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what I have got, be verse or not; by the tune and the time, it ought to be rhyme; but if it be, did you ever see, of late or of yore, such a ditty before? The thought did occur, to me and to her, as madam and I, did walk and not fly, over the hills and dales, with spreading sails, before it was dark to Weston Park.

The news at Oney is little or noney ; but such as it is, I send it, viz. : Poor Mr. Peace cannot yet cease, addling his head with what you said, and has left parish-church quite in the lurch, having almost swore to go there no more.

Page and his wife, that made such a strife, we met them twain in Dog-lane; we gave them the wall, and that was all. For Mr. Scott, we have seen him not, except as he pass'd, in a wonderful haste, to see a friend in Silver End. Mrs. Jones proposes, ere July closes, that she and her sister, and her Jones mister, and we that are here, our course shall steer, to dine in the Spinney ;1 but for a guinea, if the weather should hold, so hot and so cold, we had better by far, stay where we are. For the grass there grows, while nobody mows, (which is very wrong,) so rank and long, that so to speak, 'tis at least a week, if it happens to rain, ere it dries again.

I have writ Charity, not for popularity, but as well as I could, in hopes to do good ; and if the Reviewer should say “ To be sure, the gentleman's Muse, wears methodist shoes; you may know by her pace, and talk about grace, that she and her bard have little regard, for the taste and fashions, and ruling passions, and hoidening play, of the modern day; and though she assume a borrowed plume, and here and there wear a tittering air, 'tis only her plan, to catch if she can, the giddy and gay, as they go that way, by a production on a new construction. She has baited her trap in hopes to snap all that may come, with a sugar-plum.”

- His opinion in this, will not be amiss ; 'tis what I intend, my principal end ; and if I succeed, and folks should read, till a few are brought to a serious thought, I shall think I am paid, for all I have said and all I have done, though I have run, many a time, after a rhyme, as far as from hence, to the end of my sense, and by hook or crook, write another book, if I live and am here, another year. I have heard before, of a room with a floor, laid upon springs, and such-like things, with so much art, in every part, that when you went in, you was forced to begin a minuet pace, with an air and a grace, swimming about, now in and now out, with a deal of state, in a figure of eight, without pipe or string, or any such thing; and now I have writ, in a rhyming fit, what will make you dance, and as you advance, will keep you still, though against your will, dancing away, alert and gay, till you come to an end of what I have penn'd; which that you may do, ere madam and you are quite worn out with jigging about, I take my leave, and here you receive a bow profound, down to the ground, from your humble me,

1 The Spinney was a delightful rural retirement-a grove--belonging to Mrs. Throckmorton of Weston, and about a mile from Olney. The word is used for a thicket, or clump of trees.

2 Cowper's summer-house still exists, but his favorite Spinney was cut down in 1785. Writing to Newton, he said, “In one year the whole will be a thicket; that which was once the serpentine-walk is now in a state of transformation, and is already become as woody as the rest. Poplars and elms, without number, are springing in the turf. They are now as high as the knee. Before the summ is ended they will be twice as high; and the growth of another season will make them trees. The desolation of the whole scene is such that it sunk our spirits."

W. C. P.S. When I concluded, doubtless you did think me right, as well you might, in saying what I said of Scott; and then it was true, but now it is due to him to note, that since I wrote, himself and he has visited me.

your sleep be as sound as your bed will be
nights at least will be well provided for.

I shall send up the sixth and seventh book
and shall address them to you. You will
General. I long to show you my workshop,
on the opposite side of my table. We shall i
two wax figures in an old-fashioned pictur
ing in it now. It is the place in which I fab
summer time. I rose an hour sooner than
that I might finish my sheet before breakfast

day to the General.

The grass under my windows is all bespa and the birds are singing in the apple trees. Nerer poet had a more commodious orator his Muse.

EXPECTS LADY HESKETH-PREPARATIONS FOR HER—HIS WORKSHOP.

Olney, May 29, 1786. To LADY HESKETH.

