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4. “ Though we cannot discern the reasons which regulate the occurrence of events, we may rest assured that nothing can happen without the cognizance of Infinite Wisdom."
5. "Despairing of any way of escape from the perils which surrounded him, he abandoned his struggles, and gave himself up to what seemed his inevitable doom."
6. Had I suffered such enormities to pass unpunished, I should have deemed myself recreant to every principle of justice and of duty.”
Note and Exception. Words and phrases of address'.Exercise. " Listen, Amèricans, to the lesson which seems borne to us on the very air we breathe, while we perform these dutiful rights.--Ye winds, that wafted the pilgrims to the land of promise, fan, in their children's hearts, the love of freedom! Blood which our fathers shed, cry from the ground ;-echoing arches of this renowned håll
, whisper back the voices of other dàys ;-glorious Washington ! break the long silence of that votive canvass ;-speak, speak, marble lips ;-teach us THE OF LIBERTY PROTECTED BY
Rule III. Note.—Poetic Series'.—Example 1. “
Power, will, sensation, mémory, failed in turn.” 2 “Oh! the dread mingling, in that awful hour,
Of all terrific sounds the savage tone
The deep, dúll, tàmbour's beat!”
“ All the while,
Innumerable, hurrying to and frò.” 4, “ Onward still the remote Pawnee and Mandan will beckon, whither the deer are flying, and the wild horse róams, where the buffalo ranges, and the condor sóars-far towards the waves where the stars plunge at midnight, and amid which bloom those ideal scenes for the persecuted såvage, where white men will murder no more for gold,* nor startle the game upon the sunshine hills."
* See foot note on next page.
Rule IV. · Questions which may be answered by Yes or No'.--Exercise 1. “Has not the patronage of peers incréased ? Is not the patronage of India now vested in the crówn? Are all these innovations to be made to increase the influence of the exécutive power; and is nothing to be done in favor of the popular part of the constitution, to act as a counterpoise ?" 2. "Your steps were hasty ;-did you speed for nothing?
Your breath is scanty ;-was it spent for nothing ?
Your looks imply concern ;-concern for nothing ?" Exception. • Emphasis'.- Exercise 1. “Tell me not of the honor of belonging to a free country.-) ask, does our liberty bear generous fruits ?”
2. “ Was there a village or a hamlet on Massachusetts Bày, which did not gather its hardy seamen to man the gundecks of your ships of war? Did they not rally to the battle, as men flock to a fèast ?"
3. “Is there a man amòng you, so lost to his dignity and his dùty, as to withhold his aid at a moment like this ? is
Rule V. • Penultimate Inflection'.- Exercise 1. “ All is doubt, distrúst,* and disgrace; and, in this instance, rely on it, that the certain and fatal result will be to make Ireland hate the connexion, contemn the councils of England, and despise her power.”
2. “I am at a loss to reconcile the conduct of men, who, at this moment, rise up as champions of the East India Com. pany's charter ; although the incompetence of that company to an adequate discharge of the trust deposited in them, are themes of ridicule and contempt to all the world ; and, al. though, in consequence of their mismanagement, connivance, and imbecílity, combined with the wickedness of their servants, the very name of an Englishman is detested, even to a proverb, through all Asia; and the national character is become disgraced and dishonored.”
3. “ It will be the duty of the historian and the sage, in all ages, to omit no occasion of commemorating that illustrious màn; and, till time shall be no more, will a test of the progress which our race made in wisdom and in vírtue, be de
* The penultimate inflection of a concluding series, or of a clause that forms perfect sense, is the same in kind with that which precedes a period, except in verse and poetic prose, which, in long passages of great beauty, retain the suspensive slide.
rived from the veneration paid to the immortal name of Washington."
Exception. 'Emphasis'.- Exercise 1. “Let us bless and hallow our dwellings as the homes of freedom. Let us make them, too, the homes of a nöbler freedom-of freedom from vice, from evil pàssion,—from every corrupting bondage of the soul !"
2. “If guilty, let us calmly abide the results, and peace. ably submit to our sentence; but if we are traduced, and really be innocent, tell ministers the truth, tell them they are tyrants; and strain every effort to avert their oppression."
3." “ Heaven has imprinted in the mother's face something beyond this world, something which claims kindred with the skies,—the angelic smile, the tender look, the waking, watchful eye, which keeps its fond vigillover her slumbering, båbe. -In the heart of man lies this lovely picture ; it lives in his sympathies; it reigns in his affèctions; his eye looks round, in vain, for such another object on earth."
FALLING INFLECTION. Rule I. Intensive Downward Slide.' Exercise 1. “ UP! all who love me! Blow on BLOW!
