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of his progenitors, ought to be exempted from all charge towards the wars, and from any acts to be made contrary to its charter; the King therefore commands the Earl not to intromit or meddle with the mayor and inhabitants either in Parliament or at any other time, nor to charge them with any taxes or contributions, in their bodies or goods. Greenwich, 23rd Jan., in the King's 7th year.

“7 Hen. VII. according to Carew, but evidently 7 Hen. TVIII.

15. “A copy of a placard sent by the King unto the Lord Deputy [the Earl of Kildare], and to the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Ireland, for staying of Parliament

against the city of Waterford” (No date, but the

King's father, Henry VII., is mentioned.)
Similar to the preceding.

16. Henry [VIII.] to the Mayor [and Citizens] of Water

ford.

Has received their letters; thanks them for advertising him of the news occurrent in those parts. Desires them to continue doing so; it will secure his favour for the city. Sends a bearing sword by William Wise, squire for his body; it is to be borne from time to time within that city according to the grants of the King's progenitors. Greenwich, 20 Feb. (No year given, but probably 27 Hen. VIII. ; see the following.)

17. Henry [VIII.] to the same.

Has received their letters and credence by Wm. Wise, who has declared all their proceedings concerning the King's army. Returns thanks. Has ordered, by the advice of his Council, that the city shall not be damaged or injured in its liberties at this next Parliament to be holden in that land. Sends a cup of maintenance, to be borne before the mayor. Greenwich, 30 April, 28th year of the King's reign.

18. “Notes of certain exploits and hurts done by the Poers of the county of Waterford, and by the Hohidriskolls of the west part of Mounster, upon the citizens of Waterford, and the revenges of the said city upon them.*

The 4th Sept. 1368, 12 (sic) Edw. III., the Poers trained Hohidriskoll with his galleys and men to come to them to the county of Waterford, to endamage the citizens. John Malpas, then mayor, with the best men of the city, and with Walter Devenish, sheriff of the county, Richard Walsh, master of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, and justice of the peace, and a number of merchants, strangers and Englishmen, set forth to encounter the said galleys. They met at Clonecomanmore. The mayor, sheriff, justice of the peace, 36 citizens, and 60 merchants, strangers, and Englishmen were slain ; on the other side, the Baron of Donhill and his brother Bennett Poer, with divers others. The mayor was buried at Christchurch, and Richard Brusebone was elected in his place. In 1413, 1 Hen. W., Simon Wickin, mayor, and Roger Walsh and Thomas Saultes, bailiffs, with a band of men in armour, went in a ship on Christmas Eve towards Balentemore, “ and at night, on Christmas Day, at supper time, landed his men, and in good order camr to the gate of O'Hidriskoll's great house or castle within the said haven, and called to the porter, willing him to tell his lord that the mayor of Waterford was come unto the haven with a ship of wine, and that he would gladly come in to see his lordship. Upon notice thereof given by the porter to O'Hidriskoll, the gate was set open, and the porter presently taken by the mayor, and put aside. And so the mayor entered into the great hall, where O'Hidriskoll and his kinsmen and friends, sitting at boards, made ready to sup; commanded O'Hidriskoll and his company not to move or fear, for he would not, nor meant not to draw no man's blood of the same house, more than to dance and drink, and so to depart. With that the said mayor took up to dance O'Hidriskoll and his son, the prior of the Friary, O'Hidriskoll's three brethren, his uncle, and his wife, and having them in their dance, the mayor commanded every of his men to hold fast the said persons; and so, after singing a carol, came away, bringing with them aboard the said ship the said O'Hidriskoll and his company, saying unto them they should go with him to Waterford to sing their carol, and make merry that Christmas. And they being all aboard, made sail presently, and arrived at Waterford, St. Stephen's Day at night, where with great joy received they were with lights.” On 19th June 1452, 30 Hen. VI., notice was given to the mayor of the arrival of O'Hidriskoll with galleys at Tramore, trained thither by the Poers. The citizens set forth upon them, and on the 20th, Mr. Fowke Quemerford and Mr. Peter Forstall, with 31 of the citizens, were slain ; on the other side 26. On 16th March 1459, Richard Duke of York, and Richard Earl of Warwick, with 26 ships, arrived in the port, and were received by the mayor and citizens. On 3rd June 1461, O'Hidriskoll arrived at Tramore. The mayor and citizens met him and the Poers at Ballemacdave, and gained the victory, killing 160. O'Hidriskoll Oge and six of his sons were taken prisoners.

