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freedom with their lives. That, in ranks, and waiting for their for his part, he would run all ha- leader. About eleven o'clock, zards with the people, and if the Lord George arrived, and gave di. people were too lukewarm to run rections in what manner he would all hazards with him, when their have them proceed, and about conscience and their country call twelve, one party was ordered to them forth, they might get ano- go round over London-bridge, ano. ther president; for he would tell ther over Blackfriars, and a third them candidly, that he was not a to follow him over Westminster. lukewarm man himself, and that A roll of parchment, containing if they meant to spend their time the names of those who had signed in mock debate and idle opposi- the petition, was borne before tion, they might get another lead them. They proceeded with great er. This speech was received with decorum on their route, and the the loudeft applause, and his lord- whole body was assembled, about ship then moved the following re- half past two, before both Houses solution : “ That the whole body of parliament, on which occasion of the Protestant Affociation do at- they gave a general shout. tend in Saint George's fields, on But however peaceable and well Friday next, at ten o'clock in the disposed some of them might be, morning, to accompany his lord- others foon began to exercise the Thip to the House of Commons on most arbitrary power over both the delivery of the Protestant peti. Lords and Coinmons, by obliging tion;" which was carried unani- almoft all the members to put blue mously. His lord thip then in- cockades in their hats, and call formed them, that if less then out, “No Popery!' Some they 20,000 of his fellow-citizens at compelled to take oaths to vote for tended him on that day, he would the repeal of the obnoxious act, not present their petition; and for others they insulted in the most inthe better observance of order, he decent and violent manner. They moved, that they should arrange took poflellion of all the avenues themselves in four divisions; the up to the very doors of both Protestants of the city of London Houses of Parliament, which they on the right; those of the city of twice attempted to force open. Westminster on the left; the bo- The Archbifhop of York was one rough of Southwark third ; and the of the first they attacked. As foon people of Scotland refident in Lon- as his coach was known coming don and its environs to form the last down Parliament-street, he was division; and that they might know faluted with hifies, groans, and their friends from their enemies, hootings. The Lord President of he added, that every real Protel. the Council, Lord Bathurst, they tant, and friend of the petition, pushed about in the rudest manner, should come with blue cockades in and kicked violently on the legs. their hats.
Lord Mansfield had the glasses Accordingly, on Friday, June 2, of his carriage broken, the panat ten in the forenoon, several nels beat in, and narrowly escapthousands allembled at the place ed with life. The Duke of Nor. appointed, marshalling themselves thumberland had his pocket pick• Vol. XXIII.
ed ed of his watch. The Bishop of rangued the people, and informed Litchfield had his gown torn. The them of the bad success their pewheels of the Bishop of Lincoln's tition was like to meet with, and carriage were taken off, and his marked out such members as were lord thip escaped with life, being opposing it, particularly Mr. obliged to seek shelier in the house Burke, the member for Bristol. of Mr. Atkinson, an Attorney, He told them, at first, that it where he changed his cloaths, and was proposed to take it into con made his escape over the leads of fideration on Tuesday, in a Com. the adjacent houses.
mittee of the House, but that he The Lords Townshend and did not like delays, for the parHillsborough came together, and liament might be prorogued by were greatly insulted, and sent that time. into the house without their bags, He afterwards came and said, and with their hair hanging loole « Gentlemen, the alarm has gone on their fhoulders. The coach of forth for many miles round the Lord Stormont was broken to city. You have got a very good pieces, himself in the hands of prince, who, as soon as he thall the mob for near half an hour : hear the alarm has seized such a he was rescued at last by a gentle. number of men, will no doubt send man, who harangued the mob, down private orders to his miniand prevailed on them to defift. fiers to enforce the prayer of your Lords Ashburnham and Boston petition. were treated with the utmost in- General Conway, and several dignity, particularly Lord Boston, other members, expostulated with who was to long in their power hiin very warmly on the inischiefs that it was proposed by some of that might arise from such conthe peers to go as a body, and en- dud; and Colonel Gordon, a near deavour, by their presence, to relation of his lordthip's, went up extricate hini; but whilst they to bim, and accosted him in the were deliberating, his lord ship following manner : " My Lord escaped without any material George, do you intend to bring hurt. Lord Willoughby de Broke, your rascally adherents into the Lord St. John, Lord Dudley, and House of Commons ? If you domany others, were personally ill the first man of them that enters, treated ; and Welibore Ellis, Efq; I will plunge my sword not into was obliged to take refuge in the his, but into your body.' Guildhall of Westminster (whither While his lordship was making he was pursued) the windows of his second speech to the mob, which were broke, the doors another of his relations, General forced, and Justice Addington, Grant, came behind him, and with all the conftables, expelled : endeavoured to draw him back Mr. Ellis escaped with the utmost into the House, and said to him, hazard. or
· For God's sake, Lord George Lord George Gordon, during do not lead these poor people into these 'unwarrantable proceedings, any danger.'--His lord ship, howcame several times to the top of ever, made the general no answer, the gallery stairs, whence he ha-- but continued his harangue
"You see, said he, in this effort it taken into immediate confiderto persuade me from my duty, ation, and was again seconded by before your eyes, an instance of Mr. Alderman Bull. the difficulties I have to encounter After some debate, the House with from such wise men of this divided, and there appeared 6 for world as my honourable friend the petition, and 192 against it. behind my back.'
