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7. The French republic pro- changed at Paris in the fhortest demises to procure to his majesty the lay possible. king of Sardinia, at the period of a Done and signed at Turin on the general or continental peace, all the 16th of Germinal (April 5), sta advantages which circumstances year of the French republic. may permit him to obtain.

(Signed) H. CLARKE. s. Neither of the contracting

CLEMENT DAMIAN. powers thall conclude a separate The executive directory ratify peace with the common enemy, and lign the present treaty of alliand no armistice Niall be agreed to ance with his majesty the king of by the French republic, in which Sardinia, negotiated in the same his Sardinian majesty is not in. of the French republic by Henry cluded.

James Clarke, general of divifion, 9. All the contributions imposed appointed by an order of the exeou the states of his Sardinian ma- cutive directory on the 13th Ver. jefty which are not yet paid up, tose laft, and charged with inftruc. Hall cease to be demanded immedi- tions to the above

effect, ately after the exchange of the ra- Done at the national palace on cifications of the present treaty. the 22d Germinal, 5th year of the

10. The furnishings, which from French republic. the same period fall be made in the ftates of his majefty the king of Sardinia to the French troops, or to Mesage from the Prefideat of tbe prisoners of war, and also those

United States to Congress. which may have already been made in virtue of private con- Gentlemen of the Senate and tracts, and which have not yet been House of Representatives, paid for by the French republic, I have received information fhall be returned in kind to the from the commiffioner appointed troops forming the contingent of on the part of the United States, his Sardinian majesty: and if the pursuant to the third article of our amount of the furnishings fiould treaty with Spain, that the running exceed the wafica of the contin- and marking of the boundary line gent, the overplus fhall be repaid between the colonies of East and in specie.

Weft Florida, and the territory of 11. The two contracting parties the United States, have been de shall immediately appoint commif- layed by the officers of his catholie foners charged to negotiate in their majesty, and that they have de name a treaty of commerce agreea- clared their intention to maintain bly to the basis ftipulated in article his jurisdiction, and to suspend the 7; of the treaty of peace concluded withdrawing his troops from the at Paris between the French repub- military posts they occupy within lic and the king of Sardinia.-'the territory of the United States, Meanwhile the posts and all other until the two governments fhall

, commercial relations shall be re- by negotiation, have settled the established without delay in the meaning of the second article refame manner as they were before specting the withdrawing the troops, the war.

ftores, or settlements of either party 12. The ratifications of the pre in the rerritory of the other; that fent treaty of alliance fhall be exis, whether when the Spanish gare


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sifons withdraw, they are to leave the United States and Spain, on the
the works ftanding or to demolish 25th April, 1796.
them; and until, by an additional This country is rendered pecu.
article to the treaty, the real pro- liarly valuable by its inhabitants,
perty of the inhabitants shall be se. who are represented to amount to
cured, and likewise until the Spa- nearly four thousand, generally
nish officers are sure the Indians well affected and much attached to
will be pacific.

the United States, and zealous for
The two first questions, if to be the establishment of a government
determined by negotiation, might under their authority.
be made subjects of discussion for I therefore recommend to your
years; and as no limitation of time confideration, the expediency of
can be prescribed to the other, a erecting a government in the dis-
certainty in the opinion of the trict of the Natchez, Gimilar to
Spanish officers, that the Indians that established for the territory
will be pacific, it will be impossible north-west of the river Ohio, but
to suffer it to remain an obstacle to with certain modifications relative
the fulfilment of the treaty on the to titles or claims of lands, whether
part of Spain.

of individuals or companies, or to To remove the first difficulty, I claims of jurisdi&tion of any indi. have determined to leave it to the vidual ftate. discretion of the officers of his ca.

John Adams. tholic majesty, when they withdraw United States, Fune 12, 1996. his troops from the forts within the territory of the United States, cither to leave the works standing or to Speech of the President of the United demolith them. And to remove States on opening the Sefion of rba the second, I shall cause an afsu.

