Page images

Index to the Old Testament.

v. 2.


face, p. 7.

Gen. ix. 20. No genuine religion could ever possibly | Saul, his tragical end, with a sketch of his character; 1 Sam.

exist without sacrifice actually offered or implied, ibid. xxxi. The appearance of Samuel to this king after the
Sakar, -50, the same with the date or palm wine, according prophet's death shown to have been wholly independent
to Theodoret and Chrysostom, Isa. v. 11, xxiv. 9.

of the incantations of the witch of Endor, i Sam. xxvii.
Salam, sacredness of this word of salutation among the Arabs, 14.
Gen. xxxvii. 4; 1 Sam. X. 4.

Saul's malady, Dr. Scheuchzer's theory respecting, 1 Sam.
Salisbury, ancient city of, was not situated where the modern xvi. 14.

city of the same name now stands, Josh. xvi., in fine. Saurin's singular apostrophe to Louis XIV., when treating
Salonius, bishop of Vienna, account of this commentator, of the banishment of the Protestants from France by the
General Preface, p. 4.

revocation of the edict of Nantz, 2 Sam. ii. 5.
Salsaria, salsolo, or saltxort, an extensive genus of plants, Sauromates, from whom descended, according to Calmet,
Job xxx. 4.

Gen. x. 3.
Salt, an essential ingredient in all offerings, Jewish or pagan, Scale, Ainsworth's conjecture concerning the derivation of
Lev. ii. 13.

this word, Gen. xx. 16.
Salt, sowing a place with, a custom in different nations to Scape-goat, ceremonies concerning the, and its very expres-
express permanent desolation and abhorrence, Josh. ix. 45.

sive typical import, Lev. xvi.
Some examples produced, ibid.

Scaurus, (M.) valuation of his furniture which was burnt at
Salt Sca, where situated, Gen. xix. 45 ; Num. xxxiv. 3. Tusculum, Esth. iii. 9.
Salutation, various forms of, Gen. xxix. 6, xxxvii. 4, xliii. Sceptre, swearing by the, usual among the ancients, Num.
29, xlvii. 20; 1 Sam. x. 4.


. 8. Quotations from Homer and Virgil illustrative of
Samaria, slight sketch of its history, 1 Kings xvi. 24. Its the form of this oath, ibid.
modern appellation, Isa. xxviii. 1.

Sceptre of gold worn by the 'ancient princes of Persia, Esth.
Samaritan text, some account of the, General Preface, p.

Citation from Xenophon in illustration of this,

Samaritan version, character of the, General Preface, p. 20. Scheuchzer, (Dr. I. James) author of an elaborate work on
Samaritans, their present condition, according to Baron Syl- the natural history of the Bible, General Preface, p. 9.
vestre de Lacy, 2 Kings xvii. 27.

Sciences and arts, the late amazing and extraordinarily rapid
Samiel, a pestilential east wind, 1 Kings xx., in fine.

discoveries and improvements in every department of the,
Samson, why probably so named, Judg. xiii. 24. Sketch of shown to be not the effect of chance, but the result of a
his character, Judg. xvi., in fine.

most gracious providence of God in behalf of his intelligent
Samuel, derivation and import of the name, 1 Sam. i. 28. offspring, Exod. xxviii. 3.

Sketch of the character of this prophet, 1 Sam. xxv., in Schism in religion defined, Josh. xxii., in fine.

Schoettgenius, (Christian) author of Horæ Hebraicæ et Tal-
Samuel, books of, very uncertain by whom written, Preface mudicæ in Universum Novum Testamentum, General Pre-

to 1 Samuel. Calmet's conjecture concerning, ibid.
Several reasons advanced to show that the twenty-first Schultens, (Albert) a commentator on the book of Job, Gene-
chapter of the second book of Samuel, as it stands in the ral Preface, p. 7.
Hebrew, is in a state of great corruption, 2 Sam. xxi., in Scinocephalus, an animal peculiarly sacred to the ancient

Egyptians, 2 Kings xvii., in fine. Of what it was reputed
Sanctification, Scripture doctrine of, Exod. xii. 2.

hieroglyphical, and for what purpose kept in their temples,
Sanctuary, a part of the tabernacle, why so named, Exod. ibid.
Its typical import, ibid.

Scossers, manner in which they turned into ridicule the warn-
Sandal tree, some account of the, Num. xxiv. 6.

ings of God by his prophets, Isa. xxviii. 9.
Santeer, an Egyptian instrument of music, probably the Scorpion, a military weapon among the Romans, why so

same with the psaltery, Dan. 11. 5. Dr. Russel's description named, 1 Kings xii. 11.
of it, ibid.

Scotch woman, remarkable anecdote of a, Job xxxiv. 28.
Sapphire, description of this precious stone, Exod. xxiv. 10; Scott, (Rev. T.) author of a very useful commentary on the
Job xxviii. 16; Ezek. i. 26.

Scriptures, General Preface, p. 9.
Saracens, memorable defeat of the, by the Spaniards, Ezek. Scriptures, how divided by the Jews, Zech. vii. 7.
xxxix. 9.

