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are private enough. But this I leave merely at your THOMAS MEAUTYS, ESQ. TO THE LORD

discretion, resting VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

Your most affectionate and assured friend,


March 21, 1621. I have been attending upon my lord marquis's minutes for the signing of the warrant.

This day he purposed in earnest to have done it: but it falls

TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW. out untowardly, for the warrant was drawn, as your lordship remembers, in haste, at Gorhambury, and Good MR. Matthew, in as much haste delivered to Sir Edward Sackville, I do make account, God willing, to be at Chisas soon as I alighted from my house, who instantly wick on Saturday ; or, because this weather is terriput it into my lord marquis's hands, so that no copy ble to one, that hath kept much in, Monday. could possibly be taken of it by me. Now his lord- In my letter of thanks to my lord marquis, which ship hath searched much for it, and is yet at a loss, is not yet delivered, but to be forth with delivered, I which I knew not till six this evening and because have not forgotten to mention, that I have received your lordship drew it with caution, I dare not ven- signification of his noble favour and affection, ture it upon my memory to carry level what your amongst other ways, from yourself by name. If, lordship wrote, and therefore despatched away this upon your repair to the court, whereof I am right messenger, that so your lordship, by a fresh post, glad, you have any speech with the marquis of me, for this will hardly do it, may send a warrant to I pray place the alphabet, as you can do it right well, your mind, ready drawn, to be here to-morrow by in a frame, to express my love faithful and ardent seven o'clock, as Sir Arthur * tells me my lord mar- towards him. And for York-house, that whether in quis hath directed: for the king goes early to a straight line, or a compass line, I meant it his Hampton-Court, and will be here on Saturday. lordship in the way, which I thought might please

Your books + are ready, and passing well bound him best. I ever rest up. If your lordship's letters to the king, prince, Your most affectionate and assured friend, and my lord marquis were ready, I think it were

FR. ST. ALBAN. good to lose no time in their delivery; for the

March 21, 1621. printer's fingers itch to be selling. My lady hath seen the house at Chiswick, and

Though your journey to court be before your remay make a shift to like it: only she means to come

ceipt of this letter, yet it may serve for another time. to your lordship thither, and not go first : and therefore your lordship may please to make the more haste, for the great lords long to be in York-house. Mr. Johnson will be with your lordship to-mor

TO THE QUEEN OF BOHEMIA. row; and then I shall write the rest

IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, Your lordship’s in all humbleness and honour to serve you.

I find in books, and books I dare allege to your Majesty, in regard of your singular ability to read and judge of them even above your sex, that it is accounted a great bliss for a man to have leisure

with honour. That was never my fortune, nor is. TO THOMAS MEAUTYS, ESQ.

For time was, I had honour without leisure; and now

I have leisure without honour. And I cannot say so Good Mr. MeautyS,

neither altogether, considering there remain with me For the difference of the warrant, it is not mate- the marks and stamp of the king's your father's rial at the first. But I may not stir till I have it; grace, though I go not for so much in value as I have and therefore I expect it to-morrow.

done. But my desire is now to have leisure withFor my lord of London's I stay, there may be an out loitering, and not to become an abbey-lubber, as error in my book ; § but I am sure there is none in the old proverb was, but to yield some fruit of my me, since the king had it three months by him, and private life. Having therefore written the reign of allowed it: if there be any thing to be mended, it is your Majesty's famous ancestor, king Henry the better to be espied now than hereafter.

Seventh ; and it having passed the file of his MaI send you the copies of the three letters, which jesty's judgment, and been graciously also accepted you have ; and, in mine own opinion, this demur, as of the prince, your brother, to whom it is dedicated, you term it, in my lord of London, maketh it more I could not forget my duty so far to your excellent necessary than before, that they were delivered, spe- Majesty, to whom, for that I know and have heard, cially in regard they contain withal my thanks. It I have been at all times so much bound, as you are may be signified they were sent before I knew of ever present with me, both in affection and admirany stay ; and being but in those three hands, they ation, as not to make unto you, in all humbleness,

| Dr. George Mountain. † “ History of the Reign of King Henry VII."

His “ History of the Reign of King Henry VII.”