Legislature. rance to be published, and to be particularly communicated to the Gentlemen of the Senate, and minister of his catholic majesty, Gentlemen of the House of and to the governor of Louisiana, Reprefentatives, that the sectlers or occupants of the The personal inconveniencies to lands in question shall not be dif- the members of the senate and of turbed in their poffeffions by the the house of representatives, in troops of the United States; but leaving their families and private on the contrary, that they shall be affairs, at this season of the year, protected in all their lawful claims; are so obvious, that I the more and to prevent or remove every regret the extraordinary occasion doubt on this point, it merits the which had rendered the convenconfideration of congress, whether tion of congress indispensable. it will not be expedient immedi- It would have afforded me the ately to pass a law, giving positive highest fatisfaction to have been assurances to those inhabitants who able to congratulate you on a by fair and regular grants, or by restoration of peace to the nations occupancy, have obtained legal of Europe, whose animofities have titles or equitable claims to lands endangered our tranquillity. -But in that country, prior to the final we have still abundant cause of ratification of the treaty between gratitude to the supreme dispenser



of national bleflings, for general the French government had eže health and promising seasons; for pressed ferious discontents at fome domestic and social happiness; for proceedings of the government of the rapid progress and ample dc. these States, laid to affect the inquifitions of industry, through ex. terests of France, he thought it extensive territories; for civil, political, pedient to send to that country a and religious liberty. While other new minifter, fully instructed to ftates are deiolaied with foreign enter on such amicable discussions war, or convulled with inteltine and to give such candid explanadivisions, the United States present tions, as might happily remove the the plealing prospect of a nation discontents and fufpicions of the governed by mild and equal laws; French government, and vindicate generally satisfied with the posses, the conduct of the United States. lion of their rights; neither envy. For this purpose he selected from ing the advantages nor fearing the among his fellow-citizens a characpower of other nations; solicitous ter whose integrity, talents, expeonly for the maintenance of order rience, and services, had placed him and justice, and the preservation of in the rank of the most esteemed liberty; increafing daily in their at- and respected in the nation. The tachment to a fölteni of govern- direct object of his mission was ex. ment, in proportion to their expe- pressed in his letter of credence to rience of its utility ; yielding a the French republic, being “to ready and general obedience to maintain that good understanding, laws flowing from reason, and left which from the commencement of ing on the only folid foundation— alliance had subGfted between the the affection of the people.

two nations; and to efface unfa. It is with extreme regret that I vourable impressions, banish fuse" fhall be obliged to turn your picions, and restore that cordiality, thoughts to other circumstances, which was at once the evidence which admonith us that some of and pledge of a friendly union. these felicities may not be lasting; And his instructions were to the but if the tide of our prosperity is fame effect, “ faithfully to reprefull, and a reflux commencing, a fent the disposition of the govern vigilant circumipection becomes us, ment and people of the United that we may meet our reverses with States, their disposition being one, fortitude, and extricate ourselves to remove jealousies, and obviate froin their consequences, with all complaints, by showing that they the skill we poflefs, and all the were groundless, to restore that efforts in our power.

mutual confidence, which had been In giving to congress informa. so unfortunately and injurioufly tion of the state of the union, aod impaired, and to explain the rela. recommending to their considera- tive interests of both countries and tion such mealures as appear to me the real sentiments of his own." to be expedient or necessary, ac- A minister thus specially comcording to my conftitutional duty, missioned, it was expected, would the cautes and the objects of the have proved the instrument of re. present extraordinary Iession will storing mutual confidence between be explained.

the two republics: the first step After the president of the United of the French government correStates received information, that sponded with that expectations a


