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Fal. O base Assyrian knight, what is thy news? Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats for you. | Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof. (Setting them before Bardolph.
Sil. And Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John. Shal. Davy,
(Sings. Davy. Your worship?—I'll be with you straight. And shall good news be baffled
Pist. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons! (To Bard.]—A cup of wine, sir?
Then, Pistol, lay thy head in Furies' lap.
Shal. Honest gentlemen, I know not your breed
Pist. Why then, lament therefore.
, sir, you come Fal. Well said, master Silence.
with news from the court, I take it, there is but Si. And we shall be merry ;-—now comes in the two ways; either to utter them, or to conceal them. sweet of the night.
I am, sir, under the king, in some authority.
Shal. Under king Harry.
Harry the fourth? or fifth ? Shal. Honest Bardolph, welcome : If thou want- Shal. Harry the fourth. est any thing, and wilt not call, beshrew thy heart. Pist.
A foutra for thine office!
Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die. The bragging Spaniard.
Fal What! is the old king dead ?
Pist. As nail in door : The things I speak are just. Ha! will you not, master Bardolph?
Fal. Away, Bardolph ; saddle my horse. Bard. Yes, sir, in a pottle-pot.
Master Robert Shallow, choose what office thou Shal. I thank thee :--The knave will stick by wilt in the land, 'tis thine. — Pistol, I will doublethee, I can assure thee that: he will not out; be is charge thee with dignities. true bred.
Bard. O joyful day!-I would not take a knightBard. And I'll stick by him, sir.
hood for my fortune. Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing :
Prst. What? I do bring good news? be merry. (Knocking heard.) Look who's at door Fal. Carry master Silence to bed. - Master Shalthere: Ho! who knocks?
(Erit Davy low, my lord Shallow, be what thou wilt, I am forFal. Why, now you have done me right. tune's steward. Get on thy boots; we'll ride all
[To Silence, who drinks a bumper. Inight:-0, sweet Pistol :--Away, Bardolph. (Erit Sil. (Singing:) Do me right,
Bardolph.]-Come, Pistol, utter more to me; and, And dub me knight : 4
withal, devise something, to do thyself good.Samingo,
Boot, boot, master Shallow ; I know, the young
king is sick for me. Let us take any man's horses ; Is't not so? Fal. 'Tis so.
the laws of England are at my commandment. Sil. Is't so? Why, then say, an old man can do | Happy
are they which have been my friends; and my
lord 'chief justice! somewhat. Re-enter Davy.
Pist. Let vultures vile seize on his lungs also !
Where is the life that late I led ? say they : Davy. An it please your worship, there's one Why, here it is ; Welcome these pleasant days, Pistol come from the court with news.
(Eseunt. Fal. From the court? let him come in.
SCENE IV.-London. A street. Enter Beadles, Enter Pistol.
dragging in Hostess Quickly, and Doll Tear
sheet. How now, Pistol ? Pist. God save you, sir John !
Host. No, thou arrant knave; I would I might Fal. What wind blew you here, Pistol ?
die, that I might have thee hanged: thou hast drawn Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man to
my shoulder out of joint.
1 Bead. The constables have delivered her over good.-Sweet knight, thou art now one of the
to me; and she shall have whipping-cheer enough, greatest men in the realm.
Sil. By'r lady, I think 'a be ; but goodman Puf ||.warrant her: There hath been a man or two of Barson.
lately killed about her.
. Nut-hook, nut-hook,6 you lie. Come on; Pist. Puff?
I'll tell thee what, thou damned tripe-risaged Puff in thy teeth, most recreant coward base!
Sir John, I am thy Pistol, and thy friend,
rascal; an the child I now go with, do miscarry, And helter-skelter have I rode to thee;
thou hadst better thou hadst struck thy mother, And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys,
thou paper-faced villain. And golden times, and happy news of price.
