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Lincoln

Chap. I. but thirty days old, replied, “ You are not my father. '

But this was so far from mending matters with Brice, that it made them much worse; the people now accusing him of forcery likewise. At last being driven out of the city, he appealed to Rome, and, after a feven years fuit, got his bishopric again. This story is told of him by

Gregory Turonensis, his successor in his fee at Tours. 15. Machu- $. 5. Machutus, otherwise called Maclovius, was a Bitus, Bishop shop in Bretagne in France, of that place which is from

him called St. Maloes. He lived about the year 500, and was famous for many miracles, if the acts concerning him

may be credited. 17. Hugh, §.6. Hugh was born in a city of Burgundy, called GraBishop of tianopolis. He was first a Regular canon, and afterwards

a Carthufian monk. Being very famous for his extraor-
dinary abstinence and austerity of life, King Henry II.
having built a house for Carthufian monks at Witteham
in Somersetshire, fent over Reginald Bishop of Bath to in-
vite this holy man to accept the place of the Prior of this
new foundation. Hugh, after a great many intreaties,
affented, and came over with the Bishop, and was by the
famie King made Bishop of Lincoln: where he gained an
immortal name for his well governing that see, and new
building the cathedral from the foundation. In the year
1200, upon his return from Carthufia, the chief and ori-
ginal house of their order, (whither he hadnjade a voy-
age,) he fell fick of a quartan ague at London, and there
died on November the seventeenth. His body was pre-
sently conveyed to Lincoln, and happening to be brought
thither when John King of England and William King
of Scots had an interview there, the two Kings, out of
respect to his fanctity, affifted by some of their Lords, it
took him upon their ilioulders, and carried him to the ca
thedral. In the year 1220, he was canonized at Rome
and his body being taken up October 7, 1282, was i
in a filver shřine. The monks have afcribed several mira-11
cles to him, which I shall on it for brevity, and only set
down one story which is credibly related of him, viz.
That coming to Godstow, a house of Nuns near Oxford,
and seeing a hearse in the middle of the choir covered
with silk, and tapers burning about it, (it being then, as
it is still in some parts of England, a custom to have such
njonuments in the church for some time after the burial
of persons of distinction,) he asked who was buried there
and being informed that it was fair Rosamond, the concu-
bine of King Henry II. who had that honour done her

for

placed."

for having obtained a great many favours of the King for Part II. that houfe, he immediately commanded her body to be digged up, and to be buried in the church-yard, saying it was a place a great deal too good for a harlot, and therefore he would have her removed, as an example to terrify other women from such a wicked and filthy kind of life.

§. 7. Edmund was a king of the East-Angles, who be-20. Eding assaulted by the Danes (after their irruption into mund, England) for their poffeffion of his country, and not being King and able to hold out against them, offered his own person, if they would spare his subjects. But the Danes having got him under their power, endeavoured to make him renounce his religion : which he refusing to do, they first beat him with bats, then scourged him with whips, and

fterwards, binding him to a stake, shot him to death with their arrows. His body was buried in a town where Sigebert, one of his predecessors, had built a church ; and where afterwards in honour of his name) another was built more fpacious, and the name of the town, upon that occasion, called St. Edmund's Bury.

$. 8. Cæcilia was a Roman lady, who refusing to re- 22. Cæcilia, nounce her religion when required, was thrown into a Virgin and furnace of boiling water, and scalded to death : though Martyr. others say she was stifled by shutting out the air of a bath, which was a death sometiines inflicted in those days upon women of quality who were criminals. She lived in the year 225

8. 9. St. Clement I, was a Roman by birth, and one of 23, St. Clethe first Bishops of that place; which see he held, ac-ment 1. cording to the best accounts, from the year 64 or 65 to Rome, and the year 81, or thereabouts; and during which time he Martyr. was most undoubtedly author of one, and is supposed to have been of two very excellent epistles, the first of which was fo much esteemed of by the primitive christians, as that for some time it was read in the churches for canonical scripture. He was for the sake of his religion first condemned to hew stones in the mines; and afterwards, having an anchor tied about his neck, was drowned in the fea.

$. 10. St. Catherine was born at Alexandria, and bred 25. Catheup to letters. About the year 305 she was converted to rine, Virgin christianity, which the afterwards profeffed with great eyr

. courage and constancy; openly rebuking the heathen for

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Chap. I. offering facrifice to their idols, and upbraiding the cruelty

of Maxentius the Emperor, to his face. She was con-
demned to suffer death in a very unusual manner, viz. by
rolling a wheel stuck round with iron spikes, or the points
of swords, over her body.
Sect. XII. Of the Romish Saints-days and Holy-days

in December Dec. 6.

NICOLAS was born at Patara, a city of Lycia, and Nicolas,

was afterwards, in the time of Constantine the Great, Bishop of Myra in

made Bishop of Myra. He was remarkable for his great Lycia. charity; as a proof of which this instance may ferve.

