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grove in circuit thereof.” These were destroyed, and then our men entered into another island, and burned all the villages. Afterwards they went to the mainland, and burned and destroyed Baltymore and thechurch tower there. They also undermined and broke Teig O'Hidriskoll's goodly moated castle. One of the castles being set a-fire, Wm. Grant was on the top, and could not come down. Mr. John Butler, a captain, tied a small cord to an arrow, which was shot, a hawser having been made fast thereto. Grant fastened it to one of the pinnacles, slided down, and was received by his fellows upon beds. “And so all the army came to Waterford on Good Friday, with great joy and comfort.”

19. Henry VII. to the Mayor and Council of Waterford.

Has received their writing by the Recorder of the city (William White), and heard “his credence upon the same.” Perceives they have been informed that suit has been made to him for the city's revenues and profits, which he granted them by letters patent. Is content, remembering their loving and fast minds towards him, that they shall enjoy the same as heretofore. Richmond, 15 June (year mot given).

20. Henry VIII. to the Mayor and Inhabitants.

Informing them that he has commanded the Earl of Kildare, Deputy, and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, not to make any Acts, in the Parliament about to be holden, prejudicial to the liberties of the city. Greenwich, 28 Feb. (year not given).

21. The same to the same.

In consideration of their true service, promises them the continuance of his favour. Greenwich, 20 Feb. (year not given).

22. The same to the same.

Has sent an army to Ireland to subdue his enemies and rebels. Will always provide for their defence. Grafton, 1 Oct. (year mot given).

23. Henry VIII. to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of Waterford.

Thanks them for their endeavours to resist the enterprises of those false traitors, Thomas FitzGerrott and his complices. Westminster, 9 Nov., 26th year of the King's reign.

24. The same to the same.

Thanks them for their resistance against Thomas Fitz Gerrott. Promises to send succours shortly. Woodstock, 30 Aug. (year not given.)

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f. 267.

25. Henry VII. to the Mayor and Council of Waterford.

Thanks them for their letter of the 12th inst., comprising such news as they had there. Desires them to inform him of the news occurrent in those parts from time to time. If the Earl of Kildare, the Earl of Desmond, or any other, attempt anything to their hurt, the King will provide a remedy. Evesham, 19 Aug, (year not given). o

26. The Council of England to the Mayor and Aldermen.

Thanking them for their advertisements of matters so greatly concerning the Queen's service. The Court at St. James', 30 Sept. 1588.

27. Charter of Prince John, Lord of Ireland, etc., taking the brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Waterford into his protection, and granting them the water [running] from the church of St. Katherine to the old bridge.

28. Charter of King John to the city of Waterford.
29. Charter of Henry III. to the same.
, defining the bounds of

20. Charter of King Edward the port and city of Waterford.

31. Charter of King Edward Waterford.

, touching the port of

32. Note, that about the year 552 three noble Norwegian captains (duces), Amelanus, Ciracus, and Yvorus, “germani,” built the cities of Dublin, Waterford, and Limerick. Waterford was allotted to Ciracus, Dublin to Amelanus, and Limerick to Yvorus.

33. Inquisition at Inystiog (no date), before the King's commissioners, touching a privilege which the city of Waterford has in the town of Rosse.

34. An order by King Ric. II, concerning the non-levying of prises of wines in Waterford.

35. Grant by Roger Bigott, Earl of Norfolk, to the burgesses of New Rosse. (No date.)

36. Revocation by Edw. III. of his late grant to the burgesses of New Rosse, as it was prejudicial to the city [of Waterford].

37. Edw. III.'s grant to the town of Rosse; 14 Edw. III. Proclamation was made against this grant, 16 Edw. III.

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38. Confirmation of the grant to Waterford, 16 Edw. III.

39. Mandate to the mayors, seneschals, sovereigns, etc. of cos. Kilkenny, Wexford, Waterford, and Tipperary, and to the bailiffs of certain towns, touching the bounds of the Staple of Waterford. Witness, James le Botiller, 2 Ric. II. (ff. 267 b–270 are blank.)

40. “A brief Abstract of the Liberties of the City of Waterford in Ireland.” It quotes the city's charters from King John to James I., in English (pp. 19.)

Creation of John Earl of Shrewsbury and Wexford, etc., as Earl of Waterford, in tail male, with grant of the county and city ef Waterford, and the barony of Dongarven, which have been so devastated by the King's enemies and rebels as bring no profit to the King. Westm., 17 July.

Patent Roll, 24 Hen. VI., p. 2, m. 16.

Notes by G. Carew respecting the early history of Ireland.

List of “the forces which conquered Leinster before King
Henry II., his arrival there.”
(This is on a small piece of paper attachcd to f. 8.)

“The covenants that passed between King Henry VI., and Richard Duke of York for the government of Ireland, which he held by patent for the space of ten years.