And lay the outlawed felons Lów !” MACGRÈGOR! MACGRÈĞOR !'he bitterly cried.” 3. “ ON! countrymen, ON ”for the day,
The proud day of glory,-is come!” 4. “ To ARMS! gallant Frerichmen, to ÀRMS?” 5. “Oh! shame on us, countrymen, shame on us ALL!
If we cringe to so dastard a race!”
Are alike by all parties abhorred,
Ye shall soon meet your fitting reward !” RULE II. _'Full’ Falling Inflection, in the cadence of a sentence.-- Exercise 1. “ The changes of the year impart a color and character to our thoughts and feelings.”.
2. “ To a lover of nature and of wisdom, the vicissitude of seasons conveys a proof and exhibition of the wise and benevolent contrivance of the Author of all things.”
3. “He who can approach the cradle of sleeping innocence without thinking that of such is the kingdom of heaven,' or see the fond parent hang over its beauties, and half retain her breath, lest she should break its slumbers,without a veneration beyond all common feeling, is to be avoided in every intercourse of life, and is fit only for the shadow of darkness, and the solitude of the desert."
Exception. Modified Cadence'.-Exercise 1. “ This mon. ument is a plain shaft. It bears no inscription, fronting the rising sun, from which the future antiquarian shall wipe the dúst. Nor does the rising sun cause tones of music to issue from its summit
. But at the rising of the sun, and at the setting of the sun, in the blaze of noon-day, and beneath the milder effulgence of lunar light, it speaks, it acts, to the full comprehension of every American mind, and the awakening of glowing enthusiasm in every American heart.”
2. “I speak not to you, sir, of your own outcast condítion. -You perhaps delight in the perils of martyrdom. I speak not to those around me, who, in their persons, their substance, and their families, have endured the torture, poverty, and irremediable dishonor. They may be meek and hallowed men-willing to endure.”
3. The foundation on which you have built your hopes, may seem to you deep and firm. But the swelling fidod, and the howling blást, and the beating ràin, will prove it to be but treacherous sànd."
RULE III. Moderate' Falling Inflection, of complete sense. Exercise 1. “ Animal existence is made up of action and slùmber: nature has provided a season for each.”
2. “ Two points are manifest: first, that the animal frame requíres sleep; secondly, that night brings with it a silence, and a cessation of activity, which allow of sleep being taken without interruption, and without loss."
3. " Joy is too brilliant a thing to be confined within our own bòsoms : it burnishes all nature, and, with its vivid col. oring, gives a kind of factitious life to objects without sense or motion."
4. “When men are wanting, we address the animal creation; and, rather than have none to partake our feelings, we find sentiment in the music of birds, the hum of insects, and the low of kine: nay, we call on rocks and streams and forests, to witness and share our emotions."
5. “I have done my dùty :-I stand acquitted to my conscience and my country :-I have opposed this measure throughout; and I now protest against it, as hårsh, oppressive, uncalled for, unjust, -as establishing an infamous precedent, by retaliating crime against crime,-as tyrannous,cruelly and vindictively tyrannous.'
Exception. •Plaintive Expression'.
The voice of the troubled tide I hear;
The torrent of sorrow, the sea of grief,
The rushing waves of a wretched life.” 2. “ No deep-mouthed hound the hunter's haunt betrayed,
No lights upon the shore or waters played,
And withered are the pale wild flowers;
The dew-drops fall in frozen showers :
Gone are the spring's green sprouting bowers,
And Autumn, with her yellow hours,
On hill and plain no longer shines.” 4. “ What is human life, but a waking dream,-a long reverie,-in which we walk as 'in a vain show, and disquiet ourselves for naught?' In childhood, we are surrounded by a dim, unconscious present, in which all palpable realities seem for ever to elude our gråsp; in youth, we are but gazing into the far future of that life for which we are consciously preparing ; in manhood, we are lost in ceaseless activity and enterprise, and already looking forward to a season of quiet and repose, in which we are to find ourselves, and listen to a voice withín; and in old age, we are dwelling on the shadows of the past,* and gilding them with the evanescent glow which emanates from the setting sun of life.”
RULE IV. and Note 1. Simple Commencing Series.'
Ex. 1. “The old and the young are alike exposed to the shafts of Death.”
2. “ The healthy, the temperate, and the virtuous, enjoy the true relish of pleasure.'
3. “ Birth, ránk, wealth, learning, are advantages of slight value, if unaccompanied by personal worth."
4. “Gentleness, patience, kindness, candor, and courtesy, form the elements of every truly amiable character.”
5. “Sympathy, disinterestedness, magnanimity, generosity, liberálity, and self-forgétfulness, are qualities which universally secure the esteem and admiration of mankind.”
Compound Commencing Series.' Exercise 1. "In a rich soil, and under a soft clímate, the weeds of luxury will spring up amid the flowers of art.”
* Falling slide of contrast to the preceding elause.