Scythians, whence they had their origin, Gen. x. 2.-

Sarah, wife of Abraham, import of her name, Gen. xvii. 5. gog of Ezekiel, according to Houbigant, Ezek. xxxviii. 2.

In what this name possibly differs from Sarai, ibid. Seah, what this. Hebrew measure contained, according to
Sarbal, 5270, rendered hat, what its real import, Dan. Bishop Cumberland, Gen. xviii. 6.' See also Exod. xvi.

iii. 21.
Sarcasm, remarkable example of this figure of speech, Ezek. Sealing up transgression in a bag, what meant by this ex-
Xxxv. 6.

pression among the ancients, Job xiv. 17.
Sard, some account of this precious stone, Job xxviii. 16. Seals, for sealing clay, frequent in the East, Job xxxviii. 13,
Sardius, description of this precious stone, Exod. xxviii. Description of six of these seals in the author's possession,

Sardonyx, account of this precious stone, Job xxviij. 16. Seasons of the year, time of their commencement, according
Sarepta or Zarephath, its present condition according to to the Copts, Gen. vii. 22.
Maundrell, 1 Kings xvii. 9.

Sebaste, the ancient Samaria, Isa. xxviii. 1. Maundrell's
Saris, o no, import of this word, Gen. xxxviii. 36.

account of its situation, ibid.
Satan, 100, Eatavas, meaning of this word, 1 Kmgs v. 4, Secondary planets, revolutions, distances, magnitudes, &c.,

xi. 14'; Job i. 6,7. Not found in the plural number in the of the, Gen. i. 1.
originals of the Old and New Testaments, and the reason Sectarian marks of the ancients and moderns, some account
assigned, Job. i. 6. Observations on the permission given of the, Lev. xix. 28. More largely explained, Deut. xxxii.

to this great adversary to tempt man, Job xiii., in fine. 5 ; Isa. xliv. 5, xlvi. 16; Ezek. ix. 4.
Satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, and Herschel or the Georgium Sections of the law, table of the, as read in the different Jew-

Sidus, tables of their motions, distances, &c., Gen. i. 1. ish synagogues for every Sabbath of the year; in which
Radii of the orbits of these satellites in parts of the ecliptic, are incorporated the haphtaroth or sections of the prophets,
as seen from the earth, when their primaries are at their as they are appointed to be read in the synagogues of the
mean distances from, and in quartile aspect with, the sun, Portuguese and Italian, and the German and Dutch Jews,
Gen. i. 1. See Orbit.

Deut. xxxiv., in fine. To determine the order of the
Saturn, periodic and sidereal revolutions, semimajor axis of reading the pareshioth and haphtaroth for any given Jewish

orbit in English miles, mean perigeal and apogeal distances, year, the following tables, inserted at the end of the notes
diameter, proportional bulk, time of rotation, inclination of on Deuteronomy, have been carefully constructed :-). A
axis to orbit, mass, and mean hourly orbitical motion, of perpetual table, showing, through the course of thirteen
this primary planet, Gen. i. 1.

lunar cycles (which embrace every possible variation) the

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XXV. 8.



Index to the Old Testament.

11. 23.

day of the week with which the Jewish year begins and on Shaal, 34 D, unhappily rendered borrow, what its real signifi-
which the passover is held; as also the lengths of the cation, Exod. u. 22.
months Marchesvan and Cisleu. The radix of this table Shadow on the dial of Ahaz probably brought back by means
is the rabbinical year of the world 5568, corresponding of refraction, 2 Kings xxi., in fine. Reasons for this sup-
with A. D. 1807, 1808. II. A table containing the whole position, ibid.
variations in the reading of the pareshioth for every year Shadrach, import of this name, Dan. i. 7.
(embolisinic and common) of the Jewish cycle of 247 years. Shah ve Guddah, remarkable couplet in a Persian poem so
III. and IV. Tables to determine upon what day of the entitled, Psa. xxvi. 9.
week any Jewish month commences for any given year, | Shaking of the nations spoken of by Haggai, observations of
as also the day of the week upon which the Jews celebrate a correspondent relative to the, Hag. i., in fine.
their principal fasts and festivals. V. Table containing Shalashim, bnr30, inquiry into the import of this word,
the order of reading the pareshioth and haphtaroth for 2 Sam. xxiv. 13, 24.
xinety Jewish years, I. e., from A. M. 5572 to A. M. 5661, Shalom, a term frequent in Hebrew salutations, its import,
(both inclusive,) connected with the corresponding dates in Gen. xxix. 6, xxxvii. 4.
the Christian era according to the Gregorian or New Style. Shapher, the nineteenth station of the Israelites in the wil-
VI. Table containing the year of the Jewish lunar eycle, derness, Num. xxxi. 23.
the golden number, the first day of the Jewish passover, Sharp, (Dr.) archbishop of York, singular anecdote respecting,
Easter Sunday, and the commencement of each Jewish Job xxiv., in fine.
year, according to the Gregorian calendar, from A. D. Shaving the head, in stern countries, a token of a person
1812 to A. D. 1900 (both inclusive.)

having abandoned Christianity and turned Mohammedan,
Secutor, among the Romans, who, Job xix. 6 ; Mic. vii. 2. Deut. xxi. 12.
Sedulius Hybernicus, account of this commentator, General She-bear, remarkable instance of affection in a, 2 Sam. xvii.,
Preface, p. 4.

in fine. Observations on the destruction of forty-turo
Seed of the woman, an epithet applicable only to our blessed persons by two she-bears in the time of Elisha, 2 Kings

Lord, and why, Gen. iu. 15.
Seedtime at Aleppo, when it begins and terminates, Amos Shechem, one of the cities of refuge, import of the name,
ix. 13.

