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Atlanta, 284-286; operations

Siddons (Sarah), her personal apagainst Hood, ib.; capture of pearance described by Lord Minto, Savannah, 287, 288

cxxxix. 195 Sherman (American Federal Gene- Sidney (Sir Philip, 1554-1580), ap

ral), Grant's acknowledgment of pointed governor of Flushing, his services, cxxix. 255

cxiii. 196 Shipwrecks, statistics of, cxv. 154;

M. Taine's estimate of his annual average of lost lives, 156; poetry, cxxi. 302 localities of greatest danger, 157; Sidney (Rev. Edwin), his • Lectures casualties of colliers, 158; fre- on Idiotcy,' cxxii. 37 quency of collisions, 159; rewards Siemens (Mr.), his regenerative gas for saving life, 160; instances of furnace, cxxix. 384 self-devotion, ib.; insufficient sup- Siena (Tuscany), pulpit by Niccolá ply of lifeboats, 165; annual loss Pisano at, cxxi. 523; guild of of property from, 167; principal sculptors at, 530; its place in Tus

causes of, ib.; preventives, 168 can sculpture, 534 Shore (Rev. James), prosecution of,

peculiarities of the Sienese in the Privy Council, cxxi. 173 school of paiuters, cxxii. 86 Shoreditch, etymology of, cxxxi. Sigel (Federal General), German 168

umbrage at his supersession, cxxi. Shureef Khan (Prince of Affghanis- 271 ; his expedition up the Shenan

tan), cxxv. 17, 18; defeated by doal, 282; superseded again, ib. Shere Ali, 23; subsequent treacli- Sigismund, Duke of Austria, mort

gages Alsace to Charles the Bold, Shunt' gun, the, cxix. 515

cxix. 559 and 568; he demands its Sibbald (Sir Robert, 1613-1712), the restitution, 571

patriarch of Scottish county his- Sight, the sense of, cxxiv. 133 torians, cxii. 489; his character,

use of the word in Troilus 490; extent of his writings, 494' and Cressida,' cxxx. 103 Siberia, geographical exploration in, Sikhs, dangers of mutiny among, cxii. 314

cxxiv. 339 Sibylline Verses, the, probably

threatened collision of, with known to the author of the Apo- the Mahrattas, cxxxiv. 38+; their calypse, cxl. 499

military qualities, ib. ; their disSicily, the Mussulmans in, cxvi. 348; cipline improved by Runjeet Singh,

the limit of Mahometan invasion, 385; European oflicers, ib. 349; prostration of, under the Sikhs, affairs of, under Gholab Byzantine dominion, 363; Mussul

Singh, cxxxviii. 132 ; origin of man invasion of, 364; character of the second Sikh war, 133 their rule, 376

Silesia, conquest of, by Frederick the Murray's handbook of,

Great, cxxiv. 557 cxxxviii. 500, 503; topographical Silistria, siege of, abandoned by the interest of, 50+

Russians, cxvii. 310 Siddons (Sarah, 1755-1831), Miss Silk, cultivation of, in the Morea,

Wynn's impressions of her acting, cxxii. 550 cxix. 314; anecdote of her mar- Silk fabrics, effects of the silkworm

disease on, in 1867, cxxix. 390; anecdote of, in the sleep- specimens of at the Paris Exhibiscene of 'Macbeth,' cxxvi. 489

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riage, 315

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Silk-moths, acclimatisation of, in Singanfu inscription, the, exxst.
France, cxi. 163

23, 24 note
Silk-trade with China, cxxxiii. 184 Singapore, geographical importance
Silurian System. See Geology

of, cxvi. 411
Silver, production of, from British Singer (S. W.), his imputation of
lead-mines, cxx. 481 and note forgery against Mr. Collier's Per-

its true character in the kins Folio of Shakspeare, cxi.
coinage of counters for change, 453 ; his test-word' disprored,
cxxiv. 385; profit on silver bars,

463
ib. ; changes in value of silver Sinking Fund, origin of the scheme,

coins, 386, 387
Simancas, custody of State Papers at,

Pitt's scheme of, cxvi. 136;
cxvii. 378; nature of the collec- fallacies of, exposed, 137
tion, 381 ; documents relating to Sinope, destruction of the Turkish
Katharine's marriage with Henry fleet at, cxvii. 330
VIII., 399

