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" Proteus," and continued to publish his curtain lectures | riodical can be good enough to recommend itself at pres, as well as the number of peasants on his estate; and, lintil they became too prosy for the public eye. We al- ent to "almost every farmer in this county.”

upon receiving notice of an imperial order to that effect, Ways feel obliged and rather flattered by attentions of

the numbers required by the levy are marched forth with this sort, and though it would be impossible for us to im DESULTORY SELECTIONS,

from every part of the empire to the places of rendezvous Bibe all the notions of all our correspondents, still we

appointed. may often thus receive such hints as, by dint of proper

RUSSIAN SERFS OR SLAVES.

It might be asked, What have these men to fight for? application, may be turned to good account.

The serfs of Russia differ from slaves with us in the They have no country, and are brought up on immense The first clauses of the first paragraph of ‘J. C. T.' important particular that they belongs to the soil, and levels, wanting the rocks, rivers and mountains that ine are so judiciously constructed as they might seem the ex

cannot ie sold except with the estate ; they may change spire local attachments. It is a singular fact, that, with tenuation of those evils which are afterward spoken of. masters, but cannot be torn from their connexions or the Russian serf, there is always an uubounded love for But we must confess that our own pride would be some- their birth-place. One sixth of the whole peasantry of him who stands at the head of the system of oppression what humbled were we convinced of the influence of Russia, amounting to six or seven millions, belong to the under which they groan, the emperor, whom they regard that “local pride” which our correspondent speaks of. crywn, and inhabit the imperial demesne, and pay an

as their protector against the oppression of their immeOf the price, etc., mentioned in his second paragraph, annual tax. In particular districts, many have been diate masters but to whatever cause it may be ascribed, we would be right glad to comply with it as a whole, but enfranchised, and become burghers and merchants ; and whether inability to estimate the value of any change in without the proviso in italics, its fulfilment would be the liberal and enlightened policy of the present emper- in their condition, or a feeling of actual love for the soil ruination ;-and, as we have satisfied ourself by twelve or in diffusing a more general system of melioration on which they were born, during the invasion of Nayears experience that no newspaper establishment will among these subjects of his vast empire. The rest of poleon, the serfs presented a noble spectacle; and the ever be able to collect one quarter of its payments in ad- the serfs belong to the nobles, and are the absolute pro spirit of devotion which animated the corps in the north vance, (until every citizen is provided with news at the perty and subject to the absolute control of their masters, extended to the utmost bounds of the empire. They public expense,) we must beg leave to dissent from its as much as the cattle on their estates. Some of the received orders to march from St. Petersburgh to meet plausible requirements. The periodical literature of this seigneurs possess from seventy to more than a hundred the advance of the French army; the emperor reviewed county has long afforded provinder for the “insatiate cre- thousand; and their wealth depends upon the skill them, and is said to have shed tears at their departure.-dit system,” which has thus far exerted its fitful influence and management with which the labor of these serfs is Arrived at the place appointed, Witgenstein ordered in the remotest characteristics of this country; and until employed.

them to fall back to a certain point, but they answered the beauties of the Bentonian phllosophy are in perfect

Sometimes the seigneur sends the most intelligent to No; the last promise we made the emperor our father play, good subscribers must be taxed to make up the de- Petersburgh or Moscow to learn some handicraft, and was, that we would never fly before the enemy, and we ficioncies of bad ones, and all tradesmen must put a then employs them on his own estates, bires them out, keep our word.” Eight thousand of them died on the price upon their wares to cover - incidental losses’ and or allows them to exercise their trade on their own ac- spot ;—and the spirit which animated them fired the serfs "bad debts.

count on payment of an annual sum. And sometimes, throughout the whole empire. The scholar may sneer, Our friend's third paragraph touches a point of much too, he gives the serf a passport, under which he is pro- but I defy him to point to a nobler page in Grecian or delicacy, and handles the prominent feature of the Mir- tected all over Russia, settles in a city, and engages in Roman history. ror with rather a sturdy grasp. He says that it is wrong trade, and very often accumulates enough to ransom

NIAGARA SHIP CANAL. our paper should be neutral in politics, “ for no man himself and his family. Indeed, there are many instances should be neutral in a country like ours.” Now, if he of a serf's acquiring a large property, and even rising to We are glad to see that measures are“ being teken" would only glance at the mere contour of the Mirror, he eminence.But he is always subject to the control of his to authorize the construction of this important work. A might discover that it is “no man ” and according to his master;—and I saw at Moscow an old mong ik who had bill introduced by Mr. Skinner, is before the legislature own ascertion “should be neutral.” But if he intends acquired a very large fortune, but was still a slave. His of this state, to allow the general government to conto speak of the “ beardless boy” who officiates weakly master's price for his freedom had advanced with his struct it, at its own expense through our territory. This as the editor of the Mirror, it is another matter and must growing wealth, and the poor serf, unable to bring him- would open an extensive ship communication, from the be treated in another manner. To the most of his pri- himself to part with his hard earnings, was then rolling upper lakes of the Atlantic. vate friends the editor of this paper is known as being in wealth with a collar round his neck ; struggling with

The great lakes above the Niagara Falls, present a as much of a jug-handle politician as any young man the inborn spirit of freedom, and hesitating whether to coast, within the United States, of over 3,000 miles in ought to be, but as for obtruding his partisan notions on die a beggar or a slave.