* Ingram.

a present thereof, as now being not able to give you the town were yours; and all your straitest shackles tribute of any service. If king Henry the Seventh cleared off, besides more comfort than the city air were alive again, I hope verily he could not be so only. The marquis would be exceedingly glad the angry with me for not flattering him, as well pleased treasurer had it. This I know; but this you must in seeing himself so truely described in colours that not know from me. Bargain with him presently, will last and be believed. I most humbly pray your upon as good conditions as you can procure, so you Majesty graciously to accept of my good will ; and have direct motion from the marquis to let him so, with all reverence, kiss your hands, praying to have it. Seem not to dive into the secret of it; God above, by his divine and most benign providence, though you are purblind if you see not through it. to conduct your affairs to happy issue ; and resting I have told Mr. Meautys how I would wish your

Your Majesty's most humble and devoted lordship to make an end of it. From him, I beservant,

seech you, take it, and from me only the advice to

FR. ST. ALBAN. perform it. If you part not speedily with it, you April 20, 1622.

may defer the good which is approaching near you, and disappointing other aims, which must either shortly receive content, or never, perhaps, anew

yield matter of discontent, though you may be, inSIR EDWARD SACKVILLE TO THE LORD deed, as innocent as before. Make the treasurer VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

believe, that since the marquis will by no means ac

cept of it, and that you must part with it, you are MY VERY HONOURED LORD,

more willing to pleasure him than any body else, Longing to yield an account of my stewardship, because you are given to understand my lord marquis and that I had not buried your talent in the ground, so inclines; which inclination, if the treasurer shortly I waited yesterday the marquis's pleasure, until I send unto you about it, desire may be more clearly found a fit opportunity to importune some return of manifested than as yet it hath been; since, as I re. his lordship’s resolution. The morning could not member, none hitherto hath told you in terminis terafford it; for time only allowed leave to tell him, I minantibus, that the marquis desires you should grawould say something. In the afternoon I had tify the treasurer. I know that way the hare runs ; amends for all. In the forenoon he laid the law, and that my lord marquis longs until Cranfield hath but in the afternoon he preached the gospel; when, it; and so I wish too, for your good, yet would not after some revivations of the old distaste concerning it were absolutely passed, until my lord marquis did York-house, he most nobly opened his heart unto send, or write, unto you, to let him have it; for then me, wherein I read that which argued much good his so disposing of it were but the next degree retowards you. After which revelation, the book was moved from the immediate acceptance of it, and again sealed up, and must, in his own time, only by your lordship freed from doing it otherwise than himself be again manifested unto you. I have leave to please him, and to comply with his own will to remember some of the vision, and am not forbid- and way. den to write it. He vowed, not court-like, but con- I have no more to say, but that I am, and ever stantly, to appear your friend so much, as if his will be Majesty should abandon the care of you, you should Your lordship’s most affectionate friend and share his fortune with him. He pleased to tell me,

humble servant, how much he had been beholden to you; how well

E. SACKVILLE. he loved you ; how unkindly he took the denial of your house, for so he will needs understand it. But

Indorsed, the close, for all this, was harmonious, since he pro

Received the 11th May, 1622. tested he would seriously begin to study your ends, now that the world should see he had no ends on you. He is in hand with the work, and therefore will, by no means, accept of your offer ; though, I TO THE LORD KEEPER, DR. WILLIAMS, can assure you, the tender hath much won upon him,

BISHOP OF LINCOLN. and mellowed his heart towards you ; and your

MY VERY GOOD LORD, genius directed you right, when you wrote that letter of denial unto the duke.* The king saw it, and all I UNDERSTAND, there is an extent prayed against the rest; which made him say unto the marquis, me, and a surety of mine, by the executors of one pou played an well; and that now he Harris, a goldsmith. The statute is twelve years had no reason to be much offended.

old, and falleth to an executor, or an executor of an I have already talked of the revelation, and now executor, I know not whether. And it was sure a am to speak in apocalyptical language, which I statute collected out of a shop debt, and much of it hope you will rightly comment; whereof, if you paid. I humbly pray your lordship, according to make difficulty, the bearer † can help you with the justice and equity, to stay the extent, being likekey of the cypher.

wise upon a double penalty, till I may better inMy lord Falkland, by this time, hath showed you form myself touching a matter so long past, and if London from Highgate. If York-house were gone, it be requisite, put in a bill, that the truth of the Of Lenox, of the 30th of January, 1621-2.

