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aratemy at Florence, and admitted to the cients appear to have made a difference ; com. friendship of all the men of genius and learning prehending under the former term such hard in that city. He wrote Dialogues, in the and beautiful, but imperfectly crystallised planner of Lucian, which were translated stones, az agate, cornelian, onyx, and other imo Latin, French, and English; he also species of chalcedony, as well as various species wrote soine comedies, and Dissertations on the of jasper ; restricting the word gem to those poems of Dante anci Petrarch.
stones which, on account of their minuteness, GELLIBRAND (Henry), a laborious as- extreme hardness, and brilliant lustre, were tronomer of the last century, was born in worn in rings, as the preceding were as seals, 1.597. Though he was not without good either in the state in which nature presents views in the church, yet he became so ena- them, or after being cut and polished. Some moured with mathematical studies, that on stones, however, as the topaz and amethyst, the death of his father he became a student at being commoner and in larger pieces than Oxford, contented himself with his private most of the other gems, held a kind of middle patrimony, and devoted hiinself solely to them. rank between these and the precious stones, On the death of Mr. Gunter, he was recom. being sometimes einployed as inaterials to enmended by Mr. Briggs to the trustees of grave upon, and sometimes used plain for necka Gresham college, for the astronomical pro- laces, rings, and similar ornaments. fessorship there; to which he was elected in All these we have separately described in 1697. His friend Mr. Briggs dying in 1630, their proper places : it only remains for us, before he had finished his Trigonometrica Bri- therefore, under the present article, to give a tapnica, it was finished by Gellibrand at his re- list of those which are denominated gems by quest. He wrote several other things, chiefly modern lapidaries : which list we shall arrange tending to the improvement of navigation, and in four clas.es according to their relative estidied in 1636.
mation; premising, however, that this order is GELLIUS (Aulus), a celebrated ancient subject to some variations, from the casual grammarian. He was born in the reign of plenty or scarcity of any particular kind, and Trajan, and died in the beginning of that of front the caprice of fashion. Marcus Aurelius. After studying grammar The diamond and thic oriental ruby constitute and rhetoric at Rome, he went to Athens; and the first class. Of these a very small diamond on his return to Roine was made a judge.' Itis is more valuable than a ruby of equal weight: Noetes Atticæ, Attic Nights, is a curious and but rabies of ten carats or more being much vakuable work. It has gone through a variety rarer than diamonds of equal weight, bear a of editions, and been translated into English somewhat higher price in the market. The by Mr. Beloe.
second class of gems contains the emerald, GE'LLY. s. (gelatus, Lat.) Any viscous star-stone, oriental girasol, sapphire, spinal, body; viscidity; glue; gluy substance (Dry- and balais rubies, oriental topaz, oriental ameden).
thyst, and noble opal. In the third rank are GELT. s. (froin geld.) A castrated animal; found the jargon, cat's-eye, oriental chrysolite, pelding: not used (Mortimer).
hyacinth, and peridot.' Those in the fourth Gelt. The part. pass. of geld,
and lowest class are often engraved upon, and GELT, s. Tinsel ; gilt surface (Spenser). form the most valuable seal-stones : they are
GEM. s. (gemma, Latin.) 1. A jewel; a the beryl, or aqua marina, Brazilian topaz, precious stone of whatever kind (Shakspeare). Saxon topaz, Syrian garnet, Bohemian garnet, 2. The first bud (Denham).
and European amethyst. To Gem, v. a. (gemma, Latin.) To adorn, GEMS (Artificial). See the article Glass as with jewels or buds.
(Coloured). To GEM. v. n. (gemmo, Lat.) To put forth GEMARA,.or GHEMARA, the second the first buds (Milton).
part of the Talmud. The word , gemara, Gem, in mineralogy. (See Gemma), under is commonly supposed to denote a supplement; which article we shall notice the greater but in strictness it rather signifies complement, number of those which are most esteemed, or perfection : being formed of the Chaldce ?, of greatest notoriety, and which, in a classical gemar or ghemar, to finish, perfect, or complete arrangement, helong to this genus.
