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legends which were told her. For example, she believed with all her heart (and many others on these mountains with her), that the Virgin appeared, in body and spirit, to two little shepherds, who watched their flocks, in the neighbourhood of the village of C, about a month ago. She seated herself on a stone, and said to them, 'My little children, do your parents go regularly to mass and confession? and you, do you go also?' 'Not much, Madam.' 'Ah!' she replied, 'thus the Holy Virgin has caused the people throughout the world to experience that the dearth of wheat, disasters of various kinds, and especially the potato disease, are because they have not sufficient confidence in the priests, do not attend mass often enough, and are not regular at confession; and if they persevere in this forgetfulness of religion, I announce to them a general scarcity during seven years.' At the same moment, the stone on which she was seated was broken into a thousand pieces, and she disappeared in the air."

THE DEAD BEFORE THE LIVING —OR, ROMISH CHARITY.

A CIBCUMSTANCE, our authority for the narrative of which may be found in the Belgian paper, "La Semaine,"of the 3d January, and the Paris journal, "La Voix Nouvelle.'^From the former it appears, that when, some time since, the tempestuous catastrophe at Monville and Malonnay, in France, had left some hundred unfortunate wretches mutilated, houseless, and in danger of starvation, the public charity was awakened; and in the ancient city of Rouen alone, the humane congregations of the various churches contributed in behalf of suffering humanity no less a sum than 10,400 francs. In presence of this munificent sum the special Ecclesiastical Committee of Rouen would seem to have been somewhat bewildered; for, after being touched with the generosity of the faithful, they dexterously distributed it according to the following Resolution :—

"Seeing that among the victims of the above mentioned calamity, there

are great numbers of dead, for whom hitherto nothing has been done; that, nevertheless, it is but sheer justice that these should partake of the charity of the faithful, and that prayers should be offered for the welfare of their souls; that thereby all the victims would benefit in exact proportion to their wants by the succour accorded to them; that this idea ought to be the more welcomed, seeing that there exist resources more than sufficient for the aid of those unfortunate persons who have survived."

Seeing all this, the Committee proceed to declare by their Resolution, that, " in order that all the victims may profit, according to their necessities, the entire sum of 10,400 francs raised at Rouen, shall be invested in the public funds; that onehalf of the interest resulting from the same shall be employed in celebrating low and high masses, at the rate of a franc and a-half for each of the former, and forty francs for each of the latter; and that the other half of the interest should be distributed among the surviving victims, on condition that, when the latter ceased to need it, the amount given should be employed as before, in the celebration of masses for the dead.

One might reasonably be astounded at this solicitude for the dead at the expense of the living, even though the latter had received from other quarters that more than sufficient aid which the Ecclesiastical Committee at Rouen declares them to have received. But the latter declaration has been proved to be totally untrue; and the Prefect of the Seine Inferieure having established his proofs before the General Committee of Administration, the latter have indignantly protested against the unseemly course adopted by the ecclesiastics of Rouen.

The Resolution of the Ecclesiastical Committee of Rouen has just been published by the Paris journal, " La Voix Nouvelle," a paper which urgently and very properly calls upon the Government to see justice done to those from whom it is now withheld.— Church and State Gazette, Jan. 29, 1847.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Pagan And Papal Rome.—Imperial Rome governed the bodies of men, but did not extend her empire further. Papal Rome improved upon Imperial; she made the tiara stronger than the diadem, Pontiffs more powerful that praetors, and the crozier more victorious than the sword. She devised a system, so complete in all its parts for the subjugation both of body and of mind, that, like Archimedes, she asked but for one thing—and that Luther denied her—a fulcrum of ignorance on which to rest the lever by which she could balance the world.

Cheistmas-roxes For Jesus And Mary, Solicited Ry St. Joseph. ,—(Etrennes pour Jesus ct Marie, solliciteSs par Saint Joseph.)—Such is the burlesque title under which a Paris journal publishes, in its first number of the year, an appeal addressed by an ecclesiastic to Cliristian people, inviting them to hasten with their offerings for the repair of a little church in Normandy, placed, says he, under the invocation of the Holy Virgin, and where Jesus and Joseph receive especial homage (hornmages tout particuliers). We regret that we can only place before our readers some of the phrases of this curious and characteristic article. After setting forth that it seemed that Mary wished now to unite herself to her chaste husband, that he might be invoked with her, and that by him also our misfortunes might be removed, the author adds, in conclusion, that the first benefactors of this Church have already received signal favour from Jesus, Mary, and Joseph, that new favours might with confidence be expected from this Teinity Of The Earth, fervently invoked in this sacred temple. Christians are then earnestly entreated to give to Jestis and Mary the Christmas-boxes ichich St. Joseph seems to solicit for them, and God will bless the sacrifice which they have made, in the name of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph. Here is, certainly, a Trinity which the Apostles never thought of! Who can say, after this, that the Church of Rome is not making progress—-toward a still

grosser Paganism! — L'Esperance, Jan. 21, 1847.

