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have the Danube, which rises within 30 miles of the Rhine in Suabia, and, after a course of above 1300 miles, falls into the Black Sea; and the Mayne, which may be considered as dividing the Northern from the Southern States. The principal Mountains are the Hartz, in the North; the Erzgeburg, or Metallic Mountains running between Bohemia and Saxony; the Mountains of the Black Forest in Wurtemberg; and the Mountains of Bavaria and Salzburg, which are continuations of the Swiss and Tyrolese Alps.

In the Austrian Dominions are the following cities:

N. La. E. Lo. Prague 50° 5° 14° 24' Which is the capital of Bohemia. Presburg 48 20 17 30 Which is the modern capital of Hungary. Cracow 49 59 19 50 Which was the antient capital of the

late Kingdom of Poland. Olmutz 49 30 17 35 Trieste 45 51 · 14 3 Which is the only seaport belonging to.

the Emperor of Austria.

The principal Rivers in the Austrian Dominions are the Danube, whose source and course is already described; the Tiess, which flows into the Danube near Belgrade;. the Save, which forms a boundary to Austria and Turkey, and flows into the Danube at Belgrade; the Drave, which joins the Danube above the Save, near Esseg; the Inn, which joins the Danube on the Western boundary of the Austrian Dominions, near Passau; and the Elbe, already described, which rises not far from Olmutz in Moravia.

Germany before its dismemberment by the late Emperor of France, was divided into nine circles: 1, Westphalia, East of the Seven United Provinces; 2, 3, Lower and Upper Saxony, East of Weste phalia ; 4, 5, the Lower and Upper Rhine, South and South East of Westphalia ; 6, Franconia, East of the Rhine, and South of Saxony; 7, Swabia, South of the Rhine and Franconia; 8, Bavaria, East of Swabia; and 9, Austria, South and South East of Bavaria. - The remainder of Germany contained Bohemia, East of Franconia, and North East of Bavaria ; and its dependencies, Lusatia to the North, Silesia to the North East, and Moravia towards the South East of Bohemia.

In Switzerland are

N. La. E. Lo. Basil 47° 35' 7° 29' Zurich 47 20 8 30 Lausanne 46 31 6 35 Geneva 46 12 6 o At the extremity of the beautiful Lake

of that name.

The principal Rivers are the Rhine, already described, which rising amidst tremendous Alpine precipices in the country of the Grisons, flows through the Lake of Constance; the Rhone, already described, which rises from an extensive glacier, forming as it were a palace of arches of perpetual ice, and flows through the lake of Geneva ; the Aar, which joins the Rhine near Waldshut; the Limmat which flows into the Aar. The Mountains in Switzerland are the Alps, the highest of which are towards Savoy, Mount Blanc being about 15,000 feet high, and Mount Rosa, to the North East of Mount Blanc, very little lower. Between them is the Great St. Bernard, one of the passes over the Alps into Italy.

In the North of Italy are

N. La. E. Lo.' Alessandria 44° 53' 8° 40 Near which is Marengo, celebrated

for the victory of Buonaparte over the Austrians.

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The principal Rivers are the Po, which flows into the Adriatic near Venice; the Tesino, Mincio, and Trebia, which flow into the Po; and the Adige, which also flows into the Gulf of Venice. The Alps are the principal Mountains in the North of Italy.

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The principal Rivers are the Tiber which falls into the sea near Rome, and the Arno which flows by Florence and falls into the sea near Pisa. The Apennines are the principal Mountains in the Centre of Italy, and run. through the middle of Italy from North to South. *

* The Apennines branch off from the Alps, and their highest point is Mount Velino, near the centre of Italy, almost 8000 feet above the level of the sea.

phalia ; 4, 5, the Lower and Upper Rhine, South and South East of Westphalia ; 6, Franconia, East of the Rhine, and South of Saxony; 7, Swabia, South of the Rhine and Franconia ; 8, Bavaria, East of Swabia; and 9, Austria, South and South East of Bavaria. - The remainder of Germany contained Bohemia, East of Franconia, and North East of Bavaria ; and its dependencies, Lusatia to the North, Silesia to the North East, and Moravia towards the South East of Bohemia.

In Switzerland are

N. La. E. Lo. Basil 47° 35' 7° 29' Zurich 47 20 8 30 Lausanne 46 31 6 35 Geneva 46 12 6 0 At the extremity of the beautiful Lake

of that name.

The principal Rivers are the Rhine, already described, which rising amidst tremendous Alpine precipices in the country of the Grisons, flows through the Lake of Constance; the Rhone, already described, which rises from an extensive glacier, forming as it were a palace of arches of perpetual ice, and flows through the lake of Geneva ; the Aar, which joins the Rhine near Waldshut ; the Limmat which flows into the Aar. The Mountains in Switzerland are the Alps, the highest of which are towards Savoy, Mount Blanc being about 15,000 feet high, and Mount Rosa, to the North East of Mount Blanc, very little lower. Between them is the Great St. Bernard, one of the passes over the Alps into Italy.

In the North of Italy are

N. La. E. Lo.' ' Alessandria 44° 53' 8° 40 Near which is Marengo, celebrated

for the victory of Buonaparte over the Austrians.

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The principal Rivers are the Po, which flows into the Adriatic near Venice; the Tesino, Mincio, and Trebia, which flow into the Po; and the Adige, which also flows into the Gulf of Venice. The Alps are the principal Mountains in the North of Italy.

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The principal Rivers are the Tiber which falls into the sea near Rome, and the Arno which flows by Florence and falls into the sea near Pisa. "The Apennines are the principal Mountains in the Centre of Italy, and run. through the middle of Italy from North to South. *

* The Apennines branch off from the Alps, and their highest point is Mount Velino, near the centre of Italy, almost 8000 feet above the level of the sea.

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