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proud summit of the forked hill. tinual business, and made me unI have a great respect for Mr. able to write letters in the hours of Gray, as well as a high admiration. recess and quiet.
Dr. Gregory I am much grieved at the bad came from Edinburgh to make me news from Canterbury. The Dean a visit, and persuaded me to go is a great loss to his family. back with him. The scheme proYour affectionate sister,
mised much pleasure, and I flatE. MONTAGU. tered myself might be conducive
to health ; as the doctor, of whose
medical skill I have the highest LETTER II.
opinion, would have time to ob. The same to the same.
serve and consider my various
complaints. I was glad also to Hill street, Nov. 19, 1770.
have an opportunity of amusing Your kind letter met me in Hill my friend Mrs. Chapone, whom I street on Thursday : it welcomed carried with me into the north. me to London in a very agreeable We had a pleasant journey to manner. I should however have Edinburgh, where we were most felt a painful consciousness, how agreeably entertained in Dr. Grelittle I deserved such a favour, if gory's house ; all the literati, and my long omission of correspon- the polite company at Edinburgh, dence had not been owing to want paying me all kinds of attentions : of health. I felt ill on my jour- and, by the doctor's regimen, my ney to Denton, or rather indeed health greatly improved, so that I began the journey indisposed, and was prevailed upon to indulge my only aggravated my complaints by love of prospects by another trip travelling.
to the Highlands, my good friend Sickness and bad weather de- and physician still attending me. prived me of the pleasure of see The first day's journey was to ing the beauties of Derbyshire. lord Barjarg's, brother to Mr. However, I got a sight of the state. Charles Erskine, who was the inly palace of lord Scarsdale ; where timate companion and friendly the arts of ancient Greece, and competitor of my poor brother the delicate pomp of modern ages, Tom. Each of them was qualiunite to make a most mrgnificent fied for the highest honours of his habitation. It is the best worth profession, which they would cerseeing of any house I suppose, in tainly have attained, had it pieased England ; but I know not how it God to have granted longer life. is, that one receives but moderate Lord Barjarg had received great pleasure in the works of art. civilities at Horton, when he was There is a littleness in every work pursuing his law studies in Engof man. The operations of Nature land ; so he came to visit me as are vast and noble ; and I found soon as I got to Edinburgh, and much greater pleasure in the con- in the most friendly manner prestemplation of lord Breadalbane's sed my passing some days at his mountains, rocks, and lakes, than house in Perthshire. I got there in all the efforts of human art at by an easy day's journey, after havlord Scarsdale's.
ing also walked a long time about I continued, after my arrival at the castle of Stirling, which comDenton, in a very poor state of mands a very beautiful prospect. health, which suited ill with con Lord Barjarg's place is very
fine, and in a very singular style. lake : on one side the lake there is
Here I passed two days, and and his lady I have had a corres-
to the publick ; and though in The situation of a Scottish no- these days of ribaldry and abuse, bleman of fortune is enough to fill he was often much calumniated, I the ambition of a reasonable man ; 'believe time will vindicate his for they have power to do a great character as a publick man. As a deal of good:
private one, he was quite unblemFrom Dupplin we went to Lord ished. I regret the loss to myself : Breadalbane's at Taymouth. Here I was always pleased and informunite the sublime and beautiful: ed by his conversation. He had The house is situated in a valley, read a vast deal, and had an amazwhere the verdure is the finest ing memory. He had been versimaginable ; and noble beeches a- ed in business from his youth, so dorn it, and beautiful cascades fall that he had a very rich fund of down the midst of it. Through conversation ; and he was goodthis valley you are led to a vast natured and very friendly.
The king's speech has a warlike tone ; but still we flatter our We cannot resist adding the folselves that the French king's a- lowing extract from another letter, version to a war may prevent our
1778. being again engaged in one. It is reported that Mr. De Grey is to ***. I am sure you will be debe Lord Keeper. Lord Chatham sirous to hear a true account of was to have spoken in the House Lord Chatham's accident in the of Lords to day, if poor Mr. Gren House of Lords ; and of his preville's death, which happened at sent condition of health. The seven this morning, had not hin- newspapers are in but little credit dered his appearing in publick. I in general ; but their account of do not find that any change of that affair has been very exact: ministry is expected.
His Lordship had been long conMy father and brother are very fined by a fit of the gout ; so was well. My sister has got the head- debilitated by illness, and want of ache to day. She was so good as exercise. The house was crowdto come to me, and will stay till ed by numbers, who went to hear Mr. Montagu arrives in town. He him on so critical a state of affairs. did not leave Denton, till almost a The thunder of his eloquence was week after I came away; and he was abated, and the lightning of his stopped at Durham by the waters eye was dimmed to a certain debeing out ; but I had the pleasure gree, when he rose to speak; but of hearing yesterday that he got the glory of his former administrasafe to Darlington, where he was tion threw a mellow lustre around to pass a few days with a famous him, and his experience of pubmathematician. But I expect him lick affairs gave the force of an orin town the end of this week. acle to what he said, and a reverMy nephew Morris has
got great ential silence reigned through the credit at Eton already. My sister senate. He spoke in answer to has in general her health extreme- the Duke of Richmond : the ly well. I have got much better Duke of Richmond replied. Then than I was in the summer. My his Lordship rose up to speak a. doctors order me to forbear wri- gain. The Genius and spirit of ting ; but this letter does not shew Britain seemed to heave in his bomy obedience to them. I wish I som : and he sunk down speechcould enliven it with more news. less! He continued half an hour in
The celebrated Coterie will go a fit. His eldest and second sons, on in spite of all remonstrances; and Lord Mahon, were in great ag. and there is to be an assembly ony, waiting the doubtful event. thrice a week for the subscribers At last he happily recovered ; and to the opera into the subscription ; though he is very weak, still I am so little impression do rumours of assured by his family, that he looks wars, and apprehensions of the better than he did before this acci. plague, make on the fine world. dent.