extent, and on the Canadian shore, over 2,000, develop the public, and attempting to exert a political influence The Russian serf is obliged to work for his mastering, in aggregate, a line of navigation of between 5 and at so unripe an age, he cannot consent to make himself but three days in the week; the other three he may work 6000 miles, nearly double the distance from New York 60 precociously obnoxious. Whatever remarks of a po- for himself on a portion of land assigned him by law on to Liverpool; and that portion within the United States litical character fall, perchance from our pen, may be his master's estate. He is never obliged to work on territory is almost triple as long as our entire Atlantic traced in their spirit up to the writings of Jefferson Sundays, and every saint's day or fete is a holyday. coast, including the gulf of Mexico on the south. The that great apostle of democracy whose unadulterated This might be be supposed to give him an opportunity Niagara ship canal, with those from the Hudson to Osconceptions were so sublimated above the masses of his of elevating his character and his condition; but, want-wego, and from Chicago to the Illinois river, would afage as to draw upon him the vindictive dealings of a ing the spirit of a frec agent, and feeling himself the ab- ford an inland ship navigation, from New York city to powerful and corrupt party whose very name has since solute property of another, he labors gradually for his New Orleans, which would not exceed in distance the become a term of odium, and whose votaries (wherever master, and for himself barely enough to supply the ru

route by sea, and thus would be formed an indissoluble they may be found) are ashamed of their ancient faith! dest necessaries of life and pay his tax to the seigneur. golden chain between the different sections of the Union, But be it remembered that though both of the great poli- A few rise above their condition, but millions labor like binding them by interest, more firmly together, and breaktical parties of the day are putting forth their polypus beasts of burden, content with bread to put in their ing down by the facilities of intercommunication, those clutches and endeavoring to grasp the honors of the im- mouths, and never even thinking of freedom. A Rus- strong and sectional prejudices which have hitherto mortal Jefferson, neither of them are willing to pursue sian noble:nan told me that he believed, if the serfs were existed, and created so much mischief in the Union. that course of untainted democracy by which he earned all free, he could cultivate his estate to better advantage

DUNN'S CHINESE COLLECTION. them. The jack-daw who stole the plumage or the pea- by hired labor; and I have no doubt a dozen Connecticock, was stripped of his unnatural beauty; the ass who cut men would cultivate more ground than a hundred posed. Those who receive such copics will please read them accordingly. stole the lion's skin was driven from the field by the very Russian serfs, allowing their usual non-working holy It would be difficult to name a subject that has puz beasts whom he had terrified; and all that we hope to days. They have no interest in the soil

, and the deso- zled the learned world so much and so long, as the acperform in the political vineyard at present is merely to lute and uncultivated wastes of Russia show the truth curate delineation of the character of that wonderful and use the pruning knife occasionally.

of the judicious reflection of Catharine II,“ that agri- unchanging people, the Chinese. The English embasThe admonitions of the fourth paragraph we feel to be culture can never flourish in that nation where the hus- sies added something to our knowledge of the heretofore quite appuopos and seasonable. For much as we desire bandmand does not possess property."

little explored interior of the country, and some light was to see the ennobling science of Agricu ture properly ex It is from this great body of peasantry that Russia re-diffused respecting the condition of agriculture, the habalted in the public eye, we must acknowledge our past cruits her standing army, or, in case of invasion, raises its, and the manufactures of the country. The works remissness in this particular, and promise better for the in a moment a large body of soldiers. Every person in of the missionaries have also tended to make us more future; although we very much doubt, whether any pe- 1 Russia entitled to hold land is known to the government, familiar with some of their pecularities; the best book,

In a few copies of this week's paper, the columns on the 27th page are trans

however, which has been written respecting China, is / ter another he procured, either by purchase or as pres- articles in common use for domestic purposes, to ornathe recent work of J. F. Davis, who had long been a ents, those rare and costly articles constituting his col- ment grounds, fish-ponds, or used as flower stands, seats, resident in China, and who accompanied the embassy of lection: how many of these are perfect novelties even &c. A very interesting fact will be developed by this Lord Amherst to the capital city of Pekin. Mr. Davis to thousands who have visited China, let those decide section, showing that the art of porcelain manufactures has concentrated much real information in a small space, who may soon have an opportunity of doing so; if in- has been on the retrograde for the last century or two; and has, with singular ability, developed the characteris- deed, that opportunity is not already in their power, be it will also serve to show, that many of the most omatics of the three hundred million of people of this region; fore this hasty notice passes through the press. For one, mental and beautiful specimens are rarely, if ever, erhis volumes have been republished in Harper's Family the writer is free to say that but for the insight thus ob-ported. Formerly the emperors patronized the porcelain Library, and it is to them, and to the recent Fanqui in tained, he should have remained as ignorant of the sub- manufacture by very high premiums and extensive orChina, in Walde's Library, that we would direct the at-ject as other travellers. It is with a vicw of imparting ders; the art has now dwindled to supplying commercial tention of the inquirer.

a portion of this satisfaction, that he ventures to put and domestic wants. There are here many hundred Another new effort to open a fruitful source of infor- them on paper.

