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[The following valuable instructions are from the Centrai Board of Health, Dublin. They emanate from persons of the highest competency to advise. We commend them to the attention of all, especially of the poor]:
I. NATURE OF THE ATTACK. First,—“Cholera is rarely, if ever, contagious; that is, it is not, like fever, communicated by one person to another.” Hence none need fear to render every assistance required, to those who are suffering from it.
Secondly,—VERY IMPORTANT. “In nearly all cases of Cholera, there are two stages of the disease; the first being merely diarrhoa, or what is commonly called looseness of the bowels; the second being the stage of collapse or blue cholera, marked by cramps, failure of the circulation, lividity (paleness) of the skin, cold, clammy perspira. tion, and all the other well-known symptoms of the disease.” In the first stage of the disease medical treatment is frequently successful, in the second stage too often of no avail.
The FIRST STAGE, or mere looseness of the bowels, may be of only a few hours' duration, or may continue from one to several days. It is most important to bear in mind, that this diarrhea, or looseness of the bowels, may be entirely without pain; indeed, it most frequently is without pain, or merely accompanied with trifling griping or uneasiness; this absence of pain, or the little accompanying uneasiness, has too often thrown the patient off his guard, and he has thus neglected the warning of his danger, and allowed the time for cure to pass by.
It may be safely asserted that during the prevalence of Cholera, that looseness of the bowels which is free from pain, is more dangerous, more likely to be the first stage of the Cholera, than looseness accompanied with griping or pain. Mark, therefore, first, When Cholera is prevalent, mere looseness of the bowels with, or especially without pain, may be the first stage of Cholera. MARK, secondly, That in this slage it is generally curable. And MARK, thirdly, That not a moment should be lost in applying for relief, as this first stage does not always last long before passing over to the second, generally fatal one.
II. PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS.
First,-_Shun damp and low situations; if possible, quit dwellings in such places during the prevalence of the Cholera. Keep your houses and rooms dry, and the windows and doors open as much and as long as the weather will permit. There can scarcely be too much rentilation. An abundant supply of fresh air is as necessary during the night as in the day; and pure air is as necessary for the support of life and health as good food.
Secondly,–Remove all standing water and dungheaps from around your dwellings, and clean out all sewers and drains without delay. Do these things at once, without waiting for the outbreak of the disease. It will be unsafe and too late to undertake this work when Cholera shall have broken out.
Thirdly,-Avoid chills; do not wear wet clothes a moment longer than you are obliged. Wear a flannel belt round the stomach and loins; make use of plain wholesome food, in the solid, rather than in the liquid, form. Abstain from fruit, raw and ill-cooked vegetables, pastry, smoked and hard-salted meats, and salted fish, pork, cider, stale or sour malt drinks, pickles, and all articles of diet which you know from experience to have a purgative effect.
Fourthly,Avoid purgative medicines,-particularly castor oil, seidlitz powders, and salts.
Fifthly,--Be very careful that the water used as drink is of good quality.
Sixthly,-VERY IMPORTANT. Abstain from stimulants—wine, whiskey, brandy, &c. unless prescribed as remedies under medical advice. In former visitations of the Cholera, many persons, both rich and poor, resorted to the use of these things, under the false impression that what was sometimes useful as a cure, was also good as a preventive. THIS IS A GREAT ERROR. Stimulants frequently taken, or taken in excess, are followed by collapse, which predisposes to the disease! and the general health (which is the best preventive) is weakened by the practice.
To sum UP. Shun damp places, especially for sleeping. Breathe pure air. Observe cleanliness. Keep the surface of the body warm. Avoid excesses of all kinds. Use wholesome plain food. Live temperately. Preserve as much as possible a state of general good health. And you will have adopted the best safeguards against the Cholera.
Where Dispensaries have been opened for giving medical aid in cases of Cholera,
First,_If attacked by looseness of the bowels, with or without pain, apply without a moment's delay to the Dispensary; (if there be no Dispensary, to the nearest medical man).
Secondly, Give notice without delay, of the name and residence of any patient who may be affected with vomiting, purging, or cramps, and who is unable to go out himself.
Thirdly, WHERE A Doctor CANNOT BE HAD IMMEDIATELY, and you are attacked with looseness of the bowels, with or without pain, go at once to bed, wrap yourself in warmed blankets, roll a swathe of warm flannel sprinkled with hot spirits of turpentine or whiskey, closely round the body, extending from the chest to the hips, take a teaspoonful of brandy or whiskey in a little water, with fifteen drops of laudanum. Repeat it every hour, if the attack of looseness be not checked until a third dose has been taken; but do not venture further in the use of laudanum, except by medical advice.
“Glory to God in the highest,---And on earth peace,
Good will toward men."
PAGE To our Readers
70 The Season
62 Who heaved that sigh?
63 VARIETIES. The Man that never Prays
65 It is appointed unto Men once to NARRATIVES, ANECDOTES, &c.
71 The Two Death-beds; or, Who “What hast thou done?"
71 is the happier ?. 67 “Where art thou?"