Josh. xx. 7.
Seer, what intended by this word, 1 Sam. ix. 9; Introduction Shechinah, what, Exod. xxv. 22.

to Isaiah. The words secr and prophet not altogether sy- Sheep at Aleppo, Dr. Russel's account of the, Lev. in. 9.
nonymous, 1 Sam. ix. 9.

Sheked, pw, why the amygdalus communis, or common
Seething a kid in its mother's milk, observations on this very almond tree, was so named by the Jews, Num. xvi. 8.
ancient heathen custom, Exod. xxiii. 19.

Shekel of the sanctuary, before the captivity, equal in weight
Segor, 4730, what it imports, Job xxviii. 16.

to three hundred and twenty grains of barley, Gen. xx. 16;
Selah, various conjectures respecting the meaning of this after the captivity, to three hundred and cighty-four grains,
word, Psa. 11. 2. Probably a nota bene, or note of atten-

ibid. Its value according to Prideaux, Gen. w. 15,
tion, Psa. n. 2, iv. 2, 4, vii. 5, ix. 16, &c.

Xxxvij. 28; Exod. xxv. 39, xxx. 13, xxxix. 24,
Sclavim, 732, rendered quails, observations of Harmer Shem, Dr. Halcs' account of the political condition of the

and others relative to the import of the original term, Exod. descendants of, Gen. ix. 20. Remarkable prophecy con-
xvi. 13.

cerning the Messiah, of whom Shem was appointed to be
Self-idolatry, instances of, from ancient authors, Hab. i. 16. the lineal ancestor, ibid.
Semiramis, account by Diodorus Siculus of the marches of Sheol, 32, what this word imports, Num. xvi. 30; Job vi
this monarch into Media and Persia, Isa. xl. 3.

10, xxiv. 19; Ezek. xxxii. 21 ; Hos. ii. 14.
Seneca, citation of a passage from the Octavia of, very similar Shephatim, bubn, its derivation and import, Lev. xvi. 15.
to a verse in the Psalms, Psa. lv. 7.

Shepherd, sentiment of a, as related by Virgil

, when enrap-
Senir, where this mountain is situated, Ezek. xxvii. 5. Its tured with the elegy which his associate had composed
Sidonian and Hebrew name, ibid.

on their departed friend, Hos. xiv. 5.
Sennacherib, king of Assyria, in what manner the destruction Shepherd, (Miss Mary Freeman) her observations on the

of his immense army was probably effected, 2 Kings xix. genealogy of Job, and the time in which he is thought to

have lived, Preface to Job.
Sennachies, among the ancient Celtic inhabitants, who, Num. Shepherds, an abomination among the ancient Egyptians, and
xxi. 27.

why, Gen. xlvi. 34.
Sepharad, various conjectures respecting the place intended Shepherds of the people, Toyleveç haov, a title given by the
by this name, Obad. 20.

ancient Greeks to sovereign princes, 2 Sam. V., in fine.
Sepharvites, probably the same with the Saspires of Hero- Sherah, daughter of Ephraim, why so named, according to the
dotus, 2 Kings xvii., in fine.

Targum, i Chron. vii. 24.
Scpher, 700, rendered book, meaning of the original word, Sheshbazzar, probably the Chaldean name of him who was
Gen. v. 1.

originally called Zerubbabel, Ezra i. 8. Corruption of the
Septuagint version, great importance of, to every minister of sacred text relative to the nuinber of sacred vessels of the

the word of God, General Preface, p. 13; Esth. X., in temple which were restored to Sheshbazzar, Ezra i. 11.
fine. When made, General Preface, p. 21 ; Psa. cii. 15; Shetum, end, falsely rendered in our English version, Num.
Isa. Ixvi., in fine.

xxiv. 15.
Sepulchres of the ancients, account of the, Isa. xxi. 16, Shewe-Irread, why probably so named. Exod. xxv. 30. Obser-
lui. 9.

vations concerning the shew-bread, Exod. xxv. 30.
Sepulture, forms of among the Hebrews, 1 Sam. xxxi. 12. Shiagal, howlings of the, by night most lamentable, Mic. i 8.
Serab, derivation and import of this Arabic word, Isa. Shibboleth, its import, and in what it differed in meaning and
XXXV. 7.

sound from Sibboleth, Judg. xii. 6.
Sesostris, in crecting temples all over Egypt, did not employ Shiblo, 4020, his rod, the og teth in this word written large
a single Egyptian in the work, 1 Kings ix. 21.

in the Masoretic Bibles, and the curious reason assigned for
supposed by some to have been the same with Shishak, this circumstance, Job ix. 34.

who was contomporary with Solomon, 1 Kings xi. 40. Shichor, why the Nile is so named by the Hebrews, Isa.
Seven, a number of perfection or completion among the He- xxii. 3.

brews, Exod. xxix. 30; Psa. cxix. 164; Zech. iv. 2. Shields of beaten gold, made by Solomon, calculation of
Seventy weeks of Daniel, Dean Prideaux's remarks on the, their value in British sterling, 1 Kings x. 17; 2 Chron. ii.,

Dan. ix. 24, &c. Collection of various readings in the in fine.
different MSS. of this very celebrated prophecy, Dan. ix., Shiggaion, 17770, import of this word, Psa. vii., in principio.
in fine.