Understanding that three young women, daughters of a person who had fell to decay, were tempted to take lewd courses for a maintenance, he secretly conveyed a sum of money to their father's house, fufficient to enable him to

provide for them in a virtuous way. 8. Concep- §. 2. The feast of the Conception of the Virgin Mary tion of the was instituted by Anselm

Archbishop of Canterbury, upon gin Mary. occasion of William the Conqueror's fleet being in a storm,

and afterwards coming safe to shore. But the council of Oxford, held in the year 1222, left people at liberty whether they would observe it or not. But it had before this given rise to the question ventilated so warmly in the Roman church, concerning the Virgin Mary's immaculate conception ; which was first started by Peter Lombard

about the year 1160. 12. Lucy, §. 3. Lucy was a young lady of Syracuse, who, being Virgin and courted by a gentleman, but preferring a religious single Martyr.

life before marriage, gave all her fortune away to the poor, in order to stop his farther applications. But the young man, enraged at this, accused her to Pafchafius, the heathen judge, for profefling christianity; who thereupon ordered her to be sent to the stews : but she, struggling with the officers who were to carry her, was, after a great deal of barbarous usage, killed by them. She

lived in the year 305. 16.0 Sapi- §. 4. The fixteenth of December is called 0 Sapientia, cntia.

from the beginning of an anthem in the Latin service, which used to be sung in the church (for the honour of Christ's advent) from this day till Christmas Eve.

§. 5. Silvester succeeded Miltiades in the papacy of ter, Bifhop Rome, A.D. 314. He is faid to have been the author of of Rome. several rites and ceremonies of the Romnish church, as of

Asylums, Unctions, Palls, Corporals, Mitres, &c. He died

i

31. Silver

in the year 334•

CHAP. CHAP. II.

OF THE FIRST RUBRIC. .

The INTRODUCTION. HAVING done with the Tables, Rules, and Calendar, Chap. II. I should now proceed in order to the daily Morning and Evening Service : but the First Rubric, relating to that

fervice, making mention of several things which deserve a particular consideration, and which muft necessarily be treated of somewhere or other ; I think this the properest place to do it in, and shall therefore take the opportunity of this rubric to treat of them in a distinct chapter by themselves.

The Rubric runs thus :

The ORDER for MORNING and EVENING
PRAYER, daily to be said and used throughout the
Year.

The Morning and Evening Prayer shall be used in the ac

customed place of the Church, Chapel, or Chancel ; except "..it shall be otherwise determined by the Ordinary of the in place ; and the Chancels shall remain as they have done

in times paft. 21 And here it is to be noted, that such Ornaments of the --978. Church, and the Ministers thereof, at all times of their mi- 2 niftration, shall be retained and be in use, as were in this sotia Church of England, by the authority of Parliament, in Sit the second year of the reign of King Edward the Sixth. DitmsThese are the words of the Rubric, and from thence I shall take occasion to treat of these four things, viz. to w. The prescribed Times of public prayer; Morning and Evening.

II. The place where it is to be used; in the accustomed place of the Church, Chapel, or Chancel.

Ill. The Minister, or person officiating:
IV. The Ornaments used in the church by the minister.
Of all which in their order.

SECT.

the per

the third and ninth

Chap. II.

Sect. I. Of the prescribed Times of Public Prayer. The necer

. MAN, confisting of foul and body, cannot always be fity of pre- actually engaged in the immediate service of God, that scribing set times for

being the privilege of angels and souls freed from the

fetters of mortality. So long as we are here, we must formance worship God with respect to our present state ; and thereof divinc worship.

fore must of neceffity have some definite and particular time to do it in. Now that men might not be left in an uncertainty in a matter of fo great importance, people of all ages and nations have been guided by the very dičtates of nature, not only to appoint some certain seasons to celebrate their more folemn parts of religion, (of which more

hereafter,) but also to set apart daily fome portion of time Why the for the performance of divine worship. To his peculiar Jewish fa- people the Jews God himself appointed their set times of were of public devotion; commanding them to offer up two lambs fered at

daily, one in the morning, and the other at even?“, which

we find, from other places of Scripture ́s, were at their third hours.

and ninth hours, which answer to our nine and three; that so those burnt offerings, being types of the great facrifice which Christ the Lamb of God was to offer

up

for the fins of the world, might be sacrificed at the same hours wherein his death was begun and finished. For about the third hour, or nine in the morning, he was delivered to Pilate, accused, examined, and condemned to die 26; about the fixth hour, or noon, this Lamb of God was laid

upon

the altar of the cross 27; and at the ninth hour, or three in the The primi- afternoon, yielded up the Ghost 28. And though the Letive Chrifti- vitical Law expired together with our Saviour; yet the ed the fame public worship of God must still have some certain times hours of fet apart for the performance of it: and accordingly all prayer for christian churches have been used to have their public dethe fame · votions performed daily morning or evening. The Apostles

and primitive Christians continued to observe the same hours of prayer with the Jews, as might

easily be shewn Why not from the records of the ancient church 29. But the Church enjoined by of England cannot be so happy as to appoint any set hours the church when either morning or evening prayer shall be said : be

cause now people are grown so cold and indifferent in their

24 Exod. xxix. 39. Numb.xxviii.4.
25 Acts ii. 15. and chap. iii. 1.
26 Matt. xxviii. 1—26.
27 John xix. 14.
28 Matt. xxvii. 46, 50.

29 Conftit. Apoft. 1. 8. C. 34. Tertull. de Jejun. cap. 10. Cypr. de Orat. Domin. Bafil. in Reg. fus. Difp. Int. 37. Hieron. in Dan. 6. Rup. de Divin. Offic. l. 1. c. 5.

devotions,

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