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MISCELLANY.,

have been two other persons, and that the execu

tioner may have belied him. Besides this, I must MAIL ARRANGEMENTS FOR INDIA AND CAINA. confess that two things are suspicious to me in -Steam intercourse with India is likely to be ar- the extreme: he first told me that the exeeutioner ranged in a manner to meet the wishes of all par- who told him the story had been the executioner ties interested in the subject; and a rapid and of Stoddart; on another day I asked him which most efficient communication will ere long be of the two executioners had put Stoddart to death, carried out, by means of powerful vessels to be and he replied he did not know !” The doctor employed by the Government of India, and proba- also says :-"A caravan arrived here some days bly by the Peninsular and Oriental Company. ago from Bokhara; and ask whom you will, the Without pledging ourselves to details, we believe invariable answer is, — They may be alive, for the following to be a correct outline of the ar- nobody has seen them executed, and the Gosh rangement at present contemplated. There is to Bekee, or prime minister, who for five years was be a bi-monthly instead of a monthly intercourse. supposed to have been put to death, has suddenly The mails which leave London and Calcutta si come forth alive and well from prison.' The multaneously on the 1st day of every month, are chief of the caravan of Bokhara, Mullah Kareem, to be conveyed by the East India Company; those who leaves that city every two mouths, and has leaving on the 15th, by the Peninsular and Ori- a wife there, told me two days ago, that if any ental Company, if they obtain the contract; and one asserts that he has seen the execution of the the distance between London and Calcutta, and two eelchies, (ambassadors) he is a liar!"vice versa, is to be performed in forty days. The Asiatic Journal. effect of this arrangement will be as follows :The mail leaving London on, say the 1st Janua- Dock YARDS OF FRANCE.--The number of

will be conveyed vià Marseilles and Suez to laborers employed in the several dock yards on Bombay, whence letters will be transmitted, as the west coast of France at present, is 10,170, of now, to the various parts of the continent of India, whom 3465 at Brest, 1102 at Rochefort, 1212 at and to Ceylon; those for Calcutta reaching that L'Orient, and 1127 at Cherbourg; besides 1000 city on the 10th February, so that answers may artificers, &c., of the artillery, and 2053 other labe despatched by the homeward mail of the 15th, borers on the marine works connected with the to be brought by the Peninsular and Oriental last-mentioned of these ports. The cost of the Company's vessels, calling at Madras and Ceylon matèriel of the French navy is estimated at about to take up the Bombay and China letters, which iwelve millions sterling, or 298,463,000 francs, will arrive in London on the 25th March, in time and out of this sum the ships themselves, without to permit of replies by the outgoing mail of the any of their equipments, are estimated to have 1st April, vid Bombay. In the same manner, the occasioned an outlay of nearly £2,500,000. From mail leaving London and Southampton on the 15th the year 1826 to 1830, inclusive, the yearly conJanuary, will be conveyed by the Peninsular and sumption of hemp for cordage amounted to 2450 Oriental Company's vessels við Suez to Ceylon, tons; it does not exceed at this time 1470. A where they are to drop the mails for China and ship of the line, with her entire equipments, is for Bombay, and then proceed onwards, calling estimated to cost the state a sum of £116,000 ; at Madras, to Calcutta, arriving there on the 25th for instance, the Hercules, which conveyed the February; thus allowing time to answer by the Prince de Joinville to the Brazils, did not put to homeward mail leaving on the 1st March, and sea for less than £117,580, in which sum, bowreaching London by way of Bombay on the 10th ever, some extraordinary disbursements are inApril, to which replies may be transmitted by the cluded.-U. Serv. Mag. outward mail of the 15th Apr which will convey despatches to Bombay, China, Madras, and

Society FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF MEDI. Calcutta, by way of Ceylon. The intercourse CINE.-This is a small but very select society, with China will be monthly, the Peninsular and composed of physicians, surgeons, and general Oriental Company having undertaken the con- practitioners

. "Its object is the mutual comparison, veyance of a mail, which will be forwarded from so to speak it, of notes, for general edification. Ceylon immediately on receipt of the outward It meets once a week, at the house of each memmail of the 15th of every month. In order to carry ber in rotation. At the last meeting, these arrangements into effect, the East India

The chair was taken by Dr. Hookie, at the head Company are to provide three new vessels of of his own tea-table. The worthy chairman, competent power. The Peninsular and Oriental with a cup of Hyson in his hand, begged to proCompany, to fulfil their part of the undertaking, pose as a toast, “Success to Practice.” Drunk have ordered an iron steamer of large power; unanimously. they have also purchased the Precursor, condi

The secretary (Mr. Jones) then stated that Mr. tionally, for £50,000, and offered $23,000 for the Baggs had a communication to make to the SoIndia.- Asiatic Journal.

ciety.