Soon after this the House adjournAlderman Sawbridge and others ed, and the mob having dispersed endeavoured to persuade the peo from the avenues of both Houses, ple to clear the lobby, but to no the guards were ordered home. purpose. The Aliftant to the Though order and tranquillity Chaplain of the House of Comwere re-established in this part of mons likewise addressed them, the town, it was far otherwise bat gained nothing except curses. elsewhere. The mob paraded off Soon after this, a party of horse in different divisions from Palace. and foot guards arrived. Justice yard, and some of them went to Addington was at the head of the the Romith Chapel in Duke-ftreet, borse, and was received with Lincoln's-inn-fields, others to that hitles; but on his afluring the in Warwick-street, Golden-square, people that bis difpofition towards both of which they in a great them was peaceable, and that he measure demolished. The mili. would order the soldiers away, if tary were sent for, but could not they would give their honour to arrive time enough at either to disperse, he gained their good will prevent mischief. Thirteen of Accordingly the cavalry galloped the rioters were however taken, off, and upwards of fix hundred and the mob for that night difof the petitioners, after giving the persed. magistrate three cheers, departed. The riots, which were so alarm.
The greatest part of the day the ing on the Friday evening, partly attention of the House of Com- subsided on Saturday; but on Sunmons had been taken up in de- day in the afternoon, the rioters bates concerning the mob. When assembled again in large bodies, they had obtained some degree of and attacked the chapels and dwelorder, Lord George introduced ling houses of the catholics in and bis buGiness with informing them, about Moorfields. They stript that he had before him a Petition their boules of furniture, and their figoed by near one hundred and chapels not only of the ornatwenty thousand of his majesty's ments and insignia of religion, but protestant subjects, praying, 'A tore up the altars, pulpits, pews, repeal of the act pailed the last and benches, and made fires of feflion in favour of the Roman them, leaving nothing but the bare Catholics, and moved to have the walls. faid petition brought up.
On Monday the rioters collected Mr. Alderman Bull seconded the again. Some paraded with the motion, and leave was given ac- reliques of havock, which they colcordingly.
lected in Moorfields, as far as Having brought up the petition, Lord George Gordon's house in his Lordihip then moved to have Welbeck - ftrcet, and afterwards
burnt them in the adjacent fields. About fix in the evening, 0110 Another party went to Virginia. party went to the houfe of ustice lane, Wapping, and a third to Hyde, near Leicester fields, which Nightingale-lane, East-Smithfield, they destroyed; another party pawhere they severally destroyed the raded through Long Acre, down catholic chapels, and committed Holborn, &c. till they came to other outrages. Mr. Rainsforth, Newgate, and publicly declared tallow. chandler, of Stanhope. they would go and release the street, Clare - market, and Mr. confined rioters. When they arMaberly, of Little Queen-street, rived at the doors of the prison, Lincoln's-inn-fields, who had ap- they demanded of Mr. Akerman, peared as evidences on the exa- the keeper, to have their commination of those who had been sades immediately delivered up to committed, bad each of them their them; and upon his perfifting to houses and shops ftripped, and do his duty, by refufing, they their contents committed to the began to break the windows, some flames. Sir George Saville's house to batter the doors and entrances in Leicester-fields, underwent the into the cells, with pick-axes and same fate, for preparing and bring- fledge-hammers, others with lad ing the bill into parliament, in ders to climb the walls, while favour of the catholics.