Thou dear, comfortable cousin, whose letters, among all that I receive, have this property peculiarly their own, that I expect them without trembling, and never find any thing in them that does not give me pleasure; for which therefore I would take nothing in exchange that the world could give me, save and ex. cept that for which I must exchange them soon, (and happy shall I be to do so,) your own company. That, indeed, is delayed a little too long; to my impatience at least it seems so, who find the spring, backward as it is, too forward, because many of its beauties will have faded before you will have an opportunity to see them. We took our customary walk yesterday in the wilderness at Weston, and saw, with regret, the laburnums, syringas, and guelder-roses, some of them blown, and others just upon the point of blowing, and could not help observing—All these will be gone before Lady Hesketh comes ! Still however there will be roses, and jasmine, and honeysuckle, and shady walks, and cool alcoves, and you will partake them with us. But I want you to have a share of every thing that is delightful here, and cannot bear that the advance of the season should steal away a single pleasure before you can come to enjoy it.

Every day I think of you, and almost all the day long; I will venture to say, that even you were never so expected in your life. I called last week at the Quaker's to see the furniture of your bed, the fame of which had reached me. It is, I assure you, superb, of printed cotton, and the subject classical. Every morning you will open your eyes on Phaeton kneeling to Apollo, and imploring his father to grant him the conduct of his chariot for a day. May

TRANSLATION OF HOMER-THE NO
To Joseph Hill, Ese.

My dear friend,
The little time that I can devote to any
of poetry is, as you may suppose, stolen. E
is done, but much remains undone, and no
tentive to the performance of his daily task
therefore excuse me if at present I am both

I had a letter some time since from your
me great pleasure. Such notices from
pleasant, and of such pleasures I have
They refresh the remembrance of early da
again. The noble institution of the Nor
gotten, when we are gone who composed
your most heroic line, written at one of
cially think of it when I am translating

"To whom replied the Devil yard-lou
There never was any thing more truly
epithet, and were it possible to introduc
Odyssey, I should certainly steal it, la
pectation of Lady Hesketh, who spendst
hope to see her next week. We have
both for her and her suite, and a Quako
admirable than they, who, as if he loved

[graphic]

nishes them for her with real elegance.

1 See page 70 under "Moral

64

your sleep be as sound as your bed will be sumptuous, and your nights at least will be well provided for.

I shall send up the sixth and seventh books of the Iliad shortly, and shall address them to you. You will forward them to the General. I long to show you my workshop, and to see you sitting on the opposite side of my table. We shall be as close packed as tivo wax figures in an old-fashioned picture frame. I am writing in it now. It is the place in which I fabricate all my verse in summer time. I rose an hour sooner than usual this morning, that I might finish my sheet before breakfast, for I must write this day to the General.

The grass under my windows is all bespangled with dewdrops, and the birds are singing in the apple trees, among the blossoms. Never poet had a more commodious oratory in which to invoke his Muse.

TRANSLATION OF HOMER-TIE NONSENSE CLUB.
To Joseph Hill, Esq.
My dear friend,

Olner, June 9, 1786. The little time that I can devote to any other purpose than that of poetry is, as you may suppose, stolen. Homer is urgent. Much is done, but much remains undone, and no schoolboy is more at: tentive to the performance of his daily task than I am. You will therefore excuse me if at present I am both unfrequent and short.

I had a letter some time since from your sister Fanny, that gave me great pleasure. Such notices from old friends are always pleasant, and of such pleasures I have received many lately. They refresh the remembrance of early days, and make me young again. The noble institution of the Nonsense Club will be forgotten, when we are gone who composed it; but I often think of your most heroic line, written at one of our meetings, and especially think of it when I am translating Homer,

"To whom replied the Devil yard-long-tailed.” 1 There never was any thing more truly Grecian than that triple epithet, and were it possible to introduce it into either Iliad or Odyssey, I should certainly steal it. I am now flushed with expectation of Lady Hesketh, who spends the summer with us. We hope to see her next week. We have found admirable lodgings both for her and her suite, and a Quaker in this town, still more admirable than they, who, as if he loved her as much as I do, furnishes them for her with real elegance.

