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crifices; that we may be able to judge what it imports, when applied to them. The places in the foregoing collection of texts, marked with an asterism (*) are all of this sort that I can find, in number 37. I shall take them just as they lie ; and choose, in giving the sense of them, to point out the EFFE cT, answering to the question, JWhat is done o Answer ; the resentment of a king is appeased. And then the MEANs, in answer to the question, By what, for what, upon what account, or in what way is the thing done & Answer, By wise and prudent conduct. And these two, the effect and the means ; what was done, and how it was done, I think, will take in the whole compass of the subject; and give us as distinct an idea, as we can have of atonement.
71.(1.) Exod. xxx. 15, 16, The rich shall not give more,and the poor shall not give less, than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the Lord; neo, to make an atonement for
EFFEct. Exemption from some deadly distemper. Ver. 12, That there be no plague amongst them, i.e. the people, when thou numberest them.
MEAN. Half a shekel given by ev
your souls. 16, And thou shalt take the atonement-money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it jor the service of the tabernacle of the congregation ; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the Lord aboo to make atonement for your souls, or lives. 72. (2) Ex. xxxii. 30, Moses said unto the people, ye have sinned a great sin : and now I will go up wnto the Lord, peradventure moon I shall make an atonement for your sin.
ery one that was numbered to the service of the tabernacle.
EFFECT. The exemption of the Israelites from destruction, or total excision. MEANs. The prayers of Moses, ver. 31, And Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, oh, this peoplehavesinnedagreat sin, &c. 32, Yet now if thou wilt, forgive their sin, &c.
73. (3.) Num. xvi. 46, 47, And Moses said unto.Aaron, take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, obs, and make atonement for them : for there is wrath gone out from the Lord ; the plague is begun. And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation ; and behold the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, nex, and made an atonement for the people. 74. (4.)Num.xxv. 13, And he [Eleazar] shall have it, and his seed after him, even
EFFEct. The staying of the plague. Ver.48, And he stood between the dead and the living, and the plague was stayed. MEAN. Aaron’s standing in the midst of the congregation with a censer of burning incense in his hand, the symbol of prayer. Psal. cxli. 2. Luke i. 9, 10. Rev. viii. 3.
EFFECT. A stop put to the plague which raged in the camp.
the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, now and made an atonement for the children of Israel. 75. (5) Num. xxxi. 50, JWe have therefore brought an oblation for the Lord, what every man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, *E* to make an a–tonement for our souls before the Lord. 76. (6) 2 Sam. xxi. 3, David said unto the Gibeonites, what shall I do for you ? and wherewith nox shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the Lord 3
ME AN. Doing justice upon two criminals, Zimri and Cozbi. Ver. 7, 8.
EFFE cT. Uncertain. so
ME AN. An offering out of the spoils.
EFFECT. Satisfaction to the injured Gibeonites.
MEANs. Left to them to appoint; and determined in an act of justice upon bloody Saul’s family, who had massa77. (7) Deut. xxi. 8, \ps Be merciful unto[atone] thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not innoeent blood unto thy people of Israel’s charge. And the blood nex shall be forgiven [shall be atoned to] them. 78.(8) Deut. xxxii. 43, Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he willavenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries no and will be merciful to [will atone] his land and his people.
cred the Gibeonites, ver. 1; which was aecepted, ver, 14, and after that God was intreated for the land. EFFEct. Exemption from the judgments of God. MEANs. Theslaying of an heifer, solemn protestation of innocence, and the prayers and supplications of the elders of the city.
EFFEct. Theprotection of Israel against their enemies, and the enjoyment of other blessings.
MEAN. The pure goodness of God.