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1 Lord. You fee, my lord, how ample you are belov'd.
Mufick. Re-enter Cupid, with a mafque of Ladies as Amazons, with lutes in their hands, dancing and playing.
Apem. Heyday! what a fweep of vanity comes
They dance! they are mad women.
Tim. The little casket bring me hither.
Vouchfafe me a word; it does concern you near.
Tim. Near? why then another time I'll hear I pr'ythee, let us be provided
30 To fhew them entertainment.
Flav. [Afide.] I fcarce know how.
Enter another Servant.
2 Serv. May it please your honour, lord Lucius Out of his free love, hath prefented to you
35 Four milk-white horses, trapt in silver.
As this pomp fhews to a little oil, and root.
Set a fair fashion on our entertainment,
Tim. I shall accept them fairly: let the presents Be worthily entertain'd.-How now? what news? Enter a third Servant.
3 Serv. Please you, my lord, that honourable gentleman, lord Lucullus, entreats your company to-morrow to hunt with him; and has fent your honour two brace of greyhounds.
Tim. I'll hunt with him; And let them be re-
Nor will he know his purfe; or yield me this,
The meaning is, according to Dr. Johníon, "The glory of this life is very near to madness, as may be made appear from this pomp, exhibited in a place where a philofopher is feeding on oil and roots. we fee by example how few are the neceffaries of life, we learn what madnefs there is in fo much fu perfluity." 2 i. e. you have feen the best we can do. 3 The poet does not mean here, that he would be cross'd in humour, but that he would have his hand cross'd with money, if he could. He is playing on the word, and alluding to our old filver penny, ufed before K. Edward the Firft's time, which had a crofs on the reverfe with a creafe, that it might be more eafily broke into halves and quar ters, half-pence and farthings. From this penny, and other pieces, was our common expreffion derived, not a piece of money. 4 To fee the miferies that are following her. 6 i. e. to prefer it; to raife it to honour by wearing it.
I have not a cross about me; i. e. > i. e. for his nobleness of foul.
2 Lord. With more than common thanks I will 10 Serving of becks 2, and jutting out of bums! receive it.
3 Lord. O, he is the very foul of bounty! Tim. And now I remember, my lord, you gave Good words the other day of a bay courfer I rode on it is yours, because you lik'd it. 2 Lord. O, I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, In that.
Tim. You may take my word, my lord; I know,
Can juftly praise, but what he does affect:
All Lords. O, none fo welcome.
Tim. I take all and your several vifitations
Thou art a foldier, therefore feldom rich,
It comes in charity to thee: for all thy living
Alc. In defiled land, my lord.
I doubt, whether their legs 3 be worth the fums
Apem. No, I'll nothing: for,
If I thould be brib'd too, there would be none left To rail upon thee; and then thou would'st fin the faster.
Thou giv'ft fo long, Timon, I fear me, thou
Wilt give away thyself in paper shortly:
What need thefe feafts, pomps, and vain-glories?
Enter a Senator.
ND late, five thousand to Varro; and
He owes nine thoufand;-befides my former fum,
140 Can found his state in safety 3.-Caphis, ho! Caphis, I fay!
Importune him for my monies; be not ceas'd
Out of mine own; his days and times are past,
4 i.e. be
i. c. all good wishes, or all happiness to you. 2 To ferve a beck, according to Johnson, is to offer a falutation: Mr. Steevens believes it in this place to mean, to pay a courtly obedience to a nod. 3 Our author plays upon the word leg, as it fignifies a limb and a bow or act of obeisance. ruined by his fecurities entered into. 5 i. e. the pleasure of being flattered. my horfe to Timon, it immediately foals, and not only produces more, but able horses. author here alludes to that fernness which was in his days the general characteristic of a porter. Reafon cannot find his fortune to have any fafe or folid foundation. 9 i. e. stopp'd.
6 i. e. If I give 7 Our
8 i. e.