any thing. The rabbins call the Pentateuch In coinmon language, however, the term is simply the law : the first part of the Talmud, used more loosely; so loosely indeed that it is which is only an explication of that law, or ani difficult to give a definition of its meaning. application thereof to particular cases, with the “ Nature," says Boetius de Boot, in his treatise decisions of the ancient rabbins thereon, they De Gemmis, “ forms some stones large and call the Mischna, i. e. second law : and the se others small; of the small, some are of rare cond part, which is a more extensive and ample occurrence, others are common ; of the rare, explication of the same law, and a collection some are hard, others are soft; of the hard, of decisions of the rabbins posterior to the some are beautiful and pleasant to the sight, Mischan, they call Gemara, 9. d. perfection, others are mean. The beautiful merit the completion, finishing; because they esteem it name of gems. Hence the word gem signifies the finishing of the law, or an explication be." a natural stone of small size, rare, hard, and yond which there is nothing farther to be debeautiful."
sired. Between precious stones and gems the an• The Gemara is usually called simply Tale mud, the common name of the whole work, passage between them to the tendon of the In this sense we say, there are two Gemaras or obturator internus, which they inclose as it Talınuds, that of Jerusalem and that of Baby- were in a purse. These two portions are lon, though in strictness the Gemara is only an placed under the glutæus maximus, between the explication of the Mischna, given by the Jew- ischiuin and the great trochanter, ish doctors in their schools ; quuch as the com- The superior portiou, which is the shortest mentaries of our school-divines on St. Tho- and thickest of the two, arises fleshy from the ipas, or the master of the sentences, are an ex- external surface of the spine of the ischium ; plication of the writings of those authors. A and the inferior, from the tuberosity of that conimentary, Mons. Tillemont observes, was bone, and likewise from the posterior sacrowritten on the Mischna by, one Jochanan, ischiatic ligament. They are inserted, tendiwhom the Jews place about the end of the se- nous, and Heshy, into the cavity at the root of cond century: but Fa. Morin proves, from the great trochanter. Between the two purthe work itself, wherein inention is made of tions of this muscle, and tbe termination of the Turks, that it was not written till the time the obturator interims, there is a small bursa of Heraclius, or about the year 620; and this mucosa, connected with both, and with that is what is called the Gemara or Talmud of Je- part of the capsula of the joint which lies under rusalem, which the Jews do not use or esteem ihe gemini. much because of its obscurity. They set a This muscle assists in rolling the os femoris much greater value on the Genara or Talmud ontwards, and prevents the tendon of the obof Babylon, begun by one Asa; discontinued turator internus from slipping out of its place for seventy-three years, on occasion of the wars while that muscle is in action. with the Saraceus and Persians; and finished GEMINIANI (Francesco), a celebrated by one Josa about the close of the seventh cen- perforiner on the violin, and musical composer, tury. See TALMUD.
was born at Lucca in Italy, about 1680. He GEMATRIA, or Gametnia, the first came to England in 1714, where he was ivkind of artificial cabbala used by the Jews. troduced to George I. at whose court he met The word is forined from the rabbinical Hc- with friends. Bict he was a man of most inbrew 19219, by corruption of the Greek. Ge. dependent mind, and refused several offers of matria is a geometricalur arithmetical method of services from the great. He was, however, explaining these words, whereof there are two capricious, and passed his life in various counkinds; the first bearing a inore immediate re• tries ; sometimes in distressed circumstances. lation to arithmetic, and the latter to geonjetry. He died in 1762. The following list comThe rules of the gematria
are too frivolous io prises the whole of his publications, except justify our enlarging upon them.
two or three articles of sınall account. Twelve GEMBLOWES, a town of Brabant, in solos for a violin, opera prima; six concertos the Austrian Netherlands, 22 miles S.E. of in seven parts, opera seconda ; six concertos Brussels. Lat. 50. 37 N. Lon. 4.51 E. in seven parts, opera tcran; tivelve solos for a
GEME'LLIPAROUS. a. (gemelli and violin, opera quarla; six solos for a viotincello, pario, Latin.) Bearing twins.
opera quinta ; the same made into solos for a Tu GEMINATE. V. a. (gemino, Lat.) To violin; six concertos from his opera quarta ; double.
six concertos in eight parts, opera settima GEMELLUS. (gunellus, from gemimus, rules for playing in taste; a treatise on good double, having a fellow.) In myology. See taste; the art of playing the violio; twelve soGASTROCNEMIUs and GEMINI.
natas from his first solos, opera undecima; RiGEMINATE, in bolany, double. Applied pieno parts to ditto; lessons for the harpsito leaves, stipules, and peduncles. Sec chord; Guida Armonica; supplenient to dillo, DOUBLE.
