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child, or occasions of the like nature, the translators perhaps either not rightly comcompany is rarely ur never received into prehending the meaning of it, or finding one of the chambers. The court is the the context clear without it. In St. Jerom's usual place of their reception, which is translation, the correspondent word is palestrewed accordingly with mats and carpets, facientes, as if éçopúšavtss was further exfor their more commodious entertainment; 'planatory of attestéyas xv; the same in the and as this is called il woost, or the middle Persian version is expressed by quatuor of the house, literally answering to the ed angulis lectuli totidem funibus annexis; as Jérov of St. Luke v. 19. it is probable that if ÉĞOPúbavtes related either to the letting the place where our Saviour and the Apos-down of the bed, or preparatory thereto, to iles were frequently accustomed to give the making holes in it for the cords to pass their instructions, might have been in the through. According to this explication, like situation; i. e. in the area or quadran- therefore, the context may run thus: When gle of one of these houses. In the summer they could not come to Jesus for the press, season, and upon all occasions, when a they got upon the roof of the house, and large company is to be received, this court drew back the veil where he was; or they is commonly sheltered from the heat or in- laid open and uncovered that part of it especlemency of the weather, by a velum,t um- cially which was spread over the place brella, or veil; which being expanded upon (tou *v) where he was sitting, and having ropes from one side of the parapet wall to removed, and plucked away, (according to the other, may be folded or unfolded at St. Jerom)whatever might incommode them pleasure. The Psalmist seems to allude in their intended good office, or having tied either to the tents of the Bedoweens, or to (according to the Persian version) the four some covering of this kind, in the beautiful corners of the bed or bed-stead with cords, expression of spreading out the heavens where the sick of the palsy lay, they let it like a veil or curtain.

down before Jesus.” “If it may be presumed that our Saviour, "The court is surrounded with a cloister; at the healing of the paralytic, was preach- as the cava ædium of the Romans was with ing in a house of this fashion, we may, by a peristylium or colonnade: over wbich, attending only to the structure of it, give when the house has one or more stories, no small light to one circumstance of that (and I have seen them with two or three) history, which has lately given great offence there is a gallery erected, of the same dito some unbelievers. For it may be ob- mentions with the cloister, having a ballusserved, with relation to the words of Saint

trade, or else a piece of carved or latticed Mark, &TestéYATKV Chv oté- rv Erou hv, work going round about it, to prevent peoκαι εξορύξαντες, that as στέγη (no less

as océyn (no less ple from falling from it into the court. perhaps than tatlilo. the correspondent From the cloisters and galleries, we are word in the Syriac version) will denote, conducted into large spacious chambers, of with propriety enough, any kind of cover- the same length with the court, but seldom ing, the veil which I have mentioned, as or never communicating with one another. well as a roof or ceiling properly so called; One of them frequently serves a whole so, for the same reason, atostéYELv may family; paticularly when a father indulges signify the undoing or the removal only of his married children to live with him; or such covering. 'Eğopúšavtes, which we when several persons join in the rent of the render breaking up, is omitted in the Cam- same house. From whence it is, that the bridge Manuscript, and not regarded in cities of these countries, which are generthe Syriac and some other versions: the ally much inferior in bigness to those of * This is the same with the Arab, which is in

Europe, yet are so exceedingly populous, terpreted, Velum, aut quid simile, quod obtendi.

that great numbers of the inhabitants are tur atrio domus, seu cavædio. Vid. Gol. in voce. swept away by the plague, or any other

: Psal. civ. 2. The same expression we have in contagious distemper. the prophet Isaiah, xl. 22.

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of a Temple. The other antiquities of the bay are to be found on the island which lies

between the inner and outer harbor and A description of Marmorice Bay was on the hill which surmounts the eastern published in No. 114 of the Malta Penny cape on which Admiral Stopford placed his Magazine, in which was stated “that there flag and signal station. In both instances areno remains of the ancient Physcus.” This they consist of massive walls composed of appears to be doubtful, and we subjoin with large, and sometimes shapeless stones, unpleasure the following communication with cemented, and whose intention was the forwhich we have been favoured from a gen- tification of the eminences they surround. tleman who was in the English fleet when The whole of these remains must be referred anchored last year at Marmorice.

