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to sedulously propagated thro' the expect their laws to be reverenced kingdom? Constant experience de- and obey'd, should themselves, first monstrates, that example always pre- of all, reverence and obey the laws vails over precept. When, there. of God. They who constitute the fore, the lower classes of mankind laws of a commonwealth mould, see their superiors wallowing in lux- of all others, be mot careful in obury and corrupsion, can it be fup- A serving them; and, above all, they posud that they will be honest, fru. ought most religiously to keep invio gal, and indufirious? Mankind in late the fundamental and conftitutigeneral do indeed seldom pay a wil. onal laws of the kingdom ; for those ling obedience to those laws, which laws are the people's property: the law makers themselves do not Which whçn they break, they rcb oblitve

every individual, and set a most perIla sot should pre ch up sobriety, B nicious pariern for general injustice. or a common pro."itute chaitity ; will They that preach up one thing, poe their practice make more prose- and practise another; they that make lytes than their precepts? It is rolling good laws, and do themselves break the fone of Sisyphus, or washing the them, act, in some meatures, like Ethiopian wbite, 10 inculcate vir: the French and Spaniards ; who give tue with the mouth of vice. The u's good words, and fair profesions necessity of reformation is not more


of friendship ; yet, at the same time, cicar aad evident, than where it commit against us the higheit acts of ought to begin. That community hostiliıy; as at Nova Scotia, the Neumuft, of natural consequence, tend tral islands, in the American feas, ápace to the most calamitous contu- and on the coast of Africa ; where sion, where the whole machine of they destroy our colonies, detain our government turns upon the wheels of islands, rob our merchants, and ruin corruptior; where gold gives sancti D our settlements. on to the vilet crimes, and little vil- But that which hurts us more than lains must submit to suffer, that great all foreign enemies, is our domestick ones may be more at ease.

luxury and corruption : Even while In a well regulated common.

we feel all the pressures of poverty, wealth: justice will ever be imparti- and every thing we eat, or drink, ally adminiltered, nor the rich suf. or wear, carries with it some mark fer'd to tyrannize over the poor. Juf. e of our misery, and should incite us

E tice is the chief band of human loci. to some honest endcavours to remove e:y; and whenever that is once tho- them ; yet we let our luxury increase roughly perverted, the band is broke,

with our poverty, and, like abandoned and men arc let loose, like wild spendthrifts, when brought to the Benits, to picy upon one another. lait bag, we more profusely lavilh How miserable must any nation be,

away the little left. where luxury and corruption are to

I am, &c. far encouraged, that the vices of

BRITANNICUS. The people are deemed reccffäry for the support of the state! Where a cor- To the AUTHOR of the LONDON rept action in poverith the kingdom

MAGAZINE. penrich themselves, and by reducing he people to poverty, and setting

SIR, when luci inamful examples of im


THE piece signd di nfotes, pub. Diorality, not only fauce, but almost lished in your excellene Magaconpel' them to commit the much! zine for Jan. laft, p. 23, I fee is well auocious crimes.

received b the ingenioas authors of Every ration that would be happy, the candid Diquitions, and thought ir be yil tuous ; and all ruler, who


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1951. A Letter in relation to the Candid Disquisitions. 309 worthy of a place, in their Appeal to issue, so long as truth is discovered, common reason and candour, '&c.

