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lives;

a

thee :

Macb. A friend,

I see thee yet, in form as palpable
Ban. What, sir, not yet at rest ? The king's a-bed: As this which now I draw.
He hath been in unusual pleasure, and

Thou marshal'st me the way that I was going;
Sent forth great largess' to your officers :: And such an instrument I was to use.
This diamond he greets your wife withal,

Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses, By the name of most kind hostess; and shut up Or else worth all the rest : I see thee still : In measureless content.

And on thy blade, and dudgeon, gouts? of blood, Macb.

Being unprepard, Which was not so before;— There's no such thing : Our will became the servant to defect;

It is the bloody business, which informs Which else should free have wrought..

Thus to mine eyes.-Now o'er the one half world Ban.

All's well. Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse I dreamt last night of the three weird sisters : The curtain's sleeper ;' witchcraft celebrates To you they have show'd some truth.

Pale Hecate's offerings, and wither'd murder, Macb.

I think not of them : Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf, Yet, when we can entreat an hour to serve, Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace, Would spend it in some words upon that business, With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design If you would grant the time.

Moves like a ghost.iu - Thou sure and tirmBan. At your kind'st leisure.

set earth, Macb. If you shall cleave to my consent,' --when Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear 'tis,

Thy very stones prate of my where-about, It shall make honour for you.

And take the present horror from the time, Ban.

So I lose none,

Which now suits with it."-Whiles I thrcat, he In seeking to augment it, but still keep. My bosom franchis'd, and allegiance clear, Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives. I shall be counsel'd.

(A bell rings. Macb.

Good repose, the while! I go, and it is done; the bell invites me. Ban. Thanks, sir; The like to you! (Exit Bar. Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell Macb. Go, bid thy mistress, when my drink is That summons thee to heaven, or to hell. [Erit.

ready, She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed. SCENE II. The same. Enter LADY MACBETH.

(Exit Servant. Is this a dagger, which I see before me,

Lady M. That which hath made them drunk,

hath made me bold: The handle toward my hand ? Come, let me clutch

What hath quench'd them, hath given me fire :I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.

Hark!-Peace ! Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible

It was the owl that shriek’d, the fatal bellman, To feeling, as to sight ? or art thou but

Which gives the stern'st good-night. He is about it: A dagger of the mind: a false creation,

The doors are open; and the surfeited grooms Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain ?

Do mock their charge with snores : I have drugg'd

their possets, 1 Largess, bounty.

2 The old copy reads offices. Officers of a household 8 Dryden's well known lines in the Conquest of was the common term for servants in Shakspeare's Mexico are here transcribed, that the reader may ob. time. He has before called the king's chamberlains serve the contrast between them and this passage of his spongy officers.!

Shakspeare : 3 Sieevens has rightly explained to shut up,' by * All things are hush'd as Nature's self lay dead. "Lo conclude,' and the examples he has adduced are The mountains seem to nod their drowsy head, satisfactory ; but Mr. Boswell supposed that it meant The little birds in dreams their songs repeat, enclosed, and quoted a passage from Barrow to support And sleeping flow’rs beneath the night dews sweat, his opinion. The authorities of the poet's time are Even lust and envy sleep!' against Mr. Boswell's interpretation.

In the second part of Marston's Antonio and Mellida, 4 Being unprepared, our will (or desire to entertain 1602, we have the following lines :the king honourably) became the servant to defect (i. e. ''Tis yet the dead of night, yet all the earth is clutch'd was constrained by defective means,) which else should In the dull leaden hand of snoring sleep: free have wroughi (i. e. otherwise our zeal should have No breath disturbs the quiet of the air, been manisest by more liberal entertainments.) Which No spirit moves upon the breast of earth, relates not lo the last antecedent, de fect, but to will. Save howling dogs, night-crows, and screeching owls,

5 Consent is accord, agreement, a combination for a Save meagre ghosts, Piero, and black thoughts particular purpose. By ' if you shall cleave to my con.