Sismondi (Charles Simonde de,
Simancas Papers, Mr. Froude's use 1773–1842), his defence of the

of, cxix. 260; their revelations Additional Act, cxiv. 496
concerning Queen Elizabeth, 261

his social and political quali-
interesting as illustrating ties, cxix. 435; his intimacy with
historical characters, cxxiv. 477 ; Bonstetten at Geneva, 436
M. Mignet's quotations from, 479

on the temptations of legis-
Simone (di Martino, Tuscan painter, lative assemblies to ennui, cxxxvi.

b. 1283), represents the Sieneso 89
school, cxxii. 92

Sixtus IV. (d. 1481), his improve-
Simplon, the, Napoleon's road over, ments at Rome, cxviii. 374
cxxii. 124; plan of a railway over,

his relations with literature,
125

cxxxvi. 142; his territorial am-
Simpson (Sir Jame), his introduc- bition, 143

tion of chloroform as an anæs- Sixtus V. (Felice Peretti, Pope, d.
thetic, cxxxvi. 490

1590); Lires of, cxxxii. 291 ; his
Simpson (Mr.), his articles in the importance in history, ib.; his low

Rambler,' on Sbakspeare, cxxiii. parentage, 203; teaching of the
146

boy-friar, 204 ; ecclesiastical pro-
Simson (Professor, of Glasgow), his motions, ib. ; created cardinal, 295;

alleged heresies, cxiv. 420, 421 murder of his nephew, 296 ; his
Sin, metaphorical term for, in Sans- election as Pope, ib.; energetic
krit, cxxxix. 436

government of the Papal States,
Sinclair (John, Master of), his · Me- 298; his financial economy, ib.;

moirs of the Insurrection of 1715,' suppression of brigandage, 301:
cxii. 332; his manuscript locked his Bull of 1585, ib.; sererity of
up by Sir Walter Scott, 335; the his rule, 304 ; his cruelty to Pas-
Master's malignity to his contem- quin, 305; his foreign policy, ib.;
poraries, ib.; his sketch of Lord reports of Spanish and Venetian
Breadalbane, 352

envoys, 306 ; his hopes of concert-
Sindhia (Madhajee, d. 1794), his ing Elizabeth, 307; his Bull

military career as Mahratta prince, against Ilenry III., 308 ; disputes
cxxxiv. 362, 363; bis treachery to with Olivarès, 300; his policy to-
M. Perron, 373

wards the League, 311; his notions

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of exterminating heresy, 313; and
of regaining the Holy Sepulchre,
314; discontented with Philip
after the Armada, 315; his ill-
humour, 316 ; political inconsis-
tencies, 319; temporising policy
with Spain, ib. ; approves of IIenry
III.'s assassination, 321 ; troubles
during his last year, ib.; relations
with Ilenry IV., ib. ; last interview
with Sessa and Olivarès, 325; his
death, 326; his statue at Rome,

ib.; his character and policy, 328
Skill, derivation and original mean-

ing of the word, cxl. 248
Skinner (Lieut.-Col. James), mili-

tary memoir of, by Mr. Fraser,
cxxxiv. 361; his services under
the Mahrattas, 366, 381; in the

British army,

ib.

Sky, the, considered as the original

object of worship, cxxxix. 432
Sladen (Major), his expedition in

Western China, cxxxvii. 302, 318
Slavery, philological theory in de-
fence of, cxv. 75

first mensures of abolition,
cxvi. 134

considered as an attribute of
pure democracy, cxviii. 143 note
Slavery (African), indigenous to the

soil, cxxiv. 166; the slave-trade a
barrier to civilisation, 183; its
suppression proposed by Sir S.
Baker, 184

(American), affected to be
ignored in the constitution, cxiii.
562; failure of the Missouri com-
promise, 563; squatter Bove-
reignty, ib.; the Fugitive Slave
Law, 565; nigger-hunting in Vir-
ginia, 568; right of recapture,
709; colour an obstacle to eman-
cipation, 070; Southern slave
theories, 572; population of slave
states, 577 ; a neutral slave-policy
necessary to Union, 583

project of the Colonisation
Society to deport the slnves, cxix.

