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covered with a thin russet ; sometimes when highly ripened it is tinged with a very pale brown on the sunny side. Flesh very firm, crisp, of a pale green colour. Juice not plentiful, but it is very rich and highly flavoured.

A very neat dessert apple from November till April.

This excellent little sort is supposed to have originated at Oxnead, near Norwich, the seat of the Earl of Yarmouth. It has been known for many years in Norfolk, no doubt prior to the extinction of that peerage in 1733, and I have never seen it out of the county. The tree is a very small grower; its branches are small and wiry, and of a grass-green colour : it is very hardy, and an excellent bearer'.

153. PETIT JEAN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 525. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.781.

Fruit small, oval, slightly flattened at both ends. Eye very small, placed in a confined basin. Stalk very short, deeply inserted. Skin, where shaded, of a pale yellow, but the whole nearly covered with brilliant red, which, in less exposed parts, is broken into stripes, through which the ground colour is seen. Flesh very white, extremely tender, with an agreeable juice.

A dessert apple from November till April.

This is a very handsome little apple, native of Jersey, which keeps well to the end of the season, and is extensively cultivated in that island. Specimens of the fruit were sent to the Horticultural Society in 1820.

154. PINNER SEEDLING. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p. 530.

Carrel's Seedling. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 791.

Fruit middle sized, slightly angular on the sides. Eye close, very little depressed. Stalk short, in a confined but deep cavity. Skin bright yellow, nearly

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covered with clear yellow russet. Flesh inclining to yellow, crisp, and tender. Juice brisk and saccharine.

An excellent dessert apple from November till the end of May.

Raised by James Carrel, Nurseryman, at Pinner, Middlesex, in 1810. It produced its first fruit in 1818, and was first exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1820.

155. Ribston PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 946. Pom. Mag. t. 141.

Formosa Pippin. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 322.

Traver's Apple. 16. Vol. iii. p. 324., according to the Pom. Mag.

Glory of York. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 946.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat irregularly formed, with a few broad, obtuse, indistinct angles on its sides, and generally more broad than long; about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, placed in an irregularly angular basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, inserted in a rather narrow, funnel-shaped cavity, seldom protruding beyond the base. Skin pale yellow, russetty in the crown and round the stalk, and mottled thinly with dull red on the sunny side. Flesh pale yellow, firm, crisp. Juice saccharine, with a pungent, rich, and delicious aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from October till April, but it is generally in its greatest perfection when it has been gathered a month or six weeks.

The Ribston Pippin may be truly said to be one of the best, and certainly is one of the most popular dessert apples of the present day, as well known as the Golden Pippin and the Nonpareil ; and a greater number of trees of it are sold by nurserymen throughout England, than of both those sorts put together. It was raised, according to traditionary accounts, from some

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pips which were brought from Rouen, about the year 1688, and sown in the garden at Ribston Hall, near Knaresborough, in the county of York. A tree from these was planted out in the park, which grew to a very large size, and formed the subject of the present article.

I visited it in 1789, and found it in a very healthy state : it was, however, in a violent gale, in 1810, thrown down; and, five years afterwards, still continued to bear fruit, although lying on the ground.

It has been doubted by some, whether the tree at Ribston Hall was an original from the seed. The fact of its not being a grafted tree, has been satisfactorily ascertained by Sir Henry Goodricke; the present proprietor, by causing suckers from its root to be planted out, which have set the matter at rest, that it was not a grafted tree. One of these suckers has produced fruit in the Horticultural Garden at Chiswick.

156. ROYAL PEARMAIN. Rea's Flora, 1665, No. 16.

Herefordshire Pearmain. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 757.
Parmain Royal. Knoop. Pom. p. 71. t. 12.
Parmain Royal de longue dureé. Ib. p. 131.
Parmain double. Ib.
Engelsche Konings of King's Pepping. Ib.

Fruit above the middle size, oblong, and somewhat conical, about two inches and a half deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter, slightly angular on its sides. Eye rather small, open, with a reflexed calyx, seated in a narrow, shallow, russetty basin, scarcely marked by plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted, protruding just beyond the base. Skin dull, pale yellowish green, interspersed with grey russetty specks, especially on the sunny side, where it is tinged with a soft brown, and marked with a few narrow broken stripes. Flesh pale greenish yellow, tender, crisp.

Juice saccharine, and of a very pleasant aromatic richness.

A dessert apple from November till February or March.

This very excellent apple is of many years' standing in this country, although far from being common in the nurseries, another apple having unjustly usurped its name.

157. Royal REINETTE. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 529.

Fruit rather small, a little more conical than the Golden Reinette. Eye large and open, in an even and small basin. Stalk very short, with the flesh growing pretty closely round it. Skin delicate yellow, sprinkled with a few dark spots; on the sunny side stained and striped with delicate but brilliant red, and covered with numerous grey spots; the whole surface highly polished and shining. Flesh pale yellow. Juice of excellent flavour.

A dessert apple from November till April and May.

This very beautiful apple is cultivated in the western parts of Sussex; fruit from the Earl of Egremont's, at Petworth, was exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1820.

158. Stone PiPPIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 69.

White Stone Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1071.
White Pippin, of Norfolk.

Fruit middle-sized, of an oblong figure, tapering to the crown, where it is narrow, somewhat angular on its sides. Eye small, hollow, surrounded by slight obtuse, bold plaits. Stalk slender, not protruded beyond the base. Skin very smooth, pale green, becoming yellow when kept a few weeks. Flesh very firm and dense. Juice not plentiful, sharp, slightly acid, becoming sweet when mature, with a little perfume.

A dessert and culinary apple from November till July or August.

This is a valuable Norfolk apple, known in the Norwich market by the name of White Pippin. The fruit, when peeled, sliced, and boiled in sugar, becomes transparent, affording for many months a most delicious sweetmeat for tarts. The tree grows to a large size, is very hardy, and in all seasons an abundant bearer. It is highly deserving of an extended cultivation.

158*. TARVEY Codlin. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii.

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The skin is a dull olive green, with an imperfect mixture of yellow; on the exposed side it is yellowish red, much spotted with broken rows of large blood-red dots. The flesh is white and juicy, with the taste of an English Codlin.

A very good apple, in its season, in Ross-shire, in November and December:

This was raised from a seed of the Manx Codlin, by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, in his garden at Coul, near Dingwall, an account of which is given by him, in a paper in the Horticultural Transactions, dated March 12, 1827.

159. WHITE SPANISH REINETTE. Pom. Mag. t. 110.

Reinette Blanche d'Espagne. Mayer's Pomona. According to the Pom. Mag.

D’Espagne,
De Ratteau, of foreign Gardens.
Concombre Ancien, J.
Fall Pippin,

of the English and AmeCobbett's Fall Pippin, } ricans, according to the Large Fall Pippin, Pom. Mag.

Fruit very large, roundish oblong, about three inches and three quarters deep, and three inches and a half in diameter, irregular in its outline, with broad irregular

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