I am great in blood, sent,' Macbeth means, if you shall adhere to me (i. e. Unequall'd in revenge :--you horrid scouts agree or accord with my views,) when 'tis, (i. e. when Thai sentinel swart night, give loud applause events shall fall out as they are predicted,) ii shall make From your large palms. honour for you.' Macbeth mentally refers to the crown 9 The old copy has sleepe. The emendation was which he expected to obtain in consequence of the mur proposeil !sy Steevens, and is well worthy of a place in der that he was about to commit. We comprehend a!! Hic lext; the word now having been formerly admitted that passes in his mind; but Banquo is still in ignorance to complete the metre. of it. His reply is only that of a man who determines to 10 The old copy reads sides : Pope made the alteration. Combat every possible temptation to do ill; and there. Johnson objects to the epithet ravishing strides. But fore expresses a resolve thal, in spite of future com. Steevens has shown that a stride was not always an ac. binations of interest or struggles for power, he will al. lion of violence, impetuosity, or tumult. Thus in The lempl nothing that may obscure his present honours, Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. viii. alarm his conscience, or corrupt loyalty: Macbeth With easy steps so soft as foot could stride.' could never mean, while yet the success of his attack on And in other places we have an easy stride, a leisurable the life of Duncan was uncertain, to afford Banquo the stride, &c. Warburton observes, that the justness of most dark or distant hint of his criminal designs on the the similitude is not very obvious. But a stanza in crown. Had he acted thus incautiously, Banquo would Shakspeare's Tarquin and Lucrece will explain it :naturally have become his accuser as soon as the mur. Now stole upon the time in dead of nighi, der had been discovered. Malone proposed to read When heavy sleep had clos'd up mortal eyes ; content instead of consent ; but his reasons are far from No comfortable siar did lend his light, convincing, and there seems no necessity for change. No noise but owls' and wolves' dead-boding cries ;

6 Dudgeon for handle ; 'a dudgeon dagger is a dagger Now serves the season that they may surprise whose handle is made of the root of box,' according to The silly lambs. Pure thoughts are dead and still, Bishop Wilkins in the dictionary subjoined to his Real While lust and murder wake to stain and kill.' Charucter. Dudgeon is the root of bor. It has not 11 Macbeth would have nothing break through the been remarked that there is a peculiar propriety in giv. universal silence that added such horror to the night, as ing the word to Macbeth, Pugnale alla scoccese, being well suited with the bloody deed he was about to per. a Scotch or dudgeon haft dagger,' according to Tor- form. Burke, in his Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful, riino.

observes, that all general privations are great because 7 Goute drops; from the French gouttes.

I they are terrible.'

That death and nature do contend about them, So brainsickly of things :-Go, get some water, Whether they live or die.

And wash this filthy witness from your hand.Macb. (Within.) Who's there ?-what, ho! Why did you bring these daggers from the place ?

Lady Ň. Alack! I am afraid, they have awak'd, They must lie there: Go, carry them, and smear And 'tis not done:—the attempt, and not the deed, The sleepy grooms with blood. Confounds us :-Hark!-I laid their daggers ready, Macb.

I'll go no more: He could not miss them.-Had he not resembled I am afraid to think what I have done; My father as he slept, I had done't-My husband ? Look on't again, I dare not. Enter MACBETH.

Lady M.

Infirm of purpose! Macb. I have don deed :-Didst thou not Are but as pictures : 'tis the eye of childhood,

Give me the daggers : The sleeping, and the dead hear a noise ?

That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed, Lady M. I heard the owl scream, and the crick- I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal, ets cry.

For it must seem their guilt." Did not you speak ?

(Exit. Knocking wh:n. Macb. When?

Mach.

Whence is that knocking ? Lady M.

Now,

How is't with me, when every noise appals me ?" Macb.

As I descended ? What hands are here ! Ha!' they pluck out mine Lady M. Ay.

eyes ! Macb. Hark!

Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Who lies i' the second chamber?

Clean from my hand ? No; this my hand will rather Lady M.

Donalbain.

The multitudinous seas incarnardine," Macb. This is a sorry sight.

Making the green-one red.

(Looking on his hands. Lady M. A foolish thoughi, to say a sorry sight,

Re-enter LADY MACBETH. Macb. There's one did laugh in his sleep, and Lady M. My hands are of your colour; but I one cried, murder !

shame That they did wake each other; I stood and heard To wear a heart so white. (Knock.] I hear a them :

knocking But they did say their prayers, and address'd them At the south entry :-retire we to our chamber : Again to sleep.

A little water clears us of this deed : Lady M. There are two lodg’d together. How easy is it then? Your constancy Macb. One cried, God bless us ! and, Åmen, the Hath left you unattended'—[ Knocking.) Hark! other;

more knocking : As' they had seen me, with these hangman's hands. Get on your nightgown, lest occasion call us, Listening their fear, I could not say, amen,

And show us to be watchers :-Be not lost When they did say, God bless us.

So poorly in your thoughts. Lady M.

Consider it not so deeply: Macb. To know my deed,-'twere best not know Macb. But wherefore could not I pronounce, amen?

myself.10

(Knock. I had most need of blessing, and amen

Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would, thou Stuck in my throat.

could'st ?

(Eseunt. Lady M. These deeds must not be thought SCENE III. The same. Enter a Porter. After these ways; so, it will make us mad. Macb. Methought, I heard a voice cry, Sleep no

(Knocking within. more!

Porter. Here's a knocking, indeed! If a man Macbeth does murder sleep, the innocent sleep;

were porter of hell-gate, he should have old" turnSleep, that knits up the ravell’d sleaved of care,

ing the key. [Knocking.) Knock, knock, knock: The death of each day's life, sore labour's bath,

Who's there, i' the name of Belzebub ? 'Here's a Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course,

farmer,"2 that hanged himself on the expectation of Chief nourisher in life's feast;

plenty: Come in time; have napkins13 enough about Lady M.

What do you mean? you; here you'll sweat for't. (Knocking.] Knock, Macb. Still it cried, Sleep no more? to all the knock : Who's there i' the other devil's name? house :

Faith, here's an equivocator,' that could swear in Glamis hath murder'd sleep; and therefore Cawdor

both the scales against either scale; who committed Shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall sleep no more !

treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equiLady M. Who was it that thus cried? Why, ing.) Knock, knock, knock ; Who's there ? 'Faith,

vocate to heaven: 0, come in, equivocator. (Knock worthy thane, You do unbend your noble strength, to think

Should flow for ever through these guilty hands,

Yet the sanguinolent stain would extant be.' 1 As for as if.

7 To incarnardine is to stain of a red colour. 2 j. e. listening to their fear: the particle omitted. 8 In the old copy the line stands thus 3 Sleave is unwrought silk, sometimes also called floss

Making the Green one, Red.' silk. It appears to be the coarse ravelled part separa. The punctuation in the text was adopted by Stevens at ted by passing through the slaie (reed comb) of the the suggestion of Murphy. Malone prefers the old weaver's loom; and hence called sleaved or sleided punctuation. Steevens has well defended the arrangesilk. I suspect that sleeveless, which has puzzled the ment of his text, which seems to me to deserve the preetymologists, is that which cannot be sleaved, sleided, ference. or unravelled ; and therefore useless : thus a sleeveless 9 «Your constancy hath left you unattended.:-Vide errand would be a fruitless one.

