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pursues its even way; but, on the hills and be no less a villain. This we imagine to the figure that they bring in different markets outside, the Maenads hold their frenzied be the motive of “Fair Rosamund.”

are all detailed with minute accuracy. After revels, which the women of the city steal It will be seen that here is a young writer studying these calculations the novice may away to join ; and Coresus, the priest of with plenty of convictions and plenty of not be quite ready to begin business as a Bacchus, preaches to the multitude of ecstasy courage. In addition, we may credit him grazier on his own account; but he will be and fury. 01d laws are breaking up; a longing with a fresh gift of song, a picturesque and in a position to know whether the rough life for freedom and mystery is born; tumult is vivid style, as yet without distinction or is likely to suit him, what kind of experience in the air. At this moment the play begins. reserve. But it is rather the firm design than he may expect, and, above all, whether his The scene opens on the hills upon the the technical merits of his book which denote exchequer will bear the experiment. morrow of a revel. it as a work of promise.

Mr. Aldridge was reasonably successful

. A. MARY F. ROBINSON. However, he warns those who might imagine " The women lie in heaps about the court,

his case to be a typical one, that the conditions Their dappled fawn skins laid aside for heat ; Their ruined wreaths of scarlet briony

for success in the future are by no means so And fennel-staves lying across the limbs

A COUPLE OF AMERICAN, PASTORALS. favourable as they once were. Land is getting That gleam the clearer in the glow of sleep."

Ranch Notes in Kansas, Colorado, the Indian scarcer, and there are now few places where a
Territory, and Northern Texas. By

man can drive in a herd of cattle and estabOnly the priest, Coresus, watches. Suddenly

Reginald Aldridge. (Longmans.)

lish a run without asking leave of anybody as a Maenad starts from slumber, dreaming she

he could a few years ago. Now, he will has seen him slain on the altar of Bacchus. Gone to Texas : Letters from

our Boys. usually have to buy out someone already in Having calmed her fears, he sends her forth

Edited by Thomas Hughes. (Macmillan.)

possession. There are still unoccupied ranges to win new sisters to her service; and chief STOCK-GRAZING literature has of late been in Montana and perhaps in Wyoming; but over all he desires Callirrhöe. But Callirrhöe rather rank in “ the Row,” though most fre- south of these Territories it is hard to find a is centred in the party of order. The curtain quently what purported to be merely an tract not already claimed by a prior occupant. rises on her quiet home. She sits and spins, innocent diary "published by request” | A large ranch can only be got by tacking and her very spinning song, enjoining patience proved before long to be an ingeniously dis-together a number of smaller holdings. Beef in mediocrity, is a protest against the new guised prospectus of a Ranch Company. It is not likely to diminish much in price as years ideas. The door bursts open; a girl flies in is satisfactory to find that neither of the two advance, for the cattle exported bear a very and erouches at her feet-a wild, dishevelled books before us appears under any such false small proportion to those consumed within the maiđen who has escaped the Maenads that pretence. Mr. Aldridge seems to have made bounds of the United States, or which must enticed her to the hills. She flees for shelter his fortune, and has nothing to sell to his in future be required for filling the mouths of to Callirrhöe's arms, and we feel that Coresus pecunious countrymen; and though Mr. the millions who by that time will swarm will have no easy convert here. He, how- Hughes acknowledges that his nephews wrote over the length and breadth of the great ever, waylays Callirrhöe at the well, and the letters which he has so skilfully pieced Republic, though it is scarcely possible in days seeks to obtain her for the Bromian worship together, without the faintest idea that they when so much money is seeking investment -seeks to win not only a Maenad, but a bride. were ever to appear in print, no attempt has that any business can long continue to pay at He gains her heart, but not her will; she been made to interpolate the usual platitudes the rate of forty or fifty per cent. The " big dismisses the man she loves and scorns, “the about “boundless resources” and so forth. boom” is over, and if á rancher" is not to Bacchic priest,” and, frantic with anger, No one has pressed Mr. Aldridye_to give land himself in the Kansas City representative Coresus rushes to the altar of his god and his experiences to the world. He does of Queer Street, he had better calculate his calls down a plague on Calydon. The second not seem to have even kept a diary with profits at a half or third of that interest, and act reveals the city given over to death and views anent future book-making, but simply think himself fortunate if he obtains as much

. confusion. The citizens in their despair jots down “whatever he could remember that On all such points, Mr. Aldridge is a safe guide. send Emathion, the brother of Callirrhöe, seemed likely to interest the general reader His pages are never wearisome, even to the to question the oracle at Dodona. In the or to assist anyone in forming an opinion as reader whose acquaintance with cattle is on third act he returns with a dreadful message. regards the suitability of the life in connexion a par with what Dr. Johnson declares was Callirrhöe herself, if she can find none to die with his own predilections and pocket-book.” the extent of Goldsmith's knowledge of for her, must die for scorn of Bacchus' The result is an unpretentious and very natural history. The four plates help to priest. None steps forward to perish in her pleasant little volume. Literary grace is not elucidate the text; and if only the publishers stead; lovers and kinsmen stand afar off. strained after, though sometimes attained; had hinted to the author that a table of conBut Coresus, having raised the knife to slay and its pages are entirely wanting in that tents and an index are delicate attentions her, plunges it instead into his own bosom affectation of humour which renders so always appreciated by the public we should and dies, leaving Callirrhöe his latest Maenad. depressing the maiden efforts of duller men. have had little except praise to bestow on