205 and 210; origin of the Aboli-
tionists, 210; importations of Af-
rican slaves, 219; emancipation
long prepared for, 238; the insti-
tution doomed, 241. See Negroes,

American
Slavery (American), original propor-

tion of slave votes, cxxiii. 510;

circumstances of its extinction, 543
Slave-trade, English efforts at sup-

pression, thwarted by M. de

Villèle, cxxviii. 142
Slaves, their condition in the West

Indies, cxv. 51; evils of sudden
emancipation, 52; in America, 62 ;
suggestions for ameliorating their

condition, 65
Sleep, Dr. Hall's theory of the causes

of, cxii. 510; Dr. Darwin on the
phenomenon, ib.

- mysterious nature of, cxxxvii.
3:30; the phenomenon disregarded,

)
because familiar, 331 ; an integral
part of existence, 332 ; conjunction
of, with dreams, 334 (see Dreams);
hypothesis of ‘Unconscious Cere-
bration, 336; the problem inca-
pable of proof, 337; difficulties of
observation, ib.; its reparative
functions, 338; power of nerve
force, ib.; evils of protracted sleep,
310; a continuous succession of
states, 3+1; views of Sir H. Hol-
land, ib. ; complex functions of,
312; epithets applied to, 343;
diversity of forms of, ib. 314;
effect of, on the senses, ib.; sensi-
bility and the will, 315; “inter-
lacing' of sleep and waking, ib.;
chronometry impressed on sleep,
346 ; somnambulism and talking
in sleep, 317; opiates, ib.; anæsthe.
tics, 3-18; trance, catalepsy, &c. ib. ;
mesmeric sleep, 349; delusions of
spiritualism, 350; power of me-
mory applied to, 353; connexion
of, with insanity, 360; physical
causes of, 361 ; unknown functions
of the cerebellum, 362

Sloane (Sir Hans, Bart., 1660-1752), Church Establishment, cxxiii.

his Museum at Chelsea, cxxiii. 461
60; appointment of trustees, 61 ; Smith (Sydney), his friendship with
Act for the purchase of his collec- Mrs. Grote, cxxxviii. 235
tion, ib.; his will violated by the Smith (Mr. Toulmin), his edition of
trustees, 63

original MSS. on early English
Sluys, battle of (1340), cxxix. 544 Guilds, cxxxix. 342

naval tactics at, cxxxvi. 566 Smith (Dr. William), his ‘Dictionary
Smell, the term defined as a sensa- of the Bible,' cxiii. 481; cxx. 42 ;
tion, cxxiv. 127

his editorial merits, 50, 51; en-
Smith (Adam, 1723-1790), Dr. lightened criticism of the Mosaic
Carlyle's sketch of, cxiii. 169

books in, 55 ; value of the bio-
on claims to exclusive rights graphical articles, 63; treatment
of property, cxxi. 597; on the of botany and zoology, 67; theo-
effects of division of labour on ries of inspiration, 68 ; occasional
inventions, 601

partisanship displayed by contribu-
his reniarks on colonial tax- tors, 72 ; general importance of his
ation, cxxxi. 106; on the monopoly

work, 73
of colonial trade, 107 ; on the re- Smith (W. F., Federal General), bis
lations of revenue and taxation, operations under Sherman, cxxi.
371

263
Smith (C., Federal General), his Smith (W. S., Federal General), his
death, cxxix. 243 note

movement on the James under
Smith (Professor Goldwin), his Grant, cxxi. 282

* Irish History and Irish Charac- Smollett (Tobias, 1721-1771), his
ter,' cxiv. 370

character, cxiii. 167
Smith (Sir Harry), his administra-

M. Taine on his coarseness,
tion at the Cape, cxxxiv. 412, 416 cxxi. 319
Smith (Mr. James), his fish-pass 'Snow-protective, effect of, cxiii. 242

'
for salmon at Deanston, cxxxvii.

phenomenon of red snow,
172

cxxv, 408 note
Smith (Joseph, the Mormon), my- Snuff-boxes, cxxiv. 360, 361

thical authority of his name, cxv. Sobieski (John, 1929–1696), elected
188; his personal character, 191; King of Poland, cxii. 78
his revelation of celestial mar- Society, inequalities of, in history,
riage,' 201

cxxi. 329
Smith (Mr. Oswald A.), his Latin Sociology, Comte's science of, cxxvii.

