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formably to general opinion, that female fluency in

MARTHA, THE FAITHFUL SERVANT OF discourse is greater and more persevering than that

THE REV. OLIVER HEYWOOD. of the other sex; it behoves women the more steadily to remember, that the fountain will be estimated OLIVER HEYWOOD was one of the two thousand according to the stream. If the rill run babbling ejected ministers of 1662, whose privations, like along, shallow and frothy, the source will be deemed those of many of his brethren, were exceedingly incapable of supplying a profound and tranquil cur- trying, by which their principles of piety were finely rent. If the former be muddy, bitter and corrosive,

illustrated. Dr. Fawcett mentions the generous beits offensiveness will be ascribed to the inherent baviour of Martha, the excellent servant of Mr. Hey. qualities of the latter.

wood, remarking, “ The little stock of money was Among the faults which is usual to hear laid to quite exhausted, the family provisions were entirely the charge of young women, when female discourse consumed, and Martha, the faithful servant, could is canvassed, vanity, affectation, and frivolousness, lend no more assistance from the little savings of seem to furnish the most prevailing theme of cen- former days.” Mr. H. still trusted that God would

That in a great number of instances the cen- provide ; when he had nothing but the Divine prosure is warranted, cannot be denied: and every young

mise to live upon, he said; woman ought to beware, lest there should be ground

“ When cruise and barrel both are dry, for applying it with justice to herself. For, if it should

“ We still will trust in God Most High." be with justice applied to her, let her be assured, When the children began to be impatient for want that whatever may be the circumstances of pallia- of food, Mr. H. called his servant, and said to her, tion, by which a part of the blame may be trans- Martha, take a basket, and go to Halifax; call ferred elsewhere ; there will yet be, in the most upon Mr. N. the shopkeeper, in Northgate, and tell favourable case, a large residuum, for which she him, I desire him to lend me five shillings. If he ought to be, and must be, personally responsible. will be kind enough to do it, buy us some cheese, But it is no more than common candour to avow, some bread, and such other little things as you know that in addition to those defects which frequently we most want; and be as expeditious as you can, subsist in the plan of female education, there is ano. for the poor children begin to be fretful for want of ther cause to which a portion of this vanity, and of something to eat. Put on your hat and cloak, and its concomitant habits and errors, must be ascribed ; the Lord give you good speed; in the meantime, we namely, the injudicious and reprehensible behaviour will offer up our requests to Him who feeds the of the other sex.

young ravens when they cry, and who knows what From the remarks which have been made on the we have need of before we ask Him." Martha obfrivolousness of language and sentiment which often served her master's directions ; but when she came appears agreeable to women; and even to women near the house where she was ordered to beg the who are qualified both to communicate and to enjoy loan of five shillings, through timidity and bashfulthe highest pleasures of conversation which can flow ness, her heart failed her. She passed the door from cultivated minds ; let it not be inferred, that the again and again, without having courage to go in mixed discourse either of female society, or of young and tell her errand. At length, Mr. N., standing at persons of the two sexes, is to resemble the discus- his shop-door, and seeing Martha in the street, sions of a board of philosophers : and that ease and

called her to him, and said, Are not yon Mr. Heygaiety, and laughter and wit, are to be proscribed as wood's servant ?" When she had, with an anxious inveterate enemies of sobriety and good sense. Let heart, answered in the affirmative, he added, “I am ease exempt from affectation, gaiety prompted by glad I have this opportunity of seeing you; some innocence, laughter, the effusion of ingenious de

friends at M -- have remitted to me five guineas light, and wit unstained with any tincture of male- for your master, and I was just thinking how I could volence, enliven the hours of social converse. But contrive to send it.” Martha burst into tears, and let it not be thought that their enlivening influence

for some time could not utter a syllable. The necesis unreasonably curtailed, if good sense be em. sities of the family, their trust in Providence, the powered at all times to superintend their proceed. seasonableness of the supply, and a variety of other ings; and if sobriety be authorized sometimes to ideas breaking in upon her mind at once, quite overinterpose topics, which may exercise and improve powered her. At length she told Mr. N. upon what the faculties of the understanding.

errand she came, but that she had not courage to The true sources of useful and pleasing conversa

ask him to lend her poor master money. The tradestion, whether in men or in women (and let it be man could not but be affected with the story, and remembered that no conversation can be truly pleas- told Martha to come to him when the like necessity ing that is not accompanied by simplicity of man- should press upon them at any future time. She ners), are virtuous dispositions, right judgment, and

made haste to procure the necessary provisions, and polished taste. I mention them in the order in which with a heart lightened of its burden, ran home to they appear to be requisite. Persons of either sex, tell the success of her journey! who ambitiously endeavour to supply, by artificial props, or to compensate, by artificial ornaments, the want of any of these solid foundations of improving and attractive discourse, may for a time amuse the