Mr. Baggs would, with permission of the SoDR. WOLFF.-Capt. Grover has received a let- ciety, relate an interesting case. The patient was ter from Dr. Wolff, dated Meshed, March 24. an elderly lady, ætatis 65; her complaint was a The doctor fell in with Saleh Mohammed, called sinking at the stomach, accompanied by a singing the Akhoondyadeh, whose circumstantial state in the ears; together with a nervous affection, ment of what he said people told him of the exe- described by herself as "alloverishness.” He cution of Col. Stoddart and Capt. Conolly, was (Mr. Baggs) had called the disorder Debilitas, and published in all the papers, The doctor thus Tinnitus Aurium. Ordered-Pil. Micæ Panis, box writes :-“ Saleh Mohammed told me that the two one,-three pills to be taken every night: and a persons who were put to death, and of whom he sixteen ounce mixture, composed of Tinct. Cardagave a circumstantial account to Col. Sheill, may mom : Comp. drachmsten: Syrup: Simp.: ounces

>

two: and the rest, Aqua: three table spoonfuls { rated the sensation caused by the lavish generosity three times a day. The patient had been two of the Monarch who appears to “hold the gor. months under treatment - expresses herself to geous East in fee.” We are too busy a people to have been done a world of good—but should like mind portents long: it is very doubiful whether, to go on with the medicine. He (Mr. Baggs) were some of those green knolls once said to be considered that he had been very lucky in his the haunts of "the good people," to open at our patient, and only hoped he might bave many such. feet and reveal the elves gambolling in caverns

A member here suggested the propriety of rich as that in which Aladdin found his lamp, the drinking her health. (No, no; and laughter.) marvel would excite more than an exclamation of

Another member thought that Mr. Baggs had momentary surprise. The Imperial visit has made a good thing of it.

come and gone like the lightning, “which doth Mr. Baggs rather fattered himself that he had. cease to be ere one can say it lightens.". If the He had charged “Iter," each visit, 58., besides Emperor-instead of, as is probable, merely gratimedicine, and he had seen the case daily. fying a momentary whim-calculated upon excit

The same member wished, if it was a fair ques-ing a sensation in England by his meteor-like tion, to know what might have been the prime transit, he has reckoned without his host.-Spec. cost of the drugs?

POLICE INTERFERENCE IN GERMANY.-An EnMr. Baggs said that the tincture in each bottle, he should think, was about threepence-halfpenny, half-a-dozen youths under his care, for the finish

glishman is just arrived in a German town, with and the syrup perhaps three farthings. The aqua ing of their education. Some of these youths was an insignificant fraction of the rate on that fluid; as was the Panis of the baker's bill.

are nearly grown to manhood. They have their One member considered that a few powders, guns and pistols, and practise at a mark, or at now and then, might have been sent in. Another birds, in their tutor's garden. A Rock of sparwould have applied an Emplastrum Picis to the rows settles on a tree; they fire at them. A man Epigastrium. It would have been 3s.

in a neighboring garden raises his head and gazes Mr. Bagys thought that a little moderation was rives a policeman, with a long printed paper of

sternly and significantly at them. Presently arsometimes as well. The Society, generally agreed with him.

regulations against the shooting of birds, with all Dr. Dunham Brown then recounted an instruc- the pains and penalties. The youths lay aside tive case of gout, occurring in an alderman. He the fowling-piece, and amuse themselves with had been in attendance on him for a twelve-month, shooting at the sparrows with pellets of putty, and had taken, on an average, three fees a week! sent from a sarbacan or blow-gun, blown by the The Chairman next read a valuable

mouth. Presently appears again the grave servant paper

1. On Professional Appearance,” in which he strongly ing how'strictly it is forbidden to kill singing

of justice, with another long printed paper, showrecommended black gaiters. A discussion ensued respecting the advantages the wisdom of the government to be singing birds,

birds, with a list of those which are decided by of spectacles in procuring the confidence of pa- and the various fines for such offences, mounting tients. At its conclusion