“That toward the charges of those wars and entertainment of his soldiers, the courts of justice, and all other charges of the country, he should take and receive all the revenues, customs, duties, and other impositions growing due to the King, any kind of way, by sea or land. Over and besides this, he should be supplied with treasure from hence, with 4,000 marks, 2,000l. whereof to be paid him in hand, and the rest a month before the expiration of the year. For the other nine years, to defray the charges of that country, with 2,000l. per annum, to be issued out of the treasure from hence, besides the revenues of Ireland aforesaid, and payable half-yearly before hand by the Treasurer and Chamberlain of the Exchequer here. He should not be accountable to the King or his ass[ign]s of the revenues or other sums of money by him received, neither of the number of , men by him maintained. He should have free leave and authority to lease out the King's lands in that country, remove or displace any of his officers, and in their rooms to set and appoint such as he shall like of That during his time no leases, grants of pardons, [or] confirmations of offices to be made by the King, to be made to any persons without the Deputy's consent. The said Duke to have letters of protection

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f. 98.

for him and his whole train during that term. In his absence, he may appoint a Deputy, but to be answerable for his doings according to these covenants.

“The resolution thus taken, he went over into that country, where he couched himself out of the eyes of the world, and bare a low sail in all his actions, the better to avoid the suspicion of his illwillers, who nevertheless gave out that the commotion of Jack Cade, the Irishman, naming himself Mortimer, was his doing, thereby to bring the King in mislike of the commons. But, in fine, during his government there, he so gained the hearts of the Irish nobility that divers of them, especially those of Ulster, Clandeboy, the Glines, and the Ardes, which at that time was better inhabited with English nobility than any part of Munster or Connaught, came over with him against King Henry VI., to divers famous battles, as to Blorheth, Barnet, Northampton, and lastly to Wakefield, where they not only lost their lives with him, but also left their country so naked of defence that the Irish, in the meantime, finding the enterprise so easy, cast up their old Cap, O'Neale, relyed themselves with their ancient neighbours the Scots, and repossessed themselves of the whole country, which was the utter decay of Ulster.”

(This is on a piece of paper attached to f. 9.)
“Extract. ex Record. Turr. Londin.”

Letter from the King to Nigellus O'Hanlan, “duci de Erchre,” desiring credence for Edmund Bottellier, Justiciary, Richard de Bereford, Chancellor, and Walter de Islip, Treasurer, of Ireland, who have certain things to announce on the King's behalf touching the affairs of Ireland. Westminster, 14 March (year and reign not specified).

Similar letters were sent to many others (named). “Note, that this Edmund Butler was Lord Justice of Ireland, Anno Domini 1312.”

Notes by G. Carew concerning the early history of Ireland.
(Pp. 2.)

“Notes of certain Castles and Abbeys built in Ireland,” from the 12th to the 15th centuries.

(Pp. 4, in G. Carew's hand.)

Grant by Henry II. to Robert FitzStephen and Miles de Koggan of the custody of the city of Korke, with the cantred which belonged to the hostmen of the same city, during pleasure ; also, of the kingdom of Korch (Cork), except the said city and cantred, to hold of the King and his son John, and their heirs, by the service of sixty knights. Bounds specified. Witnesses named. Dated at Oxford.

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f. 87.

Inquisitions 34 and 35 Edw. III., after the death of Walter son of Walter de Bermingham. (See another copy in Vol. 608 ).

“These inquisitions are in the custody of Mr. John Fynglas, counsellor to the Lord Preston, Wiscount Gormaston, and dwelleth at Tylbersole by Dublin.”

Accounts of the counties of Kerry, Limerick, Waterford. etc., 38 and 39 Hen. [III.?] (See another copy in Vol. 610;? calendared ante).

Notes from the Patent Rolls of John, Hen. III., and Edw.
III. (Qu. same as in Vol. 610 !)
Lat. Pp. 5.

Partition made between the five sisters and heirs of William Marshall and his five sons, of their lands in Ireland, at Woodstock, 3 May, 31 Hen. III.

Lat. Pp. 4.

(See Vol. 608.)

“Notes of Ireland out of my L. of Hoothe's Book”. By G. Carew.

“The title which the Queen of England hath to Ireland by the Pope and the clergy.” By G. Garew.

“Notes out of Cambrensis.” By G. Carew.
“Notes out of the L. of Hothe's Chronicle.” By G. Carew.

“Historical Notes of Ireland,” from 1166 to 1171.” (Only 12 lines.)

Nicholas Whit of Clonmell, Henry Fyaunt, Thomas Admot, and John Kyddy senior, appointed justices of the Lord King, to take the assize of novel desseisin which Philip Stone arraigned before them by the writ of the King against John Droupe, and William Wynchedon, chaplain, concerning tenements in Corke, &c. Witness, the aforesaid Lieutenant, at Dublin, 18th February,

Indenture between the Lord Thomas of Lancaster, son of the King, Seneschal of England and Lieutenant of Ireland on the one part, and Aghi McMaghon of the other part. The latter, for himself and his nation, promised that he will always in future be a faithful liege to Henry King of England and his heirs; that he will conduct himself faithfully towards the King and his people; that he will not rise up with any Irish

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