jars, vases, pipe-stands, and various services used by the mation to the student is about to be made public, and on Without further preface, we shall proceed to notice Chinese, differing materially from those exported. The this occasion it is our own country which is to be grati- very briefly some of the peculiar features of this novel specimens of ware cracked on the surface by age, are fied by the industry, zeal, and discriminating judgment, exhibition, enumerating a very small portion of the con- interesting and costly. There must be several thousand of one of her native merchants. Europeans have ne tents of the three hundred cases from which it has been pieces of fine China, including the thin egg-shell cup ver succeeded in transporting a perfect or even a very now for the first time unpacked. The following are the with its lettered inscriptions, octagon pipe-stands, three respectable collection of Chinese curiosities. Those m- principal groups.

or four feet in height, inscribed landmarks, tile work, pressions which would be received by a resident who The entrance Saloon, of China work, forms a vesti- screens, &c., in very numerous patterns; affording us had enjoyed the rare privilege of unrestrained intercourse bule, through the centre of which you enter the great barbarians” new ideas on the subject of their manuwith the better classes of Chinamen, have been denied saloon, one hundred and sixty feet in length, by sixty- factures, and probably new patterns for our artists. to foreigners. It has been too much the custom of the three in width, and twenty four feet in height, with a Agricultural and other instruments.—We notice natives and their visitors, mutually to despise each other, double colonnade ; to the right and left of which are the among the agricultural instruments the very crude plough and for both to seek for but little further communication numerous cases containing specimens of all that is rare, that is drawn by the buffalo with his simple yoke and than that which the nature of their commercial transac- curious, or common, to be procured in the celestial em- rope traces; the harrow, differing very materially from tions demands. The consequence has been, that the pire. The screen is such as common among the wealthry that of our country, is one of the accompaniments. There articles exported have continued to be principally those Chinese, in partitioning off a very large saloon from the are forks, rakes, hoes, axes, shovels, spades of wood faced only which European and American every day-day life remainder of the great ground floor of their houses. It with iron for the sake of economy, &c., a complete have required; while strangers have limited their pur- is richly gilt, and ornamented with Chinese paintings of carpenter's and joiner's, or cabinet maker's tools; of chases to the common article made to suit a foreign de- on silk, inserted in the pannels; and is mounted above the superiority of these over our own, we cannot say mand and taste, and their intercourse to the classes of with small square gilt apertures; in these latter are in- much. There is a native shoemaker's shop complete; a natives who are appointed by government to serve or to serted paintings of boats and gorgeous flowers. The blacksmith's anvil, his curious bellows, &c., comprising watch over them. A few streets of the "outside · city screen forms a beautiful termination to this end of the the complete accoutrements of the travelling smith ; the of Canton are generally visited, and the stores in the room; the full effect bursts upon the eye of the visitor entire shop of the ambulatory barber, his clumsy, short vicinity of “Hog-lane," a place frequented by foreign after passing the folding door. Hours, nay days and razor, cases, &c. &c. The musical instruments of the sailors, are ransacked for the well known manufactures weeks, may be profitably employed in examining the de- Chinese, also figure in full among the curiosities. Cast. of gew-gaws, successfully carried off by every new com- tails within this magnificent saloon, which brings the ings of iron of very great beauty, consisting of pots, er, but possessing little novelty in any sea port. The most populous nation of Asia at once before the view of kettles, and other cooking utensils of universal use, and interior of the city of Canton even is a sealed book; how the spectator.

which, unlike our own of the same metal, may be mendmuch more the interior of China ! This being the case, Accurate likenesses in clay.—The visitor is first at- ed at pleasure as easily as our own tin vessels. it became anteresting problem, as the Chinamen refuse tracted by the accurate and characteristic whole sized Here is a study of Chinese manufacture perfectly no to admit us in, how it would be possible to bring out Chinese figures of various ranks, from the mandarins to vel to an American, who will be surprised to find that what it was so difficult to get sight of; in other words, the cooleys, from women of distinction to those sculling the most simple operation which he has been taught to as foreigners were not permitted to inspect the workshops, their boats on the rivers. These are in number seventy believe can be performed only by an instrument of a certhe houses, private apartments, and manufactories of the or eighty, and were made by a very experienced artist in tain form, is equally well executed by another of a to empire, what was the next best thing that could could this line, from living subjects. The material of the face tally different figure; the flat iron, for instance, is more re done to enable those outside the walls, and at home, and hands is a prepared substance so well adapted to like our chafing dish than what we employ for smoothing to become acquainted with the domestic affairs and tastes the operation of moulding, as to take impression perfect- linen. We are amused to see the New England patent of these recluses. Certainly little could be expected ly and re'ains it permanently; the faces are colored to mouse trap, that has been used in China for ages. There from the natives, unless other methods than those here nature, and mounted with hair, &c., and each presents are gongs, bells, metallic mirrors, and articles under this to fore practised could be adopted.

