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Corpora fundat humi, et numerum cum navibus æquet.
Hinc portum petit, et socios partitur in omnis.
Vina, bonus quæ, deinde, cadis onerarat Acestes
Littore Trinacrio, dederatque abeuntibus heros,
Dividit, et dictis morentia pectora mulcet:

O socii! neque enim ignari sumus ante malorum;
O passi graviora! dabit Deus his quoque finem.
Vos et Scyllæam rabiem penitusque sonantis
Accêstis scopulos: vos et Cyclopea saxa
Experti. Revocate animos, moestumque timorem
Mittite: forsan et hæc olim meminisse juvabit.
Per varios casus, per tot discrimina rerum,
Tendimus in Latium; sedes ubi fata quietas
Ostendunt: illic fas regna resurgere Troja.
Durate, et vosmet rebus servate secundis.

Talia voce refert; curisque ingentibus æger
Spem voltu simulat, premit altum corde dolorem.
Illi se prædæ accingunt dapibusque futuris:
Tergora deripiunt costis, et viscera nudant.
Pars in frusta secant, veribusque trementia figunt:
Littore aëna locant alii, flammasque ministrant.
Tum victu revocant vires; fusique per herbam
Implentur veteris Bacchi pinguisque ferinæ.
Postquam exempta fames epulis, mensæque remotæ,
Amissos longo socios sermone requirunt,
Spemque metumque inter dubii, seu vivere credant,
Sive extrema pati, nec jam exaudire vocatos.
Præcipue pius Æneas, nunc acris Oronti,
Nunc Amyci casum gemit, et crudelia secum
Fata Lyci, fortemque Gyan, fortemque Cloanthum.
Et jam finis erat: quum Jupiter, æthere summo

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205. Where was Latium? Give its derivation, the people who successively inhabited it, its principal towns, rivers, and the name of the king who ruled over it when Æneas arrived in Italy. 207. Vosmet. What influence has met attached to this pronoun? 209. What is defective in spes? In what respect does it differ from expectatio? 210. Parse dapibus. Distinguish from epulce, epulum, convivium, and comissatio. 211. What parts of a carcass were tergus, costa, viscus? 215. In what voice is implentur? Who was Bacchus? Explain the Bacchanalia and Bacchantes. 218. If seu be twice in the same sentence, is there any difference of meaning in each? If a single seu, what is the translation? Is there any difference between seu and sive? 223. What trees and animals were sacred to Jupiter? What victims were sacrificed in his honour at Rome and Athens respectively?

Despiciens mare velivolum, terrasque jacentis,
Littoraque, et latos populos, sic vertice cœli
Constitit, et Libyæ defixit lumina regnis.
Atque illum, talis jactantem pectore curas,
Tristior, et lacrimis oculos suffusa nitentis,
Alloquitur Venus: O qui res hominumque deûmque
Eternis regis imperiis, et fulmine terres!
Quid meus Æneas in te committere tantum,
Quid Troës potuere? quibus, tot funera passis,
Cunctus ob Italiam terrarum clauditur orbis.
Certe hinc Romanos olim, volventibus annis,
Hinc fore ductores, revocato a sanguine Teucri,
Qui mare, qui terras omni ditione tenerent,
Pollicitus. Quæ te, Genitor, sententia vertit?
Hoc equidem occasum Troja, tristisque ruinas,
Solabar, fatis contraria fata rependens.

Nunc eadem fortuna viros, tot casibus actos,

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Insequitur. Quem das finem, Rex magne, laborum?
Antenor potuit, mediis elapsus Achivis,
Illyricos penetrare sinus atque intima tutus
Regna Liburnorum, et fontem superare Timavi:
Unde per ora novem vasto eum murmure montis
It mare proruptum, et pelago premit arva sonanti.
Hic tamen ille urbem Patavi, sedesque locavit
Teucrorum, et genti nomen dedit, armaque fixit
Troïa; nune placida compostus pace quiescit.
Nos, tua progenies, cœli quibus annuis arcem,
Navibus, infandum! amissis, unius ob iram
Prodimur, atque Italis longe disjungimur oris.
Hic pietatis honos? sic nos in sceptra reponis?
Olli subridens hominum sator atque deorum