note on King Henry V. Act v. Sc. 2. 4 Steevens observes that this triple menace, accomo- 10 This is an answer to Lady Macbeth's reproof. dated the different titles of Macbeth, is too quaint to be While I have the thoughts of this deed, it were best not received as the natural ebullition of a guilty mind; but know, or be lost to myself.' Mr. Boswell thinks that there is no ground for his ob- 11 i. e. frequent jection. He thus explains the passage ; Glamis hath 12 Here's a farmer that hanged himself on the er. murder'd sleep; and therefore my lately acquired dig. pectation of plenty.' So in Hall's Satires, b. iv nity can afford no comfort to one who suffers the agony sat. 6:of remorse, --Cardor shall sleep no more ; nothing can • Each muckworme will be rich with lawless gaine, restore me to that peace of mind which I enjoyed in a Altho' he smother up mowes of seven yeares graine, comparatively humble state ; the once innocent Mac. Andhang'd himself when corne grows cheap againt.' beth shall sleep no more.

13 i. e. handkerchiefe. In the dictionaries of the time 5 This quibble too occurs frequently in old plays. sudarium is rendered by napkin or handkerchief. Shakspeare has it in King Henry IV. Part II. Activ. wherewith we wipe away the suceat.' Sc. 4:

14 i. e. a Jesuit. That order were troublesome to the England shall double gild his treble guilt.' state, and beld in odium in the reigns of Elizabeth and 6 Thus in The Insatiate Countess, by Marston, 1613: James. They were inventors of the execrable doc

Alihough the waves of all the northern sex trine of equivocation.

the porter.

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nere's an English tailor come hither, for stealing Maod. Confusion now hath made his masterpiece out of a French hose: Come in, tailor ; here you Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope may roast your goose. (Knocking.) Knock, knock: The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence Never at quiet! What are you But this place is The life o' the building. too cold for hell. I'll devil-porter it no further : 1 Macb.

What is't you say? the life ? had thought to have let in some of all professions, Len. Mean you his majesty ? that

go the primrose way to the everlasting bonfire. Macd. Approach the chamber, and destroy your (Knocking.] Anon, anon; I pray you, remember sight

(Opens the gate. With a new Gorgon :-Do not bid me speak; Enter MacDUFF and LENOX.

See and then speak yourselves.-Awake! awake !-

[Exeunt MACBETH and Lenox. Macd. Was it so late, friend, ere you went to bed, Ring the alarum-bell :- Murder! and treason ! That you do lie so late?

Banquo, and Donalbain! Malcolm! awake! Port. 'Faith, sir we were carousing till the se- Shake off this drowsy sleep, death's counterfeit, cond cock :: and driuk, sir, is a great provoker of And look on death itself!-up, up, and see three things.

The great doom's image! Malcolm! Banquo ! Macd. What three things does drink especially As from your graves rise up, and walk like sprights, provoke ?

To countenance this horror!

[Bell rings. Port. Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine. Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes: it pro

Enter LADY MACBETH. vokes the desire, but it takes away the performance : Therefore, much drink may be said to be an equi- That such a hideous trumpet

calls to parley Lady M.

What's the business, vocator with lechery: it makes him, and it mars The sleepers of the house? Speak, speak, him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it per

Macd. suades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand 'Tis not for you to hear what I can speak:

O, gentle lady, to, and not stand to: in conclusion, equivocates The repetition, in a woman's ear, him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him. Would murder as it fell.' _o Banquo! Banquo !

Macd. I believe, drick gave thee the lie, last night.

Enter Banquo.
Port. That it did, sir, i' the very throat o' me: Our royal master's murder’d!
But I requited him for his lie: and, I think, being
too strong for him, though he took up my legs What, in our house?

Lady M.

Woe, alas' sometime, yet I made a shift to cast him.

Ban.

Too cruel, any where, Macd. Is thy master stirring?-

Dear Duff, I prythee, contradict thyself,
Our knocking has awak'd him ; here he comes.

And say, it is not so.
Enter MACBETH.

Re-enter MACBETH and LENOX.
Len. Good-morrow, noble sir !
Macb.

Good-morrow, both !

Macb. Had I but died an hour before this chanco, Macd. Is the king stirring, worthy thane

?

I had liv'd a blessed tiine; for, from this instant, Macb.