a speaking countenance in a style of art perfectly novel head which nothing short of a most copious descriptive Nathan Dunn, Esq., of Philadelphia, who had reflect in this country or Europe. These figures are neatly ar-catalogue would embrace. ed much upon this subject, and who, in the course of ranged in groups, arrayed in their appropriate costumes, Models of Boats. The models of boats form a strikthe very successful prosecution of his business at Can- some of them extremely rich, while others exhibit the ing feature of the scene; first, we have the gorgeous ton, had learned to respect the ingenuity, and when working and every-day dress of the lower order. flower boat with its numerous decorations, various furcalled forth, the intelligence of the numerous Chinese The effect of this department is to exhibit to the spec- nished apartntents of comfort and luxury, and painted with whom he was daily in contact, happily conceived tator the inhabitants of China as they really exist. Great and adorned in the peculiar style of the Asiatics. the idea of transporting to his native shores, everything care was taken in procuring the likenesses, and about Of the canal boat there three models of different sizes, that was characteristic or rare, whether in the natural three years of the time of the proprietor were occupied of such as are used in conveying the articles of their and artificial curiosities or in manufactures, no matter tɔ bring them to perfection; his head carpenter, and produce, teas, salt, grain, and manufactured articles, to how costly they might be. And now came efficiently other workmen about the factories, were pointed out to and from the distant points of the extensive empire, and to his and those requisites that had been but too fre- us, and many conspicuous characters of China street, in loading and unloading foreign ships. They are requently wanting in the officers of the East India Com- &c. will be recognized at once by those who have been markable for strength and durability. pany, or their agents, who had made the attempt to pro- to Canton. Bearers of a sedan chair, itself a perfect The man-of-war boat. These tidewaiters' boats, or cure such a collection but had failed. Mr. Dunn, who, specimen in all its parts of ornament and utility, are in cutters, are always cruising about with the police ofit will be admitted by every one on the spot, had conduct the act of carrying a native gentleman, accompanied by ficers, to keep order among the numerous residents upon ed himself toward all classes in a manner to win their his pipe bearer and footman.

the water, and to enforce the revenue laws. esteem and confidence, and to whose house and table Porcelain and earthen-ware manufacture.-In this The San-pans, or family boats, in which it is computwere introduced so many of the most distinguished of department, endeavors have been successfully made to ed about 200,000 persons constantly reside on the waters ficers of government, either temporarily or permanently procure the best specimens of all the most expensive before the city of Canton and suburbs. They are kept at Canton, soon discovered that it was in his power to manufactures of the country, embracing several very an as clean as a milk-pail, and contain entire families, who obtain favors not usually granted to strangers. One af- I cient and highly esteemed articles. There are also the are born and live to the end of their days on the river.

nese.

ses.

spots where no traveller could penetrate. By industry, over the tops of the cases, the entire length of the north | This great city of boats presents a remarkable aspect ; money, flattery and kindness, he succeeded however, in side of the room, and its effect, as seen by the writer, is through it it would be difficult to navigate, were it not collecting a great variety of birds, fishes, reptiles, shells, extremely gorgeous, reminding him of the representa- that the fleet is arranged in streets, and at night is light&c. and a few animals. Of these, all have arrived in tions made in old illuminated manuscripts, before the in- ed up. There are also other boats; each has been made good condition with the exception of the insects, the vention of printing in Eurepe. The colors, violet, blue, by reducing the dimensions to the proper scale ; in every butterflies, moths, &c. which, when last seen in Canton crimson, scarlet, &c. are those'employed by the illumin- particular, even to the employment of the same kinds of were particularly rich and curious, have suffered most ators, and lead one to believe that they imitated the Chi- wood, the oars, sculls, rudders, setting poles &c. are facby the delay in unpacking, and by various natural cau

similes of those in actual use. We are not sure that a

Furniture, Books, &-c.-In addition to the furniture Chinese canal boat, of a thousand years ago, might not Mr. Wood was indefatigable for many months in the contained in this beautiful pavilion, there will be distrib- be advantageously transferred to our own recently introcompletion of the herpetology of China, the concholo-uted in the saloon a variety of Chinese domestic articles duced canals. gy is fully represented in many rich and rare specimens, and utensils. Two dark colored and extremely rich book Bridges. There are four accurate models of granite and one of the rarest birds, the mandarin duck, with its cases, which might serve to ornament any library, will bridges, of from one to four arches; the workmanship very peculiar plumage, will be new to many; the Chi- display copious specimens of the books of the Chinese in of the originals is of great beauty and durability, and na partridge, and many beautiful song birds, add variety their peculiar and safe binding, so rarely seen in this really in them we discover the perfect arch, the most apand interest to the whole.

country. Specimens of their blocks or stereotyped wood proved piers of the present day, and yet their bridges are The fishes were procured principally at the famous are also in the collection. The book-cases are made in so ancient that the date of their erection is almost, if not fishing stations at Macao, where Mr. Wood resided for excellent taste, of a dark wood susceptible of a beautiful entirely lost. Having no carriages, they are only used several months for this express purpose. The specimens polish, and in some respects they may be considered an by foot passengers, loaded cooleys, and an occasional are very numerous and rare. Thore has also been pro- improvement on onr own. The chairs, of different horse or buffalo. cured a great numbar of fine drawings of fish from life, forms, large and capacious, made of a wood resembling Summer-houses.-Four models of summer-houses exin the accurate style of the Chinese, and in fine colors. mahogany, with their appropriate cushions and footstools, hibit the peculiar taste of the Chinese; some are plain, The stuffed specimens will be neatly and appropriately are in a taste of refinement and comfort which would and others very ornamental, with their scolloped roofs, arranged to forma study for the naturalist.

have been creditable to some of our forefathers of New bells, gilding, painting &c. and furnished with miniaIn the department of hotany, attention has been paid England, into whose parlors they might have been well ture chairs, tables, &c. models of real things, every part to the procuring of accurate drawings of many plants placed, without differing much from the fashion of fifty being complete for the luxuries of tea and the pipe. Tea and flowers. These drawings will all be exhibited in years since. The stools without backs exhibit an adap is the universal beverage, and is sold from eight cents a frames.

