I own opinion, the place I have misfortunes marks me as the vi&tini

so long held in your's, if I could of policy, and not of resentment, I Hall experience the operation of

be indifferent to your approbation, these feelings in your breaft, by i

and filent on the motives which

have induced me to join the king's being informed that I am not to

arms. die on a gibbet.

A very few words, however, shall I have the honour to be your

suffice upon a subject so personal; Excellency's most obedient, and most humble servant,

for to the thousands who suffer

under the tyranny of the usurpers JOHN ANDRE, Adj. Gen. to the British Army. as to the great multitude whio

in the revolted provinces, as well The time which elapsed between have long withed for its subversion, the capture of Major Andrè, which this instance of my conduct can was the 23d of September, and want no vindication; and as to his execution, which did not take the class of nien who are criminally place till twelve o'clock on the protrading the war from linister ad of O&ober; the mode of try- views at the expence of the public ing him; his letter to Sir Henry interest, I prefer their enmity to Clinton, 'K. B. on the 29th of their applause. I am, therefore, September, in which he said, '“ I only concerned in this address to receive the greatest attention from explain myself to such of my counbis Excellency General Wathing- trymen, as want abilities or opton, and from every person under portunities to dete& the artifices whose charge happen to be by which they are duped. placed;" not to mention many Having fought by your side when other acknowledgments which he the love of our country animated made of the good treatment he our arms, I Thall expect, from your received; muft eyince, that the justice and candour, what your de

ceivers, with more art and less

bonetty, honesty, will find it inconGftent ously neglected to take their cola with their own views to admit. lective sentiments of the Britih · When I quitted domestic happi- proposals of peace, and to nego. ness for the perils of the field, I ciate, under a suspension of arms, conceived the rights of my coun- for an adjustment of differences; try in danger, and that duty and I lamented it as a dangerous fahonour called me to her defence. crifice of the great interefts of this A redress of grievances was my country, to the partial views of only object and aim; however, I a proud, ancient, and crafty foe, acquiefced in a step which I thought I had my fufpicions of some imprecipitate, the declaration of in- perfections in the councils, on prodependence : to justify this mea- posals prior to the parliamentary sure, many plausible reasons were commission of 1778; but having urged, which could no longer exift, then less to do in the cabinet than wber. Great Britain, with the open the field (I will not pronounce pe. arms of a parent, offered to em- remptorily, as some may, and perbrace us as children, and grant haps justly, that Congress bare the wished for redress.

veiled them from the public eye) And now that her worst enemies I continued to be guided in the are in her own bosom, I thould negligent confidence of a soldier. change my principles, if I con- But the wbole world faw, and all spired with their designs; your. America confeffed, that the overselves being judges, was 'the war tures of the second commiffioa the less just, because fellow-subjects excecded our wishes and expe&awere considered as our foe? You tions; and if there was any ful. have felt the torture in which we picion of the national liberality, have raised our arms against a it arose from its excess. brother. God incline the guilty : Do any believe we were at that protracters of these unnatural dif. time really entangled by an allifenfiops to resign their ambition, ance with France ? Unfortunate

and cease from their delusions, in deception ! they have been duped · compassion to kindred blood. by a virtuous credulity, in the in

I anticipate your question, Was cautious moments of intemperate not the war a defensive one, until pallion, to give up their felicity to the French joined in the combi- serve a nation wanting both the nation? I answer, that I thought will and power to protect us, and so. You will add, Was it not aiming at the destrudion both of afterwards necessary, till the sepa- the mother country and the proration of the British empire was vinces. In the plainness of com. complete ? By no means ; in con, mon sense, for I pretend to no tending for the welfare of my casuistry, did the pretended treaty country, I am free to declare my with the court of Versailles, opinion, that this end attained, amount to more than an overture all strife should have ceased. to America ? . Cartainly not, be

I lamented, therefore, the im- cause no authority bad been given policy, tyranny, and injustice, by the people to conclude it, nor which, with a sovereign contempt to this very hour have they authoof the people of America, ftudi- rised its ratification. The articles

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of confederation remain still un- short, I fought for much less than figned.

the parent country is as willing In the firm persuasion, therefore, to grant to her colonies as they that the private judgment of an can be to receive or enjoy. individual citizen of this country Some may think I continued in is as free from all conventional the struggle of these unhappy days restraints, Guce as before the infi. too long, and others that I quitted dious offers of France, I preferred it too soon. To the first I reply, those from Great Britain ; think that I did not see with their eyes, ing it infinitely wiser and later to nor perhaps had so favourable a cait my confidence upon her justice fituation to look from, and that to and generosity, than to trust a our common master I am willing monarchy too feeble to establish to stand or fall. In behalf of the your independency, so perilous to candid among the latter, some of her diftant dominions; the enemy whom I believe serve blindly but of the Protestant faith, and frau, honestly-in the bands I have left, dulently avowing an affection for I pray God to give them all the the liberties of mankind, while she lights requisite to their own safety holds her native sons in vallalage before it is too late : and with and chains.

respect to that herd of censurers, I affect no disguise, and there, whose enmity to me originates in fore frankly declare, that in thele their hatred to the principles by principles I had determined to wbich I am now led to devote my retain my arms and command for life to the re-union of the British an opportunity to surrender them empire, as the best and only means to Great Britain; and in con- to dry up the streams of misery certing the measures for a purpose, that have deluged this country, in my opinion, as grateful as it they may be allured, that, conwould have been beneficial to my Tcious of the recitude of my incountry, I was only solicitous, to tentions, I thall treat their malice accomplish an event of decisive and calumnies with contempt and importance, and to prevent, as negle. much as poflible, in the execution

B. ARNOLD. of it, the effusion of blood. With the highest satisfaction I A

Address of Sir George Savile to his bear testimony to my old fellow.