to a remote age. The Theatre will oblige “To say that there are no remains of the us to look back as far as the Grecian age, Ancient Physcus is to betray an ignorance the ruder style and more Cyclopean charof the locality. There are manyincontest- acter of some of the walls will nesessarily able indications of its site on the western side take us to a still more remote period.” of the first bay. Landing just inside the first cape, you see a mole or pier running north and south, built without cement, of stones about six feet long, which had been rudely squared. I did not measure its length, but

Tell us, ye men who are so jealous of I should suppose it to be two hundred feet

right and of honour, who take sudden fire long, fifty broad, and even now 20 high. at every insult, and suffer the slightest imaHere without doubt was the harbour of gination of another's contempt, or another's Physcus. Under the protection of this pier unfairness, to chase from your bosom every a hundred vessels would safely ride at an

feeling of complacency; ye men, whom chor. On the hill which you ascend towards

every fancied affront puts into such a turthe south from the pier, are conspicuous lime

bulence of emotion, and in whom every stone rocks singularly split and triturated

fancied infringement stirs up the quick, and by the weather, upon which are placed two

the resentful appetite for justice, how will upright stones about seven feet high, of a

you stand the rigorous application of that coffin shaped form. These reminded me of

test by which the forgiven of God are the remains near Casal Crendi in Malta and the Druidical remains in England. Alongness is in them, and by which it will be

ascertained, even that the spirit of forgivethe beach going from the pier northward, pronounced, whether you are, indeed, the are plainly to be seen foundations and debris

children of the Highest, and perfect as your of houses; and about a mile and a half in the

Father in heaven is perfect?-CHALMERS. same direction a bold headland juts out into the bay. This headland from its height and situation has been chosen to be the Acropolis of a city. The south side is nearly

Divine Providence tempers his blessings to perpendicular, and was of course inaccessi- secure their better effect. He keeps our joys ble; bnt on the north side there are no less

and our fears on an even balance, that we may

neither presume nor despair. By such compothan three distinct walls which entirely en

sitions God is pleased to make both our crosses close the assailable point of the fortress.

more tolerable, and our enjoyments more At the very top of the fortress are very well preserved remains of a Theatre, which has evedently been built at a period subsequent to the adjacent wall. The wall must berefer

The MALTA PENNY MAGAZINE is published and

sent to subscribers, in Valletta, every Saturday, ed to a ruder age. Immediately below, on

Subscriptions at 1s. per quarter received at No. 97 the western side are pedestals of the pillars Str. Forni.

wholesome and safe. - WOGAN.

No. 117.

Saturday, 4th. December 1841.

Price ld.


In the pre

and observations of Antiquarians. We

have been favoured by a recent visitor with Only few of the remains of this once a drawing of the part excavated, accomfamous town are at present found in the panied with the following remarks. vicinity of Tunis. The immense wealth The ruins exhibited in the drawing are its 700,000 inhabitants possessed, was en

those of a temple at Carthage, recently vied by the Romans, of whose former great- excavated by Sir Thomas Reade, British ness we have still many monuments by far

Consul General at Tunis. The capitols surpassing in magnificence any modern shewn in the foreground were the only two works; but of the buildings in which were

of the kind found on the spot; there are contained the riches of Carthage scarcely many others, but they are of the Corinthian any traces are left. Carthage which occupied order. The columns are about two feet in a territory not less than twenty three miles diameter, not fluted, of handsome redgrainin circumference, fortified by a triple walled marble, which was evidently brought apd lofty towers which contained chambers from a quarry in the interior. The entwinand stalls forthree hundred elephants,stables ed snakes which adorn the two capitols just for upwards of four thousand horses, and noticed, may lead us to believe that the lodgings for a numerous army besides pro- Temple was dedicated to Æsculapius, since visions for many months; a town which re- we learn from antiquity that a Temple to quired a conflagration continuing for seven

the honour of that God was erected in Carteen days before it could be reduced to, a thage not far from the shore, and that steps heap of ruins, which notwithstanding the

conducted from it to the sea. enormous sums it had previously expended sent instance, the sea is within a stone's during the Punic wars, and after the pillage throw of the entrance to the Temple. The of the Roman soldiers, still left to the con building seen upon the hill, is the church queror Scipio, objects valued equal to one recently erected by the French to the memillion and a half of Pounds Sterling, has mory of Louis IX who died before Tunis so totally disappeared from the surface of on his way to the Holy Land. the earth, that Sir Grenville Temple, though In the numbers 49 and 50 of this Publicanot expecting to see many vestiges of its tion, we have given a short account of the former grandeur, says, that his heart sank rise and fall of Carthage, yet the fresh interwithin him when ascending one of the hills est excited by the French as far as regards from whose summit the eye embraced a Louis IX.generally called the Saint, induced view of the whole surrounding country to