There's nothing serious in mortality:
Macd. He did command me to call timely on him ; The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees

All is but toys : renown, and grace, is dead;
I have almost slipp'd the hour.
Mach.

I'll bring you to him. Is left this vault to brag of.
Macd. I know, this is a joyful trouble to you ;

Enter Malcolm and DonalbaiN. But yet, 'tis one.

Don. What is amiss ? Macb. The labour, we delight in, physics“ pain.

Macb. This is the door.

You are, and do not know it: Macd. I'll make so bold to call.

The spring, the head, the fountain of your blood For 'tis my limited service. (Exit MACDUFF.

Is stopp'd; the very source of it is stopp'd. Len, Goes the king hence to-day?

Macd. Your royal father's murder'd.

Mal.
Macb.
He does :- he did appoint it so.

O, by whom? Læn. The night has been unruly; Where we lay,

Len. Those of his chamber, as it seem'd, had Our chimneys were blown down : and, as they say, Their hands and faces were all badg’d with blood,

done't :' Lamentings heard i' the air ; strange screams of

So were their daggers, which unwip'd, we found And prophesying, with accents terrible,

Upon their pillows : Of dire combustion, and confus'd events,

They star'd, and were distracted; no man's life

Was to be trusted with them.
New hatch'd to the woful time. The obscure bird
Clamour'd the livelong night : some say, the earth

Macb. O, yet, I do repent me of my fury,

That I did kill them.
Was feverous, and did sbake.
Macb.

'Twas a rough night.

Macd.

Wherefore did you so ?

Macb. Who can be wise, amaz'd, temperate, and Læn. My young remembrance cannot parallel A fellow to it,

furious,

Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man :
Re-enter MACDUFF.

The expedition of my violent love
Macd. O horror! horror! horror! Tongue, nor His silver skin lac'd with his golden blood ;'

Outran the pauser reason.-Here lay Duncan, heart, Cannot conceive, nor name thee !

And his gash'd stabs look'd like a breach in nature, Macb. Len.

What's the matter? | For ruin's wasteful entrance : there, the murderers,

Steep'd in the colours of their trade, their daggers 1 So in Hamlet :

* Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads." And in The Puritan, 1607 :- The punishments that And in All's Well that Ends Well :- The flowery way shall follow you in this world would with hormour kill the that leads to the great fire.'

ear should hear them related. 2 i, e. till three o'clock. 3 In for into.

8 ‘His silver skin lac'd with his golden blood.' To 4 i.e. alleviates it. 5 i. e. Appointed service. gild with blood is a very common phrase in old plays

6 It has been already observed that Shakspeare uses See also King John, Aci ii. Sc. 2.-Johnson says, it is two negatives, not to make an affirmative, but to deny not improbable that Shakspeare put these forced and more strongly.

unnatural metaphors into the mouih of Macbeth, as a "The repetition, in a woman's ear,

mark of artifice and dissimulation, to show the difference Would murder as it fell."

between the studied language of hypocrisy and the natu so in Hamlet:-

ral outcries of sudden passion. This whole speech, so • He would drown the stage with tears,

considered, is a remarkable instance of judgment as And cleave the general ear with horrid speech.' consists of anuithesis only.'

Not yet.

death;

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Vumannerly breech'd with gore :' Who could re- Thou see'st, the heavens, as troubled with man's act, frain,

Threaten his bloody stage : by the clock, 'us day, That had a heart to love, and in that heart And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp: Courage, to make his love known?

Is it night's predominance, or the day's shame, Lady M.

Help me hence, ho! That darkness does the face of earth'ertomb,
Macd. Look to the lady.

When living light should kiss it ?
Mal.
Why do we hold our tongues, Old M.

'Tis unnatural, That most may claim this argument for ours ? Even like the deed that's done. On Tuesday last, Don. What should be spoken,

A falcon, tow'ring in her pride of place," Here, where our fate hid in an augre-hole,

Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at, and kill'd. May rush, and seize us ? Let's away ; our tears

Rosse. And Duncan's horses (a thing most strange Are not yet brew'd.

and certain,) Mal.