MRS. HANNAH MORE'S BENEVOLENCE, indolent, or may catch the applause of ignorance Mrs. HANNAH MORE's benevolence corresponded and folly. But they will not long render themselves happily with her whole character, sanctified by acceptable even in mixed company, to considerate Christian principle. The following paragraph will observers. And they will altogether fail in the far afford a beautiful illustration of it. She says, in a more important office diffusing improvement, of letter to Sir W. W. Pepys,—“ I have lately had a communicating pleasure, and of gaining friendship small legacy left me by a dignitary in the cathedral and affection, in the society of private life.-Gis- of Lincoln, whose name I had never heard, accomborne's Female Duties.

panied by a passage in his will more gratifying than his twenty guineas. With this bequest I have indulged myself by redeeming two little slaves in the Burman empire, a country of nineteen millions, not

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so much of idolators, as atheists; an ingenious acute ILLUSTRATION OF MATTHEW v. 21—26. people, very argumentative, &c., as I learn from some friends there."

Our respected correspondent “ Reader," who deIn the same letter she speaks of her numerous

sires an

exposition of Matthew v. 21-26, parti. correspondents in America. Many of their letters,” | cularly the last four verses,” shall have our best are important; all relate to matters con

endeavours to give a satisfactory exposition" of it, cerning religion, morals or literature, in all which in hope of its being the means of promoting his they appear to be fast improving. They have sent spiritual edification. me a pretty drawing of my own habitation, engraved Clearly to perceive the force of our Saviour's at New York, and with the profits arising from the reasoning in this section of his discourse, it will be sale, have built a school for poor girls at Ceylon, necessary to review the whole paragraph from verse which they have called Barley Wood !"

17. An expository paraphrase will, perhaps, convey the fullest idea of the passage, as designed to annihilate the corrupt interpretations inculcated upon

the people by the traditions of the carnal Pharisees. A DYING MOTHER'S ADDRESS TO HER Verse 17. Think not that I am come to abrogate CHILD.

the moral law, or to disallow the writings of the Thou wilt not grieve, dear child, for me,

prophets, by teaching doctrines contrary to the Old When I shall sweetly sleep ;

Testament. No; my ministry is designed to confirm

and fulfil them: to establish the moral law as an From sin, and death, and sorrow free:

everlasting rule of righteousness, and vindicate it from My darling will not weep.

all the pernicious glosses of irreligious teachers. Thou wilt not mournfully desire

Verse 18. For I assure you, with all solemnity, That I could still be near,

that no part of the typical ceremonies, nor any preWhen He shall bid me “come up higher,"

diction of the Old Testament predictions shall be left Whose voice I wait to hear.

unfilled until their designs shall have been accom

plished. But thou wilt think how peacefully

Verse 19. Whosoever, therefore, shall corruptly Thy mother takes her rest;

set aside the least of these moral commandments, Repose more sweet than thine could be,

and teach others the same practice, shall be regarded When pillowed on her breast.

as unworthy to be a member, much less an officer, Thou wilt not for her sufferings mourn,

in the church on earth, and of admission to the

assembly in heaven : but he who shall honour them Nor cast thy spirit down;

as the laws of God, and inculcate the same upon The dying pillow has a thorn

others, shall be highly esteemed in the church, and So had the Saviour's crown!

inherit immortal glory. And when those waters shall be crost,

Verse 20. For I solemnly admonish you, that un.. Which may awhile divide,

less you embrace my mission, and regard my rightThou wilt not deem thy mother lost

eousness as fulfilling the law, and your personal Though on the distant side.

conformity to its precepts be more conscientious, ex

tensive, and spiritual than that of the Pharisees, Our Father's house is there, my love,

those vain pretenders to superior holiness, you can And many mansions too;

have no right to the blessings of the new covenant on I to my heavenly home remove,

earth, nor can you be admitted to his heavenly kingAnd there I'll wait for you!