72 Daily Texts, POR SUNDAY SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES.--Cover, p. 2.
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DAILY TEXTS FOR SUNDAY SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES.
"O how I love thy law! it is my meditation all the day.”—Psalm cxix. 97.
IF Who is the Lord, that I should obey His voice ?
Ex. v. 2. 2 s
Know ye that the Lord he is God: it is he that hath made us,
Ps. c. 3.
John ix. 31. 4M Who will show us any good ?
Ps. iv. 6. 5 Tu The Lord shall give that which is good.
Ps. lxxxv. 12. 6 W Who knoweth what is good for man in this life?
Ec. vi. 12, 7 Th It is good for me to draw near to God.
Ps, lxxiii. 28. 8 F But where shall wisdom be found ?
Job xxviii. 12. 9 S If
you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to
Jas. i. 5.
Ps. cxvi, 12. 11M
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a
Ps. li. 17. 12 Tu Who knoweth the power of Thine anger ?
Ps. xc. 11. 13 W For our God is a consuming fire.
Heb. xii. 29, 14 Th Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression ?
Micah vii. 18. 15 F It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.
Lam. iii. 22. 16 S What man is he that liveth, and shall not see Death ? Ps. lxxxix. 48. 17 S The Lord's Day.--Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.
John viii. 51. 18M Why will ye die?
Ez. xviii. 31. 19 Tu Ye will not come to Me, that ye might have life.
Job v. 40. 20 W How long halt ye between two opinions ?
1 Kings xviij. 21. 21 Th No man can serve two masters..
Matt. vi. 24. 22 F How long have I to live ?
2 Sam. xix. 34. 23/S
Boast not thyself of to-morrow, for thou knowest not what a
Prov. xxvii, 1.
Rev. i. 7. 25 M Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. Rev. xxii. 20. 26 Tu But who may abide the day of His coming ? and who shall stand when he appeareth ?
Mal. iii. 2. 27 W
For we must all appear before the judgment- seat of Christ;
that every one may receive the things done in his body,
according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. 2 Cor. v. 10. 28 Th The hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves
shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have
have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. John v. 28, 29.
Matt. xxv. 46. 30 S The end of all things is at hand; be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
1 Pet. iv. 7. 31 S The Lord's Day.— The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be Last verse in the with you all. Amen.
The reader will notice that most of the above texts are either adapted to the day of the week, or intended to throw light upon each other.
TO OUR READERS.
This is the LAST MONTH of 1848, and with it we close the first volume of “THE APPEAL.” We hope our attempt to be of service to you has not been in vain. You will have seen our aim. We do thoroughly sympathize with all your trials, privations, and disadvantages of so many kinds. We are pleased, we can truly say, to advocate your cause with the Richer, in other journals; but in this, as we stated at the beginning, it is our object to plead with "you yourselves on behalf of yourselves.” It is but a little and an uncertain good, of a temporal kind, which we can render you; and could we make you all Wealthy, or make you Electors, or even Legislators, of Great Britain, "our soul's desire and prayer to God for you,” would still be "that you might be saved.” No change of your personal circumstances, no Revolution, even if of the most desirable kind, could give
“the one thing needful.” We take unfeigned pleasure in your advancement of every kind; but your elevation from the condition of sinners, unpardoned and unconverted, to that of sinners pardoned, converted, and adopted into God's eternally happy family,—this is the supreme good which we most ardently wish for you. It interferes with no other good, it sweetens and ennobles all other good, and it offers the only comfort I worth having, under the innumerable ills of poverty. If you have found this good, happy are you; prayer then soothes your sorrows, and thankfulness enhances what blessings are bestowed upon you;, and you at least feel, that come what may, wantz-illness,
mille usage,-death,-you shall soon be in His presence, “where there is fulness of joy for ever-more.” But if you have not found this good ; if 1848 is closing upon you, as a despiser. of Religion, a rejecter of Christ, a heedless or an obstinate slave of sin, then we say, dear. i friend, “consider your ways.” The year is now all but gone, and gone for ever; it has left behind it, however, a sad record in the memory of the All-Seeing One---sins, sins without number, but sins which He would delight to cancel for ever.* And why shall he not ? Is it not worth while to obtain His forgiveness ? Is not the Blood of His own Son, proof enough to you both of the terrors of his wrath and the depths of his love ? Is it too much to commence that struggle with your self-will, which you feel to be requisite ere you can humble yourself to submit to His rule, and to seek His pardon? Yet to what purpose to resist ? He allows you to refuse obedience now, and to stand out against Him, if you will; but His will must be bowed to at last; yes, in Hell, if not in Heaven!
Permit us, dear friends, to be the ambassadors, to whose entreaties that you will “be reconciled to God,” you reply, “that you are conquered by his mercy.” Let the last month of 1848, be the last month,
• Isaiah lv. 7.