Host. O the Lord, that sir John were come! he Fal. pr’ythee now, deliver them like a man of would
make this a bloody day to somebody. But I this world.
prav God the fruit of her womb miscarry! Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base! || cushions? again ; you have but eleven now. Corne,
1 Bead. If it do, you shall have a dozen of I speak of Africa, and golden joys.
I charge you both go with me; for the man is dead, (1) Apples commonly called russetines.
that you and Pistol beat among you. (2) Sweet-heart. (3) Gay fellows. (5) It should be Domingo; it is part of a song
(4) He who drank a bumper on his knees to the in one of Nashe's plays. health of his mistress, was dubbed a knight for the (6) A term of reproach for a catchpoll. ovening
(7) To stuff her out to counterfeit pregnancy.
Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou thin man in a cen- Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most ser! I will have you as soundly swinged for this, royal impf of fame! you blue-bottle rogue !' you blthy famished cor- Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy! rectioner! if you be not swinged, I'll forswear half- King. My lord chief justice, speak to that vain kirtles. 1 Bead. Come, come, you she knight-errant, Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you what
'tis you speak? Host. O, that right should thus overcome might! Fal. My king ! my Jove! I speak to thee, my Well; of sufferance comes ease.
heart! Doll. Come, you rogue, come ; bring me to a King. I know thee not, old man: Fall to thy justice.
So surfeit-swell’d, so old, and so profane; Doll. Come, you thin thing; come, you rascal ' || But, being awake, I do despise my dream. 1 Bead. Very well.
(Exeunt. Make less thy body, hence, and more thy grace ;
Leave görmandizing; know, the grave doth gape SCENE V.-A public place near Westminster For thee thrice wider than for other men :
Abbey. Enter two Grooms, strewing rushes. Reply not to me with a fool-born jest; 1 Groom. More rushes, more rushes.
Presume not, that I am the thing I was : 2 Groom. The trumpets have sounded twice.
For heaven doth know, so shall the world perceive, 1 Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they come
That I have turn'd away my former self;
So from the coronation : Despatch, despatch.
ill I those that kept me company, (Exeunt Grooms.
When thou dost hear I am as I have been,
Approach me; and thou shalt be as thou wast, Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Pistol, Bardolph, and the The tutor and the feeder of my riots : Page.
Till then, I banish thee, on pain of death, Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow;|| As I have done the rest of my misleaders, I will make the king do you grace : I will leer upon | Not to come near our person by ten mile. him, as 'a comes by ; and do but mark the counte. For competence of life, I will allow you ; nance that he will give me.
That lack of means enforce you not to evil : Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight. And, as we hear you do reform yourselves,
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me.-0,|| We will,--according to your strength, and qualiif I bad had time to have made new liveries, I
ties, would have bestowed the thousand pound I bor- Give you advancement.-Be it your charge, my rowed of you. To Shallow.) But 'tis no matter;
lord, this poor show doth better: this doth infer the zeal To see perform'd the tenor of our word. I had to see him.
(Exeunt King, and his train. Shal. It doth so.
Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand pound. Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection. Shal. Ay, marry, sir John ; which I beseech Shal. It doth so.
you to let me have home with me. Fal. My devotion.
Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do Shal. li doth, it doth, it doth.
not you grieve at this; I shall be sent for in private Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to him : look you, he must seem thus to the world. to deliberate, not to remember, not to have pa. Fear not your advancement; I will be the man yet, tience to shift me.
that shall make you great. Shal. It is most certain.
Shal. I cannot perceive how ; unless you give me Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweat-your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. I being with desire to see him : thinking of nothing seech you, good sir John, let me have five hundred else; putting all affairs else in oblivion ; as if therell of my thousand. were nothing else to be done, but to see him. Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word: this that
Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est:3|| you heard, was but a colour. 'Tis all in every part.
Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir Shal 'Tis so, indeed.
John. Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver, Fal. Fear no colours; go with me to dinner. And make thee rage.
Come, lieutenant Pistol;-come, Bardolph :--I shall Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts,
be sent for soon at night. Is in base durance, and contagious prison ; Haul'd thither
Re-enter P. John, the Chief Justice, Officers, &c. By most mechanical and dirty hand :
Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the Fleet; Rouse up revenge from ebon den with fell Alecto's Take all his company along with him. snake,
Fal. My lord, my lord,For Doll is in ; Pistol speaks nought but truth.
