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488 Description of BLENHEIM-House. Nov. known the prevalence of dithonesty by in. Priene, who enabled him to become wise formation, nor had time to observe it with without the cost of experience. his own eyes, whence can be take his mea. sures of judgment but from himself ? Having given in our Magazine fur ebis Montb

They therefore, who best deserve to e: a beautiful View of BLENHEIM. scape the snares of artifice, are most likely

HOUSE, OF CASTLE, at Wood. to be entangled. He that endeavours to ftock ix Oxfordshire, erected in Honour of live for the good of others, must always

be À BOROUGH, after:be famous Bairleaf Blen.

ibe lare victorious John Duke of MARL.. exposed to the arts of them who live only for themselves, unless he is taught by time. heim near Hockstet ; ibo' we bave given 1y precepts the caution required in common an Account of it in our Magazine for transactions, and shown at a distance the January, 1749, p. 23, we ibink proper, on pitfals of treachery.

ibis Occasion, to add to it be following Der To enumerate the various motives to de. feriprion. ceit and injury, would be to count all the HE palace of Blenheim is a vast and fince there is no ambition however petty,


gift to the high merit of the invncible duke no with however absurd, that by indul. of Marlborough. The roof is adorned gence, will not be enabled to overpower with a stone balustrade, and a good num. the influence of virtue. Many there are, ber of ftatues; but there are several towers, who openly and almost professedly regulate which have a very heavy aspect : They all their conduct by their love of money, are far from being an ornament, and seem and who have no other realon for action or such an useless weight, that one would forbearance, for compliance or refusal, than think they were intended to fink the fabrick that they hope to gain more by one than Cbeneath the surface of the earth. A stately by the other. These are indeed the mean- bridge, or rialto, leads along the grand apest and crucleft of human beings, a race proach to this edifice, one arch of which with whom, as with some peftiferous ani

is above '90 feet diameter : A cascade of 'mals, the whole creation seems to be at water falls from a lake down some ftone war, but who, however detested or scorn- steps into the canal that runs under it. ed, long continue to add heap to heap, and The lofty hall of this palace was painted when they have reduced one to beggary are by Sir James Thornhill, the ceiling by still permitted to fasten on another,

La Guerre. The rooms are finoly enriched Oihers, yet less rationally wicked, pass with marble chimney-pieces, and furnicare, their lives in mischief, because they cannot but more by the incomparable paintings and bear the fight of success, and mark out eve. hangings ; which latter represent the princi. ry man for hatred, whose fame or fortune pal actions of the duke's life. The gallery is they believe increauing.

worthy admiration, being lined with marMany, who have not advanced to these ble pilasters, and whole pillars of one degrees of guilt, are yet wholly unqualified piece, supporting a most costly and curious for friendship, and unable to maintain any entablature, excellent for matter and work. constant or regular course of kindness. E manthip, the window.frames of the fame, Happiness may be destroyed by union with and a barement of black marble quite round: the man, whom a wild opinion of the dig- Before it is stretched out a molt agreeable nity of perseverance, in whatever cause, 'prospect of the fine woods beyond the disposes to pursue every injury with unwea

great valleys. The chapel is equal to the rest. ried and perpetual reseniment, or whose The garden is a very large plot of ground, vanity inclines him to confider every man taken out of the park, well adorned with as a rival in every pretension ; with him, walks, greens, espaliers, and vista's. Over whose airy negligence puts his friend's af. fairs or secrets in continual hazard, and

the pediment of the front of the house is a F

curious marble busto of Lewis XIV. bigger who thinks his forgetfulness of others vin. than the life, taken from the gate of the cidicated by his inattention to himself ; or tadel of Tournay. The orangery is a pretty with bim, whose inconstancy ranges without room. At the entrance into the cattle from any settled rule of choice thro' varieties of the town, the dutchefs erected a noble tri. frieodship, and who adopts favourites and 'umphal arch, to the memory of the duke dismilies them by the sudden impulse of her husband, and set up a vast obelifk in the caprice.

principal avenue of the park, whereon Thus numerous are the difficulties to G is infcribed the best account of the duke's which the converse of mankind exposes us, actions and character, that ever was penand which can be avoided only by prudent ned in the fame compass. Our readers distrust. He therefore that, remembring may see this inscription át targe, in our this falucary maxim, learns early to withold forementioned Magazine for January, 1749, his fondness from fair appearances, will

P: 24.-274 haya reason to pay fome honours to Bias of



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489 JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS and Debates in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 453.