Constituents. foldiers and citizens, that I find Solid ground to rely upon the cle: To the Genilcien, Clergy, and Freemency of our sovereign, and abun- holders, of the County of York. dant conviction that it is the ge- GENTLEMEN, Derous intention of Great-Britain T VENTURE once more to not only to leave the rights and make you a tender of my ferprivileges of the colonies unim- vice in Parliament. Give me leave, paired, together with their per- at the same time, to offer you my petual exemption from taxation, cordial thanks for all the indulbut to superadd such further be- gencies you have shewn me; and Defits as may confit with the come for your kind acceptance of my mon prosperity of the empire. In endea sours to perform the duty I


had undertaken, I look upon that obje&s-In which of them have partiality and favour as a mott you been gratified ? I bave been, honourable testimony, because it in my collective capacity, a parproves that you entertain a con- ty to all these changes, and to viction of the purity of my inten- all the measures which have protions, sufficient to make you over. duced them : supported in this Jook every thing amiss which did mortifying fituation with one only not proceed from the will.

consolation, a very great one inIn renewing my desire to con- deed to my own mind, that of tinue in your service, I think it, being able to assure you, that there however, my duty to confess to has been no one measure, of all you, that it has not been without those that have proved so ruinous much' serious confideration, and and fatal, which I have not, as an more than common hesitation, individual, refifted, to the utmost that I have determined upon it. of my power. A poor, barren, I must not omit making you ineffe&tual negative; and a mise. aware, that it is by no means table claim to your favour, to have probable I should be able even to failed (as far as my power and perform the mere duty of attend. Nender efforts are in quefiion) ance as punctually as I have hi- almoft in every point regarding therto done; especially if the du- those rights, and that prosperity, ration of parliament should prove which I was specially chosen to to be for seven years. By what I cultivate and maintain. bave in some degree experienced I return to you, therefore, baffled already, I have no reason to be- and dispirited, and I am sorry lieve fo long a continuance of such that truth obliges me to add, with an attendance would be perfectly hardly a ray of hope of seeing any consistent with my health.

change in the miferable course of But there is something more public calamities. serious I have to say to you on On this melancholy day of acthis subject. The fatisfaction and count in rendering up to you may honour of attending your business truft, I deliver to you your share have ever overbalanced the labour: of a country maimed and weakenbut my attendance during the last ed, its treasure lavished and mitparliament has been something spent, its honours faded, and its worse than laborious; it has been conduct the 'laughing-fock of Ea. discouraging, grievous, and pain- rope ; our nation in a manner ful. Look back, for a moment, without allies or friends, except upon the things which have been such as we have hired to destroy done, or (being done) have been our fellow-subje&s, and to ravage approved of, by that body, of a country, in which we once which I have been a constituent claimed an invaluable thare. I part. Compare the present with return to you some of your printhe past situation of public affairs. cipal privileges impeached and Whether glory, conquest, and mangled. And, lastly, I leave riches; or peace, conient, liberty, you, as I conceive, at this hour and the enjoyment of your consti- and moment, fully, effe&ually, and tutional rights, be your principal absolutely under the discretion and



power of a military force, which cord, or confusion; or to exult in is to act without waiting for the the subversion of order, or in the authority of the civil magistrates; ruin of property. I have no rea. for it is fit you thould know, if fon to contemplate with pleasure you are not already informed, that the poverty of our country, the an order iffued in London (at a increase of our debts, and of our moment when the violence of the taxes : or the decay of our comriots, and the remiffness of the merce-Truft not, however, to civil magiftrate might render ne. my report. Reflect, compare, and ceffary an extraordinary and vio- judge for yourselves. lent temporary exertion of the But under all these disheartening military) that order, I say, has, circumstances, I could yet enteras I bave good grounds to believe, tain a chearful hope, and underbeen extended to the whole king- take again the commission with dom; where neither of those alacrity, as well as zeal, if I could causes existed in any degree fuffi- see any effectual steps taken to recient to justify so decisive and move the original cause of the extraordinary a measure, and I do mischief. “Then would there be not know of that order being re- a hope.” called.

Till the purity of the constituent In this fate of public affairs, body, and thereby that of the and with this account to render of representative be restored, there is my commiffion, judge whether I NONB. ean boldly and chearfully, or sup: While the electors sell their ported by any rational confidence, voices to the member, and the boast to you as candidates are wont member distresses his fortune to to do, of what I will do, and what buy them, parliament will be the I will undertake for your service. purchase of the minister. Parlia* For this reason, avoiding even ment-men will find ways of parthe usual ftyle of such addrelles, taking other advantages than and forbearing as well the forward nyerely their share in common with promiles as the superficial ham, you, of those good measures which bleness of phrase in ule on these they fhall promote, and of those occafions, I make it a solemn duty good laws which they shall enact to lay before you, witbout disguise for your government and their or palliation, the present state of owo: and the modern improved your concerns as they appear to arts of corruption, by contracts, me, and the gloomy prospect which subscriptions, and jobs, is attended lies before us..

with this perverse and vexatious Some have been accused of ex- consequence; that their benefit is aggerating the public misfortunes, not only unconnected with your's, nay of having endeavoured to help but it grows upon your digress, forward the mischief, that they They feed on the expence; they might afterwards raise discontents. fatten on every extravagance that I am willing to hope that neither art and ill conduct can engraft on my temper, nor my fituation in the natural disadvantages of a relife, will be thought naturally to mote, rash, ill-fated, impolitic, urge me to promote misery, dis- and unsuccessful war: the mi. Vol. XXIII.



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