Shiloh, derivation and import of this word, Gen. xlix. 8–10.
Serdigitism, examples of, in ancient and modern times, Demonstrated, when taken in connection with the context,

2 Sam. xxi. 20.' An instance of this sort known to the to be applicable to Jesus Christ alone, who is in a very
author, ibid.

peculiar sense the sent of God. Gen. xlix. 8–10.

This king

Index to the Old Testament.

Shinar, the ancienť name of Babylon, Dan. i. 2.

per attribute of Egypt, ibid. In shape somewhat like the
Ships of Tarshish, used metonymically for ships in general ancient lyre, ibid.

employed in carrying on traffic between distant countries, Sitting, common manner of, in Eastern countries, Isa. lii. 2.
Isa. ii. 13-16.

Account of the Asiatic mode of sitting in state, ibid.
Shittim wood, different opinions concerning the import of the Sitting on the ground, a token of sorrow among the ancients,
original term thus rendered, Exod. xxv. 5.

Gen. xxxii. 3; Job i. 20, ü. 13; Isa. ii 26.
Shiver, this word evidently derived from the Hebrew word Skins of the sacrifices appertained to the priests among both
20 shabar or shavar, Psa. li. 17.

Jews and Gentiles, Lev. vii. 8. The heathen priests lay
Shoeing of horses with iron plates nailed to the hoof, unknown upon them in their temples in hope to have future things

to the ancients, Isa. v. 28. Description of the horseshoes revealed to them in their dreams, ibid. This superstition
of leather and iron sometimes mentioned by ancient wri- prevails to the present day in the Highlands of Scotland,
ters, ibid.

Shocs, pulling off the, an emblem of laying aside the pollu- Slaves employed in the Brazils to search for particles of gold

tions contracted by walking in the way of sin, Exod. ii. 5. and diamonds; and by a law of the state, he who finds a
General agreement among Eastern nations to perform all diamond of a given number of carats obtains his liberty,
their acts of worship barefooted, ibid.

Prov. i. 4.
Shoes of matting, or rushes, always worn by the Egyptian Slave trade, remarks on this odious traffic, Lev. xxii. 10;
priests, Ezek. xliv. 17.

Hab. ii. 12.
Shomeron, the same with Samaria, 1 Kings xiii. 32, xvi. 2. Sleep of the soul, from the moment of the death of the body
Shopher, E70, a species of musical instrument, Psa. Ixxxi. 3. till the resurrection, a doctrine which cannot be legitimately
Shophetim, ondor', a degree of civil distinction among the deduced from the sacred oracles, Job xiv. 12.

Hebrews, Josh. xxiii. 2. See also the Presace to the book Sling, a very ancient warlike instrument, Judg. xx. 16, The
of Judges.

inhabitants of Majorca and Minorca the most famous
Shoshabin or Paranymph, see Paranymph.

slingers of antiquity, ibid. Observations respecting the
Shoshanim, We, import of this term, Psa. xlv., in prin- velocity of the ball projected from the sling, ibid. From
сурто. .

what distance, according to Vegetius, expert slingers could
Shoterim, bom, a degree of civil distinction among the in general hit the mark, ibid. Description of the sling that

Hebrews, Josh. xxuj2. . In what the Shoterim differed was in use among the Greeks and Hebrews, 1 Sam. xvii.
from the Shophetim, Deut. xvi. 18; Josh. i. 10.

40. Quotation from Diodorus Siculus to show the great
Shrub we krub, a beautiful rill of water that runs into a basin destructiveness of the missiles discharged by skilful hands

of Roman workmanship, Judg. v. 11. . Why so named, from the slings, 1 Sam. xvii. 49.

Slot or track of the hart, observations on the, Psa. xvii., in
Shual, 3970, rendered for, inquiry into the precise import fine.

of the original term, Judg. xv. 4. Dr. Kennicott's argu- Sloth, passage from the celebrated fable of, by Prodicus,
ments to show that Samson's destruction of the standing corn describing the transparent garments of the ancients, Isa.
of the Philistines was not effected by three hundred foxes iii. 23.
with one hundred and fisty firebrands, but by three hundred Sluggard, remarks on Solomon's very beautiful and instruc-
handfuls or shcaves of corn, and one hundred and fifty fire- tive parable of the, Prov. xxiv. 30, et seq.
brands, ibid. Reasons for rejecting the doctor's hypothesis, Smiting upon the thigh, a usual sign of deep affliction, Jer.

xxxi. 19. Two quotations from the Hiad in illustration of
Shuner, (Agnes) extraordinary longevity of this woman, Psa. this, ibid; Ezek. xxi. 12.
XC., in fine.