version of Tennyson's ‘In Memo- 330
riam,' cxxiii. 377–380

Socrates (470-400 B.c.), on the sci-
Smith (Mr. Roach), his curious col- ence of astronomy, cxvi. 80; his
lection of boots of historical cele-

protest against speculative astro-
brities, cxxiv. 370
Smith (Sydney, Canon of St. Paul's,

his personal companions,
1769–1845), bis opinions on pub- cxxiii. 299 ; his revolution of phi-
lic school education restated, cxiii. losophy, 301 ; originality of his
387

method, ib. ; his treatment of
his humorous cure for canni-

dialectic, 303; on paid teachers,
balism, cxix. 335

322
bis parallel of the Irish Soderini, elected Gonfalonier of

6

6

nomy, 02

Florence, cxxx. 6; his vacillating

policy, 7
Soho, early history of the London

district, cxxxi. 183
Soissons, Comtesse de. See Mancini,

Olympia
Solanacee, botanical species of, cxxx.

471
Solar Chemistry, cxvi. 295 ; experi-

ments of Newton on the nature of
sunlight, 297 ; dark lines in the
solar spectrum, 298; discoveries
of Fraunhofer, ib.; researches of
Kirchhoff, 299; emission of light
from bodies, 301 ; use of the elec-
tric spark, 306 ; coincidence of
bright metallic with dark solar
lines, 308; light absorbed by lumi-
nous gases, 309; iron

vapours

in
the solar atmosphere, 311; phy-
sical theory of the sun's structure,
314 ; incompleteness of present

knowledge, 317. See Sun
Solferino, battle of (1859), effects of

rapid fire of French batteries at,
cxix. 491

nature of the ground, cxxiii.
118; skirmishing movement at, ib.,
119; use of artillery, 120; Aus-

trian errors, 121
Sombreuil (Mademoiselle de), story

of, during the September massa-

cres, cxviii. 118
Somers (Mr. Robert), his “Southern

States since the War of 1870-1,'

cxxxvi. 148
Somerset (the Protector), character

of his administration, cxix. 248;
his usurpation justified by neces-
sity, ib.; the victim of a conspi-
racy, 249; support given to Pro-

testantism by his Protectorate, 251
Somerset (Robert Carr, Earl of, d.

1625), trial of, cxiii. 338
Somerset River, the, wrongly called

the Victoria Nile, cxxiv. 178
Somerville (Mrs. Mary, 1780–1872),

her Molecular and Microscopic
Science,' cxxx. 137; her scientific

researches, ib.; her skilful assimi-
lation of facts and theories, ib.;
range of her inquiries, ib.; absence
of generalisation, 138; on the con-
servation of energy, ib. ; her power
of lucid description, 148; graphic
treatment of biology, 151; her de-

scription of reef-building corals, 162
Somme, Valley of the, discovery of

flint weapons in, cxviii. 261;

geological features of, 269
Sommeiller, Grandis, and Grattoni

(Messrs.), their joint invention

for rock-piercing, cxxii. 130
Songs, old national, foreign collec-

tions of, cxxv. 228; English song

of thirteenth century, 240
Sophists (Greek), common accusa-

tions against, cxxiii. 308 ; Mr.
Grote's vindication of them, 309;
Plato's types of, 310-315; their
unpopularity, 318; charge of cor-
rupting youth, 320; Plato's opinion
thereon, 321; he blames them for
taking money, 322 ; and for adu-
lation, 323; their doctrines mere
opinions, 324

rival judgments of Grote
and Jowett on, cxxxvi. 550
Sophocles, the Laurentian MS. of,

cxxxvii. 71
Ewoposúvn, want of English equiva-

lent for, cxxiii. 330.
Sorcery, historical belief in, cxxi. 432
Sorel (Agnes, mi ess of Charles

VII. of France), her poisoning
of, ascribed to the Dauphin, cxix.

538
Soubirous (Bernadotte), her alleged

vision at Lourdes, cxxxix. 247
Soult (Nicholas Jean de Dieu, Mar-

shal, 1769-1851), his operations in

the Peninsula, cxvi. 73
Sound, the sensation of, cxxiv. 128

recent knowledge of acous-
tics, cxxvii. 104; discoveries of
Galileo and Sauveur, ib., 105;
English and foreign standards of
vibrations of, ib.; Brook Taylor

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