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The tyranny of the open night's too rough quagmire; that hath laid knives under his pillow, For nature to endure.
[Storm fill. and halters in his pew; set ratibanc by his porLear. Let me alone.
ridge; made him proud of heart, to ride on a bay Kent. Good my lord, enter here.
trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges, to courie Lear. Wilt break my heart ?
5 his own shadow for a traitor:-Bless thy five wits'! Kent. I'd rather break mine own: Good my lord, Tom's a cold.-0, do de, do de, do de.-Bless thee
(storm from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking?! Do Lear. Thou think'st'tis much, that this contentious poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend Invades us to the skin : fo 'tis to thee;
vexes: There could I have him now, and But where the greater malady is fix'd,
10 there, and there, and there again, and there. The lefser is scarce felt. Thou'dft shun a bear;
[Storff. But if thy flight lay toward the raging sea,
Lear. What, have his daughters brought him to Thou'dst meet the bear i' the mouth. When the
fall? mind's free,
Could'At thou save nothing? Didst thou give them The body's delicate: the tempest in my mind 15 Fool. Nay, he reserv'd a blanket, else we had Doth from my senses take all feeling else,
been all shamed. Save what beats there. Filial ingratitude!
Lear. Now, all the plagues that in the penduIs it not as this mouth should tear this hand,
lous air For lifting food to't?-But I will punish home:- Hang fated o'er men's faults,light on thy daughters! No, I will weep no more.--In such a night
Kent. He hath no daughters, fir. To shut me out!-Pour on; I will endure :
Lear, Death, traitor! nothing could have subIn such a night as this! O Regan, Goneril!
dued nature Your old kind father, whosc frank heart gave you To such a lowness, but his unkind daughters. all,
Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers O, that way madness lies; let me sun that; 25 Should have thus little mercy on their flesh? No more of that,
Judicious punithment! 'twas this flesh begot Kent. Good my lord, enter here. [ease; Those pelican į daughters.
Lear. Pr’ythee, go in thyself; seek thine own Edg. Pillicock sat on pillicock-hill;This tempest will not give me leave to ponder Halloo, halloo, loo, loo ! On things would hurt me more.—But I'll go in :- 30 Focl. This cold night will turn us all to fools and In, boy; go firft.-[To the Fcol.] You houseless madmen. poverty,
Edg. Take heed o' the foul fiend : Obey thy Nay, get thee in. I'll pray, and then I'll Neep.- parents; keep thy word juftly; swear not; com
[Focl goes in. mit not with man's sworn spouse; set not thy sweet Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, 35 heart on proud array: Tom's a-cold. That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,
Lear. What haft thou been? How Mall your houseless heads, and unfed fides, Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and mind; Your loop'd and window'd raggedness, defend you that curl'd my hair, wore gloves in my cap 4, servid From seasons fuch as these? 0, I have ta'en the lust of my mistress's heart, and did the act of Too little care of this ! Take physic, pomp; 40 darkness with her : swore as many oaths as I Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel :
fpake words, and broke them in the sweat face of That thou may'st Thake the superflux to them, heaven: one that slept in the contriving of luft, And shew the heavens more just.
and wak'd to do it: Wine lov'd I deeply; dice Edg. (within.] Fathom and half, fathom and dearly; and in woman, out-paramour'd the Turk: half! Poor Tom !
145 False of heart, light of ears, bloudy of hand; Hoz Focl. Come not in here, nuncle, here's a spirit. in Noth, fox in itealth, wolf in grecdineis, dog in Help me, help me! [The Fool runs out from the bovel. madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of
Kent. Give me thy hand.- Who's there? fhoes, nor the rustling of filks, betray thy poor Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says his name's poor heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothels, Tom.
[the straw ? 50thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from leaders' Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there i? books, and defy the foul fiend.Still through Come forth,
the hawthorn blows the cold wind : Says fuum, Enter Edgar, disguis d as a madmar. mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, boy, Sefly; let Edg. Away! the foul fiend follows me !
him trot by.