Smoom, sce Simoom.
Shushan-eduth, import of this term, Psa. lx., in principo. Snare or toils, account of the, among the ancients, Isa. xxiv.
Sibbah, 120, inquiry into the import of this term, 1 Kings 17, 18.
xii. 15.

Snor, general definition of, Job xxxvii. 6. Mode of its forma-
Sibyl, Cumean, Virgil's description of the seat of the, Isa. tion, ibid. Appearance of a fake of snow, as seen through
xlv. 17.

a magnifying glass, ibid. To what the whiteness and light-
Sidon, 4770, whence supposed to be derived, and its import, ness of snow are owing, ibid. The immediate cause of the
Prov.' xxxi. 24. The mother city of Tyre, Isa. xxi. 4. formation of snow not well understood, ibid.

Snow an
Sikera, Elkepa, the same with the date or palm wine, accord- especial blessing of Providence in northern countries, ibid.

ing to Theodoret and Chrysostom, Isa. v. 11. See Sakar. Snoo houses in use in the East, Prov. xxv. 13.
Silence, a species of reverence paid by the retinue, viziers, Snow water, supposed by the ancients to have a more deter-

foreign ambassadors, &c., of an Asiatic sovereign when he gent quality than common water, Job ix. 30.
goes to the mosquc on any of the great festivals, Hab. ii. Soap, what known at present by this name probably unknown

to the ancients, Mal. ii. 2.
Siloah, brook of, where situated, Isa. viii. 6, 7.

Sofas of the Asiatics, account of the, Isa. lii. 2.
Silver, account of the purification of, by the cupel. See Solar light, how much it exceeds that of the full moon, Gen.

i. 14. Dr. Herschel's very probable hypothesis that the
Silver cord, what to be understood by this phrase, Eccles. solar light, abstractedly considered, is not the cause of
xii. 6.

heat, but that heat is the result of the action of the rays of
Simcon, import of this name, Gen. xxix. 33. The tribe of light upon the atmosphere, Gen. i. 16.

Simeon generally believed among the Jews to have been Solar system, general view of the, Gen. i. I ; Psa. viii. 3.
schoolmasters to the other tribes, Gen. xlix. 7.

Solomon, son of David, the commencement of the reign of
Simoom or smoom, account of this very destructive Eastern this monarch inauspicious, 1 Kings ii. 1. His marriage of
wind, Gen. xli. 6; Deut. xxviii. 22.

Pharaoh's daughter shown to have been a direct violation
Simple, whence this word is derived, Prov. i. 4. Striking of the law of God, ibid. His decision of the case brought

contrast between its ancient and modern acceptation, ibid. before him by the two tavern-keepers à proof of his sound
Sin, import of this word, Judg. xx. 16; 1 Sam. xvii. 49; Job wisdom, penetration, and acquaintance with human nature,
Doctrine that there is no total deliverance from sin

1 Kings mi. 25. Great extent of Solomon's kingdom,
in this life stated and refuted, 1 Kings viii. 46.

1 Kings iv. 21. In what the great wisdom of Solomon
Sin, wilderness of, the seventh station of the Israelites in the consisted, 1 Kings iv. 29–33. Reasons advanced to show
wilderness, where situated, Num. xxxii. 11.

that this king was probably the writer of the book of Job,
Sinai, whence this name is probably derived, Exod. iij. I. Preface to Job. The Iliad of Homer supposed by some to
Sinai, wilderness of, the eleventh station of the Israelites in have been the work of Solomon, ibid. Solomon's dreadful

the wilderness, where probably situated, Num. xxxiii. 15. apostacy, 1 Kings xi. 1, &c. Sketch of his reign and
Sincére, derivation and import of the term, Gen. xvii. l; character, 1 Kings X1., in fine.
Phil. i. 10.

Solomon's throne, curious account of the, extracted from a
Sistrum of Egypt, description of the, Isa. xviii. 1. This Persian manuscript, 2 Chron. X., in fine.

musical instrument given in a medal of Adrian as the pro- Solon, law of, excluding natural children from the paternal

V. 24.

Index to the Old Testament.

inheritance, Gen. xxv. 6. His law respecting lost property, tem, Gen. i. 16. Dr. Herschel's very ingenious theory
Lev. vi. 3.

concerning the fixed stars, ibid. Nunber of stars that can
Somerhill, (Mrs.) remarkable longevity of this woman, Psa. be seen with the naked eye in both hemispheres, Deut. į
Xc., in fine.

10. Reflections upon the inconceivable multitude of stars
Son, among the Jews, was the title of a disciple or scholar, scattered throughout the vast immensity of space, Deut. I
Prov. i. 8.

Son of man, import of this phrase when applied to a created Stars in their courses fighting against Sisera, what probably

being, Ezek. i. 3; when applied to our Lord Jesus Christ, meant by this phrase, Judg. v. 20.