us to add a few lines about him. the edge of the sea, he beheld nothing more

After his return in 1254 from the first than a few scattered and shapeless masses Crusade, Louis spent seventeen years for the of masonry

welfare of his subjects in improving his So much has this blank, this complete government with wise laws, besides causing erasure of the past been felt and poticed by

himself to be blessed for his numerous acts all modern writers, that all due praise must of charity; all the while however, his eyes be bestowed on the exertions of the British were constantly directed towards the holy Consul General of Tunis, who lately began

land, and when in the year 1260 the news excavating, and has succeeded in laying part reached him that the Mongoles were devasof ancient Carthage open to the researches tating Palestine, and annoying the Chris

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Sie Thomas Reade

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tians in every direction, on Palmsunday of Instead of a sudden attack upon the unthat yearhe summoned all the Prelates and prepared Saracens, Louis still expecting the the Barons of France, to consult with them king of Tunis would come to ask for bapabout the best means for relieving the tism, left them sufficient time to prepare faithful inhabitants of the Holy land; upon for a formidable defence. The Pilgrims which a general exhortation to prayers and began to suffer not only from the continual other religious acts, was ordered to be attacks of the enemy, and want of healthy preached through all France, with a view food, but were also laid up by fever and to the relief of the oppressed Christians in other diseases, the consequence of climate Palestine. But the king, not satisfied with and the hot season of the year. The king the result of this assemblage, and being himself fell sick from dysentery which endtroubled with the painfultruth that his first ed his life on the 25th of August 1270 in Crusade brought more shame than honour his fifty sixth year. upon his crown, without producing any The same day, the king's brother Charles advantage to Christianity, again took up with his Crusaders from Sicily, arrived in the the banner of the Cross, and though in the bay of Tunis to assist in the war against beginning he was not warmly assisted by his the Saracens, and the silence observed in people, he at last succeeded by the general return to his usual salutations, prepared him preaching of the Cross, in gradually awaken- for the painful news which awaited him, ing the extinguished fire for a war against instead of an expected hearty reception. the infidels. Many of his better counsellors The sickly state of the whole army of the prophesied in this new useless war the ruin Crusaders increased daily, and the number of the king and his country, and Seneschal of deaths became so great, that the corpses Tonville, the faithful assistant in the first could no more be interred, but were thrown Crusade was so opposed to it, that he charg- into the entrenchments of the camps. ed those with a great crime who advised the Thus reduced, the Saracens ventured an atking, who could do so much good at home, tack upon the Crusaders, but were so defeatto enter upon a foreign war, which, even if ed that they offered terms of


which crowned with the best success, could give was accepted with considerable advantage little benefit either to the king or to the to the Christians, who were thereby percountry.

mitted to build churches on the territory of The spring of the year 1270 was appoint. | Tunis and to observe the rituals of their ed for the embarkation of the pilgrim war-religion. riors; but they congregated so slowly, that their departure could not take place before July. After a stormy and dangerous voyage they entered the bay of Cagliari, where they found an unexpected cold reception.

Time's an hand's-breadth; 'tis a tale ; : Here it was determined to weaken the Sultan

'Tis an eagle in its way, of Egypt by first conquering Tunis, which was

Darting down upon its prey; considered an easy task, since the King of 'Tis an arrow in its flight, the Saracensshewed signs of readiness to ac

Mocking the pursuing sight; cept baptism. But in this the credulous king

"Tis a short-liv'd fading flower;

'Tis a rainbow on a shower; was deceived. On the arrival of the fleet

'Tis a momentary ray, in the bay of Tunis the pilgrims succeeded

Smiling in a winter's day; without much difficulty in taking possession

"Tis a torrent's rapid stream; of the site upon which Carthage once stood,


'Tis a vessel under sail :

"Tis a shadow;'tis a dream;

'Tis the closing watch of night, but were soon informed that the king of

Dying at the rising light; Tunis would murder all Christians in his

'Tis a bubble; 'tis a span : dominions, if the French dared to advance

Be prepar'd to die, o man. upop his town.


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