I do befeech you, good my lords, keep on;
How goes the world, that I am thus encounter'd
Flav. Please you, gentlemen,
The time is unagreeable to this business:
Tim. Do fo, my friends: See them well enter-
[Exit Timon. [Exit Flavius.
Enter Apemantus, and a Fool.
Enter Caphis, with the fervants of Ifidore and Varro. 25 Caph. Stay, ftay, here comes
Fye, fye, fye, fye!
Caph. Good even4, Varro: What,
You come for money?
Enter Timon, Alcibiades, &c.
Let's have some sport with 'em.
the fool with
Ifid. [To Var.] There's the fool hangs on your back already.
Tim. So foon as dinner's done, we'll forth again, My Alcibiades. With me? What is your will? [They prefent their bills.
Caph. My lord, here is a note of certain dues.
Caph. Please it your lordship, he hath put me off
To call upon his own; and humbly prays you,
Tim. Mine honeft friend,
I pr'ythee, but repair to me next morning.
Tim. Contain thyfelf, good friend.
Var. One Varro's fervant, my good lord,-
He humbly prays your speedy payment,
Apem. No, thou stand'st single, thou art not on him yet.
Caph. Where's the fool now?
Apem. He last afk'd the question. Poor rogues,
A gull is a bird as remarkable for the poverty of its feathers, as a phoenix is fuppofed to be for the richness of its plumage. 2 Which is here ufed for who, and refers to Timon. 3 Warburton fupplies the fenfe of this paffage thus: Never mind was [made] to be fo unavife, [in order] to be fo kind. i. e. Nature, in order to make a profufe mind, never before endowed any man with fo large a fhare of folly. 4 Gord even, or, as it is fometimes lefs accurately written, Good den, was the ufual falutation from non, the moment that Good morrow became improper. 5 The old name for a certain difeafe was the brenning, and a sense of fealding is one of its first fymptoms. bawdy-houfe, probably from the diffolutenefs of that ancient Greek city.
• A cant name for a
Page. Thou waft whelp'd a dog; and thou 15 fhalt famish, a dog's death. Answer not, I am
Flav. You would not hear me,
Perchance, fome fingle vantages you took
Flav. O my good lord!
At many times I brought in my accounts,
25 And your great flow of debts. My dear-lov'd lord,
Fool. I think, no ufurer but has a fool to his fervant: My mistress is one, and I am her fool. When men come to borrow of your mafters, they 30 approach fadly, and go away merry; but they enter my master's house merrily, and go away fadly: The reason of this?
Var. I could render one.
Apem. Do it then, that we may account thee a 35 whore-mafter, and a knave; which notwithstanding, thou shalt be no lefs efteemed.
Var. What is a whore-mafter, fool?
Fool. A fool in good clothes, and fomething like thee. 'Tis a fpirit: fometime, it appears like 40 a lord; fometime, like a lawyer; fometime, like a philofopher, with two ftones more than's artificial one: He is very often like a knight; and, generally, in all shapes, that man goes up and down in, from fourfcore to thirteen, this fpirit 45 walks in.
Var. Thou art not altogether a fool.
Fool. Nor thou altogether a wife man; as much foolery as I have, fo much wit thou lack'st. Apem. That answer might have become Ape-150
All. Afide, afide; here comes lord Timon.
Fool. I do not always follow lover, elder bro-155 ther, and woman; fometime, the philofopher.
Tim. Let all my land be fold.
Flav. 'Tis all engag'd, fome forfeited and gone;
Tim. To Lacedæmon did my land extend.
Tim. You tell me true.
Flav. If you fufpect my husbandry, or falfhood,
Tim. Pr'ythee, no more.