[Stars filho Through the Tharp hawthorn blows the cold wind.-- 55 Lear. Why thou were better in thy grave, than Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. to answer with thy uncover'd body this extremity
Lar. Haft thou given all to thy two daughters ? of the skies. Is man no more than this? Consider And art thou come to this?
him well : thou owest the worm no filk, the beast Edg. Who gives any thing to poor Tom? whom no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume :rhe foul fiend hath led through fire and through 60 Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated !- Thos fame, through ford and whirlpool, over bog and/ Jart the thing itself: unaccommodated man is no
* So the five senses were called by our old writers. 2 To take is to blast, or strike with malignant influence. 3 The young pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood. 4 i. e, his mistress' favours : which was the fathion of that time. Si. e, ready to receive malicious reports.
more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou Go into the house. art.- Off, off, you lendings :-Come; unbutton Lear. I'll take a word with this same learned here. [Tearing off bis clotbes.
Theban : Fooi. Pr'ythee, nuncle, be contented; this is a What is your study?
[min. naughty night to swim in.-Now a little fire in a 5 Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill verwild field, were like an old lecher's heart; a small Lear. Let me ask you one word in private. spark, and all the rest of his body cold.-Look, Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord, here comes a walking fire.
His wits begin to unsettle. Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet : he Glo. Canit thou blame him? [Storm fiill. begins at curfew, and walks 'till the firit cock; he 10 His daughters seek his death :-Ah, that good gives the web and the pin', squints the eye, and
Kent! makes the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat, He said it would be thus :-Poor banish'd man! Ind hurts the poor creature of earth.'
Thou say’ft, the king grows mad; I'll tell thee, Saint With ld foored obrice tbe weld? ;
friend, He met tbe night-mars, and ber r.ine-fold ; 151 am almoft mad myself: I had a son, Bid ber alight,
Now out-law'd from my blood; he sought my life, And ber trocb plight,
But lately, very late; I lov'd him, friend, And, Aroynt sbee, witcb, aroynt ibee 3 !
No father his fon dearer: true to tell thee, Kent. How fares your grace?
The grief hath craz’d my wits, What a night's this! Enter Glofter, with a torcb.
201 do beseech your grace, Lear. What's he?
Lear. O, cry you mercy, fir: Kent. Who's there? What is 't you seek? Noble philosopher, your company. Gle. What are you there? Your names ?
Edg. Tom's a-cold.
(warm. Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimining frog, Gly. In, fellow, there, to the hovel: keep thee the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and the wa- 25 Lear. Come, let's in all. ter-newt; that in the fury of his heart, when the Kent. This way, my lord. foul fiend rages, eats cow-dung for fallets; twal- Lear. With him; lows the old rat, and the ditch-dog; drinks the I will keep still with my philofopher. green mantle of the standing pool; who is whipt Kent. Good my lord, sooth him; let him tako from tything to tything +, and stock’d, punish’d, 30 the fellow. and imprison'd; who hath had three suits to his Glo. Take him you on. back, fix thirts to his body, horse to ride, and Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us. weapon to wear,
Lear. Come, good Athenian. But mice, ard rats, ard fuch small deer S,
Glo. No words, no words; hush. Have been Tom's food for seven long year.
351 Edg. Child Rowland to the dark tower came, Beware my follower :-Peace, Smolkin; peace, His word was still, Fie, fub, and fum, thou fiend!
I smell the blood of a British man. [Exiuni. Glo. What, hath your grace no better company?
S CE N E V.
Gliftir's Castle. Glo. Our fiesh and blood, my lord, is grown fo
Enter Corncvall, and Edmund. That it doth hate what gets it.
Corn. I will have my revenge, ere I depart this Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.
house. Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer Edm. How, my lord, I may be censur'd, that To obey in all your daughters' hard commands: 45 nature thus gives way to loyalty, something fears Though their injunction be to bar my doors, me to think of. And let this tyrannous night take hold upon you; Corn. I now perceive, it was not altogether your Yet have I ventur'd to come seek you out, brother's evil disposition made him seek his death; And bring you where both fire and food is ready. but a provoking merit, set a-work by a reprovable
Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher:- 50 badness in himself. What is the cause of thunder?
Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I must Kent. My good lord, take his offer;
Trepent to be just! This is the letter which he spoke · Diseases of the eye.
2 Wold signifies a down, or ground hilly and void of wood. 3 There verses were no other than a popular charm, or night-spell against the Epialtes; and the last line is the formal execration or apostrophe of the speaker of the charm to the witch, aroynt tbee right, i. e. depart forthwith. Bedlams, giplies, and such-like vagabonds, used to sell these kind of spells or charms to the people. They were of various kinds for various disorders. 4 A tything is a division of a place, a district; the fame in the country, as a ward in the city, In the Saxon times every hundred was divided into tyobings.