several collected fire-brands, and This day also, which was held whatever combustibles they could as the anniverfary of the king's find, and flung into his dwellingbirth - day, a proclamation was house. What contributed to the issued, promifing a reward of 500l. spreading of the flames, was the to those who would make disco- great quantity of houshold furni. very of the persons concerned in ture belonging to Mr. Akerman, demolishing and setting fire to the which they threw out of the winSardinian and Bavarian chapels. dows, piled up against the doors, The persons formerly apprehend- and set fire to; the force of which ed were re-examined ; and some presently communicated to the were difcharged; others were or house, from the house to the cba. dered to Newgate, and were et- pel, and from thence through the corted there by a party of the prison. As foon as the flames had guards, whom, on their return, destroyed Mr: Akerman's house, the mob pelted.
which was part of Newgate, and On Tuesday all the military in were communicated to the wards town were ordered on duty at the and cells, all the prifoners, to the Tower, both Houses of Parlia. amount of three hundred, among ment, St. James's, St. George's whom were four under sentence Fields, &c. during the day. Not- of death, and ordered for execution withstanding every precaution, on the Thursday following, were Lord Sandwich was wounded in released. attempting to go down to the Not fatiated with the deftru&ion Parliament House, to attend his of this great building, a party was duty, his carriage demolished, and sent among the catholics in Dehimself rescued by the military vonshire-street, Red Lion-square; with difficulty.
another to the house of Juftice
Cox, in great Queen-street, which lady Mansfield made their escape was foon destroyed; a third broke through a back door, a few miopen the doors of the New Prison, nutes before the rioters broke in Clerkenwell, and turned out all and took poffeffion of the house. the prisoners; a fourth deftroyed It is impoflible to give any ade. the furniture and effects, writings, quate description of the events of &c. of Sir lohn Fielding; and a Wednesday. Notice was sent fifth desperate and infernal gang round to the public prisons of the wept u the elegant house of Lord King's Bench, Fleet, &c. by the Mansfield, in Bloomsbury-square, mob, at what time they would which they, with the most unre- come and burn them down. The lening tury, fet fire to and con. same kind of infernal humanity fund,- They began by break- was exercised towards Mr. Langing down the doors and windows, · dale, a distiller in Holborn, whose and from every part of the house' loss is said to amount to near fiung the fuperb furniture into 100,000l, and several other Romish the itreet, where large fires were individuals. In the afternoon all made to destroy it. · They then the shops were fhut, and bits of proceded to his lord ship's law- blue Glk, by way of flags, hung library, &c. and destroyed some out at most houses, with the words thousand volumes, with many ca- No Popery,' chalked on the pital manuscripts, mortgages, pa- doors and window - Thutters, by pers, and other deeds. The rich way of deprecating the fury of wardrobe of wearing apparel, and the insurgents, from which no some very capital pictures, were person thought himself secure. also burned; and they afterwards As soon as the day was drawing forced their way into his lord ship's towards a close, one of the most wine - cellars, and plentifully be dreadful spectacles this country stowed it on the populace. A ever beheld was exhibited. Let party of guards now arrived, and those, who were not spectators of a magistrate read the riot-act, it, judge what the inhabitants and then was obliged to give felt when they beheld at the same orders for a detachment to fire, instant the flames ascending and when about fourteen obeyed, and rolling in clouds from the King'sshot several men and women, and Bench and Fleet Prisons, from wounded others. They were or- New Bridewell, from the tolldered to fire again, which they gates on Black - friars Bridge *, did, without effect. This did not from houses in every, quarter of intimidate the mob; they began the town, and particularly from to pull the house down, and burn the bottom and middle of Hol. the floors, planks, spars, &c. and born, where the conflagration destroyed the out-houses and sta. 'was horrible beyond description. bles ; so that in a short time the The houses that were first set on whole was consumed.-Lord and fire at this last-mentioned place,
• The toll gates at Black-friars appear to have been burnt for the sake of plunder : fome lives were lost there, and one man, who was thot, ran thirty or forty yards before he dropped.
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