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Ver. 11,) 2 Cor. vi. 16. " As God hath said, I will dwell in them'" [as 'the temple of the Living God']. And in 1 Cor. iii. 16, "Know■ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of God dwelleth in yon?" The same indwelling of God by the Holy Spirit is fully asserted in the 1 John iv. 12, 15, 10: and of the Holy Spirit (as above in other Scriptures,) Christ saith, John xiv. 16, 17, " The Comforter— the spirit of Truth—dwelleth with von, and shall be in you." See also 2 Tim. i. 14.
But the same thing is made in Eph. iii. 17, to be Christ dwelling hi their hearts by faith; and in Col. iii. the word of Christ dwelling in them: and in 2 John ver. 2, the truth which dwelleth in us [the disciples] and shall be with us for ever. And how dwelleth the power of God in those subject to it, in all these respects, but as an energetic principle of truth and righteousness, of love and meekness, and faithfulness? It is impossible to explain the texts in any other way, as denoting real experience: for if we apply all to the body of Christ, the Church at large, still the thing in the aggregate must consist, (as we learn from various Scriptures also), of the measures of it found in those who are severally parts of that aggregate, and members of Christ's body. For those who would explain it away by calling it a metaphor of Christ and the Church, it is enough to reply that the language is as direct as could be made, without departing from the simplicity of the style of Scripture, and making ' a Philosophical Essay' of the whole!
Thus is all resolved still, whether in the heart or in the mind, in the affections or the understanding, into the power of God unto salvation—the Gospel of Christ, Rom. i. 16. And if God in the person of Christ be indeed our Lord—the ruling person \_princeps, or chief] in all that concerns our salvation, then must God the Holy Spirit—one with the Father and the Word—be the ruling thing [principium, the principle] of our actions and conduct as believers, under the moving and restraining power of which all is done—we partaking of it and co-working with it.
Let us close this part of our inquiry with Paul's own definition of the subject: Eph. iii. 14—19. "For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, that he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth [the unconverted man's] knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fullness of God."
A sublime piece of teaching this, and which might well bear more of comment and explication ! But we must proceed to one more of our distinctions, necessary for present use.
(To be continued.)
RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL BY A FRIEND.
No. CXVII. PRO PATRIA. 1837.
Art. I.—A Chronological Summary of events and circumstances connected with the origin and progress of the doctrine and practices of the Quakers.
(Continued from p. 301.)
A. D. Petitions numerously signed are presented from the Yearly 1833—4. Meeting at large against Tithes. (For these petitions and the proceedings about them, see Art. 2 of last No.)
Meeting For Sufferings, 5th of 7th Mo., 1833. Geo. Stacey on behalf of the Parliamentary Committee reports that the Petition from our late Yearly Meeting on the subject of Tithes was presented to the House of Commons on the 19th of last Month by Thomas Barrett Lennard, and that to the House of Lords on the 1st of the present Month by Lord Suffield.
4th of 7th Mo., 1834. Geo. Stacey from the Parliamentary Committee reports that the Petition for the abolition of Tithes, &c., was presented to the House of Commons by Sir George Strickland on the 16th of last Month, and that to the House of Peers by Lord Suffield on the 18th ult.
A.d. The Yearly Meeting receives Reports of Subscriptions of many 1837- years standing, applied in aid of the religious and benevolent undertakings of the Meetings on the American Continent.
Yearly Meeting, 5 mo. 2Gth, 1831. This meeting has been introduced into a feeling of much sympathy with our Friends in several of the Yearly Meetings on the American Continent, in consideration
Vol. V. 2 c
of the various pecuniary claims to which they have been subjected, from the existing state of things in our religious Society within their limits; and which it understands they have according to their ability met with great liberality. Under these impressions, it is concluded to recommend that a liberal subscription be raised in our several Quarterly Meetings, and transmitted to their correspondents in London, to be appropriated under the care of the Meeting for Sufferings, to the following objects:—
1st. To assist in the supply of the Holy Scriptures to Friends in low circumstances; and as this Meeting has understood that an.Association of Friends is formed in Philadelphia, for the purpose of meeting the general wants of Friends in America in this respect, it is proposed that reference should be had to that channel for supplying them.