The Chairman inquired who was for a game at up in severity from a tomtit to a nightingale, the whist?. Several members answering for them- penalty for whose death is five florins, or 8s. 4d. selves in the affirmative, cards were introduced. Guns and blow-guns being thus spiked by the poThe Society separated at a respectable hour.--!ice, the unfortunate youths betook themselves

into the open wood behind the house, where they Punch.

supposed they could molest no one, and amused A GLIMPSE or Fairy Land.—The Emperor of themselves with firing at a mark with a pistol. Russia is the only existing representative of the At the very first crack, however, out steps a wood Emperor of the Fairy Tale or Arabian Nights' policeman, in his long drab coat with green collar, Entertainment. For fair speeches and rich gifts seizes the pistol, pockets it, and walks off. Ason every side, there has been nothing heard of tounded at this proceeding, the youths for some like him since the little girl out of whose mouth time desisted from all sorts of shooting; but, came lilies and roses whenever she opened it, and tempted one day by a handsome brass cannon in out of whose hair was combed pearls and dia- a shop-window in the city, (what do these shop monds. He scattered his drafts for 1,0001. or 5001. keepers sell little brass cannons for ?) they immeabout him with as much nonchalance as a stage diately conclude that with cannons you may shoot. Cræsus could distribute bits of white paper. Lords People do not shoot singing-birds, at all events, of the Household have received his Majesty's with cannon. They therefore bought the cannon; portrait set in diamonds; Equerries, his “cipher,” and to avoid all possible offence, they carried it into similarly adorned; maitres d'hôtel have diamond the mountains, and far up there, in a rocky hollow, rings; and even menial domestics have gold boxes, they commenced firing their cannon at a mark on rings, and watches. In reading of this shower of the wall of a precipice. Bang goes the little cangood luck, one is carried back in imagination to non, back it flies with the shock-out starts a pothe days of Danaë; Sinbad's Valley of Diamonds liceman, and puts it in his pocket! rises to the view-a fat cook setting a delicate The patience of the youths was now exhausted. roast before the Autocrat, which is withdrawn They demanded, “What! cannot we even fire a with a jewel sticking to it. But the provoking child's cannon?” The reply was, “ Nein, das ist part of the story is the imperturbable phlegm with am strengsten verboten." “No, that is most which John Bull endures this vision of Fairy- strictly forbidden.” The youths, with English land opening for a moment in the midst of his spirit, protested against the seizure of their cancommonplace world. The Chelsea Bazaar, Mr. non. Good! good!” was the answer, and the Ward's motion about the Irish Church, the Sugar- next day they were summoned to the Amt-house, duties, a hundred other topics of the day, each in and, on the clearest showing of the printed reguturn driving out the other, have already oblite-lations, fined ten shillings.- German Experiences.

O'CONNELL.–After the close of the proceedings , excitement" occurred at Galaway. A foolish in the Dublin Court of Queen's Bench, on sexton, to curry favor with a gentleman who Thursday last week, Mr. O'Connell and the other had arrived over night at his residence in the traversers remained for about an hour in the neighborhood, rang the bells of St. Nicholas's Judges' chambers, awaiting certain formalities in church ; on which a mob collected, and would order to their commitment. At a quarter after have lynched the sexton, but that some priests five o'clock, they were driven off in three carri- and gentlemen interposed and promised that he ages, accompanied by the High Sheriff, and es- should be punished. He was summarily discorted by a strong body of mounted Police, to missed.-Spectator. Richmond Bridewell, in the South Circular Road. As they passed forth, there was a general cry of

