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Thou art too flow to do thy master's bidding,
'I fhall conclude thefe obfervations, by explaining more particularly, how the repulse of a ruling and habituated paffion could difpofe Imogen to defpondency, and render her careless of life: In other words, what is the origin of despair; or, by what lamentable perversion those, who are susceptible of the pleasures of life, and in fituations capable of enjoying them, become diffatisfied, and rife from the feaft prematurely.
Happiness depends upon the gratification of our defires and paffions. The happiness of Titus arose from the indulgence of a beneficent temper: Epaminondas reaped enjoyment from the love of his country. The love of fame was the fource of Caesar's felicity: And the gratification of grovelling appetites gave delight to Vitellius. It has alfo been obferved, that fome one paffion generally affumes a preeminence
eminence in the mind, and not only predominates over other appetites and defires; but contends with reason, and is often victorious. In proportion as one paffion gains ftrength, the reft languifh and are enfeebled. They are feldom exercised; their gratifications yield tranfient pleasure ; they become of flight importance, are difpirited, and decay. Thus our happinefs is attached to one ruling and ardent paffion. But our reafonings, concerning future events, are weak and short-fighted. We form schemes of felicity that can never be realized, and cherish affections that can never be gratified. If, therefore, the disappointed paffion has been long encouraged, if the gay vifions of hope and imagination have long administered to its violence, if it is confirmed by habit in the temper and conftitution, if it has superfeded the operations of other active principles, and fo enervated their ftrength, its disappointment will be embittered; and
forrow, prevented by no other paffion, will prey, unabating, on the defolate abandoned fpirit. We may alfo obferve, that none are more liable to afflictions of this fort, than thofe to whom nature hath given extreme fenfibility. Alive to every impreffion, their feelings are exquifite: They are eager in every pursuit: Their imaginations are vigorous, and well adapted to fire them. They live, for a time, in a ftate of anarchy, expofed to the inroads of every paffion; and, though poffeffed of fingular abilities, their conduct will be capricious. Glowing with the warmeft affections, open, generous, and candid; yet, prone to inconftancy, they are incapable of lafting friendship. At length, by` force of repeated indulgence, fome one paffion becomes habitual, occupies the heart, feizes the understanding, and, impatient of refiftance or controul, weakens or extirpates every oppofing principle: Difappointment enfurs: No paffion re
mains to adminifter comfort: And the original fenfibility which promoted this difpofition, will render the mind more fufceptible of anguifh, and yield it a prey to defpondency. We ought, therefore, to beware of limiting our felicity to the gratification of any individual paffion. Nature, ever wife and provident, hath endowed us with capacities for various pleasures, and hath opened to us many fountains of happiness: Let no tyrannous paffion, let no rigid doctrine deter thee; drink of the ftreams, be moderate, and be grateful.'
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