In so hasty a sketch we pass over much The impression these “ Notes" leave is that one of the latest additions to the Anglothat is crude and much that is really powerful. the author is an energetic, intelligent young American library. We leave out the character of Machaon, the Englishman who, finding civil engineering on Gone to Texas is a volume of a somewhat humane and sceptical physician, who is the the Great Western Railway not so brisk as similar type, and equally without an index. virtual hero of the piece (it is a thousand he had hoped, embarked in a pursuit as Not many years ago, when an American pities that Mr. Field converts him at the widely different from that to which he had desired to express in emphatic language the last !). We say nothing of the coarse, but been bred as it is possible for one profession fact that a youth had gone to the dogs

, he pathetic, sketch of the old virgin priestess, to be to another. All he knew about Kansas employed the letters "G. T. T.” These were with her heart of nineteen in a body of and its cattle was derived from some letters of in the days when the territorial judge was ninety; nor of the truly charming and touch- “St. Kamus” in the field. Yet, by shrewd-shown an eighteen-inch bowie knife as a ing figure of the little Faun, who represents ness and indomitable pluck, or, as Mr. Ald- complete edition of the “ Lone Star” Code, whatever is most innocent and fairest in the ridge prefers to put it, "good luck,” he has and when a traveller, after passing an agreeDionysan nature-worship.

been enabled, after less than seven years, to able evening in the bar-room of a Houston We have no space to speak of "Fair Rosa- become a substantial “ranchman," whose hotel, was asked, in an enigmatical manner, mund”—a far inferior effort. But this also herds graze, if not on a thousand' hills, at “What mout have been your name before you has passages of picturesque imagination with least on a good many acres, for which he left the States?" There are still a good many promise for the future, particularly in the has not paid. The youth who is fired Texan citizens who have changed their patrosketch of the Quixotic

, unworldly old knight, with ambition to be a "cowboy” cannot donymics with their sky; and only recently a Sir Thopaz. And here, also, Mr. Field wages better than read these Notes. Everything, public school in one of the rural districts had war against a conventional, routinist concep- so far as we have tested the statements, seems to to be closed, the pupils being simply " walktion of life and duty-striving to show that be set wn honestly, without exaggeration, ing arsenals," whose truculence

endangered morality is a personal quality, not a condition' void of untoward intentions against the the community. to be achieved by recipe.

A saint mar

s'se of the promor. How much it costs However, we hear little of lethal weapons and still be a saint; a villain smile and to buy stock, when **n sell them, and in these letters, though a "cowboy" did ex.

press surprise at being asked whether he had American except by the United Statesese mon Sense '—by which the rest of mankind paid for admission to a Mexican fandango | term of “greaser." There is, moreover, a fine have been led to the fountain of nature.” 5 when he had his six-shooter on." Four self-reliance in the “boys," a determination to He has himself laboured hard to bring us nephews of the author of Tom Brown's School- make the best of everything, a resolve never back to nature. Rather more than ten years days sought their fortune in that State as to look back, and even to believe after being ago he wrote his Institutes of Law to demon"sheep-men," and, though they have not yet a few hours in New York that it is bound strate the inseparable relation between jurisfound it, their enterprise, steadiness, and con- in time to “lick London all to nothing.” prudence and ethics. The principles then tagious energy bid fair to land them among All of this is very entertaining. At the laid down he now applies to the law of the “prominent citizens” of San Antonio. same time the intending immigrant will learn nations, which he defines and expounds as In a Preface, penned with characteristic man- from the "boys” far more honestly than the law of nature realised in the relations of liness, Mr. Hughes relates the circumstances he can from the gaudy covered, but ex- separate nations. In his opinion, jurists since under which "his boys” embarked on this tremely mendacious, pamphlets which the the time of Vattel have, with a few recent enterprise, and leaves them to tell their own agents of land and railway companies scatter exceptions, been drifting farther and farther story in the letters written to him and to their broadcast throughout Europe what kind of away from truth. They have divorced law father and sister, assuring us that, except for life he may reckon on, what work he must from ethics. They have abandoned all absothe connecting notes added here and there, do, what fare he will receive, and what lute and necessary standards. They even the ISS. have been printed just as they were wages he can or cannot earn. There is speak with disrespect of the general scheme received. This editorial statement was scarcely little, except their own occasional misfortunes, of the universe. While recognising that the requisite, for every page of the book bears concealed. We hear when the fence was empirical method (by which he means the the impress of a boyish hand. Whether it is completed, how the new thatch is working, historical method) has a legitimate function "Willy,"