* These “Notes” also contain an account of the siege of Waterford by Perkin Warbeck, and of the coronation of Lambert Simnel at Dublin.

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“Parkyn Warbeck besieged Waterford the 23rd of July 1495; Mr. Robert Butler then mayor.

“Parkyn Warbeck and Morris Earl of Desmond, to the number of 24 thousand men of their setting forth, with the aid of the Earl of Lincoln, besieged this city in the west part thereof, where they lay in siege eleven days, during which time the city and they skirmished daily, where it pleased God to send the victory still of the city's side; within which days arrived at Passage eleven ships of their setting forth, whereof came to Lombard's Wear two ships, which landed their men thereabouts. The citizens, perceiving their landing, set forth a band of men to encounter them ; and so meeting together, God gave the victory on the city's side, and the enemies killed,” and a number of them brought prisoners to the city, and their heads cut off at the market place, and put on stakes, and of * their ships bulged or drowned with the ordinance shot out of Dondore. The noise and cry being great, and heard of them that were in St. Patrick's field, were stayed from coming to aid their said fellows, by reason the ponds were kept full of water toward Kilbarry by several dams made by the city for that purpose. The fight being hot of every side, it pleased God that on the third day of August following in the morning before day the enemies were departed, and removed their siege toward Ballecuffyn, and from thence they departed the morrow following, with dishonour and great loss of their people, and the said Parkyn in person fain to take shipping at Passage, and to make sail out of the haven; and immediately the citizens pursued him with four ships, well manned, to the city of Cork, where he was received at the gates of the said city by one Walters, then mayor, and by him privily kept till he perceived the citizens of Waterford to arrive in the haven of Cork in pursuit of the said rebel. The said Walters conveyed the said Parkyn by night out of the said city in a small bark, and so went to sea towards Kinsale. And the said ships of Waterford, perceiving the false dealing of the said Walters, in that order pursued the said Parkyn to Leprous Island, near Kinsale, from whence he departed privily in a Spanish bark, and landed him in Cornwall in England, where the said four ships pursued him immediately upon his landing. And upon notice thereof brought to King Henry the VIIth, who then was at Exeter, his Majesty pursued the said Parkyn, till he was apprehended and brought to the King unto Exeter, to be rewarded according to his desert.”

“Lambert, a boy, an organ maker's son, crowned in the
city of Dublin as King of England, anno regni Regi
Henrici Septimi 3°.
“The Earl of Kildare, then Governor of this realm of
Ireland, with the assistance of all the Lords Spiritual and

f. 257.