† Probably Mr. Meautys.

account appearing, such satisfaction may be made your lordship, the end only can prove. For I have as shall be fit. So I rest

yet no more to show for it than good words, of which Your lordship’s affectionate to do you faithful many times I brought your lordship good store. But service,

because modicefideans were not made to thrive in

FR. ST. ALBAN. court, I mean to lose no time from assailing my lord May 30, 1622.

marquis, for which purpose I am now hovering about Newhall, I where his lordship is expected, but not the king, this day, or to-morrow; which place, as your lordship adviseth, may not be ill chosen for my busi

ness. For, if his lordship be not very thick of hearTO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

ing, sure Newhall will be heard to speak for me.

And now, my good lord, if any thing make me MY VERY GOOD LORD,

diffident, or indeed almost indifferent, how it sucI thought it appertained to my duty, both as a ceeds, it is this; that my sole ambition having ever subject, and as he that took once the oath of a coun- been, and still is, to grow up only under your lordsellor, to make known to your lordship an advertise ship, it is become preposterous, even to my nature ment, which came to me this morning. A gentle and habit, to think of prospering or receiving any man, a dear friend of mine, whom your lordship growth, either without or besides your lordship. cannot but imagine, though I name him not, told me And therefore let me claim of your lordship to do thus much, that some English priests, that negotiated me this right, as to believe that, which my heart at Rome to facilitate the dispensation, did their own says, or rather swears to me, namely, that what adbusiness, that was his phrase ; for they negotiated dition soever, by God's good providence, comes at with the pope to erect some titulary bishops for any time to my life or fortune, it is, in my account, England, that might ordain, and have other spiritual but to enable me the more to serve your lordship in faculties; saying withal most honestly, that he both; at whose feet I shall ever humbly lay down thought himself bound to impart this to some coun- all that I have, or am, never to rise thence other sellor, both as a loyal subject, and as a catholic; for than that he doubted it might be a cause to cross the Your lordship’s in all duty and reverent graces and mercies, which the catholics now enjoy,

affections, if it be not prevented; and he asked my advice,

T. MEAUTYS. whether he should make it known to your lordship, September 11, 1622. or to my lord keeper,* when he came back to London. I commended his loyalty and discretion, and wished him to address himself to your lordship, TO THE COUNTESS OF BUCKINGHAM,$ MOwho might communicate it with my lord keeper, if

THER TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKING. you saw cause, and that he repaired to your lord

HAM. ship presently, which he resolved to do. Nevertheless, I did not think mine own particular duty ac- MY VERY HONOURABLE GOOD LADY, quitted, except I certified it also myself, borrowing Your ladyship's late favour and noble usage so much of private friendship in a cause of state, as towards me were such, as I think your absence a not to tell him I would do so much.

great part of my misfortunes. And the more I find Indorsed,

my most noble lord, your son, to increase in favour My letter to my lord marquis, touching business of towards me, the more, out of my love to him, I wish estate advertised by Mr. Matthew.t

he had often by him so loving and wise a mother. For, if my lord were never so wise, as wise as Solo. mon ; yet, I find that Solomon himself, in the end

of his Proverbs, sets down a whole chapter of TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN.

advices, that his mother taught him.

Madam, I can but receive your remembrance with MY MOST HONOURED LORD,

affection, and use your name with honour, and intend I come in these to your lordship with the voice you my best service, if I be able, ever resting of thanksgiving, for the continuance of your accus

Your ladyship's humble and affectionate tomed noble care of me and my good, which over

servant, takes me, I find, whithersoever I go. But for the

FR. ST. ALBAN. present itself, whereof your lordship writes, whether or no it be better than that I was wont to bring Bedford-house, this 29th of October, 1622. * Dr. Williams, bishop of Lincoln.

state with this project for the Jesuits, rather than for Jesus's + The date of this letter may be pretty nearly determined sake.” by one of the lord keeper to the marquis of Buckingham, In Essex. dated August 23, 1622, and printed in the Cabala. The Mary, daughter of Anthony Beaumont, a younger son of postscript to that letter is as follows: “ The Spanish ambassa- William Beauinont, of Cole-Orton, in Leicestershire. She dor took the alarm very speedily of the titulary Roman bishop; was thrice married; to Sir George Villiers, father of the and before my departure from his house at Islington, whither duke of Buckingham; 2. to Sir William Rayner; and 3. to I went privately to him, did write both to Rome and Spain to Sir Thomas Compton, knight of the Bath, a younger brother prevent it. But I am afraid that Tobie will prove but an of William, earl of Northampton. She was created countess apocryphal, and no canonical, intelligencer, acquainting the of Buckingham, July 1, 1618, and died April 19, 1632.


