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Page 13. To his Mother. Paintings at Modena. Bologna. Beauty and richness of Lombardy

74 14. To his Mother. The Appennines. Florence and its Gallery 76 15. To Mr. West. Journey from Genoa to Florence. Elegiac verses

occasioned by the sight of the plains where the battle of Trebiæ was

79 16. From Mr. West. Latin Elegy, expressing his wishes to see Italy and Greece

80 17. To his Mother. Death of the Pope. Intended departure for Rome. First and pleasing appearance of an Italian spring

82 18. To his MOTHER. Cathedral of Sienna. Viterbo. Distant sight of

Rome. The Tiber. Entrance into the city. St. Peter's. Intro-
duction of the Cardinal d'Auvergne into the Conclave

83 19. To his MOTHER. Illumination of St. Peter's on Good Friday, &c. 87 20. To Mr. West. Comic account of the palace of the Duke of Modena

at Tivoli. The Anio. Its cascade. Situation of the town. Villas
of Horace and Mecænas, and other remains of antiquity. Modern
aqueducts. A grand Roman ball

88 21. To Mr. West. An Alcaic Ode. Ludicrous allusion to ancient Ro

map customs. Albano and its lake, Castle-Gondolfo. Prospect from
the palace; an observation of Mr. Walpole's on the views in that
part of Italy. Latin inscriptions, ancient and modern

92 22. To his MOTHER. Road to Naples. Beautiful situation of that city.

Its bay. Of Baiæ, and several other antiquities. Some account of
the first discovery of an ancient town, now known to be Hercu-

97 23. To his FATHER. Departure from Rome and return to Florencé. No

likelihood of the Conclave's rising. Some of the cardinals dead.
Description of the Pretender, his sons, and court. Procession at
Naples. Sight of the King and Queen, Mildness of the air at

99 24. From Mr, West. On his quitting the Temple, and reason for it 108 25. To Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing letter. Some account of

Naples and its environs, and of Mr. Walpole's return to Florence · 104 26. To his MOTHER. Excursion to Bologna. Election of a pope; des

cription of his person, with an odd speech which he made to the
cardinals in the Conclave

108 27. To Mr. WEST, Description, in Latin hexameters, of the sudden rising

of Monte Nuovo near Puzzoli, and of the destruction which at-
tended it

110 28. To his FATHER. Uncertainty of the route he shall take in his return

to England. Magnificence of the Italians in their reception of strangers, and parsimony when alone. The great applause which the new Pope meets with. One of his bon mots

114 29. To his FATHER. Total want of amusement at Florence, occasioned

by the late Emperor's funeral not being public. A procession to
avert the ill effects of a late inundation. Intention of going to
Venice. An invasion from the Neapolitans apprehended. The
inhabitants of Tuscany dissatisfied with the government

116 30. To Mr. West. The tiine of his departure from Florence determined.


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Alteration in his temper and spirits. Difference between an Italian
fair and an English one. A farewell to Florence and its prospects,
in Latin hexameters. Imitation, in the same language, of an Italian



Account of Mr. Gray's return home, and of his second visit to the

Grande Chartreuse, where he wrote an Alcaic Ode, which concludes
the Section



Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray's father dies, and the year after he re

turns to Cambridge, and takes a degree in civil law; during that
interval he corresponds with Mr. West




1. From Mr. West. His spirits not as yet improved by country air. Has begun to read Tacitus, but does not relish him

126 2. To Mr. West. Earnest hopes for his friend's better health, as the

warm weather comes on. Defence of Tacitus, and his character.
Of the new Dunciad. Sends him a speech from the first scene of


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The plan, dramatis persona, and all the speeches which Mr. Gray wrote of that tragedy, inserted


3. From Mr. West. Criticism on his friend's tragic style. Latin hexameters on his own cough

138 4. To Mr. West. Thanks for his verses. On Joseph Andrews. Defence of old words in tragedy

140 5. From Mr. West. Answer to the former, on the subject of antiquated expressions