1 See page 70 under "Moral Plays."

[blocks in formation]

SIR JOHN MANDEVILLE, (page 17.) his chief work? Wh
Date of birth and death? In whose reign what character, there
did be flourish? Date of Edward III.'s reign: considered? What di
Vi ben did he leare England for foreign tra- his work! Reprat
Tel! How long was he gone? Through Apostrophe to Free
what countries did he travel? In what lan two lines of the origin
Slages did he write his travels? What en and should be imbedd
titles him to great consideration? What ac
counts did he give which were not believed
at the time, but which later testimony has 1 Date of Chaucer's
proved true? How does he prove the spheri- peat Spenser and W
al form of the earth! Give his reasoning. what title is be distin
That does he say of the Chinese? What does Warton say of
evidence of the popularity of his work? did he flourish
(note, p. 19.) JFhat books referred to? i come connected by ma

To

at the time he give whicheration? What en. and shoulat the origin

ON A PARTICULAR PROVIDENCE." How mysterious are the ways of Providence! Why did I receive grace and mercy? Why was I preserved, afflicted for my good, received, as I trust, into favor, and blessed with the greatest happiness I can ever know or hope for in this life, while others were overtaken by the great arrest, unawakened, unrepenting, and every way unprepared for it? His infinite wisdom, to whose infinite mercy I owe it all, can solve these questions, and none beside him. If I am convinced that no affliction can befall me without the permission of God, I am convinced, likewise, that he sees and knows that I am afflicted. Believing this, I must in the same degree believe that, if I pray to him for deliverance, he hears me; I must needs know likewise with equal assurance that, if he hears, he will also deliver me, if that will, upon the whole, be most conducive to my happiness; and if he does not deliver me, I may be well assured that he has none but the most benevolent intention in declining it. He made us, not because we could add to his happiness, which was always perfect, but that we might be happy ourselves; and will he not, in all his dispensations towards us, even in the minutest, consult that end for which he made us ? To suppose the contrary, is (which we are not always aware of) affronting every one of his attributes; and at the same time the certain consequence of disbelieving his care for us is, that we renounce utterly our dependence upon him. In this view, it will appear plainly that the line of duty is not stretched too tight, when we are told that we ought to accept every thing at his hands as a blessing, and to be thankful even while we smart under the rod of iron with which he sometimes rules us. Without this persuasion, every blessing, however we may think ourselves happy in it, loses its greatest recommendation, and every affliction is intolerable. Death itself must be welcome to him who has this faith, and he who has it not, must aim at it, if he is not a madman.

[graphic]

GEOFFREY CH

travel? With whom

quainted? Who wer JOHN WICLIF, (p. 21.)

lars of Italy in the

In what distinguished?
Date of Wicif's birth and death?
whose reign did he flourish? (Vr Here the office did Chaucer r
scholar must not be governed by the name die? In what respect
of the monarch at the top of the page orer Cowper? What is h
Be author's name, for as the authors are what did he take the

of their Decameron? Its
arranged according to the date

to
death, some will be found to have died the Canterbury? Why
Very first or second year of a new king's there? In what is
im; of course, therefore, they cannot be

superior to Bocracia
said to have flourished in his reign." Thus, the Decameron? W
thonch Widit died in the reign of Richard Canterbury Tales o
IL, his great works were mostly written, and
bateat labors chiefly exerted in the reign the instructor TRAS
Yasard W.; he, therefore, must be said mit to memors sich

courished in the reign of that ous authors, as he 11
monarch. What W88 be called? What fro

be called? What from Chaucer, I Qoca Milton say of him? Where was he Parson.” slucated! Yor what did he early distinguish cipal himself? What title did he acquire! What was henceforth the great business of his "I cannot too stro life? Repeat the quotation from Milton te the advantage of co merits of Wielif and Luther, as reformers. Pepeat the fine remark of Bamet, (note, When did Wiclif die? What did the Coun-when young, remain al of Constance decree? What is the resuld the great Docte mark of Fuller! Repeat the lines of Words. worth, (note.) What is said of Wicits writ Inga! What was his chief work? What bonor belongs to him? What did the paral moch at eighteen as

[graphic]

did they subsequer

i From a letter to Lady Hesketh, dated Sept. 4, 1765.