“Chico," Doctor,” or “Tim” that the well has run dry, how the bread- in helping us to discover natural laws, Prof. who is writing, we have before us a high- baking experiment turned out, what they got Lorimer seeks to restore to his science somespirited, fine-principled lad, full of life and for the scrub in San Antonio, and that the thing of its ancient dignity, and, by finding hope, and fresh from the atmosphere of Marl. collie had pupped-mother and family doing for it a deeper foundation than comity or borough, Cheltenham, or Westminster. It is as well as could be expected. The picture convention, to place it once more in advance often a mistaken kindness to publish such they paint is not an idyllic one. It is a of, instead of behind, the age. boyish effusions, for, like the poems with rough, hard life, among rough men, to extract There is a peculiar difficulty in dealing which so many of us began the life literary, a fortune out of soil which costs £20 the with his work. Unless his general conception they are regarded by the time middle age is 648 acres, and one not to be lightly adopted by of law be accepted as true, one is excited to reached as youthful follies, which are sedu- a lad who longs for the flesh-pots of London. opposition in every chapter, and is apt to lously hidden behind the more presentable Mr. Hughes--we note-has little to say about undervalue the independent thought and the volumes on the library shelves. The young Rugby in this volume. Chaucer and some wide knowledge which it displays. There Hugheses and their cousin have, however, no romantic sort of mixture of public school are, indeed, some resting-places where he reason to be ashamed of their bookish co- traditions, with the prosaic struggle to raise comes from the clouds; and to many readers, partnery. It is not a high-class work; but it bread out of the cold soil of a Tennesseean dazed by the law of nature, these will seem is not intended to be anything more than a plateau, proved incompatible. Yet, after all, the best parts of the book. After a chapter description of how they fared in first facing it is questionable whether it is not better to on treaties, in which we are told “that there the world, and is not unworthy of the name toil in the sun and lie on clay floors for the is no such thing as a purely conventional law, they bear. It is just such a book as those pleasure of being able to pen this sentence- and a treaty can no more create a right than situated as they were six years ago will at p. 187 of “Chico's" progress :

it can create a man,” there is a sense of relief gladly welcome, for there are no after-thoughts " I spend all my spare time now looking out of in coming to an interesting account of the in it. Everything is set down as it occurred; the windows in the new house. It gives the literature of legation and of the history of the and, though we might have been better country quite a new aspect, somehow, looking consular office. Some amusing extracts from pleased had they been less chary of the at it through a window, and makes one feel Callière's Manière de négocier avec les Soufamily feelings by concealing some of their respectable, not to say grand. I must really verains give the reader fresh strength to face failures, the motive is so good that one can

invest in a top hat now, to be in keeping with Prof. Lorimer's contemptuous treatment of

the ranche.” not but admire the cheery disposition which

jurists who view the extradition of criminals runs through this narrative of how four Another stage of respectability is marked by as a matter of comity, not of right, and who English boys carved out independence for one of them " shaving every week ;” but even do not treat private international law as a themselves with the aid of less capital than Cousin Tim, long before he has attained that branch of the science of nature. A certain a year at Oxford is supposed to demand. distinction, and is working as " hired man” vehemence which characterises his style gives Like Mr. Aldridge, they were graziers on a to another rancher, is able to write that “it's refreshing colour to what would otherwise be ranch—with a final e—but, unlike him, they considerably harder than driving a quill in a dreary picture, but leads him to speak of devoted themselves to the humbler speciality Mark Lane, but I wouldn't exchange lives his opponents in terms neither discriminating of sheep, and, on the whole, were fairly pros- for a good deal.” This is the key-note to the nor tolerant. It is hard to believe that he perous. Their book is indeed the evolution entire correspondence, which Mr. Hughes has las understood them when he tells us that of a ranchman. Beginning with letters rendered a service to his countrymen by pub- their refusal to treat State recognition as a home in which everything is new to the lishing; though we may regret that neither he matter of absolute right and duty is a proof inexperienced travellers, and when their nor his nephews can find room for their enter- of deficiency in scientific insight or in prevocabulary smacks of the public school boy, prise within the wide-stretching colonies of cision of thought or language. Such are the it is amusing to notice how gradually the Great Britain.


hard words used by one who speaks of the argot of Marlborough and Westminster is

general scheme of the universe. Some years replaced by that of the region in which they

ago Prof. Lorimer regretted that an Adam are settled. Fowls become "chickens, The Institutes of the Law of Nations : a Trea- Smith had not appeared to place politics and treacle "molasses," aristocratic"high toned," tise of the Jural Relations of Separate jurisprudence on a scientific basis. But had and by Jove "great Scott.” The young Political Communities. By James Lorimer. he appeared he would have discussed with ranchmen cease to think they "guess;

In 2 vols. (Blackwood.)

the temperate reason of the great economist mighty” is the favourite adjective; and “I cannot doubt,” says Prof. Lorimer, giving the opinions of those from whom he differed. instead of getting the advantage in a “trade kindly yet, as we hope, vain encouragement