BYRON'S STATUE BY THORWALDSEN.A case “ Silence !” among the crowd; which was in a of an extraordinary nature is about to be brought state of great excitement," and several persons before the London tribunals. Thorwaldsen, as is shed tears. Numbers followed the carriages; and well known, had executed a colossal statue of a large crowd was collected at the entrance of the Lord Byron, which he presented to the Chapter prison. Inside the prison-gate stood a numerous of Westminster, on condition of its being placed party of gentlemen, in two files, personal friends in that cathedral beside the monuments of other of Mr. O'Connell : they uncovered as he entered ; poets. The Chapter first accepted the offer, but and he shook hands with them. O'Connell and it is equally well known that some scruples were his companions were conducted to the Governor's raised afterwards against placing the author of house. Mr. Purdon, the Governor, being absent, Don Juan in this national mausoleum; and the Mr. Cooper, the Deputy-Governor, received the case containing the precious marble was never prisoners from High Sheriff Ball; and Mr. claimed by the Chapter. The testamentary exeO'Connell was conveyed to rooms which he had cutors of l'horwaldsen being informed of this state engaged before the passing of the sentence. of things, made some inquiries, and the masterThey are spacious and airy. Mrs. Fitzsimon and piece of Thorwaldsen was found lying on the Mrs. French, O'Connell's daughters, were in Hoor of a cellar in a state of extreme deterioration, waiting to receive him in his new lodging; and amongst the fragments of the case, which the after a short interval, he walked with them in the humidity of the place had reduced to a state of large gardens belonging to the prison, to which perfect rottenness. Consequently, a person duly his party have access. The Liberator seems to authorized by the executor addressed a formal repass his time as pleasantly as a prison allows : he clamation to the authorities, but when the Cushas an almost daily levee, admitting visitors for tom-house officers went with him to the cellar, a few hours each day except Mondays and Wed. it was found that the statue had disappeared, and nesdays. The Dublin papers publish a letter by nothing but fragments of the case remained behind his chaplain, the Rev. Dr. Miley, dated “the sec- The executors then addressed to the Customond day of the Captivity," describing O'Connell house a demand for indemnity. This, however,

was refused, under the plea that it cannot be an“ Never have I beheld the Liberator in a sub- swerable for goods refused by the parties to limer attitude than this morning, as he knelt, I whom they are addressed. The executors have may say in fetters, before the altar he himself had resolved on bringing an action for damages against freed. It was a spectacle of much grander import the Custom-house of London. The sum claimed than even of a just man contending with adver- is 30,0001. (750,000f.) at which the statue was sity'; and if those who have been laboring so valued by the artists of Rome on its being shiplong, per fas aut nefas, to afflict his spirit, to em- ped to London.—Morning Chronicle. bitter and disgrace his declining years, could have beheld the serenity of his countenance in

POPULATION OF GERMAN STATES.-'The Table receiving the divine communion, I would not say of Population, on which the appropriation of the they would have been sorely disappointed, but, duties received on account of the German Cusfor the honor of human nature, I shall persuade toms-Union is founded, affords us the following myself that it would have repented them of their data respecting the number of inhabitants in each intent in seeking to fix the brand of a felonious State of the Union in the year 1843 ; viz. Prussia, conspirator on such a man. No; O'Connell is 14,934,340; Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, 175,vot sick-he is not sad; let no one believe it. I223 ; Bavaria, 4,370,977; Kingdom of Saxony, was beside him in the court; I accompanied him 1,706,267; Wurtemberg, 1,646,871 ; the to the prison ; it is scarce an hour since this hand Principalities of Hohenzollern, 59,387 ; Baden, that writes was grasped in his : and I aver, upon 1,290,146; Electoral Hesse (or Hesse Cassel), this knowledge, that he is in rude health, un- 692,835; Grand Duchy of Hesse, 811,503 ; Landshaken in his purpose, and undismayed as when graviate of Hesse, 18,444; Brunswick, 265,835; he denounced the Union on Tara or Mullaglimast, Nassau, 398,095; and Frankfort on the Main, serene in the spirit of his mind, and full of buoy- 66,338. The total population of States forming ant vigor. He is proud of his present position, the Union, inclusive of certain isolated districts, and looks back upon the past with triumph; and Thuringia, &c., amounted last year to 27,623,815. never were his hopes of the future brighter than-U. Sero. Mag. at this moment, or more akin to certainty.”

The Repeal papers present a “tremendous ex- The French in ALGIERS.-In a speech in the citement” as obtaining in the provinces ; but the Chamber of Deputies, Marshal Soult admitted the examples cited are not very striking. In one holy war declared by Morocco against the French in place the people shut up their shops in token of Algiers. The papers also announce an untoward mourning; in others they got up early to hear event in the province of Constantina. The garthe news; and on Sunday prayers were said for rison of Biscara, composed of natives in French O'Connell's health and strength to bear up under pay, had revolted, murdered two French officers, the “unjust sentence." The most “alarming and betrayed the post to the enemy.-Spect.

at mass.

two

SCIENCE AND ART.