Ch. Just. I cannot now speak : I will hear you Fal. I will deliver her.
(Shouts within, and the trumpets sound.' Take them away. Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor
Pist. Si fortuna me tormenta, spero me contenta. sounds.
(Ere. Fal. Shal. Pist. Bard. Page, and officers. Enter the King and his train, the Chief Justice' He hath intent, his wonted followers
P. John. I like this fajr proceeding of the king's: among them.
| Shall all be very well provided for ; Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal! my royal Hal! But all are banish'd, till their conversations (1) Beadles usually wore a blue livery.
(3) 'Tis all in all, and all in every part. (2) Short cloak,
(4) Child, offspring (5) Henceforward.
Appear more wise and modest to the world. ll the First and Second Parts of Henry the Fourth. Ch. Just. And so they are.
Perhaps no author has ever, in two plays, afforded P. John. The king hath call'd his parliament, | so much delight. The great events are interesting,
| for the fate of kingdoms depends upon them; the Ch. Just. He hath.
slighter occurrences are diverting, and, except one P. John. I will lay odds,-that, ere this year or two, sufficiently probable ; the incidents are expire,
multiplied with wonderful fertility of invention; We bear our civil swords, and native fire, and the characters diversified with the utmost As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, nicety of discernment, and the profoundest skill in Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king. the nature of man. Come, will you hence ?
(Exeunt. The prince, who is the hero both of the comic
and tragic part, is a young man of great abilities, EPILOGUE,
and violent passions, whose sentiments are right,
though his actions are wrong; whose virtues are SPOKEN BY A DANCER.
obscured by negligence, and whose understanding FIRST, my fear; then, my court'sy; last, my is dissipated by levity. In his idle hours he is speech. My fear is, your displeasure ; my courl'sy, rather loose than wicked; and when the occasion my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If forces out his latent qualities, he is great without you look for a good speech now, you undo me : for effort, and brave without tumult. The trifier is what I have to say, is of mine own making ; androused into a hero, and the hero again reposes in what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove the trifler. The character is great, original, and just. mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric and quarre! the venture. ---Be it known to you (as it is very well, some, and has only the soldier's virtues, generosity I was lately here in the end of a displeasing play, and courage, to pray your patience for it, and to promise you a But Falstaff! unimitated, unimitable Falstaff! better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with this : | how shall I describe thee? thou compound of sense which if, like an ill venture, it come unluckily and vice; of sense which may be admired, but not home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, lose. Iesteemed; of vice which may be despised, but Here, I promised you, I would be, and here I com- hardly detested. Falstaff is a character loaded mit my body to your mercies : bate me some, and with faults, and with those faults which naturally I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, pro-produce contempt. He is a thief and a glutton, a mise you infinitely.
coward and a boaster; always ready to cheat the If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me. weak, and prey upon the poor; to terrify the timowill you command me to use my legs? and yet that || rous, and insult the defenceless. At once obsequiwere but light payment,- to dance out of your debt.lous and malignant, he satirizes in their absence But a good conscience will make any possible satis- | those whom he lives by flattering. He is familiar faction, and so will l. All the gentlewomen here with the prince only as an agent of vice; but of have forgiven me ; if the gentlemen will not, then this familiarity he is so proud, as not only to be the gentlemen do not agree with the gentlewomen, supercilious and haughty with common men, but which was never seen before in such an assembly. to think his interest of importance to the duke of
One word more, I beseech you. If you be not|| Lancaster. Yet the man thus corrupt, thus despi. too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author|lable, makes himself necessary to the prince that will continue the story, with sir John in it, and despises him, by the most pleasing of all qualities, make you merry with fair Katharine of France : perpetual gaiety; by an unfailing power of exciting where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of a laughter, which is the more freely indulged, as his sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard | wit is not of the splendid or ambitious kind, but opinions; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is consists in easy scapes and sallies of levity, which not the man. My tongue is weary ; when my legs make sport, but raise no envy. It must be obare too, I will bid you good night: and so kneel | served, that he is stained with no enormous or sandown before you ;-but, indeed, to pray for the guinary crimes, so that his licentiousness is not so queen.
offensive but that it may be borne for his mirth.