tation to a southern climate, in being partly composed of pound up to many dollars, and is an article upon which The minerals in this collection are few in number, China ware, marble and wood.

some of their citizens expend a large income. The worand together with the primitive rocks of China, embrace There are also tables, such as ornament the rooms of king man carries it in his rude tea-pot to the fields, and some remarkably fine carbonates of copper, both nodu- the wealthy, gilt, aru richly carved and painted; stands drinks it cold to quench his thirst, while the wealthy sip lar and radiated.

inlaid with marble or precious wood; such as are placed it on every occasion of ceremony, business or familiar The shells include the well known species of the between every two chairs, to hold the tea apparatus, or intercourse. China sea and the Canton river; the former are of a re- those various little ornaments or flower-pots, of which Paintings.--The pictures and paintings are very numarkable size and beauty, while a multiplicity of speci- the Chinese, it will be seen, are so remarkably fond - merous, and probably occupy the greatest surface in the mens illustrates all their varieties.

There is also a coinmon table, such as is in universal collection. Many of them were presented by distinThe writer regrets his want of acquaintance with the use, and has been for centuries, which will be recognized guished men of China, and many were painted by the science of mineralogy which prevents his more than by our present generation as a fac-simile of the favorite most celebrated artists of the principal inland cities, inmerely alluding to the specimens, said to be highly inte- eight-legged tables of our great-grandfathers, and now cluding the capital. They represent in the first place, resting

thrust by modern fashion, into the kitchen ør garret. It all those various scenes which are characteristic of ChiMiscellanies.— The jos-houses, pagoda, articles of folds up as those do, and the legs are turned in rings; nese life in its detail, including a series showing every virtu, of ornament, of stone, of jade, of ivory, bamboo, this

, like a thousand common things in the saloon, proves process of the tea manufacture, from the planting to the wood, metal, rice &c. are so numerous that we can only that our common usages have been derived from China, packing up. There are large and handsome views of allude to them. A case of shoes, in all their clumsy or where we are accustomed to believe they are centuries Macao, Bocca, Tigris, Whampoa, Canton, and Honan, ornamental variety, exhibit the form of the compressed behind us. The vases and seats of porcelain are parti- with its remarkable temples, &c, The portraits will asfemale feet and the clumsy shape of those of the male; cularly rich and unique.

tonish those who have seen only the paltry daubs usuanother of caps fresh from their makers, with the button Natural History.—The brevity we have been com- ally brought as specimens of the art in China, There of office, and the cheaper kinds of the poor, theatrical pelled to use in the foregoing enumeration, has prevent one of a high priest in the Honan temple, and others of dresses known to be those of the very ancient Chinese, ed the mention of much that would have interested the distinguished men well known in Canton, worked with spectacles, opium and other pipes, fans, the compass in readers of this Journal, and we have to regret that the the minuteness of miniature painting. This department great variety, models of fruits, coins, exquisite specimens department of natural history must also be merely touch comprises also a variety of paintings on glass, an art of carving in ivory, metal, stone, and bamboo, very nu. ed upon. It evinces the comprehensiveness of Mr. much practised by the natives; pictures of all the boats merous and grotesque carvings from roots of tices, in Dunn's plan to find that even in this particular, nothing peculiar to the country; of rooms, their domestic arwhich they exhibit a peculiar taste, singular brushes, has been omittel which time, trouble and expense could rangements; of all the costumes of people of rank; the combs, beautiful vessels of odoriferous wood for their accomplish, and as one evidence among many of the la- furniture, lanterns, and in short, of every variety of Chialtars and temples, of which latter there are models, ve- borious nature of the occupation of bringing these nese life, from the most degraded class to the emperor.ry numerous ornamental stands, covered with very good things together, we may mention the care bestowed on The flowers embroidered on satin, &c. will attract the taste; huge cameos in stones of great cost; fine speci- the numerous objects of science which are here concen- eye of female visitors. mens of their lacquered ware, as well as their common trated.

A Chinese room.-At the east end, faced by a very ware, a silk embroidered saddle, a water wheel worked A young gentleman of Philadelphia, well known as superb alcove brought from China, is a Chinese room.like our modern tread mill; a fan for cleaning rice, re an enthusiastic naturalist, Mr. William W. Wood, son The alcove itself consists of wood, deeply carved out of sembling our own; lanterns of every possible shape and of Mr. William Wood, made his way to Canton in the solid blocks; the carving represents figures of men, ansize and ornament, will be suspended from various parts, search of objects of interest, in the reasonable expecta- imals

, birds flowers &c. The cutting penetrates thro? with their rich and tasteful paintings. There is a mod- tion of bettering his condition. Mr. Dunn immediately the whole of cach piece, and forms a net work, the front el of their very singular coffin, which few persons would sought his aid to perfect his collection, and employed his being painted and gilt in the Asiatic taste, with the rich ever guess was designed to contain the last relics of hu- valuable time for a very considerable period. He had a colors for which the nation is so celebrated. The screen manity.

carte blanche to procure objects in natural history, yet is a fac-simile of those put up in the houses of the wealSpace is wanting to perfect this notice of a collection some art and no little subterfuge were necessrry to per- thy, to form an ante-room in their large establishments. so highly creditable to the taste and liberality of the pro- suade the Chinamen to collect articles of a kind which This vestibule will be decorated with furniture, such as prietor

, and valuable to our country. No where else they take no interest in; prejudice and national feelings chairs, tables, stands, stools, vases, scrolls, maxims, ean we see so complete an exhibition of this interesting were to be overcome before they could be induced to &c. and in every respect will represent a room as acnation.

make the necessary excursions by land and water, to tually occupied by the rich. This screen work extends

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ORIGINAL POETRY.