ANTIQUITIES OF Athens.-Among the many | Bacchus on his shoulder, 3 feet; a Pan, 3 feet inscriptions of the Acropolis which have been high; a beautiful little Terminus, 1 1-2 foot high, published in the Ephmeris of the Archæological with three heads of the Diana Triformis, and one Society, are three or four of peculiar historic in- of Hermes; a sepulchral relief, 5 feet by 4, of a terest—the inscription on the base of the votive youth, dog and boy; another, of the same size, of statue to Minerva of health, mentioned in the Life female, nurse, child, and friend—both these pieces, of Pericles, by Plutarch and by Pliny, the cata- in very prominent alto relievo, are admirable logue of the contributions of different towns to specimens of the common sepulchral style subsethe treasury in the Parthenon, and the description, quent to the best period of Athenian sculpture. price and distribution of the work done in erect- Several other relievos, of small size and minor ing the Long Walls.

importance. No excavations have been made The following statues and relievos are of suffi- lately out of the Acropolis, neither is there any cient value to merit casts, were the means afforded probability of any being made, for the Greek from the museums of Europe : -10 pieces of the Government have no funds for the purpose, and frieze of the Parthenon, of the 14 still in the the law prevents any individual from removing Acropolis ; 1 metope-the Winged Victory taking any antiquities from Greece. It is much to be off her sandal, and another called the Bull of lamented, that great part of the town is built over Marathon, relievos from the exterior of the Vic- ancient remains, and little hope can any longer tory Apteros, with part of a third, a beautiful little be entertained of any discoveries in Athens, exstatue of a fawn, about 2 feet high; Ceres, or cept in the Acropolis. Indeed, many reasons Diana, ascending a car, in a style resembling that combine to point out other places as affording of the Zanthian Marbles; about eight of the small better hopes of success in archæological research. sepulchral and other relievi preserved in the -Athenaum. Pinacotheca ; several beautiful fragments of small statues, three of those preserved in the Stoa of MR. DRAYTON's INVENTION FOR SILTERING Adrian; a torso of a Cupid; a bold sepulchral MIRRORS.-By this gentleman's process, the mirrelief of an old man and a youth, 5 feet high; a ror is, for the first time, literally speaking, siltered

, finely draped statue, of the best era, 6 feet

high, inasmuch as silver is precipitated on it from its found at Åndros, head wanting, having been re- nitrate (lunar caustic) in the form of a brilliant placed by a Roman bust, as the cutting at the neck lamina. The process is this: on a plate of glass, shows; small relief, with inscription Athena, &c.; surrounded with an edge of putty, is poured a sothe colossal statue of Erechthonius, still in situ, lution of nitrate of silver in water and spirit, below the temple of Theseus, 8 feet high, head mixed with ammonia and the oils of cassia and of wanting; colossal statue of Minerva Victrix, re- cloves. These oils precipitate the metal in somemarkable for its exquisite drapery, head wanting, what the same manner as vegetable fibre does in near the Theseium. In the Theseium-the very the case of marking ink--the quantity of oil incurious relievo, 6 feet high, of a Warrior with Auencing the rapidity of the precipitation. Mr. spear, with great remains of colors—a work of Faraday here referred to Dr. Wollaston's method Aristeion, of the ancient school of Sycion ; a beau- of precipitating the phosphate of ammonia and tiful figure, of the very best era, perfect all but the magnesia on the surface of a vessel containing its legs below the knee and the arms, 5 feet high, solution, in order to make intelligible how the called the Apollo, from having a serpent on the deposit of silver was determined on the surface of base; a statue supposed to be Apollo Lycius, 6 clean glass, not (as in Dr. W.'s experiment

) by feet; a beautiful little Silenus, with the infant mechanical causes, but by a sort of electric affinity.

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This part of Mr. Faraday's discourse was illus- | dial plate, graduated with inches and tenths, and
trated by three highly striking adaptations of Mr. is divided equally by a perpendicular line. The
Drayton's process. He first silvered a glass plate, left side is graduated for measuring inspiration,
the surface of which was cut in a ray-like pattern. the right half for expiration : certain words are
2d. A bottle was filled with Mr. Drayton's trans- engraved in each division expressive of different
parent solution, which afterwards exhibited a degrees of strength, thus-
cylindrical reflecting surface. And, 3d. A large
cell, made of two glass plates, was placed erect

Graduation of Power.
Inspiration.