144 6. To Mr. West. Has laid aside his tragedy. Difficulty of translating Tacitus

147 7. From Mr. West. With an English Ode on the approach of May 148 8. To Mr. West. Criticises his Ode. Of his own classical studies 150 9. From Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing

· 152 10. To Mr. West. Of his own peculiar species of melancholy. Inscrip

tion for a wood in Greek hexameters. Argument and exordium of
a Latin heroic epistle, from Sophonisba to Massinissa



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Account of Mr. West's death. Of Mr. Gray's English poetry, writ

ten about this time, with the general plan, argument of the first book,
and all the parts which the Author finished of a Latin didactic poem
“De Principiis Cogitandi"



Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray takes his degree in civil law, and

makes Cambridge his principal residence for the rest of his life.
The Editor of these Memoirs becomes acquainted with him in the
year 1747. He corresponds with Dr. Wharton and several other
persons till the year 1768, when he is appointed Professor of Mo-
dern History




1. To Dr. WHARTON. On taking his degree of Bachelor of Civil Law · 172

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2. To Dr. WHARTON. Ridicule on University laziness. Of Dr. Akenside's poem, on the Pleasures of Imag on

176 3. To Dr. WHAŘTON.' His amusements in town. Reflections on riches. Character of Aristotle

178 4. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ridicule on Cibber's Observations on Cicero. On

the modern Platonic Dialogue. Account of his own and Mr. West's
poetical compositions

181 5. To Mr. WALPOLE. Criticisms on Mr. Spence's Polymetis

184 6. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ludicrous compliment of condolence on the death of his favourite cat, inclosing his Ode on that subject

187 7. To Dr. WHARTON. Loss by fire of a house in Cornhill. On Dio

dorus Siculus. M. Gresset's Poems. Thomson's Castle of Indo

lence. Ode to a Water-Nymph, with a character of its Author 188 8. To Dr. WHARTON. More on M. Gresset. Account of his own pro

jected poem on the alliance between government and education 190





Fragment of that poem, with a commentary, notes, and detached sentiments relative to it

192 9. To Dr. WHARTON. Character of M. de Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Loix

199 10. To Dr. WHARTON. Account of books continued. Crebillion's Ca

talina. Birch's State Papers. Of his own studies, and a table of
Greek chronology, which he was then

200 11. To Dr. WHARTON. Ludicrous account of the Duke of Newcastle's

Installation at Cambridge. On the Ode then performed, and more
concerning the Author of it

202 12. To his MOTHER. · Consolatory on the death of her sister

204 13. To Dr. WHARTON. Wishes to be able to pay him a visit at Durham.

On Dr. Middleton's death. Some account of the first volumes of
Buffon's Histoire Naturelle



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Narrative of the incident which led Mr. Gray to write his Long Story.

That poem inserted, with notes by the Editor, and prefaced with
his idea of Mr. Gray's peculiar vein of humour

207 14. To Dr. WHARTON. On the ill reception which the foregoing poem





met with in town when handed about in manuscript, and how much
his Elegy in a Country Church-yard was applauded

216 15. To Mr. WALPOLE. Desires him to give his Elegy to Mr. Dodsley to

be printed immediately, in order to prevent its publication in a ma-

217 16. To Dr. WHARTON. Of Madame Maintenon's Character and Letters.

His high opinion of M. Racine. Of Bishop Hall's Satires, and of

a few of Plato's Dialogues
17. To Mr. WALPOLE. Concerning the intention of publishing Mr.