CABINET.

A Man may with as much propriety expect to be saved by his advances in mathematics, as by his mere opinions about religion.

Where true religion has prevented one crime, false religions have afforded a pretext for a thousand.

Posthumous charities are the very essence of selfishness when bequeathed by those who, when alive, would part with nothing. In Roman Catholic countries there is no Mortmain Act, and those who, when dying, impoverish their relations by leaving their fortunes to be expended in masses for themselves, have been shrewdly said to leave their own souls their heirs.

THE PROTEST. Rome! Rome! I would not be thy slave,

For countless mines of wealth; I dare not the Almighty brave,

Nor peril my souVs health! How to a. fellow-worm could I

Unlawful homage pay, • Yet deem insulted Deity

Th' avenging arm would stay? My Shepherd!—I another call,

My Prophet, Priest, and King: Oh! Jesu, Thou to me art all,

Thy praise alone I'll sing. Say, could I dream that rags or bones

Could me deliv'rance give? That images of wood or stones

Could bid me hope, and live? That holy water blots from sight

The stain of sin;—they say, "Puts devils from the soul to flight,"

And fits for realms of day! That /must satisfaction make,

Though Christ atones alone, And says, "Poor trembler! for My sake,

Thou'rt welcome to a throne! In regions of unchanging bliss,

Thou too shalt reign with Me. Believe in Me—I promise this,

For I have died for thee." Oh! who would bear such joy to lose,

For Purgatory's pain? To think when here our eyes we close,

We there must die again!

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NOTICES OF BOOKS.

The Noviciate; or, a Year among the English Jesuits. A Personal Narrative. With an Essay on the Constitution, the Confessional, Morality, and History of the Jesuits. By Andrew Steinmitz. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. Pp. 380.

A VERY valuable and interesting

work. We hope to refer to it more

fully.

The Jesuit in the Family; a Tale. By Andrew Steinmitz, Author of "The Noviciate; or, Jesuit in Training;" being a year's residence among the English Jesuits. London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 65, Cornhill. The " Noviciate" was a personal narrative: this is a work of fiction. We doubt not, however, but that many of its harrowing scenes might be equalled if a faithful portrait were to be given of mischiefs wrought in families and nations by the intrigues of the. Jesuits.

Monastic Institutions: their Origin, Progress, Nature, and Tendency. By Samuel Phillips Day, formerly connected with the Monastery of the Presentation Order, at Youghall, Ireland. With an Introduction, by the Rev. C. H. Minchin, A. M. Second Edition, pp. 232. London: Nisbet and Co.

Mr. Day's work is calculated to do much good. We might hope that the disclosures of those who nave seen the interior of monastic life, would tend to diminish the insane ardour with which some are seeking to cover our land with Monastic Institutions.

INTELLIGENCE.

The Bishop of Oxford has just appointed the Rev. E. M. Goulburn, of Merton College, his examining chaplain. Mr. Goulburn is one of the leaders of the Anti-Tractarian party.— Morning Paper.

Protestant Churches In TurKey. — The American missionaries have laboured with considerable success to spread the pure Gospel among the Armenians of this empire. The Turkish authorities shew them every toleration, but not so the priests of the Armenian rite, who, exciting the population against them, have cruelly persecuted many of the proselytes. Lately, at Nicomedia, the populace attacked their houses, and a young man lost his life at the hands of these fanatics. The Governor of the city, whose protection the Protestant* claimed, at first shewed himself undecided, but at length he called together the principal inhabitants of the city, and declared, That the Armenian Protestants had the same claim on the protection of the Government as others, so long as they obeyed the laws of the empire; that he well knew the instigators of the disorders, and that if any Protestant lost his life by their violence, they should answer for it with their heads. Immediately after this declaration, the priest who managed the affairs of the diocese in the absence of the archbishop, delivered a sermon, in which he exhorted the people to abstain from all violence, and added,—" You should neither enter their houses, nor allow them to enter yours, nor transact any business with them, nor salute them in the streets; and if any of your family are found infected with this poison, you must cast them out." Notwithstanding these obstacles, a little Church of fourteen persons has been constituted at Nicomedia, and

according to all appearance it will soon be increased. There are three others of the same kind in Turkey, at Constantinople, at Trebizonde, and Ada-Baza; all equally opposed by the Armenian priests, but in vain. On the first Sunday of September last, ten persons were admitted into the bosom of the Church at Constantinople.—L'Espcrance, Jan. 7, 1847.

