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1584.

Vol. 613, p. 64.

Vol. 617, p. 5.

Towards her Highness's charge for the defence of the said country, and to the intent that neither his lands nor the lands of his gentlemen freeholders or farmers shall be charged with any cess, outrising, or other ordinary imposition, but as followeth, it is now covenanted by him that he and the heirs of his father, and other the gentlemen freeholders within the said baronies, shall, besides the 100l. Irish rent, yield and pay as rent the payments ensuing; that is to say, every year one fair and good horse, and during the space of three years next ensuing 100 good, fat, and large beeves yearly, and after these three years 130 good, fat, and large beeves yearly, to be delivered at the castle of Athlone; and also shall serve at all general hostings and risings-out with 20 horsemen and 60 footmen, either shot, kerne, or galliglas, for forty days at their own costs and charges. Also to pay the yearly rent of 25l. of lawful money of England. The same rent, beeves, &c. to stand in lieu of all cess. The said Sir Donell and the heirs of his father shall have the moiety and half deal of all the goods, chattels, lands, tenements, &c. of persons attainted of felony, and the whole goods and chattels of persons outlawed, goods wayved or strayed, and penalties of bloodshed, within the said baronies. All the freeholders and inheritors in the said baronies shall hold of the said Sir Donell, &c. by knight service. All these agreements shall be established by Act of Parliament. Sir Donell shall permit all persons that shall have any grant from her Majesty of any manors, &c. in the said country, being in her Majesty's gift, quietly to hold the same without disturbance. In the time of any foreign invasion, or upon any great necessity, Sir Donell and the inhabitants of the said baronies shall serve and contribute at the commandment and discretion of the Lord Deputy. “Copia vera, concordans cum originali. Ex’ per Nath. Dillon.”

Copy. Pp. 4.
2. Abstract from the preceding.
P. 1.

ESCHEATED LANDS in MUNSTER.

Extent of the lands and possessions of the Earl of Desmond and other traitors in Munster, made by virtue of the Queen's commission, dated 19 June, 26 Eliz., 1584.

Value of the Earl's lands in cos. Limerick, Kerry, Cork, Waterford, Tipperary, and Dublin, 7,0391. 2s. 6d.

Lands of traitors attainted" in co. Limerick, 1,128l. 2s. 54d.;

* Their names are given ; and it is also stated whether they were slain in rebellion or executed.

1584.

in Kerry, 344l. 16s. 8d.; Cork, 816l. 2s. 8d.; Waterford,

255l. 13s. 4d.; Tipperary, 66l. 13s. 4d.; Kilkenny, 4l.
Lands concealed in Munster, belonging to religious houses,

611.11s. 6d. Lands concealed, parcel of the ancient inheritance

of the Crown, 74l. 16s. 8d. Lands of attainted persons (sur

veyed by Launcelot Allford and others) not charged before

the Auditor, 599). 17s. 10}d.
Total yearly charge of the lands aforesaid, 10,4101. 17s.

Copy. Latin. Pp. 7.

568. The EARL OF DESMOND.

Vol. 635, pp. 129 “The names of such castles as the Earl of Desmond had and 129b. * either raised or fortified in the province of Munster since the beginning of his rebellion. “The names of the persons in rebellion with the aforesaid Earl. “The names of such lords and gentlemen in Munster as stood neuter in the said rebellion.”

569. MUNSTER.

Vol. 607, p. 110. “Short notes to be considered upon for the reducing and settling of Munster.” The late Earl of Desmond is cut off. Parliament should be called to invest in her Majesty the lands of him and all his confederates in Munster. A governor to be established in that province, as in Connaught. Her Majesty is to consider whether she will in mercy wrap up the offences of the better sort, or commit them to trial; and to distinguish how many offended by will, and how many by compulsion. If she grant them pardon, it were good she did it upon a ground of their voluntary submission. A survey to be taken of the country, which is to be holden by English tenures. The regality of Kerrie, being a county palatine, to be either absolutely dissolved, or to continue resumed into her Majesty's hands. Such of the Irishry as have their lands in bogs and woods, or have strong piles and castles, to be removed to the upland country. All lands “to be brought within compass of shire ground.” All the escheated lands and castles along the sea coasts of Munster to be replenished with habitation of English servitors of English birth. This new inhabitancy, for a certain space, to be free from rent and cesse. Their wards, &c. shall remain to the prince. Their estates to be passed by such grant as the English and Irish have had in the conquered lands of Leix and Offalye. The government is to be like that of Wales, viz., certain assistants of counsel to the governors and justices, a learned attorney, &c.

* This leaf is now wanting. The description of it is taken from the Catalogue of the Lambeth MSS.

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“The inhabitants possessing the wood countries to be tied to draw under their manurances artificers out of England skilful to make coal, tile, brick, earthen pots, and such other devices, to be put in sale for the common utility of the country; yea and other artificers of timber work, in regard of the great plenty of woods.” The lords not to hold their castles with force of great artillery or wards without licence. This will work the dissolution of their idle horsemen, galloglasse, kearne, and stokers (sic). The lords and principal men to have the quantity of their armour assigned to them according to their callings. Idle horsemen, galloglasse, kearne, and stokers (sic) not to wear armour or weapon. None to hold warriors but the prince. Limerick being a large shire, and in divers parts remote beset with malefactors, is to be divided into two counties. That two markets at the least be erected in every county within Munster, and continued weekly in meet places. Heretofore “the merchants dwelling in corporate towns, and having lands in the country, tied their tenants to furnish to them alone all their wares and victuals, and so engrossed into themselves all the trades in the country.” Large commissions o martial law to be addressed to one special man of trust and service in every barony, to weed out malefactors. The statute for English habit and language is to be put severely in execution. Order to be taken for repairing the decayed churches and planting ministers of meet literature and doctrine.*

Dated by Carew “1584.”
Pp. 4. Endorsed.