Is not the duty of forbearance peculiarly they congratulate themselves on having “ the to Englishmen,

incumbent on the a priori jurist, seeing that bulge” on the other party to the bargain.

he cannot be met with argument? To show They do not shoot, but “lead" an animal; courage to abandon the long-cherished distinc- / that his theory is unreasonable would be do not meet with luck, but strike.” it; and tion between law and equity will find their useless, for it claims a deeper foundation than though Cousin Willie 'does talk of learning way by the ordinary means of subjective and reason itself

. Belief in the law of nature is Mexican ”—by which, of course, he means objective induction back to the path of ethical really a matter of temperament. Spanish—he scorns to refer to the Hispano-consciousness—what we in Scotland call Com- Lorimer himself, both here and in his former


work, treats the basis of law as a thing which is also confessedly “at variance both after fact, with no critical observation, and beyond discussion. “Law," he said, with with dogma and usage,” that the author can apparently with the sole object of chatting, the prudence and the solemnity of a theo- make no distinction between munitions of of giving either short descriptions or biologian, "comes out of mystery just as it goes war and ordinary commodities. Strangely graphical sketches of eminent persons, of into mystery.” Precluded from argument, enough, he promises a fuller discussion both telling enough anecdotes to fill a month's

can only wonder that anyone who has of blockade and of contraband, and, so far as literary gossip in a dozen weeklies—and the courage to assume the law of nature we can see, forgets to give it. He makes some nothing more. Thus, when he speaks of should make so little use of it. When Prof. amends, however, by setting out in an Ap- Carducci, we would require more knowledge Lorimer comes out of mystery, and deals pendix, which occupies half the second of his poems and of his position in our conspecifically with the rules of international volume, a number of useful Acts and docu- temporary literature, and less twaddle about law, if we allow for an inevitable difference ments—among others the United States' in what the Queen of Italy thinks of him. in phraseology, we find that his tests and structions for armies in the field, a report of Again, in the Troubadour article, we would results are practically those of writers (Mr. the Brussels Conference of 1874, the Geneva do away with Arnaut Daniel's Life, thrust in Hall, for instance) who think that the law Convention of 1864, and some documents of with the excuse that he is considered the of nature has nothing to do with the subject. the Institute of International Law. Un- inventor of the “sestina” (which, as a Life, The duty of recognition, he tells us, is deter- fortunately, he has entrusted the drawing up is far less interesting than those of many mined by the interests of the recognising of a list of writers on international law to other Troubadours : Bertrand de Born, Peire State, and the recognising State is the judge M. Ernest Nys, who has not done it very Vidal, &c.), and Icarn something more about of what its own interests are. On the same well. Though the list seems intended to be the question whether certain metrical forms of principle are determined the duties of inter- fairly complete, there are omitted the names the South are of Provençal or Italian origin, vention and of neutrality; and these three of Bar, Calvo, Field, Hall, Laurent, Philli- which still causes much discussion among our doctrines—recognition, intervention, and neu- more, Stowell, Twiss, and Westlake ; and yet Italian Professors of Provençal Literature, who, trality-constitute, he says, the corpus juris Cousin finds a place.

by-the-by, are numerous, notwithstanding the inter gentes. What has the law of nature Still, when all deductions are made, Prof. author's assertion that Mussafia (a Dalmatian) done but introduce the word duty ? But the Lorimer's work is welcome. If it has not the is the only “Italian writer of eminence who Professor goes farther, and says that juris- scientific character which it claims, it is, at could be cited.” We omit many other prudence is concerned not only with discover any rate, an interesting treatise on inter- instances where useless gossip occupies the ing the principles of law, but with explaining national conduct, from the pen of au able place of healthy criticism, and come to the how laws can be improved. The uncertain writer, who has wide interests, decided opening article, on “The Poets of Young nature of international law does undoubtedly opinions, and a command of vigorous lan- Italy," which by its position, and its having place the jurist in this peculiar position, that guage. He regrets that men of first-rate contributed to give the title to the book, ought in order to determine the existence of an ability have not applied themselves con- to be the most important. international rule of conduct he will often sistently to international law; and his readers Unfortunately, this is not the case; and it have to enquire into its efficacy. For its will regret that, led away by an old and strikes an Italian as the work of a man who efficacy or inefficacy will be strong proof that barren verbal philosophy, he himself has is not thoroughly acquainted with the lanit is or is not a rule of international law. served it less well than he could have done. guage (or el:e he could not find Praga's When he goes beyond this, and preaches

G. P. MACDONELL. verse less harmonious than Carducci's), and better laws, he speaks no longer as a jurist.

who is badly informed about the relative He is like an historian using his historical

merit and position of our contemporary poets. knowledge to advocate a republic, or like a

Italian and other Studies. By Francis Thus he has not understood the real importpolitical economist denouncing the Factory

Hueffer. (Elliot Stock.)