The moral to be drawn from this representation
is, that no man is more dangerous than he that, with I fancy every reader, when he ends this play, || neither wit nor honesty ought to think themselves
a will to corrupi, hath the power to please ; and that cries out with Desdemona, 'O most lame and im- || safe with such a companion, when they see Henry potent conclusion. As this play was not to our seduced by Falstaff.
JOHNSON, knowledge, divided into acts by the author, I could be content to conclude it with the death of Henry Mr. Upton thinks these two plays improperly the Fourth :
called the First and Second Parts of Henry the In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.' Fourth. The first play ends, he says, with the These scenes, which now make the fifth act of || peaceful settlement of Henry in the kingdom by Henry the Fourth, might then be the first of Hen-| the defeat of the rebels. This is hardly true;
for ry the Fifth ; but the truth is, that they do not the rebels are not yet finally suppressed. The unite very commodiously to either play. When second, he tells us, shows Henry the Fifth in the these plays were represented, I believe they ended various lights of a good-natured rake, till, on his as they are now ended in the books; but Shak- father's death, he assumes a more inanly character. speare seems to have designed that the whole series || This is true ; but this representation gives us no of action, from the beginning of Richard the Se- idea of a dramatic action. These two plays will cond, to the end of Henry the Fifth, should be appear to every reader, who shall peruse them considered by the reader as one work upon one without ambition of critical discoveries, to be so plan, only broken into parts by the necessity of connected, that the second is merely a sequel to exhibition.
the first; to be two, only because they are too long None of Shakspeare's plays are more read than to be one.
KING HENRY V.
Charles the Sixth, King of France.
Lewis, the Dauphin.
Dukes of Burgundy, Orleans, and Bourbon. Duke of Exeter, uncle to the King.
The Constable of France. Duke of York, cousin to the King.
Rambures, and Grandpre, French Lords.
Ambassadors to the King of England.
Isabel, queen of France.
Katharine, daughter of Charles and Isabel. Sir Thomas Grey,
Alice, a lady attending on the Princess Katharine. Sir Thomas Erpingham, Gower, Fluellen, Mac-| Quickly, Pistols wife, a hostess.
morris, Jamy, officers in King Henry's army. Lords, ladies, officers, French and English soldiers, Bates, Court, Williams, soldiers in the same.
messengers, and attendants. Nym, Bardolph, Pistol, formerly servants to Falstaff, now soldiers in the same.
The Scene, at the beginning of the play, lies in Boy, servant to them. A Herald. Chorus. England; but afterwards, wholly in France.
ACT I. O, for a muse of fire, that would ascend SCENE I.—London. An ante-chamber in the The brightest heaven of invention !
King's palace. Enter the Archbishop of CanA kingdom for a stage, princes to act,
terbury, and Bishop of Ely. And monarchs to behold the swelling scene !
Canterbury. Then should the warlike Harry, like himself, Assume the port of Mars; and, at his heels, MY lord, I'll tell you,--that self bill is urg'd, Leash'd in, like hounds, should famine, sword, and Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's reign fire,
Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd, Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles all, But that the scambling and unquiet time The flat unraised spirit, that hath dar'd,
Did push it out of further question. 4 On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth
Ely. But how, my lord,' shall we resist it now? So great an object : Can this cockpit hold Cant. It must be thought on. If it pass against us,
The vasty fields of France? or may we cram We lose the better half of our possession : Within this wooden 0,1 the very casques, For all the temporal lands, which men devout That did affright the air at Agincourt?