I have this farther to say in the nature of an TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. humble oblation ; for things once dedicated and

vowed cannot lose their character, nor be made MY VERY GOOD LORD,

I ever vowed myself to your service. I HAVE many things to thank your lordship for, Therefore, since I had the happiness to see you; that your First, if your Majesty do at any time think it fit, lordship, before your going out of town, sent my for your affairs, to employ me again publicly upon memorial to my lord treasurer : that your lordship the stage, I shall so live and spend my time, as offered, and received, and presented my petition to neither discontinuance shall disable me, nor adversity the king, and procured me a reference: that your shall discourage me, nor any thing, that I shall do, lordship moved his Majesty, and obtained for me give any scandal or envy upon me. access to him, against his Majesty comes next, Secondly, if your Majesty shall not hold that fit; which in mine own opinion, is better than if it had yet, if it shall please you at any time to ask my been now, and will be a great comfort to me, though opinion, or require my propositions privately by my I should die next day after : that your lordship gave lord marquis, or any of your counsellors, that is my me so good English for my Latin book. My humble friend, touching any commission or business; for, as request is, at this time, that because my lord trea- Ovid said, “ Est aliquid luce patente minus ; I shall surer keepeth yet his answer in suspense, though by be glad to be a labourer, or pioneer in your service. one, he useth to me, he speaketh me fair, that your Lastly, and chiefly, because your Majesty is an lordship would nick it with a word: for if he do me universal scholar, or rather master, and my pen (as good, I doubt it may not be altogether of his own. I may • it, passed * *) gained upon the world, your God ever prosper you.

Majesty would appoint me some task, or literary Your lordship’s most bounden and faithful province, that I may serve you calamo, if not consilio. servant,

I know that I am censured of some conceit of

FR. ST. ALBAN. mine ability or worth : but I pray your Majesty, 41h of November, 1622.

impute it to desire, possunt quia posse videntur. And again, I should do some wrong to your Majesty's school, if, in sixteen years access and near service,

I should think I had learned, or laid in, nothing. Memorial of Access.*

May it please your Majesty, I have borne your

image in metal; and I shall keep it in my heart, IT MAY PLEASE your MAJESTY,

while I live. I may now in a manner sing nunc dimittis, now I That his Majesty's business never miscarried in have seen you.

Before methought I was scant in my hands, I do not impute to any extraordinary state of grace, but in a kind of utter darkness. And ability in myself; but to my freedom from particular, therefore, among other your mercies and favours, I either friends, or ends, and my careful receipt of do principally thank your Majesty for this admission his Majesty's directions, being, as I have formerly of me to kiss your hands.

said to him, but as a bucket and cistern to that I may not forget also to thank your Majesty for fountain ; a bucket to draw forth, a cistern to preserve. your remission of my fine, for granting of my quietus, I may allude to the three petitions of the Litany, and general pardon; and your late recommendation “Libera nos, Domine ; parce mihi, Domine ; et exof my debts; favours not small, specially to a servant audi nos, Domine.” First, the first, I am persuaded, out of sight, and out of use.

his Majesty hath a mind to do it, and could not conI beseech your Majesty to give me leave to tell | veniently in respect of his affairs. For the second, you what had, in my misfortunes, sustained me. he had done it in my fine and pardon. For the Aristotle says,

“Old men live by remembrance, third, I had likewise performed, in restoring to the young men by hope.” And so it is true, that young light of his countenance. men live by hope, and fallen men by remembrance. There be mountebanks, as well in the civil body Two remembrances have sustained me: the one, as in the natural. I ever served his Majesty with that since I had the prime vote in the lower house, modesty ; no shouldering, no undertaking. to be first commissioner for the union, until the last Seneca saith, “ Tam otii debet constare ratio quam assembly of parliament, I was chosen messenger of negotii.” So I make his Majesty oblation of both. both houses, in the petitions of religion, which were For envy, it is an almanack of the last year; and my two first and last services, having passed a as a friend of mine said, the parliament died penitent number of services of importance, your Majesty towards me. never chid me; neither did ever any public service Of my offences, far be it from me to say, "dat miscarry in my hands. This was the finishing act | veniam corvis, vexat censura Columbas :” but I will of my prosperity. The second was of my adversity, say that I have good warrant for ; " they were not which, in few words, is this, that as my fault was not the greatest offenders in Israel, upon whom the wall against your Majesty, so my fall was not your act; of Shilo fell.” and therefore I hope I shall live and die in your What the king bestowed upon me, will be farther favour.

seen, than upon Paul's steeple. * This paper was written in Greek characters, soon after a letter of the marquis of Buckingham, from Newmarket, his access to king James I. which had been promised him in November 13, 1622.