Στεφανοφοροι, why the priests and priestesses among the
Song of Deborah and Barak, Kennicott's and Hales' obser- ancient Greeks were so named, Exod. xxxix. 30.

vations on the, Judg. v., in fine. Their versions of it in Etepewna, the Septuagint translation of the Hebrew word
collateral columns, ind.

np rakia, shown not to contain the sense of the sacred
Song of Moses, celebrating the discomfiture of the Egyptian text, Gen. i. 6.

host, and the miraculous passage of the Israelites through Stibium or antimony, employed in Asiatic countries to the
the Red Sea, the earliest specimen of epic poetry extant, present day in staining the eyes, 2 Kings ix. 30; Isa. m.
Exod. xv. 1. Observations on the song which Moses com- 16; Jer. iv. 30. Waring's account of this custom among

posed a short time before his death, Deut. xxii., in fine. the Persians, 2 Kings ix. 30. The Romans used subium
Song of Solomon, various opinions respecting this composi- for the same purpose, according to Cyprian, ibid.

tion, Introduction to Solomon's Song. Harner's view of Stiff neck, Bruce's remarks on the ancient custom to which
the design of the Canticles, ibid. Considered by some as the original thus rendered is supposed to have an allusion,
a regular draina, ibid. Dr. Mason Good considered the Psa. lxxv. 5.
Canticles as a collection of sacred idyls, twelve in number, Etymara of the ancients, what, Lev. xix. 23.
ibid. Scheme of the idyls, according to this celebrated Stile, construction of the, with which the ancients wrote on
critic, ibid. See Canticles.

boards thinly spread over with wax, 2 Kings xi. 13.
Songs, sacred and profane, in great repute from very remote Stomachs of the or, description of the, and their particular

antiquity, Exod. xv. 1; Deut. xxxi. 19. The record of uses, Lev. xi. 3.
things of great importance, and of common concern, Stone which Jacob set up for a pillar, foolish tradition con-
whether in verse or prose, generally sung by the ancients, cering, Gen. xxvm. 18. Stone by which a Jewish
Deut. xxxi. 19.

criminal was stoned to death, why buried with him in the
Sophocles, passage in the Antigone of, very similar to one in same grave, Isa. xv. 19.
the book of Psalıns, Psa. cxxi. 4.

Stones which Joshua set up as a memorial of the passage of
Sophonites, a people mentioned by Ptolemy, whence they pro- the Israelites through the Jordan, Dr. Kennicott's remarks
bably had their name, Deut. i. 1.

concerning the, Josh iv. 9.
Sophronia, anecdote concerning, as given by Tasso in the Sloning, Dr. Lightfoot's observations on the punishment of,
Gerusalemme Liberata, Josh. ii., in fine.

among the Jews, Zech. xi. 3.
Sorek, valley of, where situated, Isa. v. 2. The vine of Sorek Etwavpa, why the few persons who are said to have survived
known to the Israelites, ibid.

the deluge of Deucalion are so named, 2 Sam. xiv. 7.
Soul, doctrine of the materiality of the, has no place in the Stories in the heavens, observations on this remarkable ex-
sacred records, Job xiv. 12.

pression, Amos ix. 6.
Sound, how produced, Job xxxvii. 4. Its rate of travelling, Storm, Virgil's description of the, that dispersed the fleet of
ibid., xxxvii. 26.

Æneas, Psa. cvii. 26, et in fine.
Sovereigns of Persia, their affectation of the highest degrees Strabo, or Walfridus Strabus, account of this commentator,

of majesty, and even of Divine honours, Esth. iv. 11. General Preface, p. 4.
Sparks, criticisms on the Hebrew words thus rendered, Job Straw, various conjectures concerning the use of, in making
v. 7.

brick, Exod. v. 7.
Spears in very ancient times used by kings instead of dia- Street, derivation of the word, Job xxi. 11. Some account

dems, and consecrated to the gods, 1 Sam. xviii. 11, xxvi. of the four grand Roman or British streets or roads wioch

intersected this kingdom, ibid.
Speech of ghosts, probable origin of the popular notion that Stripping a man of his goun, the form of degradation from

this was a weak, stridulous, almost inarticulate sort of sound, ecclesiastical offices among Roman Catholics and others,
Isa. xxix. 4.

Num. xx. 26.
Spinal marrow, or medulla oblongata, the silver cord of Substantive verb, a very frequent acceptation of the in the
Scripture, Eccles. xii. 6.

Hebrew, Chaldee, and Chaldæo-Syriac languages, Gen. xl.
Spirit, existence of an immaterial and immortal, in man, 12.
demonstrated, 1 Kings xvii. 22.

Succoth, whence this place was probably so wamed, Exod. ru.
Spirits, remarks on the evocation of, 1 Sam. xxviii. 11, et in 37; Num. xxxii. 5; Josh. xm. 27. The first station of

the children of Israel after their departure from Egypt,
Spitting in any one's presence, a high offence among the Num. xxxvi. 5.
Medes and Persians, Isa. I. 6.