Great Timon's, noble, worthy, royal Timon's?
offices of a houfe. It appears, that 4 A wasteful cock is what we now
Meaning the celebrated philofopher's ftone, which was in thofe times much talked of. meaning is, As the world itfelf may be comprised in a word, you might give it away in a breath. 3 Feeders are fervants, whofe low debaucheries are practifed in the what we now call offices, were anciently called boufes of office. call a waste pipe; a pipe which is continually running, and thereby prevents the overflow of cifterns and other refervoirs, by carrying off their fuperfluous water. This circumftance ferved to keep the idea of Timon's unceafing prodigality in the mind of the fteward, while its remotenefs from the fcenes of luxury within the houfe, was favourable to meditation.
And try the argument of hearts by borrowing, Men, and men's fortunes, could I frankly use, As I can bid thee speak.
Flav. Affurance blefs your thoughts!
Tim. And, in fome fort, thefe wants of mine are crown'd,
That I account them bleffings; for by these
Enter Flaminius, Servilius, and other Servants. Serv. My lord, my lord,
Tim. I will difpatch you feverally,-You, to lord Lucius,
To lord Lucullus you; I hunted with his
Flam. As you have faid, my lord.
Flav. Lord Lucius, and Lucullus? hum!Tim. Go you, fir, to the fenators, [To Flavius. (Of whom, even to the state's beft health, I have Deferv'd this hearing) bid 'em send o' the inftant A thousand talents to me.
Flav. I have been bold,
(For that I knew it the most general 2 way) To them to ufe your fignet, and your name;
But they do fhake their heads, and I am here
Tim. Is't true? can't be?
Flav. They answer, in a joint and corporate voice, That now they are at fall, want treafure, cannot Do what they would; are forry-you are honourable,
But yet they could have wish'd-they know notSomething hath been amifs-a noble nature 10 May catch a wrench-would all were well-'tis pity
And fo, intending 3 other serious matters, After diftafteful looks, and thefe hard fractions 4, With certain half-caps 5, and cold-moving nods, 15 They froze me into filence.
Tim. You gods reward them!—
I pr'ythee, man, look cheerly: Thefe old fellows Have their ingratitude in them hereditary : Their blood is cak'd, 'tis cold, it feldom flows; 20 'Tis lack of kindly warmth, they are not kind; And nature, as it grows again toward earth, Is fashion'd for the journey, dull, and heavy.Go to Ventidius,-Pr'ythee, be not fad, Thou art true, and honeft; ingenuously I speak, 25 No blame belongs to thee :-Ventidius lately Bury'd his father; by whose death, he's stepp'd Into a great eftate: when he was poor, Imprifon'd, and in scarcity of friends,
I clear'd him with five talents: Greet him from me; 30 Bid him fuppofe, fome good neceffity
Touches his friend, which craves to be remember'd With thofe five talents :—that had, give it these fellows
To whom 'tis inftant due. Ne'er speak, or think, 35 That Timon's fortunes 'mong his friends can fink. Flav. I would, I could not think it; That thought is bounty's foe; Being free itself, it thinks all others fo. [Exeunt.
Lucullus's Houfe in Athens.
Flaminius waiting. Enter a Servant to him.
I coming down to you.
Flam. I thank you, fir.
Serv. Here's my lord.
↑ Lucul. [Afide.] One of lord Timon's men? a gift, I warrant. Why, this hits right; I dreamt of a filver bafon and ewer to-night. Flaminius,
[honeft Flaminius; you are very respectively 7 welcome, fir.-Fill me fome wine.-And how does 50that honourable, complete, free-hearted gentleman of Athens, thy very bountiful good lord and mafter?
Flam. His health is well, fir.
Lucul. I am right glad that his health is well, 55 fir: And what haft thou there under thy cloak, pretty Flaminius ?
Flam. 'Faith, nothing but an empty box, fir? which, in my lord's behalf, I come to entreat your honour to supply; who, having great and instant
1 Argument may here be put for contents, as the arguments of a book; or for evidences and proofs. 2 i. e. compendious way. 3 To intend and to attend had anciently the fame meaning. 4 Fractions here mean broken hints, interrupted fentences, abrupt remarks. 5 A balf-cap is a cap flightly moved, not put off.
i. e. liberal. 7 i. e. respectfully.