ance of Emilio Praga's poems, and seems to Acts. Therefore, whenever Prof. Lorimer Dr. HUEFFER's new volume is another example consider him as a fellow-worker, and not as speaks as a reformer, when he condemns the of the modern abuse of reprinting magazine the precursor, of Stecchetti. Praga belonged Foreign Enlistment Acts, when he closes his articles in book-form. The author himself, to that literary bohême in Milan which, about treatise with a reprint of his essay on the for- in the Preface, not only admits the abuse, and the sixties, proposed to present the new mation of an international parliament, inter-deplores it, but resigns himself to it, declaring nation with a new poetry—not only modernly esting and welcome as the essay is, he has that. books, in the proper sense of the word realistic in thought, but also in form. He quitted his subject, and is only a witness, —that is, organisms developed from a central and Boito and Cammerana and others wrote whose legal training gives value to his evi- idea—are in consequence becoming rarer and serious lyrics in popular language-riz., as it dence. In strictness, his subject is limited rarer in our literature, and collections of is spoken-in opposition to the conventional to a statement of existing usages, and an essays take their place.” In that case les style which has been for centuries one of estimate of the strength of public opinion livres s'en vont would be, alas! too true, and the bades of Italian poetry. which enforces them. The jurist, as jurist, the prospect of a literature almost exclusively chetti, belonging to the same school, found must take Lady Teazle's advice, and leave composed of books in the style of the one we the way paved before him; and, appearhonour out of the argument.

are reviewing would be sad beyond words. ing about fifteen years later with a finer of particular topics there is not room to However, let us be less pessimistic, and con- lyrical flow and a greater perfection of form, speak. Suffice it" to say that the author sole ourselves with the existence of many received not only more attention, but also repudiates, as he has done ever since he wrote excellent books in which essays, though they much of the applause due to that earlier his Constitutionalism of the Future, the doc- may have appeared at odd times in different Milanese movement which is partly mistrine of the equality of States—a repudiation magazines, have been yet thought out as so understood by Dr. Hueffer. perfectly just, if to suggest new law be part many links of a plan, and, if not as different has not in the least understood Carducci's of the jurist's business; that he accepts the exemplifications of some particular theory, at importance, and says he does not in any principle of exterritoriality, and applies it least with a leading thought running through way differ from the style of Monti and Maneven to merchant vessels; that he holds, them all, and stringing them together. zoni.” This shows how the author merely confessedly in defiance both of authority and Dr. Hueffer is essentially a clever journalist, considers their common use of classical subusage, that war can be jurally waged only especially pleasant and almost instructive jects, without observing the great difference between States in their corporate capacity'; when treating of music, as, for instance, in which lies between the pseudo-classic feeling and that he reconciles this latter doctrine his excellent accounts of concerts and of of all Italian poetry from the Renaissance till with the right of capture of private property. operas in the Times, which are often equal our day and the new poetry of Carducci

, There are some curious omissions in the book. to Herr Hanslick’s delightful feuilletons in where the true classical spirit and a clever No account is given of how a State may

acquire the Neue Freie Presse. But when he transfers imitation of the real Latin form are blended rights of property over territory; yet in to the pages of a serious Review or of a with much modern thought and artistic colonisation important territorial questions volume the same journalistic style, we have realism—a difference parallel to the one are constantly being raised. The law of the right to demand of him something better, which separates Rossetti from Walter Scott, blockade is only casually referred to; and as more serious, and deeper. We cannot be satis- or any mediaevalist of to-day from any romanto contraband, there is only the statement, fied with his habit of merely stating fact ticist of the first quarter of the century,

Now, Stec

Again, he


with regard to the real spirit and form of flavour to Heine's and Börne's prose. The scholar apparently accepts their recension the poetry of the Middle Ages. Dr. Hueffer lecture on " Musical Criticism” is the best theory is not without significance. “Jam seems astonished at the feeling for nature thing in the book, by far the most thought out paene,” he says, which fills Praga's poems. “He is a real and complete—interesting, too, because it gives "consenserunt viri hujus rei peritissimi, tres lover of nature," he declares,

us the opinions of one of the leading musical vel potius quattuor fontes, bis binos, agnos"which is not saying little of an Italian poet, critics of the day on his own profession, and cendos esse --Alexandrinum scilicet et Occidenfor the resplendent scenery of the South has amusing for the brilliant way in which he talem, Antiochensem et Constantinopolitanum, curiously enough left slight traces in the poetry speaks of modern singers, audiences, critics, e quibus codices nostri quodammodo originem of Southern nations; the Troubadours of Pro- and all that is concerned with the musical life trahant. Nunc autem ex vy. ill. Westcottio the most conventional manner, and the great interesting to a foreigner on account of the inis ambiguitate latere quintum, Ante-Syriacum vence refer to blue skies and spring blossoms in of the time. The closing article is especially Hortioque discimus, non solum fontes hos re Italian poets of the Middle Ages were not, at glimpses of the history of English music, et ipsum qui cum et Alexandrini et Occidentalis least par excellence, lovers of nature, any more while the general reader is attracted by the erroris expers sit, eximiam quandam integrithan Raphael and Leonardo were landscape pleasing figure of Mr. Pepys as a musician, painters.

tatem sibi vindicet."