the art of accompaniment, two books; his first GEMINATION. s. (from geminale.) Re- tivo operas of concertos in scores and the Enpetition; reduplication (Boyle).
chanted Forest. Of his solos the opera prima GEMINI, in astronomy, the twins; a con- is esteemed the best. Of his concertos some stellation, or sign of the zodiac, the third in are excellent, others of them scarce pass the order, representing Castor and Pollux : it is bounds of mediocrity. The sixth of the third marked thus, n. The more ancient Egypt- opera not only surpasses all the rest, but, in ians, and Eastern nations, depicted this sign by the opinion of the best judges of harmony, a couple of young kids, which were afterwards is the finest instrumental composition exchanged to two children. The constellation tant. is now reckoned to contain 84 stars of the first GEMINOUS. a. (geminus, Lat.) Double six magnitudes, i. e. 1. 2. 4. 8. 13. 56. (Br.).
GE'mini. In anatomy. Gemelli of Winslow. GEMMA : (Reivier), frequently named This muscle hasbeen a subject of dispute among Gemma Frisius, was a Dutch physician, a naanalomists since the days of Vesalius. Some tive of Friscland, who practised at Louvain. describe it as two distinct muscles, and hence He was well versed in astronomy, on which he the name it has gotten of gemini. Others wrote several works, as well as on other contend that it ought to be considered as a branches of mathematics. He died in 1555, single muscle. The truth is, that it consists at the age of 47. His son, Cornelius Gemma, of iwo portions, which are united together by was famous for his knowledge of mathematics. a tendinous and fleshy membrane, and afford á He died in 1579, at the age of 44.
Gemma, in botany, a gem or bud, Sep şible per se, but losing its colour in a strong Bud.
heat. Found in the East, and in Bohemia, in GEMMA, in oryctology, a genus of the class the form of pebbles, in obtụse angular pieces ; earths, order siliceous : consisting of silex, and colour yellowish-red, with a mixture of browns a larger proportion of alumine, with sometimes the crystals are small, have a siyooth surface, a little carbonat of lime and oxyd of iron; and foliated texture: they are imitated by heat meagre to the touch, of a high internal lustre, îng rock crystals, and putting them into a sovery rarely opaque or subopaque, never hardish lution of dragon's blood. or soft, breaking into indeterininate fragments, 5. G. alanbandica. Found in the river parasitic, shining in the dark, attracting light Goetch near Lengefeld, in the forın of rounded bodies when heated by friction : not melting granulations, from the size of a pea to that of a with alkalies. Seventeen species ; found in bean. When exposed in a strong heat surdifferent parts of the globe.
rounded with wood ashes, loses its red colour, 1. G. Tubinus. True or oriental ruby; per and is often sold for the diamond. fect corundum. Very hard, ponderuus, red, 0. G. aquamarina. Aquainarine, Hard, of a foliated texture, which in a contrary dis pellucid, lamellar, pale sea-green, not fusible rection is conchoidal, pot melting or losing its per se, breaking into trapezoidal fragments, lustre in the fire. Found in Brazil and the Found in Brazil, India, Síberja, Saxony, Bos East Indies, principally in the kingdoms of hemia, sometimes amorphous, sometimes cryPeru and Ceylon, and is, except the diamond, Stallized in equiangular six-sided prisms, longi. the most precious of all the gems: the colour tudinally striated its longitudinal fracture ra. varies a little, being carmine red, sometimes ther conchoidal, its transverse fracture foliated; verging to violet, mixt carmine, and hyacinth colour rarely a blueish-green: it decrepitates red, red and white, red and blue, or orange when heated, and is generally a little disco, ted; is found in angular pieces in small peb- loured, but does not melt; becomes electric by bles
, or in regular six-sided pyramids, joined friction, when one of its poles is attractive, the to and opposed base to base; seldom exceeding other repulsive, an inch in size : when finely powdered, melt- 7. G. spinallus. Spinell and balasę ruby, ing with borax, though with difficulty into a Hard, of a pale red colour, inclining to orange ; green glass.