Nor our strong sorrow Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race, Upon the foot of motion.

Turn'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out, Ban.

Look to the lady : Contending 'gainst obedience, as they would make

[LADY MACBETH is carried out. War with mankind. And when we have our naked frailties hid,

Old M.

'Tis said, they ate each other. That suffer in exposure, let us meet,

Rosse. They did so; to the amazement of mine And question this most bloody piece of work,

eyes, To know it further. Fears and scruples shake us: That look'd upon't. Here comes the good MacIn the great hand of God I stand; and, thence,

duff: Against the undivulg'd pretences I fight

Enter MACDUFF.
Of treasonous malice.
Macb.
And so do I.

How goes the world, sir, now?
All.

So all.
Macd.

Why, see you not ? Macb. Let's briefly put on manly readiness,

Rosse. Is't known who did this more than bloody

deed ? And meet i' the hall together. Au.

Well contented.

Macd. Those that Macbeth hath slain. (Exeunt all but MaL. and Don.

Rosse.

Alas, the day! Mal. What will you do? Let's not consort with What good could they pretend ?s them :

Macd.

They were suborn'd : To show an unfelt sorrow, is an office

Malcolm and Donalbain, the king's two sons, Which the false man does easy: I'll to England.

Are stol'n away and fled; which puts upon them Don. Ireland, I ; our separated fortune

Suspicion of the deed.
Rosse.

'Gainst nature still.
Shall keep us both the safer : where we are,
There's daggers in men's smiles: the near in blood, Thriftless ambition, that will ravin up
The nearer bloody.

Thine own life's means !—Then 'tis most like, Mal.

This murderous shaft that's shot, The sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth. Hath not yet lighted ;' and our safest way

Macd. He is already nam'd; and gone to Scone,

To be invested. Is, to avoid the aim. Therefore, to horse ;

Rosse. And let us not be dainty of leave-taking,

Where is Duncan's body? But shift away: There's warrant in that theft

Macd. Carried to Colme-kill;! Which steals itself, when there's no mercy left.

The sacred storehouse of his predecessors,
(Eseunt.

And guardian of their bones.
Rosse.

Will you to Scone ? SCENE IV. Without the Castle. Enter Rosse Macd. No, cousin, I'll to Fife. and an Old Man.

Rosse.

Well, I will thither.

Macd. Well, may you see things well done Old M. Threescore and ten I can remember well:

there;-adieu ! Within the volume of which time, I have seen Lest our old robes sit easier than our new! Hours dreadful, and things strange ; but this sore Rosse. Father, farewell. night

Old M. God's benison go with you: and with those Hath trifled former knowings.

That would make good of bad, and friends of foes' Rosse. Ah, good father,

(Exeunt.

'Breech'd with gore,' covered with blood to their has not yet done all its intended mischief; I and my hilts.

brother are yet to be destroyed before it will light on the 2 i. e. when we have clothed our half drest bodies, ground and do no more harm.' which may take cold from being exposed to the air. It 6. After the murder of King Duffe," says Holinshed, is possible, as Steevens remarks, that in such a cloud of' for the space of six months cogither there appeared no words, the meaning might escape the reader. The sunne by daye, nor moon by night in anie part of the Porter had already said that this place is too cold for realme; but still the sky was covered with continual hell,' meaning the court-yard of the castle in which clouds; and sometimes such outrageous winds arose, Banquo and the rest now are.

with lightenings and tempests, that the people were in 3 Pretence is here put for design or intention. It is great fear of present destruction.'—It is evident that so used again in the Winter's Tale :- The pretence Shakspeare had this passage in his thoughts. Most of whereof being by circumstance partly laid open. Thus the portenis here mentioned are related by Holinshed, again in this tragedy :

as accompanying King Duffe's death: there was a •What good could they prelend."