and every thing set to right, that · part 2d, p. 235, tho’no further in

may happen to be wrong." Let · tended for their service, than as it is them but keep to these professions, in common for the service of truth ; and they cannot fail to gain, in time, a further evidence to me, that they the attention and good wishes of all desire only the prevailing thereof:- A friends to religion and truth. I I therefore am verily persuaded of think it but justice to them, and to the truth of their marginal reflection myself, to give this eclaircisiment as on my opinion, of there being amongst to the passage which occa Goned this the many useful and right things marginal reflection of theirs; and to proposed by them, fome of a very ill assure them, that I would do more tendency, viz. “ That they for cer. oppose any proposal of theirs, that tain never intended any such.”—This B I did not fincerely think wrong, I believe as firmly, as I believe that than they would make it, if they they would in effect be fo:- The knew it to be so ; nor do I dehre particulars meant, (tho' not specified ever to charge any thing with being in that letter, because not needful to such, without offering my reasons the end in view therein, and which to confideration ; but am alluredly is set forth in its conclusion) had with them, so far as I apprehend been before exhibited by me, under C truth to be fo:- As to the hint they the name of Phileleutherus, in the are pleas'd to give, of the service I Monthly Miscellany, in Nov. 1749, might be of, in 'entering more thoreferred to by them, p. 209 of their roughly, with the same impartiality, Appeal to, &c. part 2d ; and were, into this subject, I must observe, The obliging all the clergy to the use that much besides impartiality is of a printed, authorized comment; needful, tho' nothing can be more

The catechising instead of preaching D fo, to qualify for such an underevery Sunday in the afternoon, and taking; and I hope to see it enbeginning afresh every year ;-and gag'd in, by some one more equal the being oblig'd to read a prepared to it in all respects ;- at least, I Thall homily, instead of a sermon of their not venture on it, so long as there is own, on the other part of the day, any prospect of that being the case. every Sunday. And these obligati- Thus much I should be glad those ons to be alike extended to the inge. E worthy gentlemen knew; and should nious, and the stupid ; the lazy, and therefore be greatly oblig'd to you, industrious, &c. --my reasons against if you would favour this with a place all which I there gave, and the ob. in your Magazine, where it cannot fervations then made by me, are, in fail to be seen by them. I am, their reference, ingenuously acknow- June 20,

Your most oblig'd ledged to be of moment, and to de.


Old Correspondent, serve confideration : [doubt not, P

Phileleutberus Aftafiotes. therefore, but to find froin them, in tegard hereto, all that fairness, which

To the Author of the LONDON I at first expected, and which they

MAGAZINE. have further promised in the above! What toils they (hard, what martial works mentioned marginal reflection, in case

they wrought, (they fought; of any undesignedly hurtful proposals,

What seas they measur’d, and what fields

All past before him in remembrance dear; that “ When such things are speci-G‘Thoughe follows thought, and tear succeeds fied, and the objections to them fairly

Pope's HOMER, propos'd, they will take them under

SIR, fresh confideration, and attend them, HAT our success, in the late as far as they can, thro' all cheir con

land war, fell infinitely short fequences; not solicitous about the


to tear.


of our expectations, is a truth so well very noses ; one of which had well known, that it need not be expatiat- nigh carried off the old marsal from ed upon here. Various have been

his quarters ; but which were, I supthe opinions, with regard to the cau- pose, discouraged from attempting any ses of our miscarriage, and many more an enterprize that would have pieces have been writ

upon that sub- been, if successful, most prejudicial ject. All these I have perised; but A to themselves. And when we left all with faint satisfaction, in compa- their country, loaded alike with glo. rison of that I receiv'd, in reading a ryand with spoils, they saw us march, pamphlet jult printed, intitled, A in order of battle, to attack count brief Narrative of the late Campaigns Saxe behind Pont Espierre, above in Germany and Flanders, in a Leiter three days after we heard of his beto a Member of Parliament ; an ex- ing there, with only half his forces, tract from which you printed, in your B and two days after he had left it; and last Magazine, p. 263. The very cu- then retire ingloriously into winter rious and interesting particulars told quarters.-A campaign fo glaringly in the pamphlet in question, leaves mismanaged, obliged the comman

, .. no room to doubt, but that the au. ders, who could not vindicate it

thor knew all the springs of action ; from blame, to throw it on each and the manner in which he has other. Their recriminations sucdrawn up his narrative, proves him C ceeded, if not their apologies ; for to be an excellent writer.