Verse 21. Now to give you an example of their defective interpretations of the moral law; they

pretend that there is no disobedience to the ancient MRS. HOUSEMAN'S PREPARATION FOR

commands, which prohibit murder, and adjudging THE LORD'S SUPPER.

murderers to death, except in taking away the life of APRIL 29. This day was our preparation for the

But such is the spirituality and extent of Lord's Supper. I have been hearing of Christ Jesus; this commandment, that whosoever indulges rash what a gift he is to those who are his people, a free and causeless anger, or a malicious and revengeful gift, valuable, full and comprehensive! He is a gift temper, is, in the account of God, guilty of murder of love, suitable, seasonable, satisfying, and a lasting in his heart, and thereby exposed to his righteous

Then we were put upon inquiring, whether judgment. And whosoever in pride and passion we had received this gift? Those that have, have hall add his secret anger opprobious words of been made sensible of the need of Christ. They contempt, or, for instance, shall call his brother have seen the fulness and excellency of him, and raca, that is, thou worthless empty fellow, shall be have been made to desire him, and been willing to exposed to yet more terrible effects of the Divine receive him upon Gospel terms. Such that have resentment, and be obnoxious to a yet severer punishChrist, are of the same mind that Christ was. And ment than they inflicted by the Sanhedrin; but whosuch as have Christ, have earnest desires after more soever in his unrestrained passion shall presume to enjoyment of Christ here, and are longing after the call his brother More, [Gr. Mwpa] that is, thou gracefull enjoyment of him in glory.

less wicked villain, thereby impeaching his moral Upon the hearing and mature deliberation hereof, character as well as reflecting on his intellectual, I have good ground to hope I have experienced this shall be obnoxious to the fire of hell, a future punishin my soul. But I have great cause to lament and ment more dreadful than that of being burnt alive in be ashamed that I make no more progress, that I the valley of Hinnom, whence you borrow the name am still but a babe, a dwarf in grace. O! my want of those infernal regions. of life, growth, and activity in holiness!"

Verse 23. Remember, therefore, never to indulge in causeless anger and evil speaking; lay aside all animosities, or your most expensive sacrifices will be in vain : and if thou art bringing thy gift to the

a man.


younger but rising branches of those families, who, though trained in the observances of religious ordinances, are tempted to doubt the reality or importance of vital Christianity.

altar of God, and there recollectest that thy brother has any just cause of complaint against thee, do not content thyself with a secret, perhaps a treacherous, purpose, of accommodating the affair with him ; but leave thy offering there with the minister, and hasten to be reconciled to thy brother by an acknowledgment of thy fault and a prompt satisfaction, and then return and present thy offering in hope of acceptance with God.

Verse 25. Apply this advice to suits at law, if unhappily you are engaged in them : come to a friendly agreement with thine adversary quickly, while thou art in the way going with him to a magistrate: lest the adversary should deliver thee to be tried before the judge; and the judge deciding the cause against thee, deliver thee to the officer of the court, to keep thee in custody till payment be made; and thou, not having sufficient by thee to discharge an account increased by many additional articles of expense, should be cast into prison.

Verse 26. Certainly I assure thee, thy antagonist, having got such advantage against thee, will be rigorous; and thou shalt by no means be discharged until thou hast paid the last farthing of thy debt and expenses. And surely if, by impenitent wickedness, thou makest thyself the prisoner of Divine justice, thy case will be still more deplorable, and utterly hopeless !

Metaphorical interpretation," and “accommodation of Scripture" are common with many; and the latter two verses have afforded a fine field for in. genious men with fertile imaginations; these have applied the passages allegorically, as if the adrersary was the justice of God, demanding payment of our debts of duty; the way, this present life, the judge, God himself; the officer, the devil; the prison, the pit of hell; and the uttermost farthing, the least sin which will never be remitted without satisfaction. This, however ingenious, does not seem to agree with the context, nor with the design of our blessed Saviour,


ISAIAH XL. 26-31. “ Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who bath created

these things, that bringeth out their host by number : he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth Why sayest thon, Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is bid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over from my God ? Hast thou not known? bast thou not heard, that the everla-ting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, faipteth not, neither is weary! there is no searching of his understanding. He giveth power to the faint; and to them that bave po might he increaseth strength. Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall. But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint."