sparhawk strangled by an owl,' and 'horses of singular i. e, intend to themselves. Banquo's meaning is in beauty and switiness did eat their own flesh.' our present state of doubt and uncertainty about this 7 A falcon tow'ring in her pride of place,' a techni murder, I have nothing to do but to put myself under cal phrase in falconry for soaring to the highest pitch. the direction of God; and, relying on his support, 1 here Faulcon haullain was the French term for a towering or declare myself an eternal enemy to this treason, and to high flying hawk. all its further designs that have not yet come to light.' 8 Pretend, in the sense of the Latin prætendo, to - the near in blood,

design, or lay for a thing before it come,' as the old The nearer bloody.'

dictionaries explain it. Meaning that he suspects Macbeth to be the murderer ; 9 Macbeth, by his birth, stood next in succession to the for he was the nearest in blood to the two princes, being crown, after the sons of Duncan. King Malcolm, Dun. the cousin-german of Duncan.

can's predecessor, had two daughters, the eldest of 5 The allusion of the unlighted shaft appears to be whom was the mother of Duncan, the younger the the death of the king only could neither insure the crown mother of Macbeth.-Holinshed. to Macbeth, nor accomplish any other purpose, while 10 Colme-kill is the famous Iona, one of the western his sons were yet living, who had therefore just reason isles mentioned by Holinshed, asthe burial place of many to apprehend that they should be removed by the same ancient kings of Scotland. Colme-kill means the cell or means. Malcolm therefore means to say, 'The shaft. chapel of Sl. Columbo

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ACT INI.

But to be safely thus : Our fears in Banquo SCENE I. Fores. A Room in the Ialace. Enter Stick deep; and in his royalty4 of nature Banquo.

Reigns that, which would be fear'd: 'Tis much he

dares;
Ban. Thou hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,
As the weird women promis'd; and, I fear, He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour
Thou play’dst most foully for't'; yet it was said, To act in safety. There is none, but he
It should not stand in thy posterity :

Whose being I do fear: and, under him,
But that myself should be the root and father My genius is rebuk'd; as, it is said,
Of many kings. If there come truth from them

Mark Antony's was by Cæsar. He chid the sisters, (As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine,) When first they put the name of King upon me, Why, by the verities on thee made good,

And bade them speak to him; then, prophetlike, May they not be my oracles as well,

They haild him father to a line of kings:
And set me up in hope ? But, hush ; no more. Upon my head they plac'd a fruitless crown,
Senet sounded. Enter MACBETH, as King ; LADY And put a barren sceptre in my gripe,

Macbeth, as Queen ; Lenox, Rosse, Lords, Thence to be wrench'd with an unlineal hand,
Ladies, and Attendants.

No son of mine succeeding. If it be so,

For Banquo's issue have I fil'de my mind ;
Macb. Here's our chief guest.
Lady M.
If he had been forgotten, Put rancours in the vessel of my peace

For them the gracious Duncan have I murder'di
It had been as a gap in our great feast,

Only for them; and mine eternal jewel
And all things unbecoming.

Given to the common enemy of man,'
Macb. To-night we hold a solemn supper, sir, To make them kings; the seed of Banquo kings!
And I'll request your presence.

Rather than so, come, fate, into the list,
Ban.

Let your highness And champion me to the utterance !6. -Who's Command upon me; to the which, my duties

there? Are with a most indissoluble tie For ever knit.

Re-enter Attendant, with two Murderers.
Macb. Ride you this afternoon ?

Now go to the door, and stay there till we call.
Ban.
Ay, my good lord.

(Exit Attendant,
Macb. We should have else desir'd your good Was it not yesterday we spoke together?
advice

I Mur. It was, so please your highness. (Which still hath been both grave and prosperous,) Macb.

Well then, now
In this day's council ; but we'll take to-morrow. Have you considered of my speeches? Know,
Is't far you ride ?

