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The Library, 50 feet long and 244 || Gallery is the Temple of Liberty, wide, is stored with a fine collection and at the west end the Temple of of books, and over the shelves are the Graces. The visitor is conductportraits of the most eminent painted into the gallery through a small ers. Those of Titian, Rembrandt, ante-room, on the walls of which are Tintoretto, David Teniers the young- engravings of some of Canova's most er, Rubens, Murillo, Frank Hals, beautiful statues and groups of sculpJan Steen, Sir Godfrey Kneller, and ture. Opposite to the entrance is a John Kupetzki, are said to have been marble bust by Garrard of Mr. Holpainted by the artists themselves land, who built the gallery; and anowhose names they respectively bear. ther bust by Chantrey of Nollekens,
The Sculpture Gallery, built in whose works adorn the interior of the 1789, from the designs of Henry Temple of Liberty. In the centre of Holland, was originally intended for this ante-room is an antique marble a green-house, and was converted to vase, four feet seven inches in height, its present use, and its floor inlaid and three feet four inches in its exwith Devonshire marble, in 1820. It treme width. This vase, discovered in is 138 feet in length, and 22 feet 7 excavating among the ruins of Hadriinches high. The valuable collection an's villa at Rome, is adorned with of marbles contained in this gallery sculpture round the bowl in very high has been described in a splendid vo- relief, representing eight Bacchic lume, accompanied with outline en- genii employed in the labours and gravings, from drawings by Henry festivities of the vintage. Corbould. The text is from the pen
On the walls of the gallery are of the present Duke of Bedford, at several ancient and modern sculpwhose expense the work was printed tures in relievo, representing subfor private distribution; and from jects illustrative of the mythology this source the subjoined particulars and epic poetry of Greece. are extracted.
The subjects of these relievos are: In the centre of the building are
Apollo Musagetes, Minerva, and the eight magnificent columns, support
Muses. ing a dome: each column consists of
Triumphal Procession of Bacchus and one entire shaft: they are all ancient,
Achilles at Scyros. and were discovered in the excava
Death of the Boar of Calydon. tions made at Rome by the late Mr.
Luna and Endymion. Brand, of the Hoo, Hertfordshire.
Meleager and Atalanta. Two of them are of breccia Afri
Symbolical Animal destroying a Deer. eana, two of a variegated kind of
Bacchanalian Procession. alabaster, two of Cipollino marble, Phædra and Hippolytus. and two of Bigio. Their white mar
Mythological basso-relievo. ble capitals are also antique, and In a vaulted recess on the north were discovered in the same excava- side of the gallery stands the celetions: they are of a very rich Compo-brated Lanti vase. This magnificent site order, containing ornaments add-production of ancient art is of very ed to the combined decorations of large dimensions, its diameter being the Ionic and Corinthian styles. six feet three inches, and its height, At the east end of the Sculpture exclusive of the plinth on which it
stands, six feet. It is of the very similar in its attitudes and forms to finest style of Grecian sculpture, of the celebrated Cnidian statue; and it pure Parian marble, beautiful in its may vie with the Medicean Venus in form, exquisitely and elaborately fi- the happiness with which the sculptor nished, richly embellished with ap- has conceived, and the perfection propriate ornaments, and in a high with which he has represented, the state of preservation. The swelling Goddess of Love and Beauty. This part of this vase is surrounded by torso was lately brought from France, eight grotesque masks, affording aand purchased by the Duke of Bedrich variety of comic features. They ford: the head and arms had been are such as were used in dramatic restored by a modern artist; but exhibitions at the festivals of Bac- they so ill corresponded with the exchus; and they represent the heads quisite symmetry and grace of the of the Indian Bacchus, Silenus and original torso, that they have been Pan, and of Satyrs and Fauns, the removed since its arrival at Woburn. ministers and attendants of the god The vase and drapery introduced as of the vintage.
a support to the figure are modern. The Lanti vase was found in frag- We find here also antique busts ments, during excavations made in of Antoninus Pius, Septimius Sevethe ruins of Hadrian's villa near rus, Ælius Verus, Marcus Aure. Rome; and it has been restored tolius, Trajan, Diaduminianus, Herits original beauty by a very able art-cules, Perseus, and Matidia, niece ist. It passed into the collection of of the Emperor Trajan. ancient sculpture belonging to the
This collection contains also some noble family of Lanti at Rome, of the best works of the most eminent from whom it received its name. It modern sculptors. was afterwards purchased by Lord By Chantrey there are two in alCawdor; but on account of the pro-to-relievo: Hector recommending his hibition of the papal government to Son to the Protection of the Gods, export works of art, its clandestine and Penclope's Reluctance to proremoval was attended with great dif- duce the Bow of Ulysses. ficulty. At the sale of Lord Caw- By Thorwaldsen-The Wrath of dor's effects, it was purchased by the Achilles, and Priam supplicating predecessor of the present noble own- Achilles, both in basso-relievo. er.
