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Adopts thee heir, and his high sceptre yields
Boling. In God's name, I'll ascend the regal throne.
Car. Marry, God forbid !-
of God's majesty,
1 Hume gives the words that Henry actually spoke on this occasion, which he copied from Knyghton.
2 i. e. nobleness ; a word now obsolete.
3 This speech, which contains in the most expressive terms the doctrine of passive obedience, is founded upon Holinshed's account. 4 The quarto reads forfend.
VOL. III. 54
The field of Golgotha, and dead mens' skulls.
here.— My lord of Westminster, be it your charge To keep him safely till his day of trial.May't please you, lords, to grant the commons' suit.3
Boling. Fetch hither Richard, that in common view He may surrender; so we shall proceed Without suspicion. York.
I will be his conduct. [Exit. Boling. Lords, you that are here under our arrest, Procure your sureties for your days of answer.Little are we beholden to your love,
[T. CAR. And little looked for at your helping hands.
Re-enter YORK, with King RICHARD, and Officers,
bearing the crown, &c.
1 The quarto reads raise. 2 Pope altered this to a children's children,” and was followed by others. The old copies read, “Lest child, childs children.”
3 What follows, almost to the end of the act, is not found in the first two quartos. The addition was made in the quarto of 1608. In the quarto, 1597, after the words “his day of trial,” the scene thus closes :
“ Bol. Let it be so: and lo! on Wednesday next We solemnly proclaim our coronation.
Lords, be ready all.” 4 The quarto reads limbs.
5 Countenances, features.
Did they not sometime cry, all hail! to me?
God save the king!—Will no man say, amen?
York. To do that office, of thine own good will,
the crown; Here on this side, my hand; and on that side, thine. Now is this golden crown like a deep well, That owes two buckets filling one another; The emptier ever dancing in the air, The other down, unseen, and full of water. That bucket down, and full of tears, am I, Drinking my griefs, whilst you mount up on high.
Boling. I thought you had been willing to resign. K. Rich. My crown, I am; but still my griefs are
mine. You may my glories and my state depose, But not my griefs: still am I king of those.
Boling. Part of your cares you give me with your
2 Richard seems to say here that “his cares are not made less by the increase of Bolingbroke's cares;”_his grief is, that his regal cares are at an end, by the cessation of care to which he had been accustomed."
Boling. Are you contented to resign the crown?
K. Rich. Ay, no ;-no, ay ;--for I must nothing be; Therefore no no, for I resign to thee. Now mark me how I will undo myself:I give this heavy weight from off my head, And this unwieldy sceptre from my hand, The pride of kingly sway from out my heart; With mine own tears I wash away my balm, With mine own hands I give away my crown, With mine own tongue deny my sacred state, With mine own breath release all duteous oaths.? All pomp and majesty I do forswear ; My manors, rents, revenues, I forego; My acts, decrees, and statutes, I deny. God pardon all oaths, that are broke to me! God keep all vows unbroke, are made to thee! Make me, that nothing have, with nothing grieved; And thou with all pleased, that hast all achieved ! Long mayst thou live in Richard's seat to sit, And soon lie Richard in an earthly pit! God save king Henry, unkinged Richard says, And send him many years of sunshine days! What more remains ? North.
No more, but that
[Offering a paper.
K. Rich. Must I do so ? and must I ravel out
1 Oil of consecration, 2 The first quarto reads duty's rites. 3 Thus the folio. The quarto reads that swear.
And cracking the strong warrant of an oath,-
with Pilate, wash your hands,
North. My lord, despatch ; read o'er these articles.
K. Rich. Mine eyes are full of tears ; I cannot see;
North. My lord,
[Exit an Attendant.
1 A sort is a set or company. 2 i. e. haughty.
3 His for its. It was common in the Poet's time to use the personal for the neutral pronoun.