That it was he, in the times past, which held you
Ban. As far, my lord, as will fill up the time So under fortune ; which, you thought, had been
'Twixt this and supper : go not my horse the better," Our innocent self: this I made good to you
I must become a borrower of the night,

In our last conference, pass'd in probation with you,
For a dark hour, or twain.

How you were borne in hand ; io how cross'd; the
Macb.
Fail not our feast.

instruments; Ban. My lord, I will not.

Who wrought with them; and all things else, that
Macb. We hear, our bloody cousins are bestow'd might,
In England, and in Ireland ; not confessing To half a soul, and to a notion craz'd,
Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers

Say, Thus did Banquo.
With strange invention : But of that to-morrow : 1'Mur.

You made it known to ns.
When, therewithal, we shall have cause of state, Macb. I did so; and went further, which is now
Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse : Adieu, Our point of second meeting. Do you find
Till you return at night. Goes Fleance with you? Your patience so predominant in your nature,
Ban. Ay, my good lord ; our time does' call That you can let this go? Are you so gospellid"
upon us.

To pray for that good man, and for his issue,
Macb. I wish your horses swift and sure of foot; Whose heavy hand has bow'd you to the grave,
And so I do commend' you to their backs. And beggar'd yours for ever?
Farewell.
[Erit Banquo. I Mur.

We are men, my liege.
Let every man be master of his time

Macb. Ay, in the catalogue yo go for men; Till seven at night; to make society

Ashounds, and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Shoughs,'? water-rugs, and demi-wolves, are Till supper-time alone : while then, God be with you.

cleped!3 (Eseunt Lady Macbeth, Lords, Ladies, &c. All by the name of dogs: the valued file's Sirrah, a word with you : attend those men Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, Our pleasure ?

The house-keeper, the hunter, every one Aiten. They are, my lord, without the palace-gate. According to the gift which bounteous nature Macb. Bring them before us.- [Exit Atten.] Hath in him clos'd; whereby he does receive

To be thus is nothing; Particular addition, ?s from the bill

That writes them all alike: and so of men. 1 * A solemn supper.' This was the phrase of Shak. speare's time for a feast or banquet given on a particular 'Let fate, that has foredoomed the exaltation of Banquo's occasion, to solemnize any event, as a birth, marriage, sons, enter the lists against me in defence of its own de. coronation, &c. Howel, in a letter to Sir T. Hawke, crees, I will fight against it to the extremity, whatever be 1636, says, 'I was invited yesternight to a solemne sup- the consequence.! pes by B. J. (Ben Jonson,) where you were deeply re. 9 i, e. passed in proving you.' membered.

10 To bear in hand is to delude by encouraging hope 2 i. e. 'if my horse does not go well.' Shakspeare and holding out fair prospects, without any intention of often uses the comparative for the positive and superla- performance. live.

Il i. e. 'are you so obedient to the precept of the gospel, 3 i. e. commit. 4 Nobleness.

which teaches us to pray for those who despitefully 5 And to that,' i. e. in addition to. 6 For defiled.

12 Shoughs are probably what we now call shocks. 7 'The common enemy of man.... Shakspeare repeats Nashe, in his Lenten Stuffe, mentions them, ' a trundle. the phrase in Twelfth Night, Act iii. Sc. 4 :-Defy the tail like or shough or two.'' devil: consider, he's an enemy to mankind.' The

13 Cleped, called. phrase was common among his contemporaries ; the 14 The valued file is the descriptive list wherein their word fiend, Johnson remarks, signifies enemy.

value and peculiar qualities are set down ; such a list 8 • To the utterance. This phrase, which is found in of dogs may be found in Junius's Nomenclator, by writers who preceded Shakspeare, is borrowed from the Fleming, and may have furnished Shakspeare with the French ; se battre a l'outrance, to fight desperately or idea. w extremity, even to death. The sense therefore is :- 15 Particular addition, title, description

15

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