As we close the book, the impression left But whoever expected to find the very modern is that of having been chatting with a clever catalogue of the uncial MSS., under which

The volume concludes with a descriptive sentiment of nature for nature's sake in any friend who thought us too dull to understand head Dr. Gregory does not fail to notice the poetry of the Middle Ages? And, by remark- thoroughly the subject he was talking about, suspicions of the Sinaitic suggested by Prof, ing its absence in Southern verse, does Dr. and who contented himself with giving us Donaldson in an article in the Theological Hueffer mean to imply that it is to be a superficial account of it, mingled with Review for January 1877. What further evifound in the mediaeval poetry of other much talk about private episodes of great dence, he asks, could Tischendorf have given nations, or that it is superior to those ex: artists, in order to amuse us- just the of the genuineness of his discovery? He gave quisite pictures of which the Canzoniere and sort of companion that a fashionable woman a minute account of all the particulars conthe Divina Commedia are full ? But we are likes to have to tea in order to obtain nected with the finding and removal of the MS., led to suspect that he is not very familiar from him a smattering on some serious with the names of the persons concerned; and with our mediaeval poetry by reading the question of the day, while the last number as to its history from 1844 to 1859, there is second article, on the literary friendship. of of the World or the last new society novel none to tell

, seeing it lay quietly during those Petrarch and Boccaccio, in which, speaking lies on her lap.

CARLO PLACCI. of Petrarch's " intentional ignorance of Dante's

years, as it had lain for so many years pre

viously, in a monk's bed-chamber. In short, chief work through fear of unconsciously becoming an imitator," he forgets to mention THE PROLEGOMENA TO TISCHENDORF'S NEW

Dr. Gregory is able to say that, having had

the most ample opportunities of examining the Trionfi, where our great sonneteer proved

Tischendorf's letters and papers, he never the contrary, not only by imitating the Divine Novum Testamentum Graece ad antiquissimos found the slightest trace of bad faith. What, Comedy, but by naming Dante first among testes denuo recensuit apparatum criticum however, about the relative age of the Sinaitic all the modern poets he meets in his “Vision

apposuit Constantinus Tischendorf. Editio

as compared with the Vatican ? It must of Love."

octava critica major. Volumen III. Prole- suffice to say here that this writer considers The two next contributions are reproduc- gomena scripsit Casparus Renatus Gregory. the attempt of Dean Burgon to prove that the tions of passing articles from the Times, un- Additis curis Ezrae Abbot. Pars prior. Sinaitic is fifty, seventy-five, or a hundred luckily not on musical topics. As to the

(Leipzig: Hinrichs; London : Williams & years later has been demonstrated by the late one on Rossetti's pictures, which could only Norgate.)

Prof. Abbot to rest on no foundation. have an interest at the time of the exhibition, NEW TESTAMENT students will welcome the That Dr. Gregory is well qualified to act as we cannot see the necessity of its being re

Prolegomena to Tischendorf's eighth edition, Tischendorf's successor and representative, published when we have such a satisfying the first part of which is now published ; and, this work is sufficient to prove ; his knowledge account from the pen of Mr. Sharp, unless it though the whole work is well worthy of of MSS. is understood to be extensive and be to impress upon us a view (which is not careful study, they will, no doubt, turn with minute, and the present work has been broken a dramatic painter to a painter of beauty. In special interest, in the first place, to any off in order to give him the

opportunity of passages bearing on points which may still examining some more of the cursives. The “Music and Musicians Dr. Hueffer finds

be considered as, to some extent, under discus- volume now printed begins with a short himself more at home; and, as this is a

sion. The principles followed by Tischendorf sketch of the critic's life, and a list of his review of Grove's Dictionary of Music, he is in the construction of his text, or the succes- works occupying more than fourteen pages, not obliged to stick to one particular subject, sive editions of his text, are pretty generally and showing an enormous amount of labour. and can ramble pleasantly from one part

understood. They are here set forth in con- Then follows the dissertation, in which to the other of the Dictionary, and indulge siderable detail, partly in his own words, with Tischendorf's words are used when they are in many biographical sketches and in much telling of anecdotes. "The Literary Aspects many instructive examples; and the result

, available ; otherwise, his sense and spirit are

A note at the beginning explains of Schopenhauer's Work” is a rather novel soundness. No doubt the best critical texts that pp. 33-68 give Tischendorf's very words ; subject, and shows us Dr. Hueffer in his still present numerous variations, as is evident but here seems to be some mistake, since, popularising mood when preparing for the from the collation here given of Tischendorf though Tischendorf's words can be recognised, common palate some abstruse or not easily with Tregelles, and with Westcott and Hort. he is spoken of throughout these pages in the accessible works, such as Oper und Drama But these are of little importance compared third person. In a work containing many or Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung, with the points on which they agree ; and the minute references some errata may be well or simply poems of Troubadours and Latin reader will have no difficulty in assenting to excused; but that there should be a necessity letters of Petrarch. In this article he discloses the judgment of Dr. Gregory as to the frequent for more than two closely printed pages of to us a less-known side of the philosopher of agreement of the text of Westcott and Hort " addenda et emendanda " is a circumstance