6 In s Deer in old language is a general word for wild animals. the old times of chivalry, the noble youth who were candidates for knighthood, during the season of their probation, were called Infans, Varlets
, Bacheliers; the most noble of the youth particularly, Infans. Here a story is told, in some old ballad, of the famous hero and giant-killer Roland, before he was knighted, who is, therefore, called Infans; which the ballad-maker translated, Cbild Roland.
3 P 3
of, which approves him an intelligent party to the Kent. How do you, fir? Stand you not fo advantages of France. O heavens! that this trea
amaz'd : son were not, or not I the detector!
Will you lie down and reft upon the cushions? Corn. Go with me to the dutchess.
Lear. I'll see their trial first :
-Bring in the Edm. If the matter of this paper be certain, 5
evidence. you have mighty business in hand.
Thou robed man of justice, take thy place ; Corn. True, or false, it hath made thee earl off
(To Edgar. Gloster. Seek out where thy father is, that he And thou, his yoke-fellow of equity, (Tetbe fad. may be ready for our apprehension.
Bench by his side :-You are of the commiffion, Edm. [Afide.] If I find him comforting' the 10 Sit you too.
(T. Kad king, it will ituff his suspicion more fully:-) will Edg. Let us deal juftly. persevere in my course of loyalty, though the conflict be fore between that and my blood.
“ Sleepest, or wakest thou, jolly (hepherd? Corn. I will lay trust upon thee; and thou shalt
" Thy sheep be in the corn; find a dearer father in my love. [Excunt.151
« And for one blaft of thy minikin 4 mouth,
“ Thy sheep Mall take no harm."
Purre! the cat is grey.
Lear. Arraign her first; 'tis Goneril. I here Erter Glofter, Lear, Kent, Foil, and Edgar. 20 take my oath before this honourable assembly, the Gl. Here is better than the open air; take it| kick'd the poor king her father. thankfully: I will piece out the comfort with Fool. Come hither, mistress; Is your name Gowhat addition I can : I will not be long from you.
[ftools. Kent. All the power of his wits has given way25 Fool. Cry you mercy, I took you for a jointto his impatience :--The gods reward your kind- Lear. And here's another, whose warpt looks ness!
proclaim Edg. Frateretto calls me; and tells me, Nero What store her heart is made on. Stop her there! is an angler in the lake of darkness. Pray, inno- Arms, arms, sword, fire!-Corruption in the place! cent, and beware the foul fiend.
30 False justicer, why hast thou let her 'scape? Fool. Pr’ythee, nuncle, tell me, whether al Edg. Bless thy five wits! madman be a gentleman, or a yeoman?
Kent. O pity !--Sir, where is the patience now, Lcar. A king, a king!
That you so oft have boasted to retain? Focl. No; he's a yeoman, that has a gentle- Edg. My tears begin to take his part so much, man to a son: for he's a mad yeoman, that sees 35 They'll mar my counterfeiting.
[Afde his son a gentleman before him.
Lear. The little dogs and all, Lear. To have a thousand with red burning spits Tray, Blanch, and Sweet-heart, fee, they bark a Come hizzing in upon them :Edg. The foul fiend bites my back.
Edg. Tom will throw his head at them :Foil. He's mad, that trusts in the tameness of a 40 Ayaunt, you curs ! wolf, a horse's health, a boy's love, or a whore's Be thy mouth or black or white, oath.
Tooth that poisons if it bite; Lear. It shall be done, I will arraign them Mastiff, grey-hound, mungril grim, straight :
Hound, or spaniel, brache ?, or lym; Come, sit thou here, most learned justicer; 145
Or bobtail tikel, or trundlo-tail;
[To Edgar. Tom will make him weep and wail: Thou, fapient fir, Gt here. (To be Fool.]—Now, For, with throwing thus my head, you she foxes!
Dogs leap the hatch, and all are filed. Edg. Look, where he stands and glares ! Do de, de de. Sefly, come, march to wakes and Wantest thou eyes at trial, madam ? 50
fairs, 6 Come oʻer the bourn?, Befly, to me And market towns:-Poor Tom, thy horn is dry. Fool. 6 Her boat hath a leak,
Lear. Then let them anatomize Regan, see what 66 And she must not speak
breeds about her heart: Is there any cause in na" Why the dares not come over to thee." ture, that makes these hard hearts? - You, fir, I en. Edg. The foul fiend haunts poor Tom in the 55tertain you for one of my hundred; only, I do not voice of a nightingale. Hopdance cries in Tom's like the fashion of your garment: you will say, beily for two white herring?. Croak not, black they are Persian attire; but let them be chang'd. angel; I have no food for thee.