2nd. To assist with small sums of money towards fitting up of Meeting Houses, in places within the limits of some of the Yearly Meetings; where, in consequence of the recent secession from the Society, they are deprived of the use of their Meeting Houses, and it is found that such assistance will prove desirable.
3rd. The offer of some pecuniary aid in the prosecution of the important work of Education; which has, it appears, been under the special notice of some of the Yearly Meetings.*
4th. To assist in the supply of approved writings on our history and religious principles, for the libraries belonging to the Monthly Meetings of Friends in many parts of America; which there is reason to apprehend are at present very inadequately furnished.
Yearly Meeting, 1837. The following Report from the Meeting
* The following document relating to the first of these American Yearly Meeting Schools, will he interesting to such of my readers as are conversant with our affairs as a Society. Ed.
"At a Yearly Meeting held in Philadelphia, for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the eastern parts of Maryland and Virginia, in the 9th and 10th Months, 1794. Third day, the 30th of the Ninth mouth, P.M. The matter respecting the establishment of a hoarding school (brought up from Philadelphia quarter in the year 1792) in order to encourage a guarded education of our youth, under the superintendence and care of this meeting, being now entered upon and considered:—as the subject appears weighty, and the meeting not being prepared to determine or result thereon ; in order to open and throw light on the proposal, it is judged best that a committee be appointed to investigate and digest the same, who (after having had a conference with such Friends as have for a length of time had this concern on their minds) are desired to report their sense and judgment, when prepared. A committee of fifty-four friends were thereupon named to the sorvice.
"Tenth Month, 3rd. The committee appointed to consider the proposal, brought up in the year 1792 from Philadelphia quarter respecting the establishment of a boarding school for the children of members of our religious society, brought in the following report:—' To the Yearly Meeting of Pennsylvania, Sec. Iu pursuance of our appointment we have carefully attended to the concern brought up from the Quarterly meeting of Philadelphia in the year 1792, relating to the establishment of a boarding school ; it appearing, that by many friends in for Sufferings, relative to the appropriation of the funds raised for the assistance of our American friends agreeably to a Minute of the Yearly Meeting in 1831, has been read, and is satisfactory to this meeting. It is to be printed and sent to the several Quarterly Meetings.
"The Committee of the Meeting for Sufferings, to whom has been entrusted the appropriation of the money raised for our American friends, present the following report, together with the accounts of the money received, and the expenditure of the same:
"From the time of their appointment to the present period they have been in correspondence with Friends in America on the subject. The letters received from members of several of the Yearly Meetings have fully shown the prevalence, among our Friends on the other side of the Atlantic, of a strong sense of the value of education; and the Committee have been glad to have the opportunity of encouraging this feeling, by remittances for Yearly Meeting Boarding-schools.
"An institution of this character was opened at Mount Pleasant in the First month last: when the last account was received it contained sixty-nine scholars. Through the exertion and liberality of Friends of Ohio Yearly Meeting, an estate ■was purchased, and commodious buildings for the purpose erected. It has been satisfactory to this Committee to have the opportunity of rendering some pecuniary aid to this useful work.
"Considerable progress is made in the erection of buildings for a school of a
that and other Quarterly meetings, prospects had been entertained of extensive advantages to our religious society to be derived from one or more such institutions, in some suitable place or places in the country, within the limits and under the direction and care of the Yearly meeting, the use and benefit whereof to be confined to the children of Friends; and that divers members of those quarters, many of whom have had this subject ripening in their minds for a number of years past, have, by donations and subscriptions, already secured the amount of ubout five thousand pounds, to be applied to the promoting such an establishment, when the Yearly meeting shall take the same under its care and patronage:—
'On our taking the subject into deliberate consideration, we are united in sentiment that an institution of the kind proposed, if managed with religious care and circumspection, may tend to the prosperity of truth by promoting the real good of the rising generation; we do therefore recommend the said proposal from the ■Quarterly meeting of Philadelphia to the patronage of the Yearly meeting, and propose that a committee thereof be appointed to consider and digest a plan and rules for the government and management of the house, school, and other parts of the economy; to receive contributions from those Friends disposed to encourage such an establishment, with authority to purchase lands, erect houses and other conveniences, out of the funds which may come into the hands of such committee, who after having prepared a plan of rules and regulations for the well-ordering and right management of the institution, should submit the same to the sense and judgment of the Yearly meeting ; and that such committees, as may from time to time be appointed, should render a general account of their proceedings to that meeting annually.