ROBERT B. DRUMMOND. only by his reputation, and class him with with that of Tischendorf -- an agreement to be regretted.

which, he remarks, would be greater Kant, Hegel, or any other great thinker of latter given his marginal readings. Nearly abstruse questions in abstruse form, the well ten years have passed since Tischendorf's picked out bits which Dr. Hueffer translates death, and in the meantime New Testament from the Parerga und Paralipomena will be a criticism has not stood still. It would cer- The Wizard's Son. By Mrs. Oliphant. In 3 revelation, as they show Schopenhauer in a

tainly be interesting to know how the eminent vols. (Macmillan.) comparatively new light-riz., that of an critic would regard the labours in his own Keep Troth. By Walter L. Bicknell. In 3 original causeur-a sort of combination of the field of our English scholars were he still vols. (Hurst & Blackett.) last-century English essay with that Parisian alive; but, if Dr. Gregory may be understood wit and clever paradox which, intermixed to speak for him, there can be no doubt that Viola, Fanshawe. By Mabel Collins. In 2 with German gravity, gives such a delicious his recognition would be ample. That this

. )


If Brend was as

Goddess Fortune. By Thomas Sinclair. In 3 she is a failure. Of the female characters aristocracy, democracy, and Horace's Dea vols. (Trübner.)

Julia Herbert, the clever Sloebury adven-Fortuna, not to speak of fate, free-will, Three Sisters. By Anon. In 2 vols. (Samp- turess, is the best. She is quite a worldling, foreknowledge absolute, put into the mouths

indeed; whereas Oona Forrester, whom of various persons, especially of one Brend, son Low.)

Walter Methven ultimately marries, is all member of Parliament and without knowing Mrs. Willoughby': Octave. By Emma Mar- magnanimity. But then Oona, like Miss it) heir to an earldom. shall. (Seeley.)

Milnathort, the lawyer's invalid sister, has much of a bore and a retailer of political and No contemporary writer of fiction has such come under the spell of that nuisance of a philosophical crudities in the House of a command over the supernatural and the wizard, and, like him, is somewhat of a Commons as he certainly shows himself to weirdly spiritual (which is separated from the phantom. Julia is delightfully real, and, in be in private houses, how delighted his supernatural by the thinnest of partitions) as spite of her scheming, which circumstances colleagues must have been at his removal to Mrs. Oliphant; and there is an abundance of have forced her into, not absolutely selfish. the Upper Chamber! The plot of Goddest both in The Wizard's Son. As a matter of One is positively grateful to Mrs. Oliphant for Fortune—such plot as it can be said to fact, however, the story would have been all giving her a “jolly” husband at the end of possess—turns, as in Keep. Troth, on the the better without its mysterious warlock the third volume in Major Antrobus.

exchanging of children at their birth. But lord,” a compound of the ancient alchemist

Plot is the strong point, satire run to farci- the story drags sadly; and there is no and the Goethean Mephistopheles, who gives cality is the pervading

weakness, of Keep Troth. adequate reason for the pseudo Lord Ralford sinister advice, dabbles in chemicals, and in The central incident of the story, the stealing committing suicide and for Miss Maude Grey the end causes a great conflagration, with no of the child of well-to-do parents, is, indeed,

going mad. worse result than that of throwing Oona as commonplace as it well can be. But Mr. It is difficult to find any object in the Forrester and Lord Erradeen into each other's Bicknell shows no little skill in devising new writing, much less in the publication

, of arms in the very, jaws of death. Mrs. Oli- situations for both the stolen and the sub- Three Sisters, which is an account of the phant's wizard 'is neither one thing nor stituted child, and in bringing them to experiences of a struggling Irish family in a another; he should have been more, or he gether at last under tragic circumstances, German town. It is made up almost entirely should have been less, of a man. Even at the Stanton, whose real name is Arnold, and of school-girlish high spirits and comic Germanend of the third volume one cannot be certain Jean, whose real name is Stanton, make English. It is, in fact, a long fit of giggling

, that he is not a nightmare—the product of the very good foils and rivals; and so do Dora quite innocent, but very silly. There is a excited brain or the disorganised digestion of Betterton, who loves the true and marries rather sad death in the book, and a “funny" Lord Erradeen. Besides