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226. After whom was Libya named, and in what sense is it used by the poets! 228. Parse nitentis. Give a verb resembling it. 229. Of what goddess? Under what representation was she worshipped? fruits, birds, fishes, and month of the year were sacred to her? she take in the contest for the golden apple? 233. Why is clauditur used and not claudatur? 236. Give the construction and root of ditione. What is defective in its declension? 241. What governs laborum? Translate labores solis and labores lunæ. 248. Nomen genti. What name was given to this band of followers? 250. Give the root of arx. Translate arx coeli, septem arces, and arx Parnassi. 253. Give the other form of honos, and instances of other nouns having the same peculiarity.

B

Voltu, quo cœlum tempestatesque serenat,
Oscula libavit natæ; dehinc talia fatur:
Parce metu, Cytherea; manent immota tuorum
Fata tibi; cernes urbem et promissa Lavinî
Moenia, sublimemque feres ad sidera cœli
Magnanimum Ænean: neque me sententia vertit.
Hic (tibi fabor enim, quando hæc te cura remordet,
Longius et volvens fatorum arcana movebo)
Bellum ingens geret Italia, populosque ferocis
Contundet; moresque viris et monia ponet:
Tertia dum Latio regnantem viderit æstas,
Ternaque transierint Rutulis hiberna subactis.
At puer Ascanius, cui nunc cognomen Iulo
Additur (Ilus erat dum res stetit Ilia regno),
Triginta magnos volvendis mensibus orbis
Imperio explebit, regnumque ab sede Lavinî
Transferet, et longam multa vi muniet Albam.
Hic jam ter centum totos regnabitur annos
Gente sub Hectorea; donec regina sacerdos,
Marte gravis, geminam partu dabit Ilia prolem.
Inde, lupa fulvo nutricis tegmine lætus,
Romulus excipiet gentem, et Mavortia condet
Moenia, Romanosque suo de nomine dicet.
His ego nec metas rerum, nec tempora, pono;
Imperium sine fine dedi. Quin aspera Juno,
Quæ mare nunc terrasque metu cœlumque fatigat,
Consilia in melius referet, mecumque fovebit
Romanos, rerum dominos, gentemque togatam.
Sic placitum. Veniet, lustris labentibus, ætas,

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255. Give the derivation of voltus, an ts synonymes. 258. Parse cernes, and give another verb with the same perf. and sup. 264. Give the synonymes of monia and its derivation. Parse fabor, remordet, movebo, geret, contundet, ponet, and give derivatives from each. 265. What is meant by summa æstas, adulta æstas, iniens or nova æstas? What are œstas and æstus? Cognomen. How many names do the Romans seem to have borne in the time of Romulus? Explain the meaning of prænomen, cognomen, nomen, and agnomen in the name of Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus. 271. At the foot of what hill was Alba Longa built? 272. Give the genealogy of Hector, and the post he held in the Trojan army. 274. Why is Ilia called sacerdos? What other offices in the priesthood does this word include? 276. What people gave Mars the name of Mavors? Who built the principal temple to his honour at Rome? 279. Give the composition of Quin. After what verbs is it used? 281. Parse fatigat, referet, fovebit, and give derivatives from each. 282. Explain toga. toga prætexta, toga picta or palmata, toga pulla, toga virilis, and tunica.