Protestantism Ix Poland.— This country, which formerly contained so many Protestants, at the present time has only 200,000 in a population of 4,800,000, of which about 600,000 are Jews, and 100,000 members of the Greek Church. Of these Protestants, about a-third are Polish, and speak that language; the rest are composed of foreigners, who have settled in the country at various periods. There are fifty-two ministers, whose congregations are widely dispersed. In this number of ministers are included nine or ten missionaries who labour for the evangelization of the Jews. The city of Warsaw has two churches, the one Reformed, the other Lutheran. All the other (Protestant) churches belong to the Church called Evangelical, and are under the direction of a General Consistory, the members of which are resident at Warsaw, and have much influence with the Government, but are, for the most part, Neologian, and not very favourable to the progress of the Gospel. The Protestants of Poland are subjected to the hostility of the Romish population, continually excited against them by their priests, who say, that if the last revolution had succeeded, all the Protestants would have been exterminated.—Ibid.

Protestant Church At FriRourg.—At the present moment, when the political movements which are rending Switzerland have drawn particular attention to Fribourg, our readers will learn with much interest that in that city of convents and

priests, where the reign of Jesuitism is so absolute, there exists a Protestant Church, which, under the present circumstances, ought to excite our strongest sympathies. The "Feuille Protestante Genevoise" states, that the church of Fribourg was founded in 1836, and is in a flourishing state, under the care of a young and pious Bernois minister. Every Sunday, worship is celebrated, in the morning in German, and in the evening in the French language, both of which are well attended.— Ibid., Jan. 21.

Canton De Vaud.—The (Infidel) Government of this country continues, whether directly or by its agents, to be animated by the most hostile spirit towards those who have acted according to their religious convictions. Mr. Cook, an English Wesleyan pastor, well known and respected in France and Switzerland, on the 22d of December last, received an order to quit the canton, although there was nothing in his conduct to justify such treatment. M. Bonnard, one of the dismissed ministers, has been deprived of the office of Professor, which he held in the College of Nyon. Two others of the dismissed pastors, because they refused to bear arms and take part in military exercises, have been condemned, the one to two, the other to eight days' imprisonm ent.—Ibid.

Calcutta.—The Jesuits established at Calcutta have been recalled by order of their Superior, and have disinterred and taken with them the body of one of their Order. It is not known what will be done with the college they founded, and which remains closed. We know not what may be the motive of this measure, but one of the journals says, that they hope to acquire in this country (France) the absolute power which they are seeking to obtain elsewhere. —Ibid.

Macintosh, Printer, Great New Street, London.

PROTESTANT MAGAZINE.

APRIL, 1847.

ROMISH PROCESSIONS.—MORTMAIN LAWS.—BILLS OF LORD JOHN MANNERS AND. MR. WATSON IN FAVOUR OF POPERY.

In the April number of our Magazine for last year, we congratulated our readers on the defeat of a Bill brought in by Lord John Manners, for altering the mortmain laws, or the laws which regulate the disposition of real property for pious and charitable purposes. We assured them at the same time of the Noble Lord's intention to bring forward the matter again. He has done so; and we hope that the present Bill of the Noble Lord will meet with a fate similar to the last.

As regards Mr. Watson's Bill, that also was before the House last session, much in the same way as now it is.

Each of these Bills is in favour of Popery; each, though brought in by Protestants, tending partly to pull down and demolish Protestant securities, to build up the strongholds of Popery, and prepare the way for once again subjecting the wealth, the feelings, the minds of Englishmen, to the inquisitorial sway and the galling dominion of Italian intrigue and Papal usurpation. Mr. Watson's Bill, if it pass at all into a law, will pass only in a very modified way. A change has taken place for the better in the popular tone of feeling as concerns Popery. Protestants begin to see that the cry of Roman Catholics that they are persecuted, is a false one; that it has been raised for the worst of purposes; and under its friendly shelter, Rome has been gradually making advances, by which she is now seeking to overawe the British Cabinet, to intimidate Protestants, and secure a controlling power in the State. We have often set forth the grounds on which we oppose Popery, and the feelings and spirit in which such opposition should be carried on. We oppose it,

1. Because it is opposed to the revealed will of God, as contained in his written Word.

2. Because it is opposed to those civil privileges, and that national independence and prosperity, which have so long and so signally blessed our country.

If we betray our cause by surrendering the first of these principles, we may look in vain for good to result to us from the second. Those who honour God, he will honour, individually— nationally. Those who would derogate from his power and attributes, or place human policy and worldly interests before his glory, will find—oh! may it not be seen too late,—that they have alienated from them the blessing of Him, without whom all human efforts are comparatively worthless.

Vol. IX.—April, 1847. G New Series, No. 15.

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