For the Richmond County Mirror.

FAREWELL.
Forget me not, though now we part,

Nor let this parting grieve thee;
But trust the firmness of a heart

That will not-cannot leave thee. When first we met, thy playful look

Bespoke a heart of lightness,
And shamed the lily of the brook

For purity and brightness.
But now 'tis changed! a passing cloud

Hath thrown its shadows o'er thee,
And all is mantled in a shroud,

Around thee and before thee. Another sigh! it may not be ;

Let time and absence try me, Then doubt shall cease, and thou shalt see

How tenderly I love thee.
Remember how we oft have strayed,

As I, at eve, have met thee,
So lovely by the hawthorn shade

Then how can I forget thee?
Forget me not! though now we part,

Nor let this parting grieve thee; But trust the firmness of a heart

That will not-cannot, leave thee.

To earthly objects it is not given, But it rests its steadfast gaze on heaven, No thoughts tublime in her mind have birth, Her hopes, her wishes are all of earth; She hears him dwell on holy themes, As if his speech were of fabled dreams. Oh, the gifted feel a pang intense, When they lavish their burning eloquence, To meet with the careless, cold reply Of hardened and heartless levity. What marvels, then, that his steps he bends To the quiet hearths of congenial friends ? Or seeks discourse with the wise and good, In his study’s peaceful solitude ? She feels no joy at his coming tread, But turns in disquietude and dread From the powers his varied speech displays, To hang on a coxcomb's lisping praise. Ye sons of mind, will my words avail Will you study the moral of my tale ? You are raised above our common raceDescend not then from your starry place, To choose a bride from a grovelling sphere, Who will shrink from your talents in servile fear, Lest, like Psyche, she die in a blaze of light. Your wedded bliss can be found alone In her whose genius can prize your own, Your taste improve, and your thoughts inspire With kiudred spirit and answering fire; The world may extol your honored name, And bind your brows with wreaths of fame, But its praise is light as the ocean's foam Compared to the kindly words of home. Knowledge may surely some skill impart, To teach you to read the human heart; Oh, then, combine, in your choice for life, The enlightened friend and devoted wife; One who, with glad exulting glow, Will share your triumph and fame below, But with holier fervor and deeper love, Assist your steps to a world above.

8. 8. L

THE UNEQUAL MARRIAGE. Joy-joy to the young and happy pair, The youth is learned, the maiden fair, They are rich in friends, and in gold and lands, And love has united their willing hands." Thus the smiling world in its sentence passed; But the honey-moon has ceased to last, And already contending views divide The wearied bridegroom and sullen bride. From whence can such earthly jars proceed, Alas!-the riddle too well I read; They share no feelings or thoughts in kindThey are not linked in the chains of mind. He has a name and a glory won, Genius exults in her gifted son; And she is soulless, and weak and vain, A cold, light daughter of Fashion's train. He loves to gather from Learning's store, The treasures of scientific lore; Or trace the deeds of a former age In the classic or historic page; And oft when the poet's strain beguiles, He ventures to seek the Muses' smilcs, And the lyle of few can boast a tone So sweet and perfect as his own. She to light trifles devotes her hours, Weaves in gay garlands her green-house flowers, Turns over the leaves of a vain romance, Then turns on the mirror a lengthened glance; Perchance devising some art of dress To heighten her native loveliness, At the welcome time when, observed of all, She shines in the bright and crowded ball. His speech and his actions bear impress of the calm, deep power of holiness; In the earliest spring Lide of his days He sought not pleasure's delusive ways; And though votive crowds his steps pursuo, His spirit is like the sun-lower true;

The Douglass and the mountain rose.
Here, in her vestal robes arrayed,

Upon the lofty parapet,
Undaunted stood the Jewish maid,

And dared the craven Templar's threat.
There passed, in glittering pomp and pride,