Succoth-benoth, an object of idolatry among the Babylonians,
Spitting upon the ground, in speaking of any one's actions, 2 Kings xvii. 30, et in fine. Conjectures respectmg the
an expression throughout the East of the utmost detesta- meaning of the name, ibid. Very probably the same with
tion, ibid.

the Melitta of Herodotus, ibid.
Spoils won in battles, customary among most people to dedi- Sufsetes, the chicf magistrates of the Carthaginians were so
cate a portion of these to the divinities to whom their suc- called, and why, Amos ii. 3.
cesses have been attributed, i Chron. xxvi. 27.

Sukkiims, the same with the Troglodytes, 2 Chron. xi. 3.
Sponde, tovon, why this Greek word means both a covenant Sulphur, uses of, natural and superstitious, according to Pliny,
and a libation, Isa. xxx. 1.

Ovid, and Servius, Job xvii. 15.
Stacte, account of this gum, Exod. xxx. 34.

Sultan, conjecture respecting the origin of this word, Gen
Stag, incredible longevity attributed to some of these animals, xlii. 6.

Job. xxxix. 1. Remarkable inscription on a collar which Summer parlour of Ehud, observations concerning the, Judg.
was upon the neck of one taken by Charles VI. in the forest

ii. 20.
of Senlis, ibid.

Sun, its amazing magnitude, telescopic appearance, &c.,
Standing before the Lord, meaning of this phrase, Josh. xx. 9. Gen. i. 16; Psa. viii. 3. An object of idolatrous worship
Star, the supposition that Balaam's prophecy of a star to arise among heathen nations, Exod. xii., in fine ; Judg. vii. 21.

out of Jacob has a reference to the supernatural meteor Form used by the Egyptian priests in addressing the sun
which guided the magi to the place of our Lord's nativity, on behalf of a deceased person, that he might be admitted
highly improbable, Num. xxiv. 19.

into the society of the gods, according to Porphyry, ihd.
Slars, (fixed) with very great probability supposed to be suns, Standing still of the sun and moon at the command of
similar to that which occupies the lower focus of our sys- Joshua explained agreeably to the Newtonian system of the
Index to the Old Testament.

universe, Josh. x. 11. Perigeal and apogeal distances, rela- hundred which Solomon put in the house of the forest of
tive volume, time of rotation, and mass or attractive power, Lebanon, 2 Chron. X., in fine.
of this great luminary of day, Gen. i. 1.

Targum on the two books of Chronicles, attributed to R. Jo-
Sundials, general observations on the invention and con- seph the Blind, account of the, General Preface, p. %;
struction of, 2 Kings xx., in fine.

Preface to the two books of Chronicles.
Supernatural directions and assistances, so frequent in ancient Targum, or Chaldee paraphrase on Solomon's Song, given

times, why not communicated now, 2 Sam. v., in fine. at full length, Song of Solomon, in fine.
Suphah, 150, a Hebrew word in which sonse and sound are Targum ascribed to Jonathan ben Uzziel, account of the,
well expressed, Prov. i. 27.

General Preface, p. 2.
Supper, why named cæna by the Romans, according to Plu- Targum Yerushlemey, account of the, General Preface, p. 1.
tarch, Job xxxi. 17.

Tarrentes, Vinisauf's account of, Exod. viii. 16.
Susa or Shuster, the Shushan of Scripture, Neh. i. 1; Esth. | Tarshish, the place to which Jonah attempted to flee, various
i. 2.

conjectures where situated, Jonah i. 3.

Dr. Jubb's reason
Suvarrow, character of this late Russian general, 1 Kings ii. for thinking that to go to Tarshish and to Ophir is one and

the same thing, Isa. ii. 13-16.
Swearing, remarks upon the form of, by putting the hand Tartak, an object of idolatrous worship among the Avites,
under the thigh, Gen. xxiv. 9.

2 Kings xvii., in fine. Whence the name is probably derived,
Sword by which a Jewish criminal was beheaded, why buried according to Parkhurst, ibid. What the emblem of this
with him in the same grave, Isa. xv. 19.

idol, according to the Jews, ibid.
Sword and arrow, metaphorically applied to powerful speech, Tartan, the name of an office, and not a person, according to
Isa. xlix. 2.

Calmet, 2 Kings xviu. 17.
Sycamore, whence the name is derived, 1 Kings x. 27. The Tartars or Tatars, their origin, Gen. x. 2.

ancient Egyptians made their coffins of the wood of this Tartarus or hell, opinion of the ancients respecting, Job
tree, Psa. Ixxviii. 47. Bargues constructed by the modern xxvi. 6.
Egyptians of sycamore wood, ibid.

Tatian, author of a Harmony of the Four Gospels, General
Syrene, where situated, Ezek. xxix. 10. Its modern name, Preface, p. 3.
ibid. Famous for a well into which the rays of the sun fell Tatnui's letter to Darius, remarks on, Ezra v., in fine.
perpendicularly at midday, ibid.

Tau, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, why probably so
Symbols of Scripture, explanation of the, Introduction to named, Psa. lxxvii. 41. Its form on the ancient Samaritan

coins still extant, Ezek. ix. 4.
Symmachus, a translator of the Hebrew Scriptures into Taylor, (Dr.) remarkable reply of, to his persecutors, Job
Greek, some account of, General Preface, p. 21.

xix. 22.
Symphonia, Evjowveld, what, Dan. ii. 5.

