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ters, whose refined feelings can only be equalled by the culture of their minds : Who have transplanted to the Irish nura fery the flowers of Rome and Athens : Who in their writings and speeches, have displayed to Europe the scene of eloquence, diversified with the fire of Demofthenes and the majesty of Tully, and wrested their thunderbolts from those orators, in order to assert what they deemed the rights of mankind, to crush the false divinities that should attempt to erect their altars on their ruins.

I have the honour to be,'
Reverend fathers, and

Illustrious brethren,
Your affectionate brother,

Dublin, July 15,

1781.

ARTHUR O'LEARY.

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Publised at Cork, in the Year MDCC,LXXVI.

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| D E F E N C E, &c.

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YOUR long-expected performance has at
last made its appearance. If the work tended
to promote the happiness of society, -to ani-
mate our hopes, --to subdue our passions, to
instruct man in the happy science of purifying.
the polluted recesses of a vitiated heart,
confirm him in his exalted notion of the dignity
of his nature, and thereby to inspire him with
sentiments averse to whatever may debase the
excellence of his origin,--the public would be
indebted to you; your name would be re-
corded amongst the affertors of morality and
religion; and I myself, though bred up in a dif-
ferent persuasion from yours, would be the first

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* A Scotch physician, who styles himself Michael Servetus.

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to offer my incense at the shrine of merit. But the tendency of your performance is to deny the Divinity of Christ, and the immortality of the souł. In denying the first, you fap the foundations of religion ; you cut off, at one blow, the merit of our faith, the comfort of our hope, and the motives of our charity. In denying the imniortality of the foul, you degrade human natúre, and confound man with the vile and perifhable insect. In denying both, you overturn the whole system of religion, whether natural or revealed. And in denying religion, you deprive the poor of the only comfort which supports them under their distresses and afflictions; you wrest from the hands of the powerful and richi, the only bridle to their in- , justices and paflions; and pluck from the hearts of the guilty, the greatest check to their crimes,

I mean, this remorse of conscience, which; can never be the result of a handful of organized matter,--this interior monitor which makes us blush, in the morning, at the diforders of the foregoing night!-which erects in , the breaff of the tyrant, a tribunal superior to

his power,--and whose importunate voice up> braids a Cain, in the wilderness, with the mur

der of his brother,--and a Nero, in his palace, with that of his mother. Such the consequences naturally resulting from the principles laid down in your writings.

It

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