'Which is submitted to the meeting, and signed on behalf and by desire of the committee, by
Joseph Potts, Thomas Gaskill, Daniel Smith, Robert Kirkbride.'
"After due and weighty deliberation thereon, it appears generally easy to the meeting to unite therewith, whereupon the same is adopted, and the following committee are nominated and appointed to carry into effect the several matters contained in the report: and they are desired to submit a full and clear state of their proceedings to our next Yearly meeting."
[Here follow 44 signatures.]
similar character in North Carolina. The pecuniary means of our Friends in that state are very limited; their wants are great; and as the number of children of an age suitable for education is very large, notwithstanding the emigrations to the Western States, the Committee have therefore been very liberal in their assistance to this rising establishment. It is situated in the compass of New Garden Meeting; and an interest and energy in the undertaking have been manifested, by our friends immediately concerned in it, which it is very pleasing to observe.
"The greatest want prevails of the means of instruction in Indiana Yearly Meeting, in consequence of the very large number of children. From a tabular account obtained from their several Quarterly Meetings at the request of that Yearly Meeting, a copy of which has been transmitted to us, it appears that they have upwards of 5000 children of an age to receive school-learning. The Committee thought they could not do better than remit a sum, to assist in paying the salaries of masters of day-schools for a limited period. The importance of instruction is increasingly acknowledged by Friends in those countries; day-schools are multiplying, but the scarcity of mpney, owing to the agricultural habits of a newly-settled country, rendered it highly desirable thus to induce young men to undertake the useful office of schoolmaster.
"The members of the Half-Yearly Meeting of Upper Canada, a branch of New York Yearly Meeting, are widely scattered in that settlement. They have for some time been contemplating a Boarding-school to provide for their own immediate exigencies. As this committee was informed that they were liberally proceeding to raise a subscription for the purpose, it readily concluded to make a remittance in aid of that useful object.
"Much has been done of late years to ascertain that all the families of Friends tl.roughout the several Yearly Meetings on the American Continent, were supplied with Bibles: where the need was thought to be the greatest. Yearly Meetings have recommended inquiries to be made from house to house to ascertain the real state of the case: this has been attended with beneficial results. Several opportunities have offered, and have been readily embraced, to apply part of the funds raised in this country in aid of this important object, more especially in Canada, North Carolina, Ohio, and Indiana.
"As editions of William Sewel's History, and George Fox's Journal, and a few other of the approved writings of Friends have been recently printed in Philadelphia, the Committee embraced the opportunity of purchasing copies for the ns« of Friend's families, which might be placed in libraries in some of the Western and Southern states. Some books were, also sent from this country, particularly te Canada.
"There have been some late settlements of Friends in the Michigan territory, to whom also a supply of Bibles and Friends' books has been forwarded.
"The assistance trom this land and from Ireland has been kindly received; and our dear friends in America have gratefully acknowledged the liberality of their brethren here, and that it has been seasonably afforded. But this has not been all: we believe that the measure pursued by Friends in this country has operated as a useful stimulus to greater exertions abroad; and we have now much satisfaction in contemplating the establishment of the public Boarding-schools alluded to, as of great importance in raising the standard of education, in exciting a deeper interest in the subject, and in contributing to give a higher value to literary, moral, and religious instruction. These institutions will be further useful, as providing a larger supply of practical, experimental teachers.
"Monthly Meetings have, in many places, and we believe in some of the Yearly Meetings very generally, been led to provide Libraries for the use of their Members; from which a supply of useful and instructive reading could be furnished to them. But what is of far greater importance, we are glad to have to express our conviction, that valuable efforts have been successfully made to promote not only the supply, but the general and serious reading of the Holy Scriptures, in the families of Friends throughout the Union. In furtherance of