Go! track the worlds of cloudless light,
The burning stars—that o'er the night

Their golden radiance fling;
And say, by whom their hosts were made,
By whom, the deep foundations laid,

And whence their glories spring.
Who doth the heav'ns with lustre gild,
Like armies marshalld in the field

Prepared to meet the foe;
Or from their deep recesses call-
And names, appropriate, give to all

The orbs that round them glow?
Sustain'd, by His Almighty hand,
Unmoved-unawed-the countless band

Their daily courses run;
By His mysterious virtue fed,
They still their lustrous beauty shed,

As in the blaze of noon.
Why sayest thou, O! son of man,
Who ne'er th' Eternal mind might scan-

“My path from God is hid ?"
Or why, with most imagin'd fear,
Conceive thyself forgotten here,

As one amongst the dead ?
Hast thou not known?-hast thou not heard ?
Hath never voice with thee conferr'd

From height-or depth beneath :
That He, who first unrollid the skies,
Doth still control the destinies

Of all that live and breathe ?
The youth, that on their strength rely,
May soon grow faint, and tire, and die,

And quickly pass away :
But they, who on the Saviour wait,
Like eagles will renew their state,
Impervious to decay !

REVIEW. The Mysteries of Providence, and the Triumphs of

Grace. By the Author of The Prospect :.or, Scenes of Real Life." i2mo, cloth, pp. viii.

394. Edinburgh: Whyte. “ This volume contains the history of two young ladies, who were brought, by a series of singular circumstances, to the saving knowledge of Divine truth, together with a delineation of their different characters, and the different alternations of their subsequent Christian course." Preface, p. vii.

Talents of a superior and enviable order are possessed by the writer of this unusually interesting volume; he displays sound theological knowledgean exuberant imagination—an extensive acquaintance with human nature-and an usual command of beautiful language. Although there is no parade of learning in this work, there are strong indications of considerable reading, and evidences of eminent personal religion in the writer. Altogether it is a highly instructive volume, whose various details strikingly illustrate its title, and cannot fail to delight and improve every reader, who is capable of appreciating elegant composition, especially in connexion with the most remarkable developments of “The Mysteries of Providence and Triumphs of Grace.”

We know nothing of the fair author of this work ; but we congratulate her on the demand for a second edition, it is so admirably adapted to be useful to the

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J. S.

London : Printed by JAMES S. HODSON, at his residence, No.

15, Cross Street, Hatton Garden, and Published by him at 112, Fleet Street ; where all communications for the 'Editor (post paid) are to be addressed ; sold also by Simpkin, Marshall, and

Co., and by all other Booksellers, Newsrenders, &c. in the KingThe trade may be supplied in London, by STBILL, Paternoster Row

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to be struck with the abundant evidence they afford,

that no sin more hardens the heart, or has been LEAF XC.

more fruitful of crime, than covetousness. Hence, « The Bee that wanders, and sips from every Aower, dis- when we turn to the sacred pages of inspiration, we

poses wbat she has gathered into ber cells."-SENECA. everywhere meet with peculiarly awful denunciaNARRATIVE OF THE DREADFUL SUFFER

tions of divine wrath against the votaries to this INGS OF THE ENGLISH IN THE BLACK

most dangerous, because, perhaps, most insidious of HOLE, AT CALCUTTA.

soul-destroying vices. History, ecclesiastical and

profane, teems with records of enormities perpetrated IN poring over the dark and frightful annals of by the slaves of avarice. But of all the acts of human depravity, an attentive observer cannot fail dreadful atrocity prompted by the thirst for gold, of



which I ever read, few have equalled, none perhaps quite intolerable; difficulty of respiration ensued, surpassed that, the particulars of which I shall pro- and every one gasped for breath. * Every moment ceed to detail in my present leaf.