not fusible, but losing its colour in a strong 2. G. sapphirụs. Sapphire; oriental sap- heat. Found in Ceylon in six-sided crystals. phire. Perfect corundum, Very hard, some- 8. G. euclạsius. Euclase. Hard, pellucid, what ponderous, blue, making a whise streak, lamellar, green, in four-sided oblique prisms, of a slightly incurved lamellar texture, not fu- whose edges are variously truncate,'aud whose sible, but losing its colour in a strong heat. faces are oblique. Found in Perų: pery Found in Brazil, the Indies, Persia, Bohemia, brittle, and sufficiently hard to scratch quartz and near Pụys in Velay, sometimes crystal- 9. G. schorlites, Schorlile. Hardish, lized, sometimes in rounded masses, the angles somewhat ponderous, diaphonous, of a
a green: being worn off by friction; and is next in ish or yellowish-white colour, which is not salue to the ruby: colour sky-blue, or the aitered by the fire; not fusible per se. Found shades of Prussian and indigo-blue, with in Brazil and Saxony, with mica or quartz, sometimes white specks; the crystals are 10. G. beryllus. 'Beryl. Hard, of a blue, krong, shining, and exhibit a foliated texture green colour, not altering its colour or fysible uansversely striate; they become colourless by heat, of a conchaceous texture, which is when heated with microcosmic salt, and emit foliated when broken transversely, in six-sided a great light while burning.
prisms, which are usually longitudinally striate, 3. G. topazius. Topaz. Imperfect corun. Found in the iņountains of Saxony, Siberia, dum. Nearly very hard, ponderous, yellow, &c. in quartz, granite, wolfrain, and other Dia foliated texture, which is conchoidal matrices; its crystals of various magnitude and when broken transversely, not fusible per se, pellucidity, sq.netimes with a greenish, blueisha, but losing all its colour in a strong heat. or yellowish tinge. Found in India, Brazil, Russia, Saxony, Bo- 11. G. chrysolithus. Chrysolite, flardish, hemia, &c. generally adhering to other sub- pellucid, lightish, of a green colour, which sa. stances, though sometimes detached with the nishes in a strong heat, fusible by the blowangles worn off ; colour a higher or deeper pipe, and sparkling when melted; of a confellow, most.soninionly honey-coloured, sone- cboidal texture. Found in Brazil
, Ceylon, lines verging to white or greenish ; its frag- Siberia, Transylvania, and Behernia, in angu, ments someuines irregular, sometimes granular lar fragments, grains, and crystallized. or prismatic; the prisms longitudinally striate, 12. G. chrysoberyllus. Chrysoberyl. Hard, solitary, in pairs, or in threes, disposed in a petincid, green, trighly shining internatly, of cruciate manner; often clusteredd ; sarely four- conchaceous textute.Found in Brazil and sided, rectangular or obligue angular ; frises its Ceylon, in sound masses, about the size of a colour only in a sery high degree of heat; pea or crystallized. Delts with borax into clear glass
13. G. smaragdus, Emerald. Hard, pel, 4. G. hyacinthus, Hyacinth. Zircon, lucid, lightish, grass-grcen ; when heated to Jargon. Hard; la: ellar; of a peculiar yel: 1200 of wedgewood, becomes blue, but reco, lowish-red, io four-sided prisus, terminated vers its green colour when cold; melts before po both sides by a four-sided pyramid, not fu- the blow-pipe ; of a corchoidal texture. Found
gems or buds.
in the mountains of Egypt and Ethiopia, in French is masculine; and dens in Latin is Peru, Russia, and on the confines of Persia. masculine, but dent in French is feminine.
14. G. granatus. Garnet, Hard, ponder- The oriental languages frequently neglect the ous, red, of unequal texture, preserving its co- use of genders, and the Persian language has lour in a low heat ; melting, in a stronger none at all. The Latins, Greeks, &c. geneheat, into a brown, opaque, spumid mass. rally content themselves to express the different There are many varieties of this species, which genders by different terminations; as lonus differ in colour, or pellucidity, or angularity. cquus, a good horse; lona equa, a good mare, Found in Britain, and various other parts of &c. But in English we freuently go further, Europe, Madagascar, Ethiopia, India, Syria, and express the difference of sex by different sometimes in mass, sometimes crystallized. words: as boar, sow; boy, girl; buck, doe; The other three species, which are scarcely bull, cow; cock, hen; dog, bitch, &c. We worth particularizing, are,
have only about twenty-four feminines, dis15. G. granadillus. Red schorl.
tinguished from the males by the rariation of 16. G. loranus. Gem granite.
the termination of the male into ess; of 17. G. rubicellus. Brazilian ruby. which number are abbot, abbess; count,
GEMMARY, a. (from gem.) Pertaining to countess ; actor, actress; heir, heiress; prince, gems or jewels (Brown).
princess, &c. which is all that our language GEMMATION, în botany, budding. The knows of any thing like genders. The Greek construction of the bud; of leaves, stipules, and Latin, besides the masculine and feminine, petioles, or scales.
have the neuter, common, and the doubtful GEMMEOUS. a. (gemmeus, Latin.) 1. gender; and likewise the epicene, or promisTending to gems (Wood). 2. Resembling gems. cuous, which, under one single gender and
GEMMĚUM, in Roinan antiquity, pro- termination, includes both the kinds. perly signifies a vase or cup, cut out of a single To GE'NDER. v. a. (engendrer, French.) stone.