By Westmacott-Hector reproachOpposite to the Lanti vase is a ing Paris, basso-relievo-Hero and copy of the celebrated statue of the Leander–Psyche; a delightful speApollo Belvedere, of the same size cimen of the perfection to which the as the original, executed by Paccilli, | art of sculpture has attained in Engan Italian sculptor, at the beginning land. The subject is taken from of the last century.
the episode of Cupid and Psyche in Here are also antique statues of the Metamorphosis of Apuleius; and Bacchus, Minerva, Ceres, a Faun in Psyche is exhibited at the moment bronze, terminating in a tapering of opening the mysterious casket, in square pedestal, and torsos of Venus which she has been enjoined to bring and Apollo. The torso of Venus is from Proserpine a recruit for the a delightful specimen of Grecian art, charms of Venus, wasted in anxious
attendance on Cupid, while suffer- | man; viz. Earl Grey, Earl of Lauing from the wound he had received derdale, Lord Robert Spencer, Lord from the burning oil of Psyche's lamp. Holland, General Fitzpatrick, and '. The foundation of the Temple of Mr. Hare. Liberty was laid by Francis Duke On the tympanum of the pediment of Bedford a short time before his of the portico of the temple is a death, and it was completed by his beautiful allegorical group, composed brother, the present duke. Its por- by Flaxman, representing the Godtico is copied from a beautiful little dess of Liberty, Peace, and the GeIonic temple of Ceres, once standing nii of Plenty; and on the south on the banks of the Ilissus, and front of the edifice is an alto-relievo delineated in Stuart's Remains of by Westmacott, composed of infant Athens. The architrave bearsa Latin Genii, with various einblems and atinscription, from the classic pen of tributes, illustrative of the progress the Rev. Dr. Parr, recording the of man from a state of nature to ciobject of the founder and the date vihzed life, social intercourse, and of its erection. When the building rational liberty. was finished, it received the bust of The Temple of the Graces was Charles James Fox, by Nollekens, erected in 1818 from designs by Mr. supported on a pedestal of Carrara Jeffry Wyatt. In the centre of it is marble, on which are inscribed the placed the exquisitely beautiful group following lines by Georgiana Duchess of the three Graces, executed for of Devonshire:
the Duke of Bedford by Canova. Here 'midst the friends he loved, the man
In the vestibule are two niches, conbehold,
taining beautiful little statues, one In truth unshaken and in virtue bold, representing Lady Georgiana ElizaWhose patriot zeal and uncorrupted mind
beth Russell, eldest daughter of the Dared to assert the freedom of mankind;
Duke of Bedford, sculptured at And wbilst extending desolation far, Ambition spread the baneful flames of war, Rome by Thorwaldsen, when she Fearless of blame, and eloquent to save, was four years old; and the other 'Twas he'twas Fox the warning counsel Lady Louisa Jane, his grace's se
gave: Midst jarring contests stemm'd the tide of cond daughter, the work of Chanblood,
trey, who has represented her at And to the menaced world a sea-mark stood. the moment when she has taken up Oh! had his voice in Mercy's cause pre
a favourite dove, and is pressing it vailed, What grateful millions had the statesman
to her bosom. The whole figure hailed;
seems animated with that natural Whose wisdom bade the broils of nations and pleasing expression of character cease,
which gives to this artist's statues of And taught the world humanity and peace! But though he failed, succeeding ages here
children a charm and an interest The vain yet pious effort shall revere; that such subjects never possessed Boast in their annals his illustrious name, before. Uphold his greatness, and confirm his fame.
The late and present owner of Around the walls of the interior | Woburn have been distinguished by cell of the temple are marble busts their zeal for the promotion of the by Nollekens of some of the most science of agriculture; and for many intimate friends of this eminent states- years an annual sheep-shearing was held here, which was generally at- || farmyard is replete with convenientended by three or four hundred ces: it contains barns, stables, fatpersons, mostly of the highest rank, ting-houses, mills, and machinery for or eminent as farmers. The meeting bruising malt and cutting chaff for lasted three or four days, during fodder. The water which works the which various experimentswere made, latter is conveyed thither by pipes and considerable premiums were de- from ponds situated on the adjoining voted to the encouragement of im- eminences. provements in agriculture, With The park abounds with wood, and this general attention to the further the ground being diversified with ance of the science, it is not wonder- | bold swells and a pleasing inequality ful that his grace's farm should be of surface, affords many delightful peculiarly deserving of the attention prospects of forest scenery. It is of all who feel interested in its ad- well stocked with deer, and surroundvancement. Every ingenious con-ed with a brick wall eight feet in trivance to shorten labour, and every height, and about twelve miles in invention to facilitate useful opera- circumference. tions, are here concentrated. The
NEWSTEAD ABBEY, NOTTINGHAMSHIRE,
THE SEAT OF LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILDMAN. Among the numerous views which || nual revenues were valued at 2291. we have hitherto presented to our It was then granted by the crown to readers, it is presumed that few will Sir John Byron, lieutenant of Sherbe more acceptable than that present wood Forest, who converted part of ed in the accompanying engraving. the conventual buildings into a resiSetting aside the deep regret occa- | dence; but it is to be lamented that sioned by the death of the late Lord the abbey church, the most beauByron, whose property and residence tiful part of them, was suffered to Newstead Abbey'once was, it has go entirely to decay. Newstead Abnot only become more interesting on bey continued the property of the that account, but as a relic of anti- Byrons till a few years since, when quity it is entitled to particular at-il the late noble bard sold the estate, tention. Although great alterations according to report, with a view to have been made in the conventual assist the Greek cause, to Lieutepart of the building, the existing re- nant-Colonel Wildman, who was one mains (especially the front of the of the aides-de-camp to the Marquis abbey church) prove that it was one of Anglesea. It is fortunate that the of the most elegant and chaste Go-property has fallen into the hands of a thic structures in the kingdom. gentleman possessing much taste, and
Newstead Abbey appears to have who takes great pleasure in preserv. been founded in the year 1170, by | ing every relic of antiquity connectHenry II. It was dedicated to St. I ed with it. In the alterations which Augustine; but, like other religious are now in progress, with a view to institutions, was dissolved in the render Newstead Abbey a more comreign of Henry VIII, when its an-fortable and spacious residence, &