, Mrs. Oliphant had the false Stanton, and Molly Magaire, who marriage ; but the plot is quite as litle to hand a quite earthly and sufficiently reso- loves both, is “under the protection" of both, deserving of notice as the humour. lute evil genius in Capt. Underwood, the and yet, in her own expressive rather than young peer's familiar in the days when he elegant language, “keeps straight." Were Mrs. Marshall has given an affected title was plain Walter Methven, doing no good, it not, too, for "Mr. Bicknell's unfortunate to her new " tale,” for “Mrs. Willoughby's and indeed nothing in particular, in Sloebury: tendency to caricature, his Neoptolemus octave" simply means Mrs. Willoughby's Had she given Underwood rope enough, we Tudge, the kindly proprietor of a travelling family. It is, in reality, a rather pleasant might have had a very interesting conflict, of Diorama, would have been very effective story of domestic life. Devoid of passion, the kind Mrs. Oliphant delights in describing

as a kind of male Mrs. Jarley. But this ten- and almost devoid of plot, it has been with all her subtlety of detail

, between him dency spoils the whole book. Mr. Bicknell written with a purpose, and a religious and Oona Forrester, or, in other words, is plainly under the impression that he has a purpose; but that is not thrust upon, the between the

worse and the better ele- satirical vein, and gives pictures of missionary reader. Each member of the "octave” is ments in Walter Methyen's nature. If enterprise in London, of a fashionable school, carefully sketched. David Willoughby the the reader can shut his eyes to the un- and of a sensational trial which are not of the unselfish, George Burnley the self-indulgent

, realities in The Wizard's Son, he will find it nature of comedy, but only of burlesque. There and Frieda, who unites and holds the balance very enjoyable. It has no elaborate plot; and, is far too much coarse and unpleasant dialogue between the two, stand out from the characters in consequence, the characters that figure in it -unnecessarily coarse and unpleasant-in around them as good portraits. Mrs. Marshall are, if possible, more at Mrs. Oliphant's com- Keep Troth. Thus it is bad enough that, when indicates in Lady Katherine, Frieda's wellmand than the beings of her creation usually Jean meets Molly Magaire, whom he knew in intentioned tyrant, that she might achieve

Even she has never given us anything the days when, as a boy, he sold matches and some success as a quiet humorist if she were better than her picture of the society of the newspapers, he should ask her if she is "living to allow her powers free play, little town of Sloebury, agitated by the news in sin," but it is still worse that she should

WILLIAM WALLACE. that the good-for-nothing Walter Methven has reply that she “is in clover.” Mr. Bicknell suddenly been transformed into a peer. The has much to learn ; possibly also some capacity transitions from Sloebury, all matter-of-fact for learning.

OURRENT LITERATURE. and gossip, to the Highlands, steeped in simplicity and superstition—from Julia Herbert to

Viola Fanshawe is an atrociously vulgar Though the works of Elizabeth Barrett BrownOona Forrester—are managed with great skill. story — vulgar in sentiment, vulgar in lan: ing are neither so voluminous nor so expensive Walter Methven, as Saxon sense brought face guage. It would be difficult to say which

as those of her husband, yet they have never to face with Celtic witchcraft, is a very diffi- of the persons who figure in it is the most been

collected into a cheap edition. It is no w odious. cult subject to treat, and, but for the

A Mrs. Vane, who indulges in nearly twenty years since a selection from them

power of the artist, would have been a blurred slang and champagne, and talks about was formed by Mr. Browning, which was and unsatisfactory portrait. As usual, Mrs.

“fellers” and “ being mashed,” and “play- followed later by a second; but the price Oliphant's Scotch folk are perfect—Hamish, ing propriety," and "lugging volumes of of each series was fixed as high as 78. 6d. At McAlister, the Highland minister, the Edin: Zola,” is not worse than Viola Fanshawe last Messrs. Smith, Elder, & Co. have issued

a new edition of these two volumes of selections burgh lawyer (is not Mr. Milnathort's devo- herself, an adulteress in intent, who is at the price of 38. 6d. each, uniform with Mr. tion to a Scotch breakfast that winds

ready to desert her child and her "star"

Browning's selections from hinself. As we marmalade rather antiquated?), and, above that scoundrel finds at the dinner table

, her tent with one of the volumes only, let him tike

actor husband for a selfish scoundrel, and whom said in noticing those, if anyone must be conall, Symington the retainer of the Erradeens, who fastens upon Walter as his property the liqueur glass held in her lovely hand, her the first, even though it does not contain the

* Vision of Poets." mouth fragrant with sweetmeats, his diamonds moment he sees him, and is not to be imposed

Aurora Leigh" must, upon by his master's impatient attempt to get gleaming on her neck." The less said about of course, be sought in a volume by itself; but

otherwise these two volumes will probably be rid of him by the fiction of a

such a book as this the better.

man" whom he professes to have engaged to attend upon him. Mr. Thomas Sinclair should have termed as an adequate representation of Mrs. Brown

accepted-by all except students of literatureIn Mrs. Oliphant's portrait-gallery there his Goddess Fortune a new way to reproduce ing's genius. are so many anxious and excellent mothers old essays and addresses. These three volthat when we say Mrs. Methven is rather dis- umes are really a collection of fearful and Quotations, from the Earliest Ages to the

Day's Collacon : an Encyclopaedia of Prose appointing we are very far from hinting that wonderful treatises on such subjects as Present Time. Compiled and Arranged by


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