1. To beget. 2. To produce; to cause (Tim.). GEMMINGEN, a town of the palatinate To GENDER. v. n. To copulate; to breed. of the Rhine, in Germany. Lat. 49. 6 N. GENDRE (Louis le), a French historian, Lon. 9. 13 E.
who was descended from an obscure family at GEMMI'PAROUS, in botany, producing Rouen, was born in 1659, and died in 1733.
His principal works are, a History of France, GEMONIÆ SCALÆ, or, GRADUS GE- in 3 vols. folio; the Life of Harley; an Essay MONII, among the Romans, was much the on the Reign of Louis the Great; and a Life same as a gallows, or gibbet, in England. of Cardinal d'Amboise,
GEMOTE, a Saxon word, denoting a meet- GENDRE (Gelbert Charles le), marquis of ing or assembly.
St. Aubin, a French writer of considerable GENDARMES, or GENS D'ARMES, 9.d. merit, was counsellor of the parliament of men of arms, a term used among the French Paris, and master of requests. He died in for a select body of horse-guards; because they 1746, at the age of fifty-nine. His principal succeeded the ancient men of arms, who were work is, a Treatise on Opinion, 12mo. armed at all points, and thence were called
GENEALOGICAL a. (genealogy.) Pergendarmes.
taining to descents or families. GENDARMES (Scots), were originally in- GENEA'LOGIST. s. (yavia høyiw; genealostituted by Charles VII. of France about the gist, French.) He who traces descents. middle of ihe fifth century, and formed a part GENEA'LOGY. s. (gysa' and aãy .) Hisof his guard; in which station also they acted tory of the succession of families (Burnet). under other princes. It was their prerogative GENERA, in Botany and ZOOLÓGY. to take precedence of all the companies of the See those articles. gendarmerie of France, and on particular occa- GENERA, in music, the different scales by sions they even preceded the tivo companies of which the Greeks regulated their division of the king's mousquetaires. The sons of the the tetrachord: these, as agreed by Aristoxenus, Scottish monarchs were the usual captains of Bacchius, Euclid, Boetius, and other ancient this company; and, after Mary's accession to writers, were principally three; the ENHARthe throne, its command belonged to them as MONIC, CHROMATIC, and DIATONIC. (See a right.
those words.) Aristides Quintilian, however, GE'NDER. s. (genus, Latin.) 1. A kind; a mentions many other genera, and enumerates sort: not in use (Shakspeare.), 2. A sex. six as very ancient, viz. the Lydian, Dorian,
GENDER, among grammarians, a division Phrygian, Ionian, Mixolydian, and Syntonoof nouns or names to distinguish the two sexes. lydian. These six genera, which we must not This was the original intention of gender : but confound with the tones or modes of the same afterwards other words, which had no proper names, differed no less in their degrees than in relation either to the one sex or the other, had their compass. The one did not extend to the genders assigned them, rather out of caprice octave, while others reached, and some exceedthan reason, which is at length established by ed it. Independent of the various subdivisions custom. Hence genders vary according to the of the three principal genera, there was a languages, or even according to the words in- common genus, consisting only of the stable troduced from one language into another sounds of the genera; as also a mixed genus, Thus arbor in Latin is feminine, but arbre in 'partaking of two, or of all the three genera. It is worthy of notice, that in this collection country, that he may not engage his troops too or combination of genera, which was rarely far, while he is ignorant of the means of bringused, not more than four chords or strings ing them off ; in subsisting them, and in were employed, which were tightened or re- knowing how to take the most advantageous laxed during performance: a practice of great posts, either for fighting, retreating, or shunning apparent difficulty, and of which we can bave à battle. His experience inspires his army no true idea. Indeed, the whole musical sys- with confidence, and an assurance of victory; tem of the ancients being only conveyed to us and his quality, by creating respect, augments by speculative authors, and not by any conti- his authority. By his liberality he gets intellinuance of its practice, we are necessarily left gence of the strength and designs of the enemy, , in great uncertainty respecting its execution, and by this means is enabled to take the most nor will the varying accounts of the different successful measures. He ought to be fond of writers on the subject afford us a permanent glory, to have an aversion to Hattery, to render resting place for our opinions concerning the himself beloved, and to keep a strict discipline niceties of its theory. (Busly's Dict. Mus.). and regular subordination.