the least attended to our late publiek In the Debate begun in your lajt, the transactions, must know, that this

next Speech I shall give, was that has been his majesty's constant and made by Pomponius Atticus, the unwearied endeavour ever since the Purport of which was as follows. peace at Aix-la-Chapelle. Does not

this, Sir, deserve the warmest ac. Mr. President,

knowledgments of our gratitude ? SIR,

A Can it be servility to declare that it HE term servility has, I find, does ? Is there any thing said of our

been much insisted on by all late treaty with Spain, from whence

the gentlemen who oppose an approbation thereof can be inferour agreeing to the address proposed; red, in case, upon inquiry, it should but, in my opinion, the truth can ne- be found not to be such an one as has ver justly be called servility : If the been represented to us in his majesty's fact be true, the expressing of that fact, speech from the throne ? In such a tho' in the plainest language, can never B case, may we not freely censure it, be said to be servile ; and if the com- notwithstanding any thing now propliment, or the fact, upon which it is poled to be said of it? Sir, we may founded, be false, tho dressed up in censure not only the treaty and the the highest metaphor or allegory that negotiators of it, but those also who can be invented by the moit poeti

advised his majesty to repreient it cal fancy, it must be allowed to be in such a light to us. On the other servile : It cannot then, indeed, be Chand, should the account we have of called fulsome ; but in the language

it be exactly true, as I am convinced of parliament we ought, I think, to

it is; and should there be good reaavoid the poetical ftile, as much as, fon to believe, that his present CaI hope, we always shall do the ler- tholick majesty is so just to his own vile. Upon this principle let us ex

people, as to be well inclined toamine the expressions made use of in D wards this nation, have we not cause the address proposed, and if we do,

to rejoice? Can any Englithman, we shall find, even from that know- who understands the true interest of ledge which every gentleman of any

this kingdom, refuse to congratulate figure in this country must be master his country, as well as his sovereign, of, that the facts referred to are not upon such a happy turn in the dispoonly true, but that they deserve what sition of the court of Spain? is proposed to be said of them. E This, Sir, is a turn, which we Whatever some gentlemen may be

could never have expected during the pleased to say, Sir, of the present life of the late king of Spain, nor tranquillity, I believe, there is not a would he ever have agreed to such a gentleman in England, especially a- treaty : He had always a view of mong those concerned in trade, that succeeding to the crown of France, will not allow it to be better than a and was therefore always influenced dangerous and expensive war : In F by French counsels. Besides, his meathis respect therefore it may be call- sures were all governed by his Para ed a happy tranquillity ; consequent. mefan queen, who never bore any ly, it is right and wise in his majesty good-will to this country, since we to endeavour to preserve and esta- defeated her favourite project of blish it ; and every one who has in driving the Austrians out of Italy ; November, 1751.

and whilft the entertained such a proHWF-n.



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490 PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. Nov. ject, and the king her husband had excepted, during the late war ; for such a view, we could never hope the want of these things was of very for

any true friendship with the court little inconvenience to us, but all the of Spain, because by this means they grandees of Spain, or what we call were both led into a dependence on the landed interest, were by that proFrance, notwithstanding its being so hibition almost ruined, as they could inconsistent with the true interelt of A no where else find a foreign market their own kingdom, tho' not now for any of the produce of their near so inconsistent as it was former- eltates, and their home consumption ly; for whilst the Spaniards were in was not near sufficient for taking off possession of the Netherlands and a all that was brought to market. great part of Italy, they were under Then, Sir, as to our respective a neceflity to court the friendship of poffeftions in America, it is not the this nation, for defending them a- B interest of either nation to incroach gainst the French, who were conti- upon the other's poffeffions; and nually forming projects for wresting tho' it is the interelt of the court of some of those dominions from them; Spain to prevent a smuggling trade, but by the infamous treaty of Utrecht yet a trade by licenced ships with the crown of Spain was at once fript our colonies is sometimes necessary of all those dominions, which were for the support of theirs, and at all given to the house of Austria; and C times very convenient for ours. An this not only put an end to the jea- intercourse of trade, even in that loufy which the court of Spain had country, is therefore useful to both, always before entertained of France, and both of us have great reason to but laid a foundation for a lasting be jealous of the French, who are conteft between them and the house daily

endeavouring to incroach upon of Austria.

the Spaniards as well as upon us. However, Sir, it is still the inte- D Nay, they have of late years poffefr. rest both of Spain and of this nation ed themselves of the greatest part of to be well with one another, both Hispaniola, which is the chief and on account of trade, and on account the best island belonging to Spain in of our respective dominions in Ame- that part of the world. Therefore, rica. As to trade, a free intercourse if the Spaniards would unbiasedly is certainly advantageous to both na- consider their real intereft, and close. tions ; for we have always got at E ly adhere to it, they would lay aside least 450,000 1. annually, upon the all thoughts of recovering their forbalance of our trade with Spain ; mer poffeffions either in Italy or the and there is no nation in the world Netherlands, and cultivate a constant that takes off and consumes so much friendship both with this nation and of the native produce of Spain as the house of Austria, in order to this nation does. With most other guard against France, which is the nations, especially in their trade with F nation that can molt sensibly hurt France, they must pay ready money them, and the only nation that can for all they take, without having of itself incline to hurt them, either thereby any vent for their native pro- in Europe or America. This I will duce ; but in their trade with this maintain, Sir, to be the true interest country, they pay only the small ba- of Spain ; and the treaty they have lance I have mentioned, and they lately concluded with us, gives me thereby find a good market for al. G hopes, that they now begin to see most all the native produce they can their true interest, and that the asspare. This shews the wisdom of surances his Catholick majesty has our prohibiting the importation of given are sincere ; consequently, I any Spanish commodities, a very few must think, that no objection ought

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