The royal train to Kenilworth,
And Leicester’s young and hapless bride,

Wept o'er her hope-deserted hearth.
Here stood the tolbooth, fraught with scenes

Of terror and of midnight strife;
There Jeanie Deans-sweet Jeanie Deans-

Knelt for an erring sister's life.
Young Waverley—his perils o'er-

Prest to his heart his gentle bride;
And dauntless still, Vich lan Vohr

Shouted • Long live king James,' and died.
Hector and Lovell fought again,

The Gaberlunzie lingering nigh,
Monkbarnes, with Caxon in his train,

And Dousterswivel, hurried by.
Glendenning here, with mystic rite,

Invoked the maid of Avenel,
And 'neath his sword, in single fight,

Vaunting Sir Piercie Shafton fell.
Fair Eden Bellenden in vain

For her unloyal lover wailed;
And hapless Hendrigg here again

The tower of Tiliietudlem scaled.
Meg Merrilies, the gipsy, there,

The Dominie and Dinmont too,
And Betram, too—the long lost heir

Of Ellangowan-rose to view.
Here passed Rob Roy in tartan plaid,

The bravest of his own brave band;
There, with drawn sword, proud Helen bade

The bailie, Nicol Jarvie, stand.
Again, 'neath Syria's burning skies,

The Soldan and Sir Kenneth fought,
Again in Nubian disguise,

His camp the exiled warrior sought.
Once more upon the sacred plain,

At sound of trump, the mailed knights met,
And Scotland's noble prince again

Knelt to the fair Plantagenet.
Now on Lochleven's midnight wave,

The royal barge in silence sped,
Now from the walls the warders gave

Alarms that might have raised the dead.
Rang the wild watch-bell long and loud,

Rattled the musketry again,
While round their queen the nobles crowd,

To shield her from the leaden rain.
Here highland chiefs and lowland lords,

And Chrisijun knights of Palestine,
There Saracens with jewelled swords,

And maids with love-lit eyes were seen. They came—a bright but shadowy throng

Summoned by talismanic spell
From lands of chivalry and song,

Of fairy green and haunted well.
Thank heaven! the charms are unconfined

With which the ideal world is fraught,
No mountains bar the human mind,
No seas divide the world of tho't.

Caso se

THE TALISMAN. The substance of the following stazns suggested itself to the writer on the receipt of a lock of the hair of the venerable Sir Walter Scoti.

There's magic in each silver thread

That o'er the sun-lit brow has curled,
Of him, whose lofty genius shed

Its light upon a dazzled world:
Whose thoughts were pearls in gold enshrined,

And who in rich profusion flung
The rainbow colors of his mind

O'er every thing he said or sung.
At midnight, by my lamp’s pale ray-

Tłe outward world awhile forgot
Thus musing, long I gazed where lay

A relic of Sir Walter Scott.
And soon my dimly lighted room,

As Memory's conjurations wrought,
Teemed with the fairy forms with whom

His fancy filled the world of thought.
Here pranced proud Marmion's fiery steed,

Frowned 'neath his cowl the palmer there,
And fearful, by the banks of Tweed,

Sat the deserted Lady Clare.
Here flashed the sword of Snowdon's knight

Defiance to a hundred fres;
There Scotland's king restored to right

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THE RICHMOND COUNTY MIRROR:

A WEEKLY PAPER PRINTED ON STATEN ISLAND, DEVOTED TO SCIENCE, LITERATURE, & NEWS.

THREE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.

NEW BRIGHTON, FEBRUARY 23, 1839.

VOLUME III.-NUMBER IV.

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A TALE FOR THE DISCONTENTED.

which he spended as a shadow ?"

rrow

SELECT TALES.

| a diversity of expression which told the most careless that by means of their success in the world, of which

observer that there was a wide difference between their young men never doult, they should soon be able to PROSPERITY AND ADVERSITY;

characters. In the look of the elder there was a placid- place her in a state of comparative opulence. So they OR, WHICH IS WHICH ?

ness which indicated a disposition to give rather than to went on their way rejoicing, and forming various imagitake advantage, while the younger had that sharp, quick nations as to what manner of reception they should meet

expression that shows symptoms of making a good bar- with in London. " Who knoweth what is good for a man in this life, why the days of his vain life, gain. In the elder there was a look of thoughtfulness, As they had never seen any larger city than Carlisle,

so indeed was there in the younger; but the thoughtful- London was indeed a strange sight to them; for though The sun was gone from the valleys, and its last lan-ness of the elder was contemplative, abstract, discursive they had read of Rome, of Ninevah, of Babylon, and guid rays were lingering upon the mountain tops, when and benevolent,—that of the younger was indicative of other large cities of historic interest, yet all this could there came forth from a cottage in one of the sweetest shrewdness and selfish calculation. The younger had not give the.n an idea of the dark and dusty reality of a and humblest spots in Westmoreland, a widow whose the readiest tongue, and while his brother was thinking, great and actual metropolis

. They were astonished at weeds were but of yesterday! and at her side were two he would speak, and oftentimes very much to the pur- all they saw and heard, and not least of all at the wellyoung men of pleasant aspect, grave in the sobriety of pose. When their father died, leaving their mother in dressed livery servant who met them at the inn where early sorrow, and graceful in the inartificial courtesy very narrow circumstances, and his two sons with no the coach stopped, and announced himself to be sent by wi h which they paid reverential attention to the sadness profession, all the neighbors said that George might be his master to conduct the young gentlemen to the house of their widowed mother. At a little distance behind his mother's support, but that Robert would be her com- of Mr. Henry Alexender. The obsequious attention them walked a rustic servant, bearing a trunk upon

his
fort.

and almost reverential respect which the servant paid to shoulders; he kept aloof from the mother and her sons,