Tebeth, ban, rendered ark, what it properly signifies, Gen.
Synagogues, or places for religious worship among the Jews, vi. 14.
shown to have been in existence long before the Babylonish Teeth, description of the, Eccles. xii. 4. Names and uses
captivity, Psa. lxxiv. 8.

of the three kinds of, in the human subject, ibid.
Syracuse, account of the temporary preservation of this city Tehaphnches, Tahpanhos, or Tahapanes, the same with the
by Archimedes, Eccles. ix. 14.

Pelusian Daphne, Ezek. xxx. 18. See Tahapanes.
Syriac version of the Old Testament, some account of the, Telesm, corruptly called talisman, whence derived, and what
General Preface, p. 21.

it signifies, Num. xxxiii. 41; 1 Sam. vi., in finc. Descrip-

tion and reported virtues of several telesms, 1 Sam. vi., in

Tabernacle, description of the, Exod. xxvi. 1-37. Calcula- Temple, Dr. Delaney's remarks on the Divine original of the

tion of the total value and weight of all the gold, silver, architecture of the, 1 Chron. xxviii. 18. Reflections on
and brass, contributed by the Israelites for the service of the the spoliation of the temple by Titus, Exod. xxv. 31.
tabernacle, Exod. xxxviii. 24.

Temple of Solomon, dimensions of the, in English measure,
Tabernacles, feast of, how celebrated, Exod. xxiii. 14.

1 Kings vi. 2. Reason why neither hammer, axé, nor any
Tabor, Maundrell's description of this mount, and of the tool of iron, was suffered to be heard in the temple during
beautiful prospect from its summit, Judg. iv. 6.

the time of its building, 1 Kings vi. 7. Its description and
Tadmor in the wilderness, universally allowed to be the same history, according to Calmet and Josephus, 1 Kings vi., in
with the celebrated Palmyra, 1 Kings ix. 18.

Taghairm, Sir Walter Scott's account of this Highland super- Temple of Diana at Ephesus, some account of this celebra-
stition, Isa. Ixv. 8.

ted edifice, 1 Kinga vi, in fine.
Tahapanes or Tahpanhes, a city of Egypt, the same with Tent, portable, a necessary part of a traveller's baggage in

Daphne, Jer. ii. 16, xliii. 7. According to Jerome, the countries subject to violent tempests, Isa. iv. 6.

place where Jeremiah was stoned to death, Jer. xli. 7. Tents, feast of, a pagan festival of antiquity, in imitation of
Tahath, the twenty-second station of the Israelites in the wil- the Jewish feast of tabernacles, Lev. xxiii. 34.
derness, Num. xxxii. 26.

Teraphim, various opinions concerning the, Gen. xxxi. 19;
Taisnier, author of a famous work on chiromancy, Job 1 Sam. xviii. 13; Isa. ii. 8.
Xxxvii. 7.

Terebinth tree, the 1738, ellah of Isaiah, according to Celsius,
Tale, its derivation and import, Exod. v. 8.

Isa. i. 29, 30.
Talent of gold among the Hebrews, what was its value, Exod. Terminus, see Landmark.

xxxviii. 24. Valuation of the Babylonish talent of gold Terror or formido, description of the, used by the ancients
and silver, ibid. Calculation of the value, in British stand- in hunting, Isa. xxiv. 17, 18.
ard, of the 120 talents of gold which the queen of Sheba Tertullian, quotation of a remarkable passage from, to show
gave to King Solomon, 2 Chron. X., in fine. Valuation of the that the heathens borrowed many of their religious rites
sir hundred and sixty-six talents of gold that came to So- from the Hebrews, Exod. xxvii., in fine. Quotation from

lomon in one year, 1 Kings x. 14; 2 Chron. ix., in fine. a work against the heretic Marcion, attributed to Tertullian,
Talmud of Babylon, account of the, General Preface, p. 2. respecting Gideon's three hundred men who were victori-
Talmud of Jerusalem, account of the, General Preface, ous over the Midianites, Judg. vii. 20.
p. 2.

Thammuz or Tammuz, probably the same with Adonis,
Tambellit, Sir John Chardin's account of the, Gen. xlii. 25. Ezek. viii. 3. Meaning of the name, Ezek. viii. 14.
Tammuz, see Thammuz.

Tharasah, an eminent Arabic poet, Psa. Ix., in principio.
Tancred, banner of, what, Psa. lx., in fine.

T"heb, anecdote of a prince who was required to pronounce
Tanneenim, dan, translated whales, inquiry into the import this word, Judg. xii. 6.
of this word, Gen. i. 21.

Thebais, mountains of the desert of, described, Deut. xxxii. 10.
Tarah, the twenty-third station of the Israelites in the wilder- Thebes, city of, the No of Jeremiah, see chap. xlvi. 25.
ness, Num. xxxii. 27.

Whence the fable respecting the manner of its being built
Targets of beaten gold, calculation of the value of the two probably originated, 2 Chron. xxxiv.


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