added to their distress, and every attempt to change Sur Raja al Dowlat, viceroy of Bengal, instigated their positions, from the painful pressure it proby his avarice, having formed designs against the duced, only aggravated their misery. In desperaEnglish settlements, under the belief that they tion and despair they renewed their attempts to abounded with treasure ; he, in May 1756, on the force the door and provoke the guard to fire upon most false and frivolous pretences, invested the Eng- them. Hoarse screams of Water! Water! Water! lish factory at Cassinbuzar ; and having, under the issued from every parched throat. At last, even the sanction of a safe conduct, invited Mr. Watts the jemmautdaar was moved to something like compaschief to a conference, he perfidiously detained him sion, and he ordered the soldiers to bring some skins prisoner; and by fraud and force possessed himself of water ; but the only way by which they could of the factory. Elated with this exploit, he, in a convey it through the bars was in squeezed hats. few weeks raised a numerous army, and marching Furious and fatal were the struggles to obtain this to Calcutta, invested it on the 18th of June 1756. alleviation of their torment; the very sight of it inThe governor seized with a panic disgracefully fled duced delirium. In consequence of these contests without firing a single shot, and with some principal very little of the water was obtained even by those persons took refuge on board a ship in the river; who stood nearest the windows, the greater part of thus leaving the fort and citizens to their fate, Mr. it being spilt uselessly over their heads; while those Holwell, the second in command, though thus at the further side of the dungeon cried and implored cowardly abandoned by the governor, bravely re- in vain for a single drop. Horrible confusion now solved with a few gallant officers and a feeble garri- reigned. Those at a distance striving to force a passon, to attempt the defence of the place; and with un- sage to the windows, the weak were pressed down common courage and resolution maintained it against never more to rise. The account of the scene that several furious attacks; but at length overpowered followed is appalling to humanity, and strikingly by numbers, and the enemy having forced an en- illustrative of that declaration of holy writ, The trance into the castle, he was compelled to capitu- tender mercies of the wicked ure cruel.” Will it be late, and the viceroy engaged on the word of a soldier believed that the death-struggles of these hapless that no injury should be done to him or the garrison. victims for the water, were converted by their inhuThe first object of the viceroy on his entry was, to man guards into a source of brutal merriment ! Yet take possession of the immense treasure he supposed such is the undeniable the hateful verity. They to be concealed there ; but finding in the treasury ordered more water to be brought, and with it torches only the small sum of 50,000 rupees, his rage knew to be held to the bars that they might enjoy the no bounds, and sending for Mr. Holwell, he first savage amusement of beholding the desperate dying bitterly reproached him for the vigorous defence he efforts of the miserable captives to obtain one cool. had made, and then ordered him and the whole of ing draught. About eleven o'clock Mr. Holwell findhis companions, in all, one hundred and forty-six ing sis of his particular friends expired at his feet, persons of both sexes, to be driven into the prison and himself so closely wedged as to be nearly deaptly called the Black-hole. This dungeon was just prived of motion, begged that they would in pity eighteen feet square thickly walled up on each side. allow him to retire from the window and die in quiet. Not a breath of air was admissible in any part ex

Not even in those fearful circumstances was all discepting through two small strongly iron-barred win- tinction levelled, for such was their respect for his dows in the western wall, and even these small aper- rank and character, that they opened a passage for tures opened into a close veranda. Into this dire him to a platform on the other side of the dungeon, sepulchre then, were thrust these one hundred and where lying down on some dead bodies, he comforty-six miserable captives of a gold-thirsty tyrant; mended his soul to God; but his thirst, his difficulty and to add to their wo, many of them were severely of breathing, and painful palpitations becoming in. wounded; when it is remembered too, that this took supportable, he again rose and rushed towards the place in the climate of Bengal, in the hottest month window crying aloud For God's sake! Water ! Water! in the year, and this very night also happened to be Surprised to find him still alive, again did his wretched particularly sultry-conceive, humane reader, the companions exhibit their extraordinary regard to his horrors of their situation. Transported with rage at person, not one of them attempting to touch a drop finding themselves thus inhumanly doomed to suffo. till he had been supplied. Breathing now more cation, their first efforts were violently but vainly freely, and the palpitations in some measure abating, directed towards forcing the door ; that by rushing he retired to the centre, which, as one third of their upon the swords of the barbarians that guarded number had perished, was not so much crowded. them, they might put a period to their sufferings. Here, seating himself on his dead friends, and findBut the door being made to open inwards, and the ing that the water instead of allaying, seemed rather rush of the crowd upon it rendering all their efforts to increase his thirst, he resolved to drink no more, unavailing, they were overwhelmed with distraction but at intervals, he moistened his mouth by sucking and despair. Mr. Holwell being near one of the the perspiration from his shirt sleeves; which, he windows, called to the jemmautdaar or serjeant of afterwards declared, he experienced at the time, to the Indian guard, and offered him a thousand rupees be soft, pleasant, and refreshing. They now dropped to remove half of them into another apartment; he on every side ; and a steam and stench arose from replied it was impossible ; but upon Mr. Holwell the dead bodies as pungent and as volatile as spirits increasing his offer to two thousand, the man said of hartshorn; all therefore who could not get near he would try what could be done, and went away; the windows, were suffocated. So deadly was the he however soon returned with the fatal announce- effect of this pestilential effluvium that at two o'clock ment that the viceroy was asleep and it would be in the morning, fifty only remained alive. Mr. Holdeath to the person who dared to disturb him. The well once more withdrew himself to the platform air soon became pestilential, and a profuse sweat and laid himself down by the Revd. Jervas Bellamy, broke out upon every individual, accompanied with who, with his son, lay dead in cach other's embrace. a burning thirst which as the body was more and Here, when daylight broke, he was discovered sensemore drained of its moisture, increased till it became less, and apparently lifeless. But as his surviving

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