That they might be in a way to maintain themselves, them, so different fiom the clumsy, kind and smiling ofnot because of the haughtiness of those whom he serv- their mother was parting with them and sending them ficiousness of their more intimate domestics in the north, ed, but that he might not intrude on the sanctity of that to London, at the invitation of some friends and rela- produced on their minds the first strong and deep imsad moment when a mother parts from her children, and tions of their departed father. This was indeed a sad pression that they had ever felt of the cool diversities of is on the brink of a solitude which may last forever.- task. If it be one of the heaviest punishments that man

rank. A handsome carriage was in waiting to convey The party proceeded by the side of a rivulet, and then can inflict upon a fellow-man, to take him from a cheer- them to the house of their opulent and distant relative, crossed a sittle bridge which brought them to a public ful and peopled home, and to immure him in a solitary and after a short ride they were set down at the door of house, at which the stage-coach was in the habit of stop-cell, where familiar faces are no more seen, and where a well-built mansion in one of the western squares.ping. Andrew laid down his load on a plot of grass in friendly voices are no more heard — how much must a Mr. Alexander, at whose abode they had now arrived, front of the house, while the mother and her sons went poor widowed mother feel when her own home is made was a merchant of high consideration in London, and into a small parlor to wait for the coach. The widow desolate, and when all she sees reminds her of those who had risen somewhat recently to opulence, not merely by sat down languidly, and endeavored to make her

were once most dear unto her—when the dwelling that the accident of lucky speculation, but by the exercise of look more like bodily fatigue than mental anguish. once was musical with the sound of many steps and ma a naturally strong judgment, and by the persevering ap

" The walk is almost too much for me,” she said, and ny tongues, has now no other sound than the echo of plication of decided diligence. As he was now past the accompanied the remark with a feeble effort at a smile, the widow's footsteps and the faint whisper of her sighs. middle of life, he was beginning to indulge himself in which, like the sun peeping out in a day of clouds, made How does her heart swell when she sits down to her more leisure than heretofore and preparing to leave his the gloom yet darker by way of contrast, and revealed solitary meal, and looks at the empty chairs of her cold business to his son, and having heard of the death of the true character of the heaviness which lay upon her and cheerless parlor! She shivers at her own fire-side, Mr. Stewart, and that the worthy man had left two sons soul. The young men had scated themselves on either and when she prays that God will bless her absent chil- of good ability and good education, but unprovided with side of their mother, and the elder one took her by the dren, she prays with the bursting heart and the tearful a profession, it occurred to the merchant than an opporhand, looking in her face as though he would speak, but eye, but words cannot find articulation.

tunity was now offered him of rendering a service to his lips trembled and he kissed her in silence. The Not

many minutes had the party been in the house, two orphans, and of procuring for his son some valuable younger then said

when the sound of the coach wheels was heard, and the and faithful help. The reception which their opulent "You shall hear from us immediately on our arrival stage was at the door. Then the mother grew paler, relative gave them gratified them abundantly, for he in London, and I have no doubt that I shall give you a and had much difficulty to rule her sorrow and keep it was a man of great courtesy, and had no small pleasure pleasant account of our reception. London is the place down to the sobriety of a quiet sadness. Children are in exhibiting to admiring eyes how calmly and coolly he for young men of enterprise to make their fortunes.— I always children to the heart of an affectionate and sen- enjoyed his wealth. Young James Burroughs, whose father was only an sitive mother; she can never forget the pretty days of George Stewart, the younger brother, had not been innkeeper at Ambleside, is said to be now worth nearly their helpless infancy, their cradle wailings, and the many hours in the house before the admiration of wealth ten thousand pounds; and surely, if the son of an inn- bright sunny smiles which gave token of their joy in filled his whole soul and occupied all his thoughts. Ankeeper, whose education was none but the plainest, suc- existence; and when she parts with them, whether it ticipation of commercial success, and a l'elightful prosceeds so well

, we, as the sons of a clergyman, having be by the side of the vessel or carriage that shall bear pect of its high rewards, formed the topic of his first been so carefully instructed, may hope to find our way them from their home to distant scenes and novel inter- night's dreams and gave an impulse to his morning in the world. And then you shall choose whether you ests, a pang is felt as though the better part of her life hopes. But Robert thought of his mother, of the diswill come and reside with us in London, or whether we was rent away from her.

tance which divided him from her, of the time which shall take a villa in Westmoreland.”

So felt the widow of the Rev. Robert Stewart, when would elapse before he should see her again, and the cold He who thus spoke was a finc-looking youth about having taken leave of her sons, she returned to the cot- and cheerless passing of her solitary hours. nineteen years of age, of a light complexion, aquiline tage which some kind friends had fitted and prepared Mr. Alexander's counting-house was in the city-in nose, handsome in its profile, but somewhat too thin and for her reception after the death of her husband. a narrow street—the darkest of the dark. Some countsharp, with light sandy hair, and forehead high but nar It is not speaking disrespectfully of the young men, or ing-houses are fitted up with mahogany desks and brass

His look was that which you would say gave in-accusing them of any want of feeling, to say that they railings, and even the very ledgers have a smirking, dandication of considerable acuteness, and that kind of pen- did not experience quite so much sorrow at leaving their dified look—but Mr. Alexander had no time and no inetration which is so exquisitely useful in mercantile af- mother as their mother did in parting with them. They clination for these fopperies—all was sombre and serious fairs. The elder brother, who was upwards of one and were young and full of hope, unchilled by any worldly at his house of business

. twenty, was very much like the other, so far as a family experience; futurity was filled for them with fancy vis “How different is this scene," said Robert, “ from the likeness goes, but notwithstanding the featural resem- ions, all bright and glorious, and as they both had a real mountains of Westmoreland!' blance which proclaimed them to be brothers, there was affection for their mother, they were promising themselves “The mine is dark, but gold is bright,” said George.

row.

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