Expiration on the table, and filled with the same clear solu

1.5 inches, Weak,

2.00 inches. tion. This, though perfectly translucent in the

2
Ordinary,

2.50 first instance, gradually became opaque and re- 2-5 Strong,

3.50 flecting; so that, before Mr. Faraday concluded, 3-5 Very Strong,

4.50 those of his auditors who were placed within view 4.5 Remarkable, 5.80 of it, saw their own faces, or that of their near 5.5 Very Remarkable, 7.00 neighbors, gradually substituted for the faces of

6

Extraordinary, 8.50 those who were seated opposite to them.-Ath.

Very Extraordinary, 10:00 PNEUMATIC APPARATUS FOR Valuing THE RE- These expressions of power are obtained from SPIRATORY POWERS, ILLUSTRATED BY DIAGRAMS results of nearly 1,200 observations. The merAND TABLE3.-It

consists of two instruments, the cury is contained in a bent tube, one end of which one called the “ Breathing machine” for measur- is surmounted by a flexible tube, which is tering" Volume," and the other called the “ Inspira- minated by an Indian rubber nose-piece, through tor," for measuring “Power”—by which the three which the person under trial draws in or blows principal observations for arriving at correct re

out to the extent of his power. Several persons, sults are taken, viz., the number of cubic inches including fire-brigade men, wrestlers, gentlemen, of air thrown out of the chest and the power by and particularly Robinson, the well-made dwarf, which that air can be drawn in and given out. thirty-six years of age, standing 3 feet 9 inches The “ Breathing machine" consists of two vertical high, were subjected to the trial of Mr. Hutchincylinders, one within the other,-the outer one son's apparatus-and it was observed how accucontains water, while the inner one, being in- rately these cases agreed with Mr. Hutchinson's verted, is intended to receive the breath, and table of heights, by which it appears that the cahence is called the receiver; this receiver is raised pacity of a man's lungs increases in arithmetical in proportion to the quantity of air given out of progression of 8 cubic inches for every inch of the lungs of the person under examination. The his actual height.Ath. receiver is counterbalanced by two leaden weights working in two vertical hollow brass perpendicu

LAND DRAINING.-Land is rendered cold and lar tubes. To each of the weights is attached a late by the great capacity of water for heat, as cord, which, working over a pulley at top, passes compared with clay or sand; the same quantity down another brass tube or column and connected of heat which is sufficient to raise the temperawith the cross-head of the receiver, which cross

ture of earth or mould four degrees of Fahrenheit, head with the receiver works up and down by and of common air five degrees, being only means of slots formed in the inside column. In sufficient to raise that of water one degree; the order to determine how much air is given out, a residue being absorbed by the water and renderscale is connected with the receiver, which ed latent. Consequently, when the land is satuascends and descends with it; on this scale the rated by water, the sun's rays, instead of being figures represent cubic inches-calculated accord- expended in heating the soil, are absorbed and ing to the contents of the receiver, which con- rendered latent by the water which it contains, tains 388 cubic inches of air. The level of the and the soil derives but one-fourth of the warmth water is the datum or standard line from which which it would do were it filled with common the number of cubic inches is to be determined. air instead of water. Other injurious effects are, A bent glass tube is connected with the water in that it sours the land, and gives rise to the formathe reservoir, so that the level of the water in the tion of substances hurtful to vegetation. These reservoir is readily ascertained by an inspection are caused by the exclusion of common air and of the tube : the divisions on the scale on the the oxygen which it contains from the pores of same level as the surface of the water, indicate the soil. Vegetable and animal manures thus rethe number of cubic inches contained in the remain imperfectly decayed, or decay is converted ceiver, at any elevation. The breath enters the into putrefaction, and acetic, malic, tannic, gallic, receiver by a tube passing up through the reser- and other acids substituted for carbonic acid and voir of water, and when the experiment is con- ammonia, the products of simple decay, and cluded and the receiver is to be drawn down again, which, with the elements of water, are now the air is discharged by a valve cock at bottom. recognized as the chief agents in the nourishment Three taps are fixed in front of this machine, the of plants, Superabundant moisture, likewise, one for drawing off the water when necessary; renders the climate of a country insalubrious ; the second for discharging the breath through; but its injurious effects are more immediately and the middle one, called the drain tap, for drain recognized in supplying the roots of growing ing off water that sometimes by accident is forced plants with a greater quantity of moisture than into the vertical tubes. The "Inspirator” is con- they are able to digest, and thus rendering them structed on the principle of elevating by the weak and dropsical.-Ibid. power of the muscles of inspiration and expiration, a column of mercury, and according to the elevation of the mercury dete the relativ power exerted by these muscles. It consists of a

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