the world was pretty well convinced Speaking of the neceffity of our they were all in fault. As our supeembarking in the last war, he pro- riority this campaign evinces the ceeds thus." If then the steps tak- truth I would establish ; that we had en by England, at these junctures, the means in our power of finishing have ever been approved of because the war, with as much glory as we of their neceflity, this last war is D had begun it with wisdom, if they furely intitled to more approbation, had been properly used; so doth the because, undertaken on the fame inferiority of the enemy furnish us principle of self-preservation, it was with another truth no less material : called for by more urgent necessity. For, as their inferiority was occafi. The branches, at thefe periods, were oned by the detachments necessary in danger of being lopped off ; but to defend Alsace from the arms of now the ax was laid to the root of the E prince Charles, it shews that France tree itself, which in its fall must have is not able to make head against such crushed us also. And therefore we an alliance, if attack'd with vigour were called upon, by self-preservation, on all hands." to put our shoulders to it, to prop “ Tho' the misfortunes of this fupport it ; and more fo, fince France campaign [1746,) were owing to the had fomented the quarrel between

have us and Spain, and pushed it to that F were, with no little industry, imputpass, that they even lent a fleet to the ed to the mismanagement of prince West Indies to guard and allift the Charles. That his place might Spaniards, and to support them in be supplied by another, it was nethat unjust breach of their treaties." cellary he should be deemed unfit for

Speaking of our inactivity under it. His late defeats from the Pruffi the late marshal W-e in Flanders, ans gained the easier credit to he adds:-" The French faw us de- G the charge of incapacity brought tach, to defend the canal of Bruges, against him, in spite of all his great after that contributions had been actions. Nor was that all : His pridrawn from beyond it. They in, vate character was called in aid to fulted us with their parties even to our depreciate his publick ; and he was


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Brave ACTION of General LIGONIER.

311 accused of drunkenness, with as little elogiums on general Ligonier, “who reason as of incapacity. The end (says he) Curtius-like, facrificed him. proposed was anlwered. A new self to save the army, by leaping ingeneral was provided in the ****

to the gulph, with what was most whose victory at valuable in it.-Yet this attack was Chad confirmed the opini- openly condemned in our army, beon, that the defeat at Fontenoy had A fore Ligonier's return from captivity really been occafioned by the Dutch ; in that of the enemy. The honour and who flatter'd himself, and the of faving the army was envied him, world, with a continuance of his by those who had reaped none themgood fortune against the French.

félves. But the service was too glarAnd good fortune now seemed to de- ing not to establish its own merit ; pend upon him ; for every obstacle nor was the testimony of the enemy had been removed, which had been B wanting, to acknowledge and admire supposed (hitherto) to have obftruet

what had checked their pursuit.” ed it. Numbers had not been com- Thus, Sir, have I given you a few plained of left year, when even the sketches of this excellent pamphlet ; Durch diftinguished themselves : And to which I refer you, and all such these numbers were considerably of your readers, as are desirous of augmented now."

being made fully acquainted with the The author thus touches on our C causes why the Britis laurel faded preparations, previous to the battle so much during the late war; and am, of Lafeldt. — "Every preceding

SIR, error was now to be redressed ; and

Your most humble Servant, 'every step that the enemy had taken

VERAX to our disadvantage was to be imitated. And as the French had drawn Two Volumes, in O&avo, have been manifest advantage from taking the D lately printed, of Poems on several field early, and before us, we began Occasions, by the late Mrs. Leato get the start of them in that por, of Brackley in Northamptonticular ; but were very soon taught