Istite to Wielit.

cipal works of Chau

cholest passages in

at the lines of Words hat is said of Weitet

my early days I rem Beetlon, but a true

clerts say of his labors! (note.) What was be sure, was not so
his character? What books referred to? I remember very we
(note.)

old gentleman said ti
JOHN BARBOUR, (p. 25.)
Date of Barbour's birth and death! To knowledge: for whe
what country did be belong! In whose will find that porin
seien did be tourish! What is the title of Irksome task.

book diligently not

QUESTIONS FOR EXAMINATION,

WHEN THE WORK IS USED AS A

COLLEGE OR SCHOOL TEXT-BOOK.

SIR JOHN MANDEVILLE, (page 17.) his chief work? What is its nature? In Date of birth and death? In whose reign

what character, therefore, is Barbour to be did he flourish? Date of Edward III.'s reign?

considered? What does he say, himself, of When did he leave England for foreign tra

his work? Repeat the paraphrase of his vel? How long was he gone? Through

Apostrophe to Freedom, (note.) [The last wbat countries did he travel? In what lan

two lines of the original are much superior, guages did he write his travels? What en

and should be imbedded in the memory.] titles him to great consideration? What ac

GEOFFREY CHAUCER, (p. 27.) counts did he give which were not believed at the time, but which later testimony has

Date of Chaucer's birth and death? Reproved true? How does he prove the spheri

peat Spenser and Worlsworth's lines. By cal form of the earth? Give his reasoning.

what title is he distinctively known? What What does he say of the Chinese? What

doeg Warton Bay of him? In whose reign evidence of the popularity of his work?

did he flourish? To what family did he be(note, p. 19.) What books referred to?

come connected by marriage? Where did he (note.)

travel? With whom did he become ac

quainted? Who were the three chief schoJOHN WICLIF, (p. 21.)

lars of Italy in the 14th century, and for Date of Wiclit's birth and death? In what distinguished ? (note.) What public whose reign did he flourish? ITIIere the office did Chaucer receive? When did he scholar must not be governed by the name die? In what respect does Chaucer resemble of the monarch at the top of the page over | Cowper? What is his great work? From the author's name, for as the authors are what did he take the idea? What was the arranged according to the dates of their Decameron? Its etymology? Where was death, some will be found to have died the Canterbury? Why were pilgrimages made very first or second year of a new king's | there? In what respect is Chaucer's plan reign; of course, therefore, they cannot be superior to Boccacio's? What is the plan of said to have flourished in his reign." Thus, the Decameron? What knowledge do tho though Wiclif died in the reign of Richard Canterbury Tales give us? What great cause

Canterbury Tales rive us? What II., his great works were mostly written, and did they subsequently aid? (note.) Here his great labors chiefly exerted in the reign the instructor may direct the scholar to coin. of Edward III.; he, therefore, must be paid mit to memory such extracts from the vari. to have “flourished" in the reign of that ous authors, as he may deem best. Of those monarch] What was he called? What from Chaucer, I would recommend - The dog Milton say of him? Where was he | Parson."*] What are the four other prineducated? For what did he early distinguish cipal works of Chaucer? Give an account of himself? What title did he acquire? What was henceforth the great business of his

*I cannot too strongly urge upon the young life? Repeat the quotation from Milton re the advantage of committing to memory the lative to Wielif. State the comparative choicest passages in prose and poetry in Engmerits of Wiclit and Luther, as reformers.

lish Literature. What we learn thoroughly Repeat the fine remark of Burnet, (note.) When did Wiclif die? What did the Coun

when young, remains by us through life. “Sir," cil of Constance decree? What is the re said the great Doctor Johnson to Boswell, “ in mark of Fuller? Repeat the lines of Words. my early days I read very hard. It is a sad reworth, (note.) What is said of Wiclif's writ

flection, but a true one, that I knew almost as ings? What was his chief work? What

much at eighteen as I do now. My judgment, to honor belongs to him? What did the papal clergy say of his labors? (note.) What was

be sure, was not so good, but I had all the facts. his character? What books referred to? I remember very well when I was at Oxford, an (note.)

old gentleinan said to me, Young man, ply your JOHN BARBOUR, (p. 26.)

book diligently now, and acquire a stock of Date of Barbour's birth and death? To

knowledge : for when years come unto you, you what country did he belong! In whose will find that poring upon books will be but au reign did he flourish? What is the title of irksome task.'"

763

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