1 i. e. Jupporting, helping. 2 A bourn in the North signifies a rivulet or brook. Hence the names of many of our villages terminate in burn, as Milburn, Sherburn, &c. 3 Wbite berrings are pickled berrings. 4 Mwikin was anciently a term of endearment. 5 This is a proverbial expression. 6 To have obe roof of the mouth black is in some dogs a proof that their breed is genuine. 7 A racer is a dog that hunts by scent wild beasts, birds, and even fishes, and the female of it is called a bracke 8 A limoner or leamer, a dog of the chace, was so called from the leam or leath in which he was held will he was let Nip. 9 Tijd is the Runic word for a little, or worthless dog.
Kent. Now, good my lord, lie here, and refy when you are going, to a most feftinate preparaa while.
(curtains: tion; we are bound to the like. Our posts shall Lear. Make no noise, make no noise; draw the be swift, and intelligent betwixt us. Farewel, So, fo, fo: We'll go to supper i' the morning : dear fifter ;-farewel, my lord of Glofter. So, so, fo.
How now? Where's the king ?
Stew. My lord of Glotter hath convey'd him Glo. Come hither, friend: Where is the king
hence : my master?
(are gone. Some five or fix and thirty of his knights, Kent. Here, fir; but trouble him not, his wits 10 Hot questrists 2 after him, met him at gate;
Gls. Good friend, I pr’ythee take him in thy arms; Who, with some other of the lord's dependants, I-have o'erheard a plot of death upon him : Are gone with him towards Dover; where they There is a litter ready; lay him in't, (meet
boast And drive toward Dover, friend, where thou malt To have well-armed friends, Both welcome and protection. Take up thy 15 Corn. Get horses for your mistress. master;
Gon. Farewel, sweet lord, and fifter, If thou should'st dally half an hour, his life,
[Exeunt Goneril, and Edmund, With thine, and all that offer to defend him,
Corn. Edmund, farewel.. -Go, seek the trai. Stand in assured loss : Take up, take up;
tor Gloster, And follow me, that will to some provision 20 Pinion him like a thief, bring him before us :Give thee quick conduct.
Though well we may not pass upon his life Kent. Oppressed nature neeps :
Without the form of justice; yet our power This reft might yet have balm'd thy broken senses, Shall do a courtesy to our wrath, which men Which, if convenience will not allow,
May blame, but not controul. Who's there? Stand in hard cure.-Come, help to bear thy master;25
The traitor ? Thou must not stay behind.
Enter Glofter, brougbt in by fervants.
Reg. Ingrateful fox! 'tis he.
Glo. What mean your graces ? - Good my
You are my guests : do me no foul play, friends. Who alone suffers, suffers most i' the mind;
Corn. Bind him, I say.
[Tbey bind bim. Leaving free things', and happy shows behind: Reg. Hard, hard :-O filthy traitor! But then the mind much sufferance doth o'erskip, Glo. Unmerciful lady as you are, I am none. When grief hath mates, and bearing fellowship. 35 Corn. To this chair bind him :-Villain, thou How light and portable my pain seems now,
shalt find [Regan plucks bis beard. When that, which makes me bend, makes the Glo. By the kind gods, 'tis most ignobly done king bow;
To pluck me by the beard. He childed, as I father'd! Tom, away:
Reg. So white, and such a traitor! Mark the high noises; and thyself bewray, 40 Glo. Naughty lady, When false opinion, whose wrong thought defiles These hairs, which thou dost ravish from my chin, thee,
Will quicken, and accuse thee: I am your host; In thy just proof, repeals and reconciles thee. With robbers' hands, my hospitable favours 5 What will hap more to-night, safe 'scape the king ! You should not rufe thus. What will you do? Lurk, Lurk.
(Exit. 45 Corn. Come, fir, what letters had you latc
from France ? SCENE VII.
(truth. Reg. Be fimple-answer'd ø, for we know the Glofter's Castle.