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Quum domus Assaraci Phthiam clarasque Mycenas
Servitio premet, ac victis dominabitur Argis.
Nascetur pulchra Trojanus origine Cæsar,
Imperium Oceano, famam qui terminet astris,
Julius, a magno demissum nomen Iulo.
Hunc tu olim cœlo, spoliis orientis onustum,
Accipies secura: vocabitur hic quoque votis.
Aspera tum positis mitescent sæcula bellis;
Cana Fides, et Vesta, Remo cum fratre Quirinus,
Jura dabunt; diræ ferro et compagibus arctis
Claudentur Belli portæ; Furor impius intus,
Sæva sedens super arma, et centum vinctus aënis
Post tergum nodis, fremet horridus ore cruento.
Hæc ait: et Maia genitum demittit ab alto,
Ut terræ, utque novæ pateant Carthaginis arces,
Hospitio Teucris; ne fati nescia Dido
Finibus arceret. Volat ille
aëra magnum
per
Remigio alarum; ac Libya citus adstitit oris.
Et jam jussa facit; ponuntque ferocia Poeni
Corda, volente deo. In primis regina quietum
Accipit in Teucros animum, mentemque benignam.
At pius Æneas, per noctem plurima volvens,
Ut primum lux alma data est, exire, locosque
Explorare novos; quas vento accesserit oras,
Qui teneant, nam inculta videt, hominesne feræne,
Quærere constituit, sociisque exacta referre.
Classem in convexo nemorum, sub rupe cavata,
Arboribus clausam circum atque horrentibus umbris,
Occulit: ipse uno graditur comitatus Achate,
Bina manu lato crispans hastilia ferro.
Cui mater media sese tulit obvia silva,

Virginis os habitumque gerens, et virginis arma

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289. Spoliis orientis. What region in the East is referred to? 292. What Roman king first dedicated a temple to Fides, and what was offered on her altars? Who was Vesta? What month of the year was sacred to her, and what flowers? 297. Why was Mercury called Genitum Maia? What were the Petasus, Talaria, Herpe, and Caduceus? 298. Compare novus. Translate nova res, studere novis rebus; novus homo, and nove tabulæ. 306. Why are exire and explorare in the inf.? 307. Account for the construction of vento and oras. 308. Videt has the last syllable long by the arsis. Explain the term. How many laws have generally been observed by Virgil in making use of this license? 315. In gerens there is a triple zeugma. Give the meaning of the term.

Spartanæ; vel qualis equos Threïssa fatigat

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Harpalyce, volucremque fuga prævertitur Eurum.
Namque humeris de more habilem suspenderat arcum
Venatrix, dederatque comam diffundere ventis,
Nuda genu, nodoque sinus collecta fluentis.
Ac prior, Heus, inquit, juvenes! monstrate, mearum
Vidistis si quam hic errantem forte sororum,
Succinctam pharetra, et maculosæ tegmine lyncis,
Aut spumantis apri cursum clamore prementem.
Sic Venus; et Veneris contra sic filius orsus:
Nulla tuarum audita mihi neque visa sororum,
O, quam te memorem? Virgo! namque haud tibi voltus
Mortalis, nec vox hominem sonat; o, Dea certe!
An Phoebi soror? an Nympharum sanguinis una?
Sis felix, nostrumque leves, quæcumque, laborem;
Et, quo sub cœlo tandem, quibus orbis in oris,
Jactemur, doceas: ignari hominumque locorumque
Erramus, vento huc et vastis fluctibus acti:
Multa tibi ante aras nostra cadet hostia dextra.

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Tum Venus: Haud equidem tali me dignor honore: 335 7 Virginibus Tyriis mos est gestare pharetram, Purpureoque alte suras vincire cothurno. Punica regna vides, Tyrios, et Agenoris urbem: Sed fines Libyci, genus intractabile bello. Imperium Dido, Tyria, regit, urbe profecta, Germanum fugiens. Longa est injuria, longæ Ambages: sed summa sequar fastigia rerum. Huic conjunx Sychæus erat, ditissimus agri Phoenicum, et magno miseræ dilectus amore: Cui pater intactam dederat, primisque jugârat

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320. What case is genu? and why? Account for sinus being acc. 321. What does inquit introduce in a sentence? 323. Parse and give the composition of Succinctam. Translate Carthago succincta portubus. What goddess was called Pharetrata Dea? 327. Why is memorem subj.? 331. Give the etymology of tandem. Distinguish it from demum, denique, and postremo. 334. What did the original ara consist of? In what part of Rome were the are placed? Give the root of hostia, and distinguish from victima. 336. Where was Tyre? How many cities were of the same name? Give some account of it in the times of Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander the Great, the Crusaders, and its condition at the present time. 340. Give the various names of Dido, her genealogy, and the reason why she left her fatherland. 344. Parse dilectus. Distinguish Diligo, deligo, and de-ligo. 345. What is meant by primis ominibus? Which of the gods presided over marriage?

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