57O. MUNSTER.

“A probable discourse how, upon the extinguishing of this rebellion, the province of Mounstre may be kept from any revolt hereafter, how it may bear the charge of 1,200 men, yielding revenue to your Majesty, and repay the charges of the war.” On the fly-leaf, in Carew's hand, “A discourse of Sir Walentine Browne'sf for the settling of Munster.” Dated by Carew, “1584.”

In the hand of Morgan Colman, Secretary to Sir William
Pelham.
I’p. 32. Endorsed.

* This document seems to be in the hand of Morgan Colman, secretary to Sir William Pelham, who was Lord Justice in 1579 and 1580.

f. An error. This document was drawn up by Sir William Pelham, Lord Justice, in July 1580 (see No. 440), and is probably the original from which the copy in Pelham's letterbook was derived.

1584.

Vol. 614, p. 165.

Vol. 614, p. 251.

572. Vol. 614, p. 260.

PROPOSED REFORMATION of IRELAND.

“Ireland [1574]—-A Plate conceived [by Sir Nicholas White]* how that realm may be governed with contentation of the inhabitants and surety of the estate.”

It lays down these five principles as necessary to be considered :—(1.) How the Queen's charges inay be mitigated. (2.) How the revenue may be increased. (3) How the nobility there may be satisfied. (4.) How the common subjects may be eased of cesse, and kept in contentation. (5.) How the soldiers may be victualled without loss to her Majesty, and kept under discipline from disorders. A Lord Justice to be appointed, and have 1,300l. a year, &c. Sum total of the wages of the chief officers, 6,508l. 168. 11d. The charges of the army to be 13,9391. 5s. 9d. The whole expenses, 21,5531. 13s. 4d. The revenue certain in Ireland, 9,994l. 12s. To be supplied out of England, 11,5591. 16%d. 100 footmen to be disposed in certain places (named). Pp. 6. Endorsed: Mr. Nicholas White's device.

2. “The Cause why Ireland hath continued so long in disorder, and a mean to reform the same.”

These four points are specially to be noted:—(1) A plot is set down, the principal points whereof may not be altered. (2) Good and apt ministers to be chosen. (3.) Good store of money to be provided. (4) Apt laws to be made.

This discourse then treats “of the honour and commodities which will grow unto her Majesty by reducing this people unto perfect obedience.”

Dated by Carew, “1584.”

In the same hand as the “Plate” on p. 165.

Pp. 6. Endorsed.

REFORMATION of IRELAND.

“A brief note to the Rt. Hon. the Lord Deputy for the reformation of the realm of Ireland, 1584.”

(1) That you make proclamation that mayors and other officers in all corporations shall buy up all powder and brimstone for the city or town store; and that it shall be treason to traffic in the same, except for their own defence and their shipping.

(2.) Cause to be put in execution a statute made at Dublin, 33 Hen. WI., that every man shall answer for his sons and his men; and the statute of 28 Hen. VI., that all who keep men shall book them.

(3) Also, the statute of 25 Hen. VI., that the sons of labourers, &c., shall use the same labours as their parents,

* The words in brackets are in Carew's hand.

1584.

1585. Jan. 21. Vol. 607, p. 115.

“unless their said parents be able to keep them to the schools,
or put them to some honest occupation or craft, and not to
become horseboys, and then kerne, and so thieves.”
(4.) “Give commandment that every parish within the
English Pale, if the parish be great, shall have four pair of
stocks, and if it be small, two, or at least one, at every
church.”
(5) Every harper, rimer, carow, or valiant beggar, passing
through the said parishes, to be put in the stocks, and punished
(pwnnissid).
(6.) Sessions to be kept in every county at least twice a
year; and “the judges shall not be of the birth of any of the
said counties, nor of the next county to it.”
(7.) No man to wear weapons within the English Pale,
either by day or by night, unless he be of the Pale, and in
English habit, or else it shall be lawful for any of the army to
kill him.
(S.) None of the Pale to wear “glibes,” nor the women any
great kerchiefs after the gipsy manner.
(9.) “That the statute for the making of aqua vitae be put in
execution, which sets the Irishry a madinge, and breeds many
mischiefs.” *
(10.) The statute of 28 Hen. VIII., against marriage and
fostering with Irishmen, to be put in execution.
(11.) Take order that none within the English Pale shall sell
ale nor wine out of the corporate towns but such as shall be
licensed by your Honour, or such as you shall authorize to
license the same ; they putting in good sureties for their honesty
and good behaviour.”
(12.) No prisoners to be kept in private houses, but sent to
gaol; and no agreement made for their release but as law will
allow.
Put all these in execution, and Ireland will be well
governed. “And further, if it please your Honour to command
me at your return to go execute mine office amongst them, if
I do not good service punish (pwnnisse) me.”

Pp. 2. Endorsed by Sir John Perrot.

573. ROBERT LEGGE's Book.

A Book of Information delivered by Robert Legge to Sir John Perrotte, the Lord Deputy of Ireland, for the reformation of the civil government of that realm, 21 January 1584.

Since my coming hither I have perceived much unorderly dealing, and very far different from our courts and course of offices in England. I have therefore herein noted certain causes or articles unto your Honour, and crave your favour for reformation thereof, and that you will be means to procure over more English officers hither.

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