Curn. And what confederacy have you with the Enter Cornwall, Regan, Goneril, Edmund, ond Ser
[king? Corn. Post speedily to my lord your huiband; Reg. To whose hands have you sent the lunatic thew him this letter :-the army of France is Speak. landed :-Seek out the traitor Glofter.
Glo. I have a letter guessingly set down,
[Exeunt servants. Which came from one that's of a neutral heart, Reg. Hang him instantly.
ss And not from one oppos’d. Gon. Pluck out his eyes.
Corn. Cunning. Corn. Leave him to my displeasure.-Edmund, Reg. And false. keep you our fifter company; the revenges we Corn. Where haft thou sent the king? are bound to take upon your traiterous father, are Glo. To Dover. not fit for your beholding. Advise the duke, 601 Reg. Wherefore to Dover?
'i. e. States clear from diftress. ? A queßrift is one who goes in search or quest of another. 3 TO do a courtesy is to gratify, to comply with. To pass, is to pass a judicial sentence. 4 i.e. dry, wither'd, husky arms. s Favours here means the saine as features, i. e. the different parts of which a face is composed. Simple means plain. 3 P A
Walt thou niot charg'd at peril.
Serv. O, I am Nain !-My lord, yet you have Corn. Wherefore to Dover? Let him first an
one eye left
[Dies. Glo. I'm tyd to the stake, and I must stand Corn. Left it see more, prevent it:-Out, vile Reg. Wherefore to Dover?
son Edmund ?
Thou call'it on him that hates thee: it was he
Reg. Go, thrust him out at gates, and let him smell Upon these eyes of thine I'll set my foot.
His way to Dover.-How is 't, my lord? How [Glister is beld down, wbile Cornwall treads 20
look you? cut one of his eyes.
Corn. I have receiv'da hurt :-Follow me, lady. Glo. He, that will think to live 'till he be old, Turn out that eyeless villain ;-throw this flave Give me some help :- LO cruel! O ye gods ! Upon the dunghill.-Regan, I bleed apace :
Reg. One side will mock another; the other too. Untimely comes this hurt: Give me your arm. Corn. If you see vengeance,
251 Exit Cornwall, led by Regan ;-Servants lead Serv. Hold your hand, my lord :
Glyfter out. I have serv'd you ever since I was a child;
if Serv. I'll never care what wickedness I do, But better service have I never done you,
If this man come to good. Than now to bid you hold.
2d Serv. If the live long, Reg. How now, you dog?
30 And, in the end, meet the old course of death, Serv. If you did wear a beard upon your chin, Women will all turn monsters.
[Bedlam I'd make it on this quarrel : What do you mean? If Serv. Let's follow the old earl, and get the
Corn. My villain 3! [Draws, and runs at bim:. To lead him where he would; his roguish madness Serv. Nay, then come on, and take the chance Allows itself to any thing. of anger.
[Fight; Corrwall is wounded. 35 2d Serv. Go thou; I'll fetch some fax, and Reg. [To ancıber servant.] Give me thy sword.
whites of eggs,
(him! A peasant Nand up thus !
To apply to his bleeding face. Now, heaven help (Comes bebind, and kills bim.
$ CE NE I.
The lamentable change is from the beft;
The worst returns to laughter. Welcome then,
Thou unsubstantial air, that I embrace!
The wretch, that thou hatt blown unto the worit, Edg. Y ET better tenus and known to be con- solowes nothing to thy blasts: -- But who comes here? Than still contemn'd and flatter'd. To be worst, My father, poorly led ?-world, world, O world! The lowest, and most dejected thing of fortune, But that thy ftrange mutations make us hate thee, Stands still in esperance, lives not in fear:
Life would not yield to age *. ?i.e. the running of the dogs upon me. ? i. e. yielded, submitted to the necessity of the occarion. 3 Villain is here perhaps used in its original sense of one in servitude. obscure passage is, 0 world! so much are human minds captivated with thy pleasures, that were it not for those successive miserics, each worse than the other, which overload the scenes of life, we hould never be willing to submit to death, though the infirmities of old age would teach us to chuse it as a proper afylum. Besides, by uninterrupted prosperity, which leaves the mind at ease, the body would generally preserve such a ftate of vigour as to bear up long against the decays of time. These are the two reasons, it is supposed, why he said, “ Life would not yield to age.” And how much the pleafures of the body pervert the mind's judgment, and the perturbations of the mind disorder the body's frame, is known to all.
4 The sense of this