Temporal, and Commons, of the north part of Ireland, in the Castle of Dublin, with the crown which was on the image of Our Lady of Dań * within the said city, the Lords and Commons aforesaid crowned the said boy as King of England and Lord of Ireland, and so proclaimed him; and after carried by the mayor of Dublin in his arms in procession, with great triumph, about the city of Dublin; the said Earl and nobility and the citizens of Dublin following him as their king, unto whom all the north of Ireland was obedient as their king and lord. And soon after the said Earl, as tutor and keeper of the said king, sent unto Mr. John Butler, then mayor of the city of Waterford, and to all the citizens of the same, a straight charge and commandment to be “in full readiness and prepare himself and all the citizens to receive their king and lord, and to assist him with all their force into Mounster.” The mayor and citizens sent answer that they deemed all such as furthered the said coronation to be rebels. The Earl ordered the poor groom who carried the answer to be hanged in Hoggyn Green, wherewith Walter, Abp of Dublin, Chancellor, and others of the Council, were offended. Then the Earl sent his herald, in his coat of arms, to Waterford. The mayor would not allow him to land at the Great Key, so he delivered his message in a boat, commanding the mayor and inhabitants to proclaim the said King presently, on pain of hanging at their doors. The mayor refused, and threatened to give battle thirty miles from Waterford. At that time the city entertained all the Butlers and Breynis, who were in or near the city, in great numbers; and also all the good subjects of Kilkenny, Callan, Clonemell, Fidderth, and other towns, all in readiness for battle. Shortly after “the wind came up at East,” and the forces of King Henry came from England, and landed at Skerrese, Clontarf, Dalkey, and the places near Dublin. The said Earl and his king, the Abp. of Dublin, and many others, were taken prisoners, and carried to the Tower of London.

Landing of the Earl Strangbowe at Waterford, 23 July 1169.

“Sir Richard Strangebow, called Earl Stranguill, Lord of Chapsto and Ogney, the first and principal invader of Ireland, landed at Waterford, whose * son he killed in the field, because the young child gave back upon the sight and great noise that the Irishry made when the Earl and they had fought, wherein the Earl had the victory near Dublin; which child was buried in Christ's Church in Dublin ; and in Anno 1177 he, the said Earl, died, and [was] buried by his son.”

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Landing of Henry II. at Waterford.

In 1172, King Henry II., in the 17th year of his reign, and in the 41st year of his age, hearing of the said Earl's success, landed with 500 knights, besides horsemen and archers, at Waterford, and lodged in Reynold's Tower there. He took journeys thence to sundry places, but made his chief dwelling in the said Tower.

Landing of the Earl of March at Waterford.

Edward Mortimer landed there the morrow after Petronilla the Virgin's Day in the year (blank), with 200 sails.

“A revenging of the city of Waterford for the manifold hurts done upon them by Fynyne O'Hidriskoll and his ancestors, in anno 1538.” On 20th February 1538, 29 Hen. VIII., John Morgan being mayor, and James Wodlock and David Walsh, bailiffs, four Portingall ships, coming laden with wines from Spain to Waterford, were driven by tempest to the west coast of Ireland, that is to say, toward Clere, Baltymore, and the Old Head of Kinsale. One of them, in which were Thomas Wise, James Graunt, James Porter, Richard Hoseman, Patrick Strange, and Patrick Doben, merchants and merchant attorneys, was driven into a bay, and the chief captains of the Islands, Fynyn O'Hidriskoll, his son and base son, covenanted to bring the ship into the haven of Baltymore for three pipes of wine. The ship anchored before the chief island, called Inyshyrcan, in front of the strong fortress called Downighlong. When the gentlemen and pirates of those parts had drunk the said wine, they desired more, and invited some of the said merchants to dinner in the said castle, and detained them there in irons. They then manned their Irish galleys, took the said ship, and distributed 72 tuns of the wines that were in her. On 3rd March, news of this was brought to Waterford, and Piers Doben with 24 men sailed in a pickard, “well appointed of artillery,” and re-captured the said ship, with the 25 tuns of wine remaining. On the 27th of the same month, the mayor went with the said ship, another ship, and the great galley of Waterford, and with 400 men under certain captains (named), to the haven of Baltymore. They took the castle, set up St. George's standard, and in five days destroyed all the villages of the Island. They also destroyed the Friars Minors' near the Castle, and the mill of the same; “and then the fortress, being double-warded with two strong piles or castles, and goodly walls with barbicans, halls and houses of office, totally was cast down and rased to the earth, and fallen into the sea.” Fynyn's chief galley of 30 oars, and three or four score small pinnaces, were taken. “Nigh thereunto there is an island, where Fynyn's most privy habitation and pleasant dwelling was, in a castle adjoining to a hall, having an orchard and a

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