Thire ; the one published in 1749, by experience, that the opposite of and the other laft Month. They wrong is not always right. For the were printed by Subscription, for train of artillery being embarked, the Benefit of ber jurviving Faand the army being encamped, and E ther, a Gardener in that Country. marched towards Antwerp to befiege She died in the 24th Year of her it; we were scarce got into the field, Age. And as it is very extraordibut our dreams of glory vanished. nary, that a Country Girl, without For before we had marched above the Advantages of Education, fould half way thither, it was found we be capable of fuch Productions, our could proceed no farther, for want of Readers cannot but be pleased with fubfiftence; having forgot to provide F fome Account of her, which we fall carriages to convey our forage to us. extract from a Letter written by a So there we remain'd on the bleak Gentlewoman to John Efq; and barren heaths, exposed to the and prefixed to the fecond Volume. inclemency of the weather, and the After relating boou she came firft derision of the enemy; who, as if acquainted with her, which was he affected to despise us, continued not till about 14 Months before her to keep his army in quarters for a G Death, and some Circumstances of long while afterwards."

less frequent Vifits, she goes or thus : At the fame time that our author ROM this time to that of her is so very severe on many of our death, few days passed, in which commanders, he bestows the highest T did not either fee or hear from



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her; for the gave me the pleasure proposed a subscription to some of of seeing all her poems as soon as my acquaintance ; which I hoped they were finished. And tho' I ne- might be a means of doing it. And' ver was extremely fond of poetry; here, Sir, I muft gratefully acknowand don't pretend to be a judge of - ļedge your kind allistance, without it, there was something so peculiarly which I am sensible all my endea. pleasing to my taste in almost every. A vours had been ineffectual ; but thro' thing she wrote, that I could not your good nature I had the pleasure but be infinitely pleased with such a to see it brought into a promising correspondent.

way before the death of the author ; Nor did I admire her in her poe. who unfortunately did not live to reticai capacity only ; but the more I ceive that benefit by it, which has was acquainted with her, the more I since accrued to her father. saw reason to e.teem her for those B I one day. Thewed her an old mavirtuous principles, and that good. nuscript pastoral of Mr. Newton's, ness of heart and temper, which so in blank verse; with which the visibly appeared in her; and I was feemed much pleased, and desired so far from thinking it a condescen- leave to take it home with her, and fion to cultivate an acquaintance with amuse herself with putting some a person in her station, that I rather parts of it, that the most liked, into esteemed it an honour to be called a Crhyme. She did so; and in my opifriend to one in whom there appear. nion so greatly altered and improved ed such a true greatness of soul, as them, that when the papers were with me far outweighed all the ad- first sent to you, in order to be vantages of birth and fortune. Nor printed, I faid I thought there was do I think it poslible for any body no occasion for mentioning Mị. that was as well acquainted with her Newton's name : But she would not as myself, to consider her as a mean D consent to have them put in her person.

book without that distinction; and I have sent a list of the poems indeed had no occasion to adopt that were wrote since I was acquaint- other peoples productions. ed with her; which, I think, will Deceit and insincerity of all kinds shew the quickness of her genius, she abhorred ; and (if I may be alespecially when it is considered how lowed to give my opinion) I really much me was engaged in her father's e believe, what the wrote upon serious

E affairs, and the business of his house, and divine subjects, proceeded from in which the bad nobody to allift her. the inmost sentiments of her heart ;

This, you may imagine, was some which I take to be one great reason mortification to a perion of her turn; of their appearing fo extremely na- yet she was always chearful: And as tural and beautiful. the wanted none of the necessaries As an inslance of her uncommon of life, expresseu herself thankful f manner of thinking, give me leave for that. Her chief ambition seem. to acquaint you with a discourse that ed to be, to have such a competency passed between us, when the propoas might leave her at liberty to enjoy sal for a sublcription was on foot. the company of a friend, and indulge I very gravely told her, I thought her scribbling bumour (as she called we must

endeavour to find out some it) when me had a mind, without great lady to be her patroness, and inconvenience or interruption. G

desired her to prepare a handsome I could not see how much she was dedication. Atraitened in point of time for her But pray, what am I to say in writing, without endeavouring to this fame dedication ? remove the difficulty; and therefore Oh, a great many fine things, cer



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