My story is prond, I may thank your Majesty ; To ask leave of the king to kiss the prince's hands for I heard him note of Tasso, that he could know if he be not now present. which poem he made when he was in good condition,

Indorsed, and which when he was a beggar. I doubt he could make no such observation of me.

Mem, of access. My lord hath done many things to show his greatness. This of mine is one of them, that shows his goodness.

TO THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN. I am like ground fresh. If I be left to myself, I will grow and bear natural philosophy: but if the

MY MOST HONOURED LORD, king will plough me up again, and sow me on, I Since my last to your lordship, I find, by Mr. Johnhope to give him some yield.

son, that


lord treasurer is not twice in one mind, Kings do raise and pull down with reason; but or Sir Arthur Ingram not twice in one tale. For Sir the greatest work is reasoning.

Arthur, contrary to his speech but yesterday with For my hap, I seek an otium, and, if it may be, me, puts himself now, as it seems, in new hopes to a fat olium.

prevail with my lord treasurer for your lordship’s I am said to have a feather in my head. I pray good and advantage, by a proposition, sent by Mr. God some are not wild in their head, that gird not Johnson, for the altering of your patent to a new well.

mould, more safe than the other, which he seemed I am too old, and the seas are too long, for me to to dissuade, as I wrote to your lordship. I like my double the Cape of Good Hope.

lord treasurer's heart to your lordship, so much Ashes are good for somewhat; for lees, for salts. every day worse than other, especially for his coarse But I hope I am rather embers than ashes, having usage of your lordship’s name in his last speech, as the heat of good affections, under the ashes of my that I cannot imagine he means you any good. fortunes.

And therefore, good my lord, what directions you Your Majesty hath power: I have faith. There shall give herein to Sir Arthur Ingram, let them fore a miracle may be soon wrought.

be as safe ones, as you can think upon: and that I would live to study, and not study to live; yet your lordship surrender not your old patent, till I am prepared for date obolum Belisario; and I you have the new under seal, lest my lord keeper that have borne a bag, can bear a wallet.

should take toy, and stop it there. And I know

your lordship cannot forget they have such a savage FOR MY PEN:

word among them, as fleecing. God in heaven bless If active, 1. The reconciling of laws.

your lordship from such hands and tongues; and 2. The disposing of wards, and generally then things will mend of themselves. education of youth.

Your lordship's, in all humbleness to honour 3. Limiting the jurisdiction of courts, and

and serve you, prescribing rules for every of them.


This Sunday morning.

If contemplative, 1. Going on with the story of

25th of November (1622].
Henry the eighth.
2. General Treatise of de Legibus
et Justitia.



I find my lord treasurer, after so many days and

appointments, and such certain messages and proThese I rank high amongst his favours. To the king of that the goodness of his mises, doth but mean to coax me, it is his own word

of old, and to saw me asunder, and to do just nothing nature may strive with the goodness of his fortune. He had but one fault, and that is, that you can

upon his Majesty's gracious reference, nobly pronot mar him with any accumulating of honours lord, let it be your own deed ; and, to use the prayers

cured by your lordship for this poor remnant. My Now after this sunshine, and little dew, that save

of the Litany, good Lord deliver me from this servile

dependence; for I had rather beg and starve, than war.

be fed at that door. Whales will overturn your boat, or bark, or of

God ever prosper your lordship. admiral, or other.

Your lordship's most bounden and faithful FOR THE PRINCE.


FR. ST. ALBAN, Ever my chief patron. The work of the Father is creation; of the Son

Bedford-house, this redemption.

Indorsed, You would have drawn me out of the fire ; now To Buckingham, about lord treasurer Cranfield's out of the mire.

using of him.

upon him,

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