Vol. IV. No. 11,
For the Anthology:
MORE OF JUNIUS. ROBERT HERON some time since ted in his lifetime ; and which, if published an edition of Junius, val- accredited now, would leave a deep uable not for his criticisms, but and indelible stain upon his urn. for the marginal notes and refer It is requisite to remark, that serences, which give a biographick jeant Danning was the pride of summary of the lives of those, Westminster hall, and his learning whose infamy the page of his au- and integrity gave to his opinions, thor records. When Mr. Heron in matters of law, a solidity little quits the plain ground of fact, and inferiour to a judicial determinaindulges bimself in conjecture, he tion. Is it to be credited then, falls into such palpable blunders, that he would, in the character of that it seems surprising how a man, Junius, bewray his profession with blessed with such opportunities of such sentiments as these? The correct information, could suffer learning of a pleader is usually upthem to pass unimproved. What on a level with his integrity. The shall we think of his declaration, indiscriminate defence of right and that serjeant Dunning (afterwards wrong contracts the understandlord Ashburton) was the author ing, while it corrupts the heart. of Junius ? To give to this asser. Subtlety is soon mistaken for wistion all the mockery of grimace, dom, and impunity for virtue. If Mr. Heron further declares, that there be any instances upon record, the facts, whence he forms his o as some there are undoubtedly, of pinion, for want of time he is un genius and morality united in a able to communicate to the pub- lawyer, they are distinguished by lick. By way of administring an their singularity, and operate as opiate to the reader's incredulity, exceptions.' We are aware of he informs him that the speeches the inconclusiveness of this arguof the learned serjeant abound in ment, as our opponent may urge, those epigrammatick points and that serjeant Dunning might still attick retorts, for which the pages have written this paragraph, as of Junius are so remarkable. This this would only prove him infamous casual affinity (if memory is cor- if he did! rect) is the only solitary fact, on Lord Mansfield and serjeant which he grounds his assertion. Dunning were private friends, alAssuming it as a fact, that there though political enemies. No is a resemblance, (for which, how lawyer in Westminster hall reever, Mr. Fleron does not conde ceived such particular marks of scend to cite a single instance) at respect and attention from his lordthe distance of three thousand ship as Mr. Dunning. Any one, miles from the ground of contro- conversant in the decisions of the versy, we venture to pronounce it court of King's Bench, can attest an idle and ridiculous declaration, to the truth of these facts. The which the friends of lord Ashbur rigid censorial' brow of justice reton would have indignantly resen- laxed in the presence of Dunning,
and condescended to wear the lev- Mr. Dunning then retires to his ity of mirth. How well does this closet, writes the inflammatory letconduct quadrate with the philipa ter with his own hand, secretly picks of Junius! This writer ex- conveys it to the press, after its plicitly informs his lordship that publication assists in the proseculanguage has no term of reproach, tion of the printer, and makes him the mind no idea of detestation, responsible for the guilt, which he that has not been happily applied himself had committed. The real to him and exhausted.' Here then criminal is not the unhappy man, lord Ashburton has another bril- who is arraigned at the bar, but liant of infamy to sparkle in his the officer of the crown, employcoronet. He in the first place li- ing all the aid of his talents and bels a profession, to which himself eloquence for the condemnation of was an honour, and in the next, a man, comparatively innocent ; the friend, whose attentions and while every word of reproach on favour's he is mean enough to the publication is a brand of inreceive. Let us now see, whether famy on the character of the speakthe real character of lord Ashbur Nay more, to give to this ton merited such reproach. To compound of treachery and turpithose unacquainted with his signal tude every possible degree of virtues, it is only necessary to add, brightening and burnishing, Mr. that Edmund Burke and Sir Wil- Dunning, in the preface to the volliam Jones deemed him an objectume of Junius, published after the worthy the panegyrick of their trial of Woodfall, denominates pens. Through laborious gra- this very trial a tyrannical prosedations of service' he won his way cution. It is not enough then that to a peerage, not by the pimping he should perpetrate sedition in politicks of a court, nor the mean- the first place, and prosecute a er flattery of the mob. Men of printer for it in the second, but honour and tried probity united thirdly and lastly, he calls that very against a corrupt administration, prosecution tyrannical.' where we find the names of a Dun We purposely wave all discusning and a Burke. The principal sion on the point, how far the claim objection to the admissibility of of Mr. Dunning to the authorship Mr. Dunning's title to the author of Junius may be supported on ship of Junius still remains to be the assumed analogy between the stated.
speeches of the one and the wriThose, acquainted with the state tings of the other. If there is a of England at the time the letters similitude, the fact is far more proof Junius first appeared, well know bable that the serjeant established what alarm was excited. Every a precedent, followed siuce by maministerial engine was set in mo- ny orators of his own country and tion to counteract their effects. In- ours, and occasionally decorated formations were filed against the his discourses with glittering fragpublishers, and, amongst the rest, ments from Junius, than that he one against Mr.Woodfall, in whose was the author of those letters. paper the letters of Jupius first : We likewise wave all discussion made their appearance. Mr.Dun- on the point, how far a man, imning was counsel for the crown.* mersed in such professional avo
cation, habits the most of all ir.Vide Sir James Burrow's reports. reconcileable to elegant writing,