By testament have given to the church, 0, pardon! since a crooked figure may
Would they strip from us; being valued thus, Attest, in little place, a million;
As much as would maintain, to the king's honour, And let us, ciphers to this great accompt, Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights ; On your imaginary forcego work :
Six thousand and two hundred good esquires ; Suppose, within the girdle of these walls And, to relief of lazars, and weak age, Are now confin'd two mighty monarchies, of indigent faint souls, past corporal toil, Whose high-upreared and abutting fronts A hundred alms-houses, right well supplied ; The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder. And to the coffers of the king beside, Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts : A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill. Into a thousand parts divide one man,
Ely. This would drink deep. And make imaginary puissance :
'Twould drink the cup and all. Think, when we talk of horses, that you see Ely. But what prevention? them
Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. Printing their proud hoofs i'the receiving earth : Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our Cant The courses of his youth promis'd it not. kings,
The breath no sooner left his father's body, Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er times ; But that his wildness, mortified in him, Turning the accomplishments of many years Seem'd to die too : yea, at that very moment, Into an hour-glass; For the which supply, Consideration like an angel came, Admit me Chorus to this history;
And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him; Who, prologue-like, your humble patience pray, Leaving his body as a paradise, Gently to bear, kindly to judge, our play. To envelop and contain celestial spirits.
Never was such a sudden scholar made : (1) An allusion to the circular form of the theatre.
(2) Helmets. (3) Powers of fancy. (4) Debate.
Nerer came reformation in a food,
SCENE II.-—The same. A room of state in the With such a beady current, scouring faults ; same. Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Nor nerer Hydra-beaded wilfulness
Exeter, Warwick, Westmoreland and attenda So san did lose his seat, and all at once,
ants. As in this king. Ely. We are blessed in the change.
K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Canter. Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,
Exe. Not here in presence. And, all-adrniring, with an inward wish
K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle. You would desire, the king were made a prelate :
West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege? Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs,
K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin ; we would be You would say,—it halb been all-in-all his study:
resolvid, Lisel his discourse of war, and you shall bear
Before we hear bim, of some things of weight, A fearful battle render'd you in music : Turn him to any cause of policy,
That task our thoughts, concerning us and France. The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,
Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks,
of Ely. The air, a charter'd libertine, is still,
Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,
throne, To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences ; And make you long become it! So that the art and practic part of life
Sure, we thank you. Must be the nuistress to this theoric :2
My learned lord, we pray you to proceed ;
Why the law Salique, that they have in France,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading, Any retirement, any sequestration
Or nicely charge your understanding soul From open haunts and popularity.
With opening titles miscreate, whose right Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the Suits not in native colours with the truth; nettle ;
For God doth know, bow many, now in health, And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best, Shall drop their blood in approbation Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality ;
Of what your reverence shall incite us to : And so the prince obscur'd his contemplation Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, How you awake the sleeping sword of war; Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night, We charge you in the name of God, take heed : Unseen, yet crescived in his faculty.
For never two such kingdoms did contend, Cant. It must be so: for miracles are ceas'd ; Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless drops And therefore we must needs admit the means, Are every one a wo, a sore complaint, How things are perfected.
'Gainst him, whose wrongs giveedge unto the swords Ely.
But, my good lord, That make such waste in brief mortality. How now for mitigation of this bill
Under this conjuration, speak, my lord: Urg'd by the cominons? Doth his majesty And we will hear, note, and believe in heart, Incline to it, or no?
That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd Cant. He seems indifferent;
pure as sin with baptism. Or, rather, swaying more upon our part,
Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,-and Than cherishing the exhibiters against us :
you peers, For I have made an offer to his majesty, That owe your lives, your faith, and services, Upon our spiritual convocation ;
To this imperial throne ;-There is no bar And in regard of causes now in hand,
To make against your highness' claim to France, Which I have open'd to his grace at large, But this, which they produce from Pharamond, As touching France,-to give a greater sum In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant, Than ever at one time the clergy yet
No woman shall succeed in Salique land: Did to his predecessors part withal.
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze, Ely. How did this offer seem receiv'd, my lord? || To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty ; The founder of this law and female bar.
Between the flouds of Sala and of Elbe :
Where Charles the great, baving subdued the And, generally, 10 the crown and seat of France,
For some dishonest manners of their life,
Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala, Ely.
Is at this day in Germany call'd--Meisen. Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy ; Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Was not devised for the realm of France : Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Nor did the French possess the Salique land Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it. ||Until four hundred one and twenty years
(Exeunt. After defunction of king Pharamond, (1) Listen to. (2) Theory. (3) Companions. (4) Increasing (5) Spurious. (6) Explain