Bentley's designs for his Poems. Refuses to have his own portrait
prefixed to that work




Farther account of those designs, with stanzas which Mr. Gray wrote
to Mr. Bentley on that occasion


Epitaph on Mr. Gray's aunt and mother in the church-yard of Stoke-



18. To Mr. MASON. On the death of his father

225 19. To Dr. WHARTON. On Strawberry-Hill. Occasional remarks on

Gothic architecture
20. To Dr. WHARTON. Objection to publishing his Ode on the Progress

of Poetry singly. Hint of his having other lyrical ideas by him


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Explanation of that hint, and a fragment of one of those lyrical pieces



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21. To Mr. STONHEWER. Of Monsignor Baiardi's book concerning Her

culaneum. A poem of Voltaire. Incloses a part of his Ode en-
titled the Bard

235 22. To Dr. Wharton. On his removing from Peter-House to Pembroke

Hall. His notion of a London hospital. Of Sully's Memoirs.
Mason's four odes

237 23. To Dr. WHARTON. Of his own indolence. Memoirs of M. de la

Porte and of Madame Staal. Intention of coming to town 239 24. To Mr. Mason. Of his reviewers. Offers to send him Druidical anecdotes for his projected drama of Caractacus

240 25. To Mr. Mason. On hearing Parry play on the Welch harp, and

finishing his Ode after it. Account of the Old Ballad on which the
Tragedy of Douglas was founded

243 26. - To Mr. HURD. On the ill reception his two Pindaric Odes met with on their publication

244 27. To Mr. Mason. His opinion of the dramatic part of Caractacus 246 28. To Mr. Mason. Dissuading him from retirement. Advice concern

ing Caractacus. Criticisms on his Elegy written in the Garden of a Friend. Refusal of the office of Poet Laureat

251 29. To Dr. WHARTON. Account of his present employment in making out a list of places, in England, worth seeing

255 30. To Dr. WHARTON. On the forementioned list. Tragedy of Agis.

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Page Various authors in the last volumes of Dodsley's Miscellany. Dr.

256 Swift's four last years of Queen Anne 31. To Mr. STONHEWER. On infidel writers and Lord Shaftsbury 257

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A paper of Mr. Gray inserted, relating to an impious position of Lord



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32. To Dr. WHARTON. On the death of his son, and an excuse for not writing an epitaph

265 33. To Mr. PALGRAVE. Desiring him to communicate the remarks he should make in his tour through the North of England

267 34. To Mr. Mason. Some remarks on a second manuscript copy of Caractacus

269 35. To Mr. PALGRAVE. Description of Mr. Gray's present situation in town, and of his reading in the British Musæum

271 36. To Dr. WHARTON. On employment. Gardening. Character of Froissart. King of Prussia's Poems. Tristram Shandy

272 37. To Mr. STONHEWER. On the latter volumes of M. d'Alembert and the Erse Fragments

275 38. To Dr. CLARKE. His amusements with a party on the banks of the

Thames. Death of a Cambridge Doctor. More of the Erse Frag-

278 39. To Mr. Mason. On two Parodies of Mr. Gray's and Mr. Mason's

Odes. Extract of a letter from Mr. David Hume, concerning the
authenticity of the Erse Poetry

279 40. To Dr. WHARTON. On his employments in the country. Nouvelle Eloise. Fingal. Character of Mr. Stillingfleet

283 41. To Mr. Mason. More concerning the Nouvelle Eloise. Of Signor Elisi, and other opera singers

285 42. To Mr. Mason. On his expectation of being made a residentiary

of York. Recovery of Lord * from a dangerous illness. Reason
for writing the Epitaph on Sir William Williams

287 43. To Dr. WHARTON. Description of Hardwick. Professor Turner's death. And of the peace

288 44. To Mr. Mason. On Count Algarotti's approbation of his and Mr.

Mason's poetry. Gothic architecture. Plagiary in Helvetius, from

290 45. To Mr. Brown. Sending him a message to write to a gentleman

abroad relating to Count Algarotti, and recommending the Erse

296 46. Count ALGAROTTI to Mr. Gray. Complimentary, and sending him some dissertations of his own

297 47. To Dr. WHARTON. On Rousseau's Emile

• 298 48. To Mr. PALGRAVE. What he particularly advises him to see when abroad

• 300 49. To Mr. Beattie. Thanks for a letter received from him, and an invitation from Lord Strathmore to Glamis

304 50. To Dr. WHArton. Description of the old castle of Glamis, and part of the Highlands


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