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May 1, said to Dunois, "In the name of God these people are very good and devout; I fhould wish that when I die it may be in this country." Whereupon the count de Dunois replied, Jane, do you know when you fhall die, and in what part?' fhe answered that she did not that it must be the will of God; and she added, 'I have accomplished what God ordered me; which was to raise the seige of Orleans, and to crown the king; I could wish now that he would send me back to my father and mother, to take care of their sheep and cattle, and do that which I was accustomed to,'

The king went from Rheims to Crepi, to Senlis ; and after having taken possession of St Dennis and Lagni, he besieged Paris. They forced the barriers of St Honoré, and the Pucelle, animated by her former succefs, attempted to cross the ditch; but received a severe wound in the thigh; and her standard bearer was killed by her side. Her eagerness and courage were so great, that in spite of her wound fhe would have continued the engagement, if the duke d'Alençon had not forced her to return to her quarters. Through want of provisions, the king was forced to raise the siege. This was cause of triumph to those that were jealous of Jane. She again requested leave to retire; as her mifsion was accomplished; but it was refused her. The king ennobled her and all her family; that is to say, her father, and mother, and her three brothers, and their posterity as well females as males. He gave her for arms, a fhield, azure, with two flower de luces, or, a sword argent, the hilt or, the point up,

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wards, crowned with a crown or. The name of Arc was changed to that of Lys, and the town of Donremi where she was born, was exempted from all taxes, aids, and subsidies for ever!

These honours were soon followed by the most melancholy catastrophe. The English in 1430, with the duke of Burgundy, besieged Compeigne. Jane came there with Poton de Santrailles, the 25th of May; and in spite of the besiegers entered the town. The next day she made a sally at the head of an hundred men, over the bridge, on the quarters of John of Luxemburgh. After a very long combat, fhe twice repulsed the enemy, as far as the quarters of the Burgundians; but seeing a very strong reinforcement coming against her, fhe began her retreat. It was rather late to think of it: for fhe and all her troops were directly surrounded. Nevertheless, after performing miracles of courage, she disengaged her company, who fortunately re-entered the town. Jane remained at the rear, to facilitate their retreat. But when she wished to enter, found the gates shut. She directly faced about to her enemies, and charged them with a courage worthy a better fate. She seemed not to expect any afsistance; for whether she had overheard, seen, or suspected some treachery, fhe was heard to have cried out as she passed the gates to make her sally, "I am betrayed." During the time she was defending herself with the courage of despair, her horse stumbled, and fhe fell. This obliged her to surrender herself to Lyonel Vasture of Vendôme, who gave her up to John of Luxemburgh. This nobleman, forgetting the respect that

a warrior fhould fhow to courage, meanly sold her to the English for ten thousand livres. From the moment she was a prisoner, this heroine was forgotten. The king made no attempts to redeem her and though at the time he had many English prisoners of the highest rank, he did not offer one of them in exchange for her. Were the very important services which Jane had atchieved so soon forgotten!!!

This neglect of Jane, and the persecution of Jacques Coeur, will be eternal blots on the memory of Charles VII. Upon Jane being a prisoner, the English made such rejoicings, as if they had conquered the kingdom. Such a man as the Black Prince would have honoured and respected her courage. The duke of Bedford thought it proper to disgrace her, in order to re-animate the courage of his countrymen. She had pretended to have been inspired; the regent pretended to believe her a sorcerefs. The university of Paris presented a petition against Jane, accusing her of magic and heresy. Either the university thought, as they imagined the regent wifhed them to think; or if otherwise, they acted with infamous cowardice. This heroine, worthy of the miracle fhe pretended, was judged at Rouen, by Cauchon bishop of Beauvais, and five other French bishops; only one English bishop attending. It would have been very easy for her to have justified herself; but her defence would have been useless; as fhe was condemned before the was tried. She therefore thought of procuring her liberty by other means, and had the courage to leap

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from the top of the Tower Beaurevoir, where she was confined. This fall which ought to have killed her, only stunned her; the noise however of her fall alarmed the centinel, and he was retaken. They gave a different pretext to this attempt, and construed it into an act of suicide. In short, for this and the other crimes before mentioned, fhe was condemned to be burnt alive, according to the sentence pronounced by the bishops of Beauvais, Coutances, Lisieux, the chapter of Nôtre Dame, sixteen licentiates, and eleven advocates of Rouen, the 24th May 1431; and fhe was given up to the secular power to put the sentence in execution. When fhe was led to the Calf Market, neither the sight of the scaffold, nor the stake, affected her courage; and fhe mounted it as boldly as the formerly did the breach at an afsault. She sat down very quietly, and was tied to the fatal stake, uttering only, "God be praised!" The fire was scarcely lighted when fhe was suffocated, and after she was burnt, her afhes were dispersed in the air.

Such was the end of this extraordinary girl, whose punishment will always be a blot on the English. Her mother in 1454 demanded a revision of her procefs, and pope Nicholas v. gave the commifsion to the bishop of Paris, who easily found the justification proofs, which fhewed clearly that Jane had never given the smallest cause of suspicion of her faith, her manners, or her conduct; in consequence of which, her fame was solemnly re-established. Many different monuments were erected to her memory; and among other places, there was VOL. xiv.



one at Rouen, which from being the place where they intended to cover her with disgrace, became that of her triumph*. This monument having been hurt by length of time, the magistrates ordered a new one to be erected, and in a better taste.

The family of Jane existed till within these few years, in the provinces of Anjou and la Bretagne. The last male died in 1760.

By a petition from the attorney general in 1614, they took from this family its greatest prerogative, which consisted in the female line, independent of the situation of their husbands, ennobling their children. The illustrious Rollin looks upon this deprivation as deserving the regret of every good



MALEVOLENCE to the clergy, is seldom at a great distance from irreverence of religion.

The variable weather of the human mind, the flying vapours of fancy, which from time to time cloud reason, without totally eclipsing it, require much force of thought to regulate sound conduct.

* An engraving of this monument, from a beautiful drawing transmitted by the writer of this article, will be given as a specimen of the taste of the times, in some future number of this work.

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