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whose credit is as poor as his purse is light. Atris. Cf. atra Cura, C. III. 1. 40. Beatus; wealthy.-426-433. If you have made a man a present, or are going to do so, don't invite him to hear your verses. He will be sure to applaud and weep, or laugh or dance with pretended pleasure. Flatterers are like the hired mourners at a funeral, who make more fuss than the friends. See on S. I. 6. 43Derisor = falsus laudator. — 435. Torquere mero to ply with wine; which brings out the truth as torture might. — 436, 437. Si - latentes; i. e. if you ever write poetry, do not be taken in by flatterers, who have a bad heart under a cunning face. -438. Quintilio. See C. I. 24. Introd. Sodes. See on S. I. 9. 41. —439-441. Negares; sc. si. Gr. 512. 1. The metaphors of the lathe and the anvil are common enough for the composition of verses. The lathe was used by the ancients in turning metals, as well as wood and ivory. -444. Quin amares depends on the idea of hindering involved in operam insumebat (Dillenb.). Orelli explains the subj. by the oratio obliqua. -450. Aristarchus, whose name was proverbial as a critic, was born in Samothracia about B. C. 230. He passed the greater part of his life at Alexandria, and was the tutor of Ptolemaeus Epiphanes. -453. Morbus regius, otherwise called arquatus morbus, aurugo, and by the Greeks "krepos, is the jaundice. Celsus says it is so called because the remedies resorted to were chiefly amusements and indulgences to keep up the spirits, such as none but the rich could afford. Horace appears to have thought it infectious. - 454. Fanaticus error; i. e. frenzy like that of the priests of Bellona. The influence of the moon (iracunda Diana) in producing insanity is one of the earliest fallacies in medicine. The Greeks called these lunatici σeλŋvakoi. — 455, 456. The wise avoid him, as if he were infectious; fools run after him, like boys after a crazy man in the -460. Non sit. Gr. 488. 3. A. & S. 260, R. 6 (¿). — 462. Qui how. Prudens on purpose. —463-466. Empedocles was a philosopher of Agrigentum, who flourished about 450 B. C. This story of his death is rejected by the critics as a mere fable. 467. Occidenti. Gr. 391. 3. A. & S. 222, R. 7. This is the only spondaic hexameter in Horace. -469. He keeps up the allusion to Empedocles, saying that the frenzied poet is as resolved to rush to his fate (that is, into verse) as the philosopher was, and if you save him he will not drop his pretension to inspiration. -470-472. The crime for which he has been made thus mad does not appear; whether it be for defiling his father's grave, or setting foot upon polluted ground. Bidental was a spot struck by lightning, so called from the sacrifice offered upon it for expiation. Moverit violaverit. take it to mean the removal of the mark placed on the spot.


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