GENERABLE. a. (from genero, Latin.) The office of a general is to regulate the That may be produced or begotten.
march and encampment of the army; in the GENERAL. u. (general, Fr.) 1. Compre- day of battle to chuse out the most advantagehending many species or individuals; not spe
. ous ground; 10 niake the disposition of the cial; not particular (Broome). 2. Lax in sig. army; to post the artillery, and where there nification; not restraine to any special or par- is occasion, to send his orders by his aide-deticular import (Watts). 3. Not restrained by camps. Ai a siege he is to cause the place to narrow or distinctive limitations (Lucke). 4. be invested, to regulate the approaches and atRelating to a whole class or body of men, ora tacks, to visit the works, and to send out dewhole kind of any being (Whitgift). 5. Pub- tachinents to secure the convoy and foraging lic; comprising the whole (Milton). 6. Not parties. directed to any single object (Sprat). 7. Ex- General of Horse, and General of Foot, are tensive, though not universal. 8. Common; posts next under the general of the army, and usual (Shakspeare).
ihese have upon all occasions an absolute auGE'NERAL, s. 1. The whole; the totality thority over all the horse and foot in the army. (Norris). 2. The public; the interest of the General of the Artillery, or Master General whole. 3. The vulgar (Shakspeare). of the Ordnance. See ORDNANCE.
GENERAL, in a military sense, is an officer GENERAL, is also used for a particular in chief, to whom the prince or senate of a march, or beat of drum, being the first which country have judged proper to intrust the com, gives notice, commonly in the morning early, mand of their troops. He holds this important for the infantry to be in readiness to march. trust under various titles: às captain-general in GENERAL, is also used for the chief of an England and Spain; feldt-mareschal in Ger- order of monks; or of all the houses and conmany, or inareschal in France.
gregations, established under the same rule. In the British service the king is, constitu. Thus we say, the general of the Franciscans, tionally, and in his own proper right, captain- Cistercians, &c. general. He has ten aide-de-camps; every
GENERALISSIMO, a supreme and absoone of whom enjoys the brevet rank of full lute commander in the held. This word is gecolonel in the army. Next to his majesty is nerally used in most foreign languages. It was the commander in chief, whom he sometimes first invented by the absolute authority of carhonours with the title of captain-general. dinal Richelieu, when he went to command
The natural qualities of a general are a the French army in Italy, martial genius, a solid judgment, a healthy GENERALITY. s. (generalité, French.) robust constitution, intrepidity and presence 1. The state of being general (Hooker). of mind on critical occasions, indefatigability The main body; the bulk (Tillotson ). in business, goodness of heart, liberality, a GENERALLY. ad. (from general.) 1. In reasonable age; if too young, he may want ex- general; without specification or exact limitperience and prudence, if too old, he may not ation (Bacon). 2. Extensively, though not have rivacity enough. His conduct must be universally. 3. Commonly; frequently. 4. uniform, his temper affable, but inflexible in In the main ; without ininule detail (Swift). maintaining the police and discipline of an GENERALNESS. s. (from general.) Wide army.
extent, though short of universality; frequenThe acquired qualities of a general should be cy; commonness (Sidney). secrecy, justice, sobriety, temperance, know- GENERALTY. s. (from general.) The ledge of the art of war from theory and prac- whole; the totality (Hale). tice, the art of commanding and speaking with GENERANT. s. (generans, Latin.) The precision and exactness, great attention to pre. begetting or productive power (Glanville). serve the lives and supply the wants of the TO GENERATE. v.a. (genero, Latin.) 1. soldiers; and a constant study of the characters To beget; to propagate (Bacon). 2. To proof the officers of his army, that he may employ duce to life; to procreate (Milton). 3. To them according to their talents. His conduct cause; to produce (Arbuthnol). appears in establishing his magazines in the GENERATION. s. (generation, French.) most convenient places; ia examining the 1. The act of begetting or producing (Bacon).