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few days before his arrival at Paris, further information from his difthe French minister of foreign re- patches, which will be laid before lacions informed the American mi- you. nister, then resident at Paris, of the As it is often necessary that naformalities to be observed by him- tions should treat for the mutual self in taking leave, and by his suc- advantage of their affairs, and especeffor preparatory to his reception. cially to accommodate and termi. These formalities they observed, nate differences, and as they can and on the oth of December pre- treat only by ministers, the right of lented officially to the minister of embally is well known and estaforeign relations, the one a copy of blished by the law and usage of his letters of recall, the other a nations : the refusal on the part of copy of his letters of credence. France to receive and hear our miThese were laid before the execu, nister is then the denial of a right; tive directory; two days after. but the refusal to receive him, until wards, the minister of foreign rela- we have acceded to their demands tions informed the recalled Ame. without discussion and without ine, rican minister, that the executive vestigation, is to treat us neither directory had determined not to as allies, nor as friends, nor as a receive another minister plenipo- sovereign state. tentiary from the United States, With this conduct of the French until after the redress of grievances government, it will be proper ta deinanded of the American gne take into view the public audience veroment, and which the French given to the late minister of the republic had a right to expect from United States on his taking leave it. The American minister im- of the executive directory: The mediately endeavoured to ascertain speech of the president discloses whether, by refusing to receive sentiments more alarming than the bim, it was intended that he should refusal of a minister, because more retire from the territories of the dangerous to our independence and French republic, and verbal an. union; and at the same time studio fwers were given that such was oufly marked with indignities tothe intention of the directory. For wards the government of the United his own justification he delired a States. It evinces a disposition to written answer, but obtained none separate the people of the United until towards the last of January, States from the government ; to when receiving notice in writing to persuade them that they have difquit the territories of the republic, ferent affections, principles, and he proceeded to Amsterdam, where interests, from those of their fellow he proposed to wait for instructions citizens, whom they themselves from this government. During have chosen to manage their com his residence at Paris, cards of hof mon concerns, and thus to produce pitality were refused him, and he divisions fatal to our peace. Such was threatened with being subject. attempts ought to be repelled, with ed to the jurisdiction of the mini- a decision which shall convince fter of police—but with becoming France and the world that we are firmness he insisted on the pro. not a degraded people, humiliated tection of the law of nations, due under a colonial spirit of fear and to him as the known minister of a sense of inferiority, fitted to be the foreign power. You will derive miserable instruments of foreign in


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Auence, and regardless of national commerce, and endangering the honour, character, and interest. lives of our citizens.A copy of

I Ahould have been happy to have this decree will be laid before thrown a veil over thele trans. you. actions, if it had been possible to While we are endeavouring to ad. conceal them; but they have passed just all our differences with France on the great theatre of the world, by amicable negotiation, the pro in the face of all Europe and Ame. gress of the war in Europe, the derica, and with such circumstances predations on our commerce, the of publicity and folemnity, that personal injuries to our citizens, they cannot be disguised, and will and the general complexion of af. not soon be forgotten ; they have fairs, render it my indispensable du. inflicted a wound in the American ty to recommend to your confidera. breast; it is my fincere defire, how. tion effectual measures of defence. ever, that it may be healed; it is The commerce of the United my fincere defire, and in this I pre- States has become an interesting fume I concur with you and with object of attention, whether we our conficlients, to preserve peace consider it in relation to the wealth and friendship with all nations; and and finances, or the strength and believing that neither the honour resources of the nation. With a nor the interest of the United sea coast of near two thousand Scates absolutely forbid the repe- miles in extent, opening a wide tition of advances for securing thefe field for fisheries, navigation, and desirable objects with France, I commerce, a great portion of our fhall inftitute a fresh attempt at ne- citizens naturally apply their in. gotiation, and Mall not fail to pro- dustry and enterprise to these obmote and accelerate an accommo- jects; any serious and permanent dation, on terms compatible with injury to commerce would not fail the rights, duties, interefts, and to produce the most embarraffing honour of the nation ;-if we have disorders ; to prevent it from being committed errors, and these can be undermined and destroyed, it is demonstrated, we shall be willing effential that it receive an adequate to correct them ; if we have done protection. injuries, we shall be willing on con. The Daval establishment mul viction to redress them, and equal occur to every man, who confiders measures of justice we have a right the injuries committed on our com10 expect from France and every merce, the infults offered to our

nation. The diplomatic in- citizens, and the description of the tercourse between the United States vessels by which these abuses have and France being at present fuf- been practised. As the fufferings of pended, the government has no our mercantile and seafaring citimeans of obtaining official infor. zens cannot be ascribed to the mation from that country; never. omission of duties demandable, con. theless there is reason to believe, sidering the neutral situation of our that the executive directory passed country, they are to be attributed a decree on the second of March to the hope of impunity arising laft, contravening in part the treaty from a supposed inability on our of amity and commerce of one part to atford protection--to refilt thousand feven hundred and seven- the consequences of fuch imprefty-eight, injurious to our lawful lions on the minds of foreign naa

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