To reduce pence to mills, annex two cyphers, and divide by 9. 92. Reduce 1575 pence to cents. Facit 1750 cts. 915750 1750 cents. 23. Reduce 1575 pence to mills. Facit 17500 mills. 24. Bring 3150 pence to cents. Result 3500 cts. 25. Bring 4725 pence to cents. Result 5250 cts. Note 4.–To change pounds, Pennsylvania currency, to dollars, annex two cyphers to their number, then multiply by 8, and divide the product by 3; the quotient will be cents, which reduce to dollars, by separating the two right hand figures. 26. Reduce 25 pounds to dollars. Facit 866.661 2500 8 3)20000 27. Bring 150 pounds to dollars. Result $ 400.00 28. Bring 756 pounds to dollars. Result 2016.00 29. Bring 17 pounds to dollars. Result 45.33} If there are shillings, or shillings and pence, with the pounds, reduce the shillings and pence to pence, then reduce those pence to cents, and add them to the quotient of the pounds. 30. Reduce 156 pounds 6 shillings to dollars. Facit $416.80 31. Bring 29 pounds 12 shillings to dollars. Result 878.33 32. Bring 100 pounds, 12 shillings and 6 pence, to dola lars. Result 8 268.33 Note 5.-To reduce cents to pence Pennsylvania currency, multiply by 9, and separate. one figure from the right of the product. 33. Reduce 359 cents to pence. Result 323 pence. 359 9 32311 34. Bring 89 cents to pence. Facit 80 pence. 35. Bring 350 cents to pence. Facit 315 pence. Note 6.—To reduce dollars, or dollars and cents, to pounds, Pennsylvania currency, reduce them first to cents, then reduce those cents to pence, and then reduce those pence to pounds. 36. Reduce $68.30 to pounds. 37. Bring 8450 to pounds. 6830 45020 9 12)614710 12)4050010 210)514s 3 270)337|5 Result 25L. 12s. 3d. Result 168 L. 158: ·38. Reduce 125 dollars to pounds. Facit 46 L. 17s, 6d. 39. Bring $ 246.29 to pounds. Result 9?L. 78. 2d. 40. Bring :728 dollars to pounds. Result 273L. 41. Bring $79.60 to pounds. Result 29L. 195.Note 7.–To reduce pounds sterling to Federal Money, bring them to sixpences or to pence, and to these annex two cyphers; then, if sixpences, divide by 9, but if pence, divide by 54, and the quotient will be cents, which reduce to dollars. 42. Reduce 230 L. 155. 6d. sterling to Federal Money. 230L. 15s, 6d. 20 4615 2 9923100 Result $ 1025.664 + 43. Reduce 218L. 195. 6d. sterling to Federal Money, Facit $ 973.22 44. Bring 25 L. sterling to Federal Money. Result $111.11+ 45. Bring 437 L. 18s. sterling to Federal Money, Facit 1946 dols. 22 cts. Note 8.--A general rule to change the currency of each of the States to Federal Money. Divide the given sum, reduced to shillings, to sixpences, or to pence, by the number of shillings, sixpences, or pence, in a dollar, as it passes in each state. See the table at page 66. 46. Reduce 83 L. 155. New-England or Virginia currency, to Federal Money, a dollar being 6s. Facit $ 212.50 47. Reduce 112 L. 16s. New-York or North-Carolina currency, to Federal Money. Result $*282.00 48. Reducé 161 L. 14s. South-Carolina or Georgia currency, to Federal Money. Result $ 693.00 WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 1. Reduce 47 pounds, 10 ounces, 15 pennyweights, to pennyweights. Facit 11495 dwt. 2. Reduce 5 lb. G oz. 4 dwt. 20 gr. to grains. Result 317.96 gr. 3. Bring 2 tons, 15 Cwt. 2 quarters, to quarters. Result 222 qrs. 4. Bring 3 tons, 25 lb. to pounds. Result 67 45 lb. 5. Reduce 7 Cwt. 3 qrs. 10 lb. to ounces. Facit 14048 oz. 6. Bring 27 tb 73 23 13 2 grs. to grains. Result 159022 grs, 7. Bring 3 leagues, 2 miles, 7 furlongs, to furlongs. Result 95 fur. 8. Bring 57 miles, 2 furlongs, to poles. Result 18320 P. 9. Reduce 15 yards, 2 feet, to inches. Result 564 in. 10. Bring 42 English ells, 3 quarters, to quarters. Result 213 qrs. 11. Bring 17 yards, 2 quarters, 2 nails, to nails. Result 282 na. 12. Reduce 11 acres, 2 roods, 19 perches, to perches. Result 1859 P. 13. Bring 17 acres, 3 roods, to perches. Result 2840 P.. 14. Reduce 14 tuns, 3 hogsheads, to hogsheads. Result 59 hhd. 15. Reduce 2 hogsheads, 10 gallons, to quarts. Result 544 qt. 16. Bring 40 gallons, 3 quarts, 1 pint, to pints. Result 327 pt. 17. Bring 16 bushéls, 1 peck, to pecks. Result 65 pe. 18. Bring 15 bushels, 6 quarts, to quarts. Facit 486 qt. 19. Reduce. 18 years, 6 months, to months. Result 222 mo. 20. Bring 3 weeks, 4 days, to days. Result 25 D. 21. Bring 2 weeks, 20 hours, to minutes. Result 21360 min, PROMISCUOUS QUESTIONS. 1. How many shillings are there in 45 pounds, 10 shillings? Ans. 910s. 2. How many cents are there in 630 pence, Pennsylvapia currency? Ans. 700 cts. 3. What number of farthings do 18s. 6d. make ? Ans. 888 far. 4. How many pence are there in 4 L. 5$, 4d.? Ans. 1024 d. 5. How many dollars are there in 37 L. 10s. Pennsylvania currency? Ans. $ 100. 6. In 1400 cents, how many pence, Pennsylvania curtency? Ans. 1260 pence. 7. In 64130 cents, how many pounds, Pennsylvania currency? Ans. 240 L, 9s. Id. 8. How many pounds, Pennsylvania currency, are there in 560 dollars? Ans. 2101.. 9. How many dollars are there in 600 pounds, NewYork currency ? Ans. $1500. 10. In 38 L. 9s. 3d. sterling, how many dollars? Ans. $ 170.941 + 11. In 845 French crowns, how many pounds, Pennsylvania currency? Ans, 348 L. 11s. 3d. 1 1 Ans. 74 qrs. 12. How many spoons weighing each 5oz. lOdwt. will 10lb. 1 oz. of silver make? Ans. 22. 13. A grocer has 34 cwt. 2 qrs. 12 lb. of sugar, and intends to divide it into parcels, each of which to weigh 68 pounds : low many of these parcels will there be ? Ans. 57. 14. In 28 cwt. 3 qrs. 24 lb. how many pounds ? Ans. 32441b. 15. In 560 poles, how many miles ? Ans. I M. 6 fur, 16. In 327 English ells of cloth, how many yards? Ans. 408 yds. 3 qrs. 17. How many quarters of a yard are there in 18 yards, 2 quarters? 18. A tract of land containing 1299600 square perches, is to be divided into 25: plantations of equal size: how many acres will there be in each? Ans. 324 A. 3 R. 24P. 19. How many casks which will contain 33 gallons each, may be filled out of 5 pipes and I hogshead of cyder? Ans. 21. 20. In 15 bushels, 6 qts. how many quarts ? Ans. 486. 21. In 10 weeks, 2 days, how many days? 22. In 17 years, 9 months, how many months ? Ans. 213. 23. How many seconds are there in a solar year, which consists of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 58 seconds. Ans. 31556938 sec, 24. How many days from the 24th of the fifth month (May) 1797, to the fifteenth of the twelfth month (December) 1798 inclusive ? Ans. 571 days. Ans. 72. a THE SINGLE RULE OF THREE. The Single Rule of Three teaches by three given numbers to find a fourth, between which and one of those three, there shall be the same proportion as between the other two. Of the